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Von Herodas zu Elytis

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ISBN: 9783205787105 Year: Pages: 526 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574821 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4241
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:34
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The monography includes ten studies, starting from the 3rd century B.C. and finishing in the 20th century.

Literatur in Österreich 1938-1945, Kärnten

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ISBN: 9783205786535 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437201 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4266
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:37
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The book is the second volume of an encyclopedic reference work that, as the result of basic research in literary studies, represents the first systematic attempt to provide comprehensive documentation of the literary life of Austria during the Nazi era (1938-1945); the first volume (Styria) was published in 2008. From its methodological approach, it is intended to make the literary events that took place within the official system of the Third Reich as promoted, or at least tolerated, by the decision-makers in the cultural industry more accessible, without resorting to limiting, biased attempts to define a canon. Materials will be presented for the analysis and interpretation of the genesis and effects of these events and institutions. For this reason, the study is based on a functional understanding of literature and has taken key institutional elements of the literary communication system into consideration: authors and their works (including radio and film writers), scholars of German studies, the decision-makers of cultural policy (promotion/censure, literary awards), literary associations, publishing houses and theaters, anthologies and periodicals. The total control of all public creative and media activities in the year 1938 through the Third Reich dictatorship rarely provides good sources for the testing of this method. Our systematic research of the phase between 1938 and 1945 intends to create the most comprehensive description possible of the institutions within the literary system and the integration of authors. Apart from printed material in files pertaining to individuals, we primarily scrutinized the contents of the National Archive Berlin / Division on National Socialism (BDC) and what is known as the Gauakten or District Files for this purpose (the vast majority of personal information related to authors was provided by the authors themselves). The most important archival basis for the description of the institutions are files from the National Archive Koblenz (now in the National Archive Berlin) and the Municipal and Provincial Archives of Vienna. In the survey of material, some of the events that transpired before and after the critical Nazi years were systematically included in order to draw attention to continuities and breaks. Especially significant were literary awards and honors, which illustrate the integration of writers in the various governments from the monarchy up through the Second Republic. For this reason, we have included all such prizes that are known. The first attempt to list all literary organizations in Austria and all German-language anthologies, in which Austrian texts were included, covers the period between 1933 and 1945. The subsequent period has been documented not only through literary awards and honors, but also through the inclusion of the so-called Gauakten in the Austrian National Archive (Österreichisches Staatsarchiv / Archiv der Republik). In order to explore the institutional factors of the literary sub-system in German-speaking regions, a new kind of handbook was created in accordance with this methodological approach, a combination of encyclopedia of persons and specialized dictionary, which should be combined in a network to form a whole. Another factor that led to this format was the division of Austria by the Nazis into seven divisions subject directly to the German government. The handbooks have thus been structured as follows: Part I: Encyclopedia of Persons is divided into several volumes based on the administrative divisions (Gaue) at the time. The second volume will focus on Carinthia. The alphabetically-ordered author entries will be preceded by a literary and historical introduction and an organizational diagram of the literary-political associations of the individual divisions as well as an overview of institutions in the Gau. A list of abbreviations and a list of sources will be included at the end of each volume. The volumes devoted to individual authors wi

Literatur in Österreich 1938-1945, Steiermark

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783205778097 Year: Pages: 376 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437159 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3972
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:57
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The manuscript is the first volume of an encyclopedic reference work that, as the result of basic research in literary studies, represents the first systematic attempt to provide comprehensive documentation of the literary events that took place within the official system of the Third Reich as promoted, or at least tolerated, by the decision-makers in the cultural industry more accessible, without resorting to limiting, biased attempts to define a canon. Materials will be presented for the analysis and interpretation of genesis and effects of these events and institutions. For this reason, the study is based on a functional understanding of literature and has taken key institutional elements of the literary communication system into consideration: authors and their works (including radio and film writers), scholars of German studies, the decision-makers of cultural policy (promotion/censure, literary awards), literary associations, publishing houses and theaters, anthologies and periodicals. The total control of all public creative and media activities in the year 1938 through the Third Reich dictatorship rarely provides good sources for the testing of this method. Our systematic research of the phase between 1938 and 1945 intends to create the most comprehensive description possible of the institutions within the literary system and the integration of authors. Apart from printed material in files pertaining to individuals, we primarily scrutinized the contents of the National Archive Berlin / Division on National Socialism (BDC) and what is known as the Gauakten or District Files for this purpose (the vast majority of personal information related to authors was provided by the authors themselves). The most important archival basis for the description of the institutions are files from the National Archive Koblenz (now in the National Archive Berlin) and the Municipal and Provincial Archives of Vienna. In the survey of material, some of the events that transpired before and after the critical Nazi years were systematically included in order to draw attention to continuities and breaks. Especially significant were literary awards and honors, which illustrate the integration of writers in the various governments from the monarchy up through the Second Republic. For this reason, we have included all such prizes that are known. The first attempt to list all literary organizations in Austria and all German-language anthologies, in which Austria texts were included, covers the period between 1933 and 1945. The subsequent period has been documented not only through literary awards and honors, but also through the inclusion of the so-called "Gauakten" in the Austrian National Archive (Österreichisches Staatsarchiv / Archiv der Republik). In order to explore the institutional factors of the literary sub-system in German-speaking regions, a new kind of handbook was created in accordance with this methodological approach, a combination of encyclopedia of persons and specialized dictionary, which should be combined in a network to form a whole. Another factor that led to this format was the division of Austria by the Nazis into seven divisions subject directly to the German government.

Tyrolis Latina

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ISBN: 9783205788683 Year: Pages: 1331 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_574820 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4335D 4336
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:32
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In the territory of historical Tyrol (i.e., the present Austrian province of Tyrol, South Tyrol, and Trentino), a huge number of Latin texts has been written from the Early Middle Ages to the 21th century. A good part of this literature has been preserved as manuscripts or printed books in the libraries and archives of monasteries, schools, universities, cities and other institutions. The present history of literature for the first time gives a systematic overview of these writings and describes them according to historical eras and literary genres. The single eras are separated from each other by events that had a massive impact on the conditions of production and reception of Latin literature in Tyrol. Each era is first generally characterised in historical and cultural terms; after that, its Latin poetry, rhetoric and eloquence, historiography, biography, epistolography, theology and other ecclesiastic writings, philosophy, medicine, natural sciences, law and jurisprudence are treated in single chapters. The literary history consists of two volumes. The first one includes the eras „From the beginnings to the unification of Tyrol under Count Meinhard II. (1285)“, „From the unification of Tyrol to the death of Emperor Maximilian I. (1519)“, „The 16th century until the death of Ferdinand II., Archduke of Further Austria (1595)“, and „The 17th century until the extinction of the Tyrolian line of the Habsburgs (1665) and the foundation of the University of Innsbruck (1669)“. The second volume comprises the eras „From the foundation of the University of Innsbruck to the abolition of the Jesuit order (1773)“, „From the expulsion of the Jesuits to the revolution of the year 1848“, and „From the revolution of 1848 until the present day“ as well as the bibliography and the indexes.

Keywords

Neo-Latin --- Tyrol --- History --- Literature

Geschichte der italienischen Literatur in Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205787303 Year: Pages: 778 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437199 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4268
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:35
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Towards the end of the 20th century the Italian literature created outside Italy finally started to receive proper attention, because research began to focus on the socio-cultural analysis of the different forms of internal and external postcolonialism. As a result, both imperialism and nationalism are seen as responsible for phenomena of cultural alienation in many territories outside as well as inside the national borders of the country and are exposed as ideological constructs. Nevertheless research still neglects the one undoubtedly outstanding region in the production of Italian literature outside Italy, i.e. Austria, more precisely the territories of the Habsburg Monarchy, where for nearly 500 years - from early Humanism to the First World War - the tradition was the richest in quantity as well as in quality. This first part of a comprehensive history of the Italian literature created in Austria for an Austrian public has been written with the intention of filling this gap. The unique position the Italian language held at Vienna's imperial court at least from the middle of the 17th to the middle of the 18th century is well known: Italian was not only an official language for the purpose of representation, it also served as a vehicle of cultural communication in the inner circle of the imperial family. The numerous political connections between the House of Habsburg and the ruling Italian dynasties are a major reason for the manifold cultural transfers between the Austrian territories and the Italian States. The great number of strategic marriages led to intense cultural as well as economical relations, which obviously did result in occasional implications in territorial conflicts and in military alliances not always favorable to the mutual understanding. As a consequence of the above mentioned economical and dynastical connections the Habsburgs often intervened politically in Italy, first in the Early Modern Period, especially during the reigns of Charles V and Ferdinand I. Two centuries later, the Habsburg administration of the Kingdom of Naples (1707-1734) as well as of Lombardy during most of the 18th century (1714-1797) was decisive for the continuation of those interchanges, which ended however, when the Italian movement of unification began to create a totally new situation. Humanism, baroque and enlightenment, three currents which are amply discussed in the present volume, could more easily expand from Italy to Austria because of the before described dynastical connections and they established themselves still deeper because of the immigration or the long stays of Italian authors in the cultural centers of the Austrian monarchy, first of all of course in Vienna. Not surprisingly however, we possess so far only an inadequate and unsystematic documentation of the activities and literary productions of the great majority of those authors: As is well known, the 19th century created a nationalistic base for literary studies, a view which still for a long time influenced the 20th century for a long time. The Italian authors working and publishing in Austria did so in their own language, but in a foreign country and for a foreign sovereign. For this reason they obtained practically no attention in Austrian literary studies, because there works were not composed in the national language, and their appearance in Italian studies is all but nonexistent because they made no direct contribution to the national literary tradition.

H. G. Adler (1910-1988)

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ISBN: 9783205781523 Year: Pages: 406 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437174 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4005
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:12
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The result of my extensive research project is the first comprehensive study on the life and work of H. G. Adler, an important member of the circle around Elias and Veza Canetti, Erich Fried etc., whose ground-breaking scholarly work long overshadowed his reputation as a creative writer. Adler, a German-Jewish writer, born in Prague in 1910, was the inmate of various National Socialist concentration camps (Theresienstadt, Auschwitz) during the Second World War and lived in exile in London from 1947 until his death in 1988. Both as a scholar and as a creative writer, this prolific author is one of the most interesting and most versatile personalities in postwar history. In addition to publishing seminal works on the Holocaust, he left behind an important and to a large extent unpublished body of work, consisting of narrative prose, poetry and drama as well as scholarly articles and books on history, sociology, politics, psychology, language and literature, music, arts, philosophy, theology and Jewish studies. The works of H. G. Adler address central contemporary concerns, cover a large number of areas of interest (European cultural and intellectual history, 20th century German literature, exile studies, Holocaust research etc.) and shall thus - so I hope - attract considerably more attention in the future. This monograph attempts to close a major gap in exile studies that has often been complained about in the past. Its most important topical areas are: H. G. Adler's biography, Theresienstadt (Terezín), exile in England, the development and interdependence of scholarly work and literature, H. G. Adler's position amongst writers such as Karl Kraus, Franz Kafka, George Orwell, Elias Canetti and W. G. Sebald, H. G. Adler as Franz Baermann Steiner's literary executor, H. G. Adler's position amongst London émigrés, H. G. Adler and Austria (despite his exile in England, Adler throughout his life remained closely associated with Austrian culture). This study focuses on Adler's most important and best known works "Theresienstadt 1941-1945" and "Die verheimlichte Wahrheit", books and articles like "Die Dichtung der Prager Schule" and "Der Kampf gegen die 'Endlösung der Judenfrage'", which have hitherto been neglected by academic research, the voluminous autobiographically structured or autobiographically influenced novels "Panorama", "Eine Reise" and "Die unsichtbare Wand" as well as numerous unpublished texts, documents and photographs from Adler's literary estate. It is rounded off by a complete bibliography of H. G. Adler's publication from 1947 to 1988. The time for a monograph about H. G. Adler is ideal: 2008 - 20th anniversary of H. G. Adler's death; 2010 - H. G. Adler's 100th birthday.

Handbuch der österreichischen Kinder- und Jugendbuchautorinnen: L-Z

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ISBN: 9783205785521 Year: Pages: 789 Seiten Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4232
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:43
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This handbook is based on the project "Österreichische Kinder- und Jugendbuchautorinnen" (Austrian Women Writers of children's literature), which was defined as part of the project "biografiA. datenbank und lexikon österreichischer frauen" (database of austrian women, http://www.biografia.at), localised on the Institute for Science and Art in Vienna. In the years 1999 to 2002 more than 800 women writers could be described biographically. Among them are many women, who wrote only one single book for children, there are some illustrators who decided to write also the text for their books and there are also some wellknown writers for Children's books, like Christine Nöstlinger, Renate Welsh, Friederike Mayröcker and many others. There ist no time-limitation, so we have a good overlook of the whole production of children's literature in Austria. Austria means by that way to be born in this land or to live here for more than 10 years. Many of the living authors sendt their curriculum vitae and also many experts on this field helped to fill up the entries. But there are great differences between the portraits of the women, differences in the length of the articles, in the presenting details of the lifes and also differences in their way to live, in their political behaviour and so on. Many of the authors had to flee from austria during the time of nationalsocialism because of their jewish origin or their political background. Some of them are nearly forgotten. They were murdered or had to emigrate in a land with another language, the chance to be able to continue the writing career was very small. But we know some women who had the luck to continue the career. Alex Wedding is one of them, she founded with some other writers like Auguste Lazar the proletarian children's literature. Hertha Pauli is one of the women whose career began in her exile, she began to write books for children in the USA. The biographs can be read as a part of austrian culture, as a piece of our own history. It is the intention of this handbook to encourage scientists to study more about the austrian women-writers of children's books and to discuss their publications.

Handbuch der österreichischen Kinder- und Jugendbuchautorinnen: A-K

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ISBN: 9783205785521 Year: Pages: 622 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_512194 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4231
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-16 00:08:03
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This handbook is based on the project "Österreichische Kinder- und Jugendbuchautorinnen" (Austrian Women Writers of children's literature), which was defined as part of the project "biografiA. datenbank und lexikon österreichischer frauen" (database of austrian women, http://www.biografia.at), localised on the Institute for Science and Art in Vienna. In the years 1999 to 2002 more than 800 women writers could be described biographically. Among them are many women, who wrote only one single book for children, there are some illustrators who decided to write also the text for their books and there are also some wellknown writers for Children's books, like Christine Nöstlinger, Renate Welsh, Friederike Mayröcker and many others. There ist no time-limitation, so we have a good overlook of the whole production of children's literature in Austria. Austria means by that way to be born in this land or to live here for more than 10 years. Many of the living authors sendt their curriculum vitae and also many experts on this field helped to fill up the entries. But there are great differences between the portraits of the women, differences in the length of the articles, in the presenting details of the lifes and also differences in their way to live, in their political behaviour and so on. Many of the authors had to flee from austria during the time of nationalsocialism because of their jewish origin or their political background. Some of them are nearly forgotten. They were murdered or had to emigrate in a land with another language, the chance to be able to continue the writing career was very small. But we know some women who had the luck to continue the career. Alex Wedding is one of them, she founded with some other writers like Auguste Lazar the proletarian children's literature. Hertha Pauli is one of the women whose career began in her exile, she began to write books for children in the USA. The biographs can be read as a part of austrian culture, as a piece of our own history. It is the intention of this handbook to encourage scientists to study more about the austrian women-writers of children's books and to discuss their publications.

Lenz-Bilder

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ISBN: 9783205783800 Year: Pages: 386 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437142 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4068
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:48:41
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Since the beginning of reception, Büchner's epoch-making narrative Lenz was praised for its iconic quality, for the suggestive verbal mediacy of visual experience and the evocation of mental pictures. But so far research has paid no attention to the fact that this specific interrelation of language and image also strongly influenced the reception of the narrative in the fine arts. For the first time, this study analyses the complex relations between text and image in Lenz and its reception comprehensively, i.e. in consideration of the trias of literary communication: author, work and (artistic) reader. Firstly it is shown how the text-image-relations form the aesthetic fundament of the narrative as means of composition, but also as thematic, metareflexive element. Subsequently the different forms of imagery are analysed, which are generated in this way. The final part of the study presents illustrations based on Lenz and confronts them with the text. More than 700 pictures from 47 artists could be found, e.g. the expressive self-portraits of Walter Gramatté, Toyen's surrealistic compositions, the 'degenerative' etchings of Susanne Theumer or Thomas Kohl's landscape-representations.

Geschichte der italienischen Literatur in Österreich

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ISBN: 9783205787297 Year: Pages: 338 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437165 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4295
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:03
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The present monograph focuses on the history of Italian literature and language in Austria's Habsburg past, covering the period from the Peace of Campoformido between Napoleon and Francis II in 1797 to the end of the Habsburg monarchy in 1918. The study reveals that Italian court poetry was amazingly alive in the 19th century as it gradually had been adapted to the changes in the fields of politics, society, and the press. After analyzing the end of the golden era of Italian poetry in Austria, the author presents Archduchess Maria Beatrice d'Este and her literary circle. She was the last patroness of Italian artists and poets and kept up the old-style tradition of court poetry until her death in 1829. During the 19th century, however, this tradition faced an ever increasing popularization, with Italian language books and instruction getting more and more common. The Italian language was never discriminated against in the Habsburg monarchy. On the contrary, it was even extensively taught at universities because officials with a good command of Italian were needed both in the federal government and in the Italian regions of the monarchy. Moreover, the Habsburgs' language policy favored the publication of quality papers and literary magazines in Italian. The study also deals with Italian school books and anthologies for schools in the Italian parts of the monarchy, which were usually written and published in Vienna. In the last part of this chapter, records of the future Emperor Franz Joseph's Italian instruction are presented and analyzed on the basis of archive materials. Anachronistically, court poetry survived the 1848/1849 revolution and continued until World War I. The Emperor was popularized in jubilee editions, newspapers, and ceremonies, but also in the Italian poetry which was no longer of high quality, but still instrumental in presenting Franz Joseph as the "father of the nation".

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