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Pursuing Livelihoods, Imagining Development Smallholders in Highland Lampung, Indonesia

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ISBN: 9781925021479 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_469192 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-29 09:14:30
License: ANU Press

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This monograph explores the ways in which people experience ‘development’ and how development shapes and maintains their lives. The discussion begins with Lampung Province, moves to one of the province’s highland regions, and ends in a village in this highland region. Colonial and post-colonial initiatives drove the transformation of Lampung in the twentieth century bringing mixed results and effects including rapid growth in agricultural production, the formation of ‘wealthy zones’ in some areas, and the creation of pockets of poverty in other areas. In Sumber Jaya and the highlands of Way Tenong, migrants have transformed one of Lampung’s last frontier regions into one of its ‘wealthy zones’. Although the bulk of these migrants migrated spontaneously, they were integrated within the framework of planned development. The level of progress that the region has achieved is largely the result of villagers’ efforts to bring state resources to the village. In conflict with forestry authorities for decades, farmers in some villages have agreed to establish a new relationship with authorities, but the struggle for control over land resources continues.

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indonesia --- development

Education, Learning, Training

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Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004281141 9789004281158 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: 240 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613430 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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In Education, Learning, Training: Critical Issues for Development, renowned scholars and practitioners examine shifts in global education policy and practice over the last 50 years.

Large-Scale Land Acquisitions

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Book Series: International Development Policy ISBN: 9789004304741 9789004304758 Year: Volume: 6 Pages: 320 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_613328 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2016-02-05 09:19:18
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This book examines large-scale land acquisitions, or

Firm Innovation and Productivity in Latin America and the Caribbean: The Engine of Economic Development

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ISBN: 9781349581504 9781349581511 Year: Pages: 346 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-349-58151-1 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-08-11 17:53:00
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This volume uses the study of firm dynamics to investigate the factors preventing faster productivity growth in Latin America and the Caribbean, pushing past the limits of traditional macroeconomic analyses. Each chapter is dedicated to an examination of a different factor affecting firm productivity - innovation, ICT usage, on-the-job-training, firm age, access to credit, and international linkages - highlighting the differences in firm characteristics, behaviors, and strategies. By showcasing this remarkable heterogeneity, this collection challenges regional policymakers to look beyond one-size-fits-all solutions and create balanced policy mixes tailored to distinct firm needs.

Keywords

development --- economics

Life Cycle Management

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Book Series: LCA Compendium – The Complete World of Life Cycle Assessment ISSN: 2214-3505 ISBN: 9789401772204 9789401772211 Year: Pages: 353 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-017-7221-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-24 18:24:42
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This book provides insight into the Life Cycle Management (LCM) concept and the progress in its implementation. LCM is a management concept applied in industrial and service sectors to improve products and services, while enhancing the overall sustainability performance of business and its value chains. In this regard, LCM is an opportunity to differentiate through sustainability performance on the market place, working with all departments of a company such as research and development, procurement and marketing, and to enhance the collaboration with stakeholders along a company’s value chain. LCM is used beyond short-term business success and aims at long-term achievements by minimizing environmental and socio-economic burden, while maximizing economic and social value.

Enabling Asia to Stabilise the Climate

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ISBN: 9789812878250 9789812878267 Year: Pages: 270 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-826-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:08:44
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This book presents good practices in Asia and ASEAN countries for effectively promoting advances in response to climate change, which can help to achieve sustainable development in Asia and around the world. As a proposal, the aim is to influence the discussions at COP 21 by providing a positive agenda with concrete actions from an Asian perspective. The book is divided into three parts. Part 1 describes the greenhouse gas (GHG) reduction scenario from an Asian perspective and in line with global 2 ° targets. Based on modeling analysis, the studies demonstrate the theoretical potentials and send the policymakers at COP 21 the positive message that “Asia can reach the target.” As Asian countries vary in terms of their economic strength, country-specific scenario studies for the two giants China and India as well as for Japan and Vietnam are introduced to show the different approaches for each country. Part 2 shows successful examples of how modeling analysis are reflected in actual policy development, which provides practical guidelines to help policymakers develop their own roadmaps with stakeholder dialogue, not only in Asia but also in other regions of the world. The Nationally Appropriate Mitigation Action (NAMA) roadmap development in Thailand as well as the Iskandar Malaysia project show at the country and city level how researchers and policymakers are working closely to succeed. Part 3 focuses on a number of sector-specific activities including transportation, forestry, capacity development, and inventory work in Asia. Rather than discussing the Low Carbon Society (LCS) concept in detail, the respective chapters highlight unique, concrete, and practically applicable examples from Asia, showing how Asian countries are addressing climate change mitigation issues in a collaborative manner, an approach that can be replicated in other regions. While the ultimate goal of this book is to facilitate international climate regime making, local government and international organizations (United Nations, World Bank, and others) officers, researchers, international NGO/NPOs, consultants, students (particularly those studying international relationships or environmental studies), as well as reporters will find this book useful in broadening their understanding of low-carbon development in Asia.

Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology

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ISBN: 9783319205700 9783319205717 Year: Pages: 362 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-20571-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-27 11:12:07
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How can we design more sustainable industrial and urban systems that reduce environmental impacts while supporting a high quality of life for everyone? What progress has been made towards reducing resource use and waste, and what are the prospects for more resilient, material-efficient economies? What are the environmental and social impacts of global supply chains and how can they be measured and improved?Such questions are at the heart of the emerging discipline of industrial ecology, covered in Taking Stock of Industrial Ecology. Leading authors, researchers and practitioners review how far industrial ecology has developed and current issues and concerns, with illustrations of what the industrial ecology paradigm has achieved in public policy, corporate strategy and industrial practice. It provides an introduction for students coming to industrial ecology and for professionals who wish to understand what industrial ecology can offer, a reference for researchers and practitioners and a source of case studies for teachers.

Peer Participation and Software

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ISBN: 9780262266567 9780262514613 Year: Pages: 112 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:35
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An examination of Mozilla's unique approach to software development considers how this model of participation might be applied to political and civic engagement.Firefox, a free Web browser developed by the Mozilla Foundation, is used by an estimated 270 million people worldwide. To maintain and improve the Firefox browser, Mozilla depends not only on its team of professional programmers and managers but also on a network of volunteer technologists and enthusiasts—free/libre and open source software (FLOSS) developers—who contribute their expertise. This kind of peer production is unique, not only for its vast scale but also for its combination of structured, hierarchical management with open, collaborative volunteer participation. In this MacArthur Foundation Report, David Booth examines the Mozilla Foundation's success at organizing large-scale participation in the development of its software and considers whether Mozilla's approach can be transferred to government and civil society. Booth finds parallels between Mozilla's collaboration with Firefox users and the Obama administration's philosophy of participatory governance (which itself amplifies the much older Jeffersonian ideal of democratic participation). Mozilla's success at engendering part-time, volunteer participation that produces real marketplace innovation suggests strategies for organizing civic participation in communities and government. Mozilla's model could not only show us how to encourage the technical community to participate in civic life but also teach us something about how to create successful political democracy.

Agile Processes in Software Engineering and Extreme Programming: 18th International Conference, XP 2017, Cologne, Germany, May 22-26, 2017, Proceedings

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Business Information Processing ISSN: 1865-1348 ISBN: 9783319576329 9783319576336 Year: Pages: 306 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-57633-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-26 17:48:43
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The volume constitutes the proceedings of the 18th International Conference on Agile Software Development, XP 2017, held in Cologne, Germany, in May 2017.The 14 full and 6 short papers presented in this volume were carefully reviewed and selected from 46 submissions. They were organized in topical sections named: improving agile processes; agile in organization; and safety critical software. In addition, the volume contains 3 doctoral symposium papers (from 4 papers submitted).

Digital Kenya: An Entrepreneurial Revolution in the Making

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Book Series: Palgrave Studies of Entrepreneurship in Africa ISBN: 9781137578808 9781137578785 Year: Pages: 509 DOI: 10.1057/978-1-137-57878-5 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Political Science --- Sociology --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 17:11:32
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Presenting rigorous and original research, this volume offers key insights into the historical, cultural, social, economic and political forces at play in the creation of world-class ICT innovations in Kenya. Following the arrival of fiber-optic cables in 2009, Digital Kenya examines why the initial entrepreneurial spirit and digital revolution has begun to falter despite support from motivated entrepreneurs, international investors, policy experts and others. Written by engaged scholars and professionals in the field, the book offers 15 eye-opening chapters and 14 one-on-one conversations with entrepreneurs and investors to ask why establishing ICT start-ups on a continental and global scale remains a challenge on the “Silicon Savannah”. The authors present evidence-based recommendations to help Kenya to continue producing globally impactful ICT innovations that improve the lives of those still waiting on the side-lines, and to inspire other nations to do the same.

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