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Die synchronisierte Stadt

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ISBN: 9783902868534 Year: Pages: 240 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/mono/geschichtel/synchro-stadt Language: German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 286
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-07 11:01:32
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The work at hand explores the successive chronometrisation of public space using the example of Viennas public clocks from the middle of the 19th century until today.The need for knowing the exact time steadily increased since the middle of the 19th century. As two centuries ago the clocks had only hour hands, the minute hands soon became essential. Industrialisation, urbanisation, but primarily the rapid development of the railroading promoted the trend towards the modern time management of the society. Schedules demanded a higher precision of time specification; circulations of goods and persons had to be adjusted to each other; professional and private activities became standardised, tacted and adjusted to the abstract rhythm of the clocks. The knowledge about the social and economic value of time became a central criterion for the level of western civilisation.
Especially the members of the middle-class got more and more used to a chronometer. It was a high goodness for them to use their time as efficient as possible. Pocket watches and wrist watches became familiar and also the number of public clocks continously increased. Especially the more and more complex organised cities became pioneers in the sphere of public timepiece.

The work at hand explores, for the first time in the German-speaking historical research, the successive chronometrisation of public space using the example of Vienna from the middle of the 19th century until today. On the one hand it deals with the “exterior chronometrisation“, that is the visible aggregation of the infrastructure of time and the construction of different kinds of clocks. Spatial, architectural and design related aspects were argued, contexts of technical history as the search for the ideal drive system and of the political and representative functions of public clocks were discussed. On the other hand it deals with the “interior chronometrisation“ which means social, psychological and cultural aspects of the perception of time and their contextualisation in phenomena of scaling and standardisation on a local basis to a world scale.
The actual trend of visualising public time to the split second marks the (temporary) end of the development which shows the speedup of all areas of life in a visible and sensible way.

Sport und Recht in der Antike

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ISBN: 9783902976147 Year: Pages: 426 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/series/kollarg/sportundrecht Language: French|Italian|English|German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 203
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-01-28 11:01:34
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The volume deals with the juridical and institutional framework of athletic and artistic games from archaic Greece to late antique Rome. The agones’ rules and regulations, the funding by public contributions and wealthy private sponsors were approached as well as the athletes’ training and prizes and privileges, which determined the athletes’—and especially the winner’s— social status. Moreover attention was drawn onto the end of the classical Greek agones from a Roman perspective.The Second Vienna Colloquium on Ancient Legal History addressed the juridical and institutional framework of athletic and artistic games in classical antiquity. The chronological frame ranged from Archaic times to Late Antiquity (8th cent. BCE – 6th cent. CE). The symposium covered three main areas of interest. Firstly, the agones’ rules and regulations, the funding by public contributions and wealthy private sponsors as well as the athletes’ training were approached. Prizes and privileges, which determined the athletes’—and especially the winner’s— social status and were thus crucial to the agones’ appeal, were then attended to by several papers. In contrast to the conditions under the Imperium Romanum, where the emperor enforced nation-wide regulations, the „politics of sports“ followed different rules in the small-scaled world of the classical Greek poleis. Thus, differences in the conception of sports between Greeks and Romans were traced and exemplarily demonstrated on the basis of the gladiatorial games. Lastly, attention was drawn onto the end of the classical Greek agones from a Roman perspective. The now Christian empire couldn’t tolerate the pagan agones anymore and instead developed new forms of athletic competitions and public entertainment: late antique circus games and chariot races.

Columna Traiani – Traianssäule

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ISBN: 9783902976536 Year: Pages: 524 Seiten DOI: 10.15661/tyche/specials.09.columna Language: French|Italian|English|German
Publisher: Holzhausen Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 475
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-06-24 11:02:00
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On 12th May 2013 the dedication day of Trajan’s Column in Rome was celebrated for the nineteen hundredth time. This anniversary provided the perfect occasion to fully appreciate the outstanding significance of this unique monument by means of an international conference, especially from the perspective of the traditional academic disciplines of Ancient History and Classical Archeology, including many disciplines such as Art History, Religious Studies, Epigraphy, Numismatics, Material Culture Studies and Visual Culture Studies. The volume contains the results of the conference.

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