Search results: Found 10

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN: 1875-1288 ISBN: 9783319224602 9783319224619 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:10:30
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

High Mountain Conservation in a Changing World

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Advances in Global Change Research ISSN: 1574-0919 / 2215-1621 ISBN: 9783319559810 9783319559827 Year: Pages: 413 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-55982-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 13:16:26
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book aims to provide case studies and a general view of the main processes involved in the ecosystem shifts occurring in the high mountains, and to analyse the implications for nature conservation. Although case studies from the Pyrenees are preponderant, conclusions are aimed at any mountain range surrounded by highly populated lowland areas. The chapters give emphasis to approaches from environmental geography, functional ecology, biogeography, and paleoenvironmental reconstructions. The introductory and closing chapters summarize the main challenges that nature conservation may face in mountain areas under the environmental shifting conditions.This interdisciplinary book will appeal to researchers in mountain ecosystems, students and nature professionals.

Rewilding European Landscapes

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783319120386 9783319120393 Year: Pages: 227 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-12039-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-12 16:41:24
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Some European lands have been progressively alleviated of human pressures, particularly traditional agriculture in remote areas. This book proposes that this land abandonment can be seen as an opportunity to restore natural ecosystems via rewilding. We define rewilding as the passive management of ecological successions having in mind the long-term goal of restoring natural ecosystem processes. The book aims at introducing the concept of rewilding to scientists, students and practitioners. The first part presents the theory of rewilding in the European context. The second part of the book directly addresses the link between rewilding, biodiversity, and habitats. The third and last part is dedicated to practical aspects of the implementation of rewilding as a land management option. We believe that this book will both set the basis for future research on rewilding and help practitioners think about how rewilding can take place in areas under their management.

Biodiversity of Angola

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030030834 Year: Pages: 549 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03083-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Zoology --- Botany --- Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access multi-authored book presents a 'state of the science' synthesis of knowledge on the biodiversity of Angola, based on sources in peer-reviewed journals, in books and where appropriate, unpublished official reports. The book identifies Angola as one of the most biologically diverse countries in Africa, but notes that its fauna, flora, habitats and the processes that drive the dynamics of its ecosystems are still very poorly researched and documented. This 'state of the science' synthesis is for the use of all students of Angola's biodiversity, and for those responsible for the planning, development and sustainable management of the country's living resources. The volume brings together the results of expeditions and research undertaken in Angola since the late eighteenth century, with emphasis on work conducted in the four decades since Angola's independence in 1975. The individual chapters have been written by leaders in their fields, and reviewed by peers familiar with the region.

Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change

Authors: ---
ISSN: 15740919 ISBN: 9789400779594 9789400779600 Year: Volume: 58 Pages: 308 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7960-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Biotechnology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Meteorology and Climatology --- Environmental Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:08:59
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Beginning with an overview of data and concepts developed in the EU-project HABIT-CHANGE, this book addresses the need for sharing knowledge and experience in the field of biodiversity conservation and climate change. There is an urgent need to build capacity in protected areas to monitor, assess, manage and report the effects of climate change and their interaction with other pressures. The contributors identify barriers to the adaptation of conservation management, such as the mismatch between planning reality and the decision context at site level. Short and vivid descriptions of case studies, drawn from investigation areas all over Central and Eastern Europe, illustrate both the local impacts of climate change and their consequences for future management. These focus on ecosystems most vulnerable to changes in climatic conditions, including alpine areas, wetlands, forests, lowland grasslands and coastal areas. The case studies demonstrate the application of adaptation strategies in protected areas like National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Natural Parks, and reflect the potential benefits as well as existing obstacles. A general section provides the necessary background information on climate trends and their effects on abiotic and biotic components. Often, the parties to policy change and conservation management, including managers, land users and stakeholders, lack both expertise and incentives to undertake adaptation activities. The authors recognise that achieving the needed changes in behavior – habit – is as much a social learning process as a matter of science-based procedure. They describe the implementation of modeling, impact assessment and monitoring of climate conditions, and show how the results can support efforts to increase stakeholder involvement in local adaptation strategies. The book concludes by pointing out the need for more work to communicate the cross-sectoral nature of biodiversity protection, the value of well-informed planning in the long-term process of adaptation, the definition of acceptable change, and the motivational value of exchanging experience and examples of good practice.

Framing in Sustainability Science

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9789811390616 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-9061-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book offers both conceptual and empirical descriptions of how to “frame” sustainability challenges. It defines “framing” in the context of sustainability science as the process of identifying subjects, setting boundaries, and defining problems. The chapters are grouped into two sections: a conceptual section and a case section. The conceptual section introduces readers to theories and concepts that can be used to achieve multiple understandings of sustainability; in turn, the case section highlights different ways of comprehending sustainability for researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders. The book offers diverse illustrations of what sustainability concepts entail, both conceptually and empirically, and will help readers become aware of the implicit framings in sustainability-related discourses. In the extant literature, sustainability challenges such as climate change, sustainable development, and rapid urbanization have largely been treated as “pre-set,” fixed topics, while possible solutions have been discussed intensively. In contrast, this book examines the framings applied to the sustainability challenges themselves, and illustrates the road that led us to the current sustainability discourse.

Climate-Smart Food

Author:
ISBN: 9783030182069 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-18206-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geography --- Science (General) --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:09
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book asks just how climate-smart our food really is. It follows an average day's worth of food and drink to see where it comes from, how far it travels, and the carbon price we all pay for it. From our breakfast tea and toast, through breaktime chocolate bar, to take-away supper, Dave Reay explores the weather extremes the world’s farmers are already dealing with, and what new threats climate change will bring. Readers will encounter heat waves and hurricanes, wildfires and deadly toxins, as well as some truly climate-smart solutions. In every case there are responses that could cut emissions while boosting resilience and livelihoods. Ultimately we are all in this together, our decisions on what food we buy and how we consume it send life-changing ripples right through the global web that is our food supply. As we face a future of 10 billion mouths to feed in a rapidly changing climate, it’s time to get to know our farmers and herders, our vintners and fisherfolk, a whole lot better. ;

Well-being, Sustainability and Social Development

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783319766966 Year: Pages: 572 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-76696-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Ecology --- Philosophy --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:03
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This open access book examines more than two centuries of societal development using novel historical and statistical approaches. It applies the well-being monitor developed by Statistics Netherlands that has been endorsed by a significant part of the international, statistical community. It features The Netherlands as a case study, which is an especially interesting example; although it was one of the world’s richest countries around 1850, extreme poverty and inequality were significant problems of well-being at the time. Monitors of 1850, 1910, 1970 and 2015 depict the changes in three dimensions of well-being: the quality of life 'here and now', 'later' and 'elsewhere'. The analysis of two centuries shows the solutions to the extreme poverty problem and the appearance of new sustainability problems, especially in domestic and foreign ecological systems. The study also reveals the importance of natural capital: soil, air, water and subsoil resources, showing their relation with the social structure of the ‘here and now´. Treatment and trade of natural resources also impacted on the quality of life ‘later’ and ‘elsewhere.’ Further, the book illustrates the role of natural capital by dividing the capital into three types of raw materials and concomitant material flows: bio-raw materials, mineral and fossil subsoil resources. Additionally, the analysis of the institutional context identifies the key roles of social groups in well-being development. The book ends with an assessment of the solutions and barriers offered by the historical anchoring of the well-being and sustainability issues. This unique analysis of well-being and sustainability and its institutional analysis appeals to historians, statisticians and policy makers. ; Examines over two centuries of societal development using a novel historical and statistical analysis Features The Netherlands as a case study -- a once rich country currently experiencing high levels of extreme poverty Shows that the way a society deals with natural capital shapes social structure and also has a great impact on quality of life

Ester Boserup’s Legacy on Sustainability

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789401786775 Year: Pages: 282 Seiten DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-8678-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 209
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-06 14:31:39
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

Arising from a scientific conference marking the 100th anniversary of her birth, this book honors the life and work of the social scientist and diplomat Ester Boserup, who blazed new trails in her interdisciplinary approach to development and sustainability. The contents are organized in three sections reflecting important focal points of Boserup’s own work: Long-Term Socio-Ecological Change; Agriculture, Land Use, and Development; and Gender, Population, and Economy. The diversity of the contributions to this book highlights the continuing impact of Ester Boserup’s work on scientific research today, and its likely influence on research for years to come.

New Vision 2050: A Platinum Society

Authors: ---
Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISSN: 2197-7348 ISBN: 9784431566229 9784431566236 Year: Pages: 179 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-4-431-56623-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Grant: Mitsubishi Research Institute, Inc.
Subject: Economics --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 12:59:47
License:

Loading...
Export citation

Choose an application

Abstract

This book presents the "New Vision 2050," which adds the concept of the “platinum society” to the “Vision 2050”.The 20th century was a century in which energy led the development of material civilization, resulting in deletion of resources, global warming and climate change. What form should sustainable material and energy take to protect the Earth? The "Vision 2050" was established 20 years ago as a model that we should pursue for the next half century. Fortunately, the world is on course for the Vision 2050.The 21st century will be a century in which we seek qualitative richness, with the Vision 2050 as the material basis. That is, a “platinum society” that has resource self-sufficiency and resource symbiosis, and where people remain active throughout their lives and have a wide range of choices and opportunities for free participation. Since the author presented the concept of "Vision 2050" in 1999, the idea has been introduced in two books entitled Vision 2050: Roadmap for a Sustainable Earth (2008) and Beyond the Limits to Growth: New Ideas for Sustainability from Japan (2014). The latter includes a chapter that sheds light on the concept of a “platinum society”. In this publication, the author presents the "New Vision 2050" in more detail.

Listing 1 - 10 of 10
Sort by
Narrow your search

Publisher

Springer (10)


License

CC by (6)

CC by-nc (4)


Language

english (10)


Year
From To Submit

2020 (1)

2019 (2)

2018 (2)

2017 (1)

2016 (1)

2015 (1)

2014 (2)