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Urbanization, Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services: Challenges and Opportunities: A Global Assessment

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789400770874 9789400770881 Year: Pages: 755 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7088-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Business and Management --- Biotechnology --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Ecology --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-30 12:05:04
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Urbanization is a global phenomenon and the book emphasizes that this is not just a social-technological process. It is also a social-ecological process where cities are places for nature, and where cities also are dependent on, and have impacts on, the biosphere at different scales from local to global. The book is a global assessment and delivers four main conclusions:Urban areas are expanding faster than urban populations. Half the increase in urban land across the world over the next 20 years will occur in Asia, with the most extensive change expected to take place in India and ChinaUrban areas modify their local and regional climate through the urban heat island effect and by altering precipitation patterns, which together will have significant impacts on net primary production, ecosystem health, and biodiversityUrban expansion will heavily draw on natural resources, including water, on a global scale, and will often consume prime agricultural land, with knock-on effects on biodiversity and ecosystem services elsewhereFuture urban expansion will often occur in areas where the capacity for formal governance is restricted, which will constrain the protection of biodiversity and management of ecosystem services

Plant Selection for Bioretention Systems and Stormwater Treatment Practices

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology ISSN: 21947244 ISBN: 9789812872449 9789812872456 Year: Pages: 59 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-245-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-12 12:05:42
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As cities develop, more land is converted into impervious surfaces, which do not allow water to infiltrate. Careful urban planning is needed to ensure that the hydrologic cycle and water quality of the catchment areas are not affected. There are techniques that can attenuate peak flow during rain events and reduce the amount of metals, nutrients, and bacteria that enter the urban water cycle. This brief gives a short introduction on bioretention systems and documents the effectiveness of some 36 plant species in removing water pollutants. A summary on the maintenance requirements is also presented.

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science ISBN: 9783030200244 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20024-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book presents current knowledge about ecosystem services (ES) in urban planning, and discusses various urban ES topics such as spatial distribution of urban ecosystems, population distribution, and physical infrastructure properties. The book addresses all these issues by: i) investigating to what extent ecosystem services are currently included in urban plans, and discussing what is still needed to improve planning practice; ii) illustrating how to develop ecosystem services indicators and information that can be used by urban planners to enhance plan design; iii) demonstrating the application of ES assessments to support urban planning processes through case studies; and iv) reflecting on criteria for addressing equity in urban planning through ecosystem service assessments, by exploring issues associated with the supply of, the access to and demand for ES by citizens. Through fully worked out case studies, from policy questions, to baseline analysis and indicators, and from option comparison to proposed solutions, the book offers readers detailed and accessible coverage of outstanding issues and proposed solutions to better integrate ES in city planning. The overall purpose of the book is to provide a compact reference that can be used by researchers as a key resource offering an updated perspective and overview on the field, as well as by practitioners and planners/decision makers as a source of inspiration for their activity. Additionally, the book will be a suitable resource for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses in planning and geography.

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