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Sociocultural Systems: Principles of Structure and Change

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ISBN: 9781927356203 9781927356210 9781927356227 Year: Pages: 404 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2013-07-15 10:35:10
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Macrosociology—the study of large-scale social structures and the fundamental principles of social organization—was the style of sociology practiced by the founders of the discipline. Today, the social theories of Karl Marx, Max Weber, Émile Durkheim, and Herbert Spencer (among others) are commonly studied as part of the history of the field, but, although the macrosociological approach that these thinkers advocated is still employed, it no longer dominates the discipline. Instead, sociologists typically adopt a narrower focus, specializing in areas such as social psychology, medicine, religion, or the study of social stratification. Examining the bigger picture is a task often left to public intellectuals.Sociocultural Systems aims to reinstate macrosciology as the heart of the discipline by demonstrating that both classical and contemporary macrosociologists stand upon common ground. Focusing on the broad issues that concerned the founders, Elwell addresses questions such as: Historically, what factors accounted for the origin, survival, and evolution of sociocultural systems? Why were some societies more technologically advanced than others? What is the origin of capitalism? What factors determine the allocation of goods and services within and among societies? What effects do changes in government and economic institutions have on communities?Elwell argues that, as evolution does for biology, the macrosociological paradigm offers an analytical strategy that can be used both to guide and prioritize research in all of the myriad specialties within sociology and to lay forth an orderly body of knowledge for students. Clearly articulating important sociological principles, Sociocultural Systems provides a critical understanding of social institutions and issues, while also furnishing a framework for possible solutions to the perennial social crises that are part and parcel of the development of human societies.

Theater im Gespräch. Sprachliche Publikumspraktiken in der Theaterpause

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ISBN: 9783110527094 Year: Pages: 438 DOI: 10.1515/9783110527094 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Performing Arts --- Languages and Literatures --- Linguistics --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-11 11:41:34
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Conversation during theater intermissions is informed by an idealized notion of an audience which communicates with rhetorical aplomb about aesthetic and sociopolitical issues. By contrast, critics suggest that such conversations serve primarily to emphasize social distinction and are banal in content. The study examines intermission talk, which stands at the intersection between art communication, recreation, conviviality, and informal learning.

Assessment Methodologies: energy, mobility and other real world application

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892610382 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1039-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-03 18:12:02
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The use of assessment methodologies is becoming increasingly important in the decision making process under very different environments. There are increasing concerns about making the best possible use of the limited available resources. There is also an increasing will of justifying the decisions in a sound way. This is even more important when considering public spending, public scrutiny and governance accountability. The use of recognized assessment techniques is actually mandatory in many situations, considering environmental, social, economic and sustainability concerns. This book gathers contributions from several authors, advancing the state-of-the-art and presenting examples of applications of assessment methodologies in energy, mobility and other real world applications.

Electrofiltration of Biopolymers : Spatially Distributed Process Analysis

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ISBN: 9783866448452 Year: Pages: III, 215 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000027943 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Chemical Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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In biotechnology the current downstream processing trends are directed towards integrated, faster and more effective processes. Electrofiltration is a hybrid method which is a combination of membrane filtration and electrophoresis in a dead-end process. Spatially distributed process analysis together with the applicability of electrofiltration for technically important biopolymers such as PHB, chitosan and hyaluronic acid enables the implementation of the technology into industry.

Prehistoric Mobility and Diet in the West Eurasian Steppes 3500 to 300 BC. An Isotopic Approach

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Book Series: Topoi. Berlin Studies of the Ancient World ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110311211 9783110388381 Year: Volume: 25 Pages: xii, 402 DOI: 10.1515/9783110311211 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-24 13:19:56
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Questions concerning mobility and migration as well as subsistence strategies of past societies have always been of major importance in archaeological research. The West Eurasian steppes in the Eneolithic, the Early Bronze and the Iron Age were largely inhabited by cultural communities believed to show an elevated level of spatial mobility, often linked to their subsistence economy. In this volume, questions concerning the mobility and potential migration as well as the diet and economy of the West Eurasian steppes communities during the 4th, the 3rd and the 1st Millennia BC are approached by applying isotope analysis, specifically 87Sr/86Sr, δ18O, δ15N and δ13C analyses. Adapting a combination of different isotopic systems to a study area of vast spatial and chronological dimension allowed a wide variety of questions to be answered and establishes the beginning of a database of biogeochemical data for the West Eurasian steppes. Besides the characterisation of mobility and subsistence patterns of the archaeological communities under discussion, attempts to identify possible Early Bronze Age migrations from the steppes to the steppe-like plains in parts of Eastern Europe were made, alongside an evaluation of the applicability of isotope analysis to this context.

Computational Approaches to the Study of Movement in Archaeology. Theory, Practice and Interpretation of Factors and Effects of Long Term Landscape Formation and Transformation

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Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110288384 9783110377132 Year: Volume: 23 Pages: vi, 137 DOI: 10.1515/9783110288384 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History --- Archaeology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:08:01
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This book contains a collection of papers discussing questions related to space and movement in the framework of computational archaeology, landscape archaeology, historical geography and archaeological theory. The contributions, written by recognized experts in the field, show how the study of settlements pattern and movement has been dramatically transformed by the use of technology like Geographic Information System (GIS). The papers focus on the ways to approach past movement using GIS in archaeological landscape studies: theoretical, technical and interpretative issues are addressed and explored. They provide the state of the art in theory and methodology and show, by using case studies, the potential of the developed approaches for the understanding of factors and effects of landscape formation and transformation in the long term.

Croire ensemble. Analyse institutionnelle du paysage religieux en Suisse

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ISBN: 9782883510609 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_578290 Language: French
Publisher: Seismo Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163525
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-27 11:01:12
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The study presented in this book for the first time in Switzerland offers a broad empirical and sociological perspective on local religious organizations. From this perspective, religion appears first, as already observed by Weber and Durkheim, through communities regardless of their various profiles. In Switzerland, 5,734 parishes and religious groups have been identified by a national census in 2008. The book underlines the institutional salience of historical churches (Reformed and Roman Catholic) but also the emerging religious plurality, particularly in urban areas. This study sheds a new light upon the effects of secularization (lower limbs and practice) and pluralisation (diversification of religious denominations and traditions) in the organizational field. The analysis of differences and similarities between religious traditions shows a social positioning of the local groups according to the statutes acquired in history. The classical theories − e.g. about the relationship between social status of members and membership groups, types of religious authorities or differences between Church and Sect − are revisited, clarified or reformulated based on an original and representative quantitative data of the Swiss religious field.

Unit Roots and Structural Breaks

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ISBN: 9783038428114 9783038428121 Year: Pages: VI, 162 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-13 15:24:38
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This book deals with problems related to unit roots and structural change, and the interplay between the two. The research agenda dealing with these topics have proved to be of importance to devise procedures that are reliable for inference and forecasting. Several important contributions have been made. Still, there is scope for improvements to and analyses of the existing procedures. This book provides contributions that follow up on what has been done and/or offer new perspectives on such issues and related ones.

Writing(s) at the Crossroads

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ISBN: 9789027212238 9789027268570 Year: DOI: 10.1075/z.194 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102128
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-31 14:05:41
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This volume aims at contributing to an interpretive approach to writing and its dynamics. It offers a general scope on the process-product interface by multiplying the points of view on both the process and the product and their links. The book presents new findings and perspectives in the study of language and writing, both theoretical and methodological (e.g. dual process models of writing, pragmatics of writing, linguistic analysis of psycholinguistic units such as bursts of production). It also presents new tools for a longitudinal approach to the writing steps, key-stroke logging with integrated linguistic modules, and textometric analysis of written texts. The volume is composed of five sections that highlight different approaches to writing from the viewpoint of multiple disciplines: Anthropology, Cognitive Psycholinguistics, Communication Studies, Didactics (Applied Linguistics), Discourse Analysis, Literacy, Sociolinguistics and Text Genetics.

Towards automated restructuring of object oriented systems

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ISBN: 9783866442740 Year: Pages: VIII, 176 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000009204 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The work introduces a method for diagnosing design flaws in object oriented systems, and finding meaningful refactorings to remove such flaws. The method is based on pairing up a structural pattern that is considered pathological (e.g. a code smell or anti-pattern) with a so called design context. The design context describes the design semantics associated to the pathological structure, and the desired strategic closure for that fragment. The process is tool supported and largely automated.

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