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La lutte contre la corruption

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ISBN: 9782354122034 DOI: 10.4000/books.pupvd.1974 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Perpignan
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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L’objectif de cette recherche sur la lutte contre la corruption est de démontrer que le délit de corruption présente un caractère mutant qui lui permet de changer radicalement de forme au gré des domaines auxquels il s’attaque. Ainsi, il ne revêt pas la même forme quand il se développe dans les domaines des marchés publics, des délégations de service public, de l’urbanisme commercial, de l’immobilier, du commerce international, du sport, de la publicité ou du financement de la vie politique. Ce constat du caractère mutant du délit permet de mieux comprendre les difficultés qu’a pu rencontrer le législateur dans la lutte contre la corruption et l’échec des réponses étatiques qui ont été données jusque-là. Dès lors, une adaptation de la lutte contre la corruption au caractère mutant du délit s’avère nécessaire, elle implique une double adaptation d’une part, une adaptation spatio-temporelle, et d’autre part une adaptation relative aux interventions. Les adaptations spatio-temporelles imposent de tenir compte non seulement des insuffisances et de l’inadaptation dans le temps des mesures prises jusque là mais également de la politique menées par les autres États ainsi que des perspectives d’harmonisation et de leurs obstacles. Les adaptations relatives aux interventions conduisent, elles, à prendre en compte d’une part, l’émergence, à côté des intervenants traditionnels, de nouveaux intervenants dans la lutte contre la corruption (citoyens, ONG, associations, presse) et d’autre part, la nature et les limites juridiques, criminologiques, sociologiques et éthiques de ces adaptations. Enfin, pour conclure, une série de propositions sont formulées dans le cadre d’une approche multidisciplinaire du délit dans le but d’améliorer la lutte contre la corruption en tenant compte de cet aspect nouveau du délit : son caractère mutant.

Whistleblowing in the Australian Public Sector: Enhancing the theory and practice of internal witness management in public sector organisations

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ISBN: 9781921536199 Year: Pages: 333 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_459791 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Political Science --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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Of the many challenges in public sector management, few are as complex as the management of whistleblowing. Because it can lead to the discovery and rectification of wrongdoing, public interest whistleblowing is widely acknowledged as being positive for organisations and for society at large. However, the conflicts and reprisal risks often associated with whistleblowing also support a widespread belief that every whistleblower is destined to suffer, and nothing can be done to protect them from reprisals. Even if they did it once, sensible employees are often seen as unlikely to ever blow the whistle a second time around. The extensive research in this book reveals a more complex and, fortunately, more positive picture. The product of one of the world’s most comprehensive research projects on whistleblowing, evidence from over 8,000 public servants in over 100 federal, state and local government agencies shows that whistleblowers can and do survive, and that often their role is highly valued. Public sector managers face significant challenges in better managing and protecting whistleblowers. There is great variation between the many public agencies making the effort, and the many agencies where the outcomes — for managers and whistleblowers alike — are still likely to be grim. This book is compulsory reading for all public sector managers who wish to turn this negative trend around, and for anyone interested in public accountability generally.

Grassroots Politics and Oil Culture in Venezuela: The Revolutionary Petro-State

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ISBN: 9783319595061 9783319595078 Year: Pages: 357 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-59507-8 Language: English
Publisher: Palgrave Macmillan
Subject: Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-23 18:21:56
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This book presents an ethnographic study of how grassroots activism in Venezuela during the Chávez presidency can be understood in relation to the country's history as a petro-state. Taking the contested relationship between the popular sectors and the Venezuelan state as a point of departure, Iselin Åsedotter Strønen explores how notions such as class, race, state, bureaucracy, popular politics, capitalism, neoliberalism, consumption, oil wealth, and corruption gained salience in the Bolivarian process. A central argument is that the Bolivarian process was an attempt to challenge the practices, ideas, and values inherited from Venezuela's historical development as an oil-producing state. Drawing on rich ethnographic material from Caracas' shantytowns, state institutions, as well as everyday life and public culture, Strønen explores the complexities and challenges in fostering deep social and political change.

Corruption as a Last Resort

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ISBN: 9780801453274 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101537
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:48
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Why do ordinary people engage in corruption? In Corruption as a Last Resort, Kelly M. McMann contends that bureaucrats, poverty, and culture do not force individuals in Central Asia to pay bribes, use connections, or sell political support. Rather, corruption is a last resort when relatives, groups in society, the market, and formal government programs cannot provide essential goods and services. Using evidence from her long-term research in Kazakhstan and Kyrgyzstan, McMann shows that Islamic institutions, secular charities, entrepreneurs, and banks cannot provide the jobs and credit people need. This drives individuals to illicitly seek employment and loans from government officials.

The Organizational Aspects of Corporate and Organizational Crime

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ISBN: 9783038972587 9783038972594 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-259-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2018-10-15 12:25:33
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ca. 200 words; this text will present the book in all promotional forms (e.g. flyers). Please describe the book in straightforward and consumer-friendly terms.

Making Transparency Possible

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9788202595326 Year: Pages: 323 DOI: 10.23865/noasp.64 Language: English
Publisher: Cappelen Damm Akademisk/NOASP (Nordic Open Access Scholarly Publishing)
Subject: Media and communication --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-21 11:21:02
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"Each year local and national economies throughout the world lose billions of dollars through so-called illicit financial flows. Conservative estimates indicate that over a billion dollars are diverted illegitimately out of countries in the Southern Hemisphere every year. This diversion of revenue reinforces poverty while facilitating the concentration of authority in the hands a select few through corruption and abuse of power. The authors’ objective with this book is to increase transparency in finance and global financial transactions.&#xD;&#xD;Understanding the phenomenon of illicit financial flows requires input from several disciplines including law, finance and economics, and much of what is known about illicit financial flows is thanks to whistleblowers and investigative journalists. This anthology highlights journalism about illicit, global financial activity from an interdisciplinary perspective. In conveying the experiences of whistleblowers and investigative journalists who have been involved with the Panama Papers, Paradise Papers, Lux Leaks and Swiss Leaks, the contributing authors underscore the need for journalism students to also learn the basics of economics, finance and law if they are to be able to carry out investigative projects in an increasingly more globalized economy.&#xD;&#xD;In the first part of the book, investigative journalists describe their work to expose corruption and capital flight, and whistleblowers in some of the most significant cases tell their stories, while lawyers and accountants explain what needs to be done at the legislative level. In the second half of the book, analyses of revelations of corruption and illegitimate financial flows are presented. The authors explore themes including the value of investigative journalism, new journalistic methods, inadequate protections for whistleblowers and the education of investigative journalists.&#xD;&#xD;This book will be of interest to anyone concerned about illicit financial flows, but especially to journalists, journalism students and journalism instructors seeking an understanding of what it takes to reveal the mechanisms behind illicit, global flows of wealth."&#xD;

The state and illegality in Indonesia

Authors: ---
Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183710 9789004253681 Year: Volume: 269/1 Pages: 328 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_368290 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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The popular 1998 reformasi movement that brought down President Suharto’s regime demanded an end to illegal practices by state officials, from human rights abuse to nepotistic investments. Yet today, such practices have proven more resistant to reform than people had hoped. Many have said corruption in Indonesia is “entrenched”. We argue it is precisely this entrenched character that requires attention. What is state illegality entrenched in and how does it become entrenched? This involves The state and illegality in Indonesia&#xD;studying actual cases. Our observations led us to rethink fundamental ideas about the nature of the state in Indonesia, especially regarding its socially embedded character.&#xD;&#xD;We conclude that illegal practices by state officials are not just aberrations to the state, they are the state. Almost invariably, illegality occurs as part of collective, patterned, organized and collaborative acts, linked to the competition for political power and access to state resources. While obviously excluding many without connections, corrupt behaviour also plays integrative and stabilizing functions. Especially at the lower end of the social ladder, it gets a lot of things done and is often considered legitimate.&#xD;&#xD;This book may be read as a defence of area studies approaches. Without the insights that grew from applying our area studies skills, we would still be constrained by highly stylised notions of the state, which bear little resemblance to the state’s actual workings. The struggle against corruption is a long-term political process. Instead of trying to depoliticize it, we believe the key to progress is greater popular participation.&#xD;&#xD;With contributions from Simon Butt, Robert Cribb, Howard Dick, Michele Ford, Jun Honna, Tim Lindsey, Lenore Lyons, John McCarthy, Ross McLeod, Marcus Mietzner, Jeremy Mulholland, Gerben Nooteboom, J Danang Widoyoko and Ian Wilson. This book is the result of a series of workshops supported, among others, by the Australian-Netherlands Research Collaboration (ANRC).&#xD;&#xD;“An intriguing [...] and thought-provoking volume on the nexus between the state and illegality. It treats illegality not as an abnormality, but as an integral aspect of statecraft and social life. The book advances theoretical discussions, embedding them in rich empirical material that sheds light on the ways in which people in different localities and sectors in Indonesia use, make sense of, and negotiate illegality. It will benefit students and scholars from various disciplines, seeking to explore the social meanings and functions of illegality in the everyday life of the nation.” Barak Kalir, University of Amsterdam

The e-Government Development Discourse

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ISBN: 9781928396574 Year: Pages: 326 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.2018.BK71 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS
Subject: Computer Science --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-05 11:21:04
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research agenda for e-Government. When e-Government was first conceived, it was designed upon basic technologies where the emphasis was only on the simple display of government information for citizens to read. Nowadays, e-Government design comprises many complicated modules such as upload and download consoles, two-way interaction consoles between citizens and government agents, integrated government business processes presenting the whole of government, and it does not depend solely on technology. The complexity of e-Government has now evolved to include political, cultural, economic, social and technical dimensions. Bringing all these difficult aspects together is so complicated that it needs carefully planned strategies informed by local contextual characteristics. &#xD;&#xD;Rather than giving formulaic definitions and conceptual standpoints on many aspects of e-Government, as is the case in many e-Government publications, this book will explore the frontiers of global knowledge value chains by discussing current and future dimensions of e-Government. For example, the book discusses the concept of data governance by exploring how actual opening up of government data can be achieved, especially in a developing world context. Further, the book posits that opening government data should be followed by the opening up of government business processes in order to peddle the concept of accountability and responsiveness. Much text on data governance has concentrated on articulating the basic definitions surrounding this concept. Another very important topic explored in this book is regarding how the concept of decolonisation can be extended to e-Government by providing practical examples as to how researchers in the developing world can contribute to the advancement of e-Government as a scientific field of enquiry and guide its implementation, thereof. Decolonisation is advocated for in e-Government research so that there is a balance in the inclusion of the Afrocentric knowledge into e-Government advancement other than over-reliance on the Euro-, Asia- and America-centric knowledge value chains (Mbembe 2015). &#xD;&#xD;As e-Government is a very expensive undertaking, the issue of funding has excluded African countries and a majority of the developing world from implementing e-Government. Despite funding being a critical cornerstone of e-Government development, there is a dearth of information on this topic. Therefore, this book provides a chapter which discusses traditional and innovative ways of funding e-Government design and implementation which can go a long way in improving e-Government penetration into the developing world. Further, the book explores how intelligent e-Government applications can be designed, especially in resource-constrained countries. A couple of emerging technology innovations such as fog computing and intelligent information technology are explored within the realm of e-Government design.&#xD;

Du social hors la loi : L’anthropologie analytique de Christian Geffray

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782709917865 DOI: 10.4000/books.irdeditions.140 Language: French
Publisher: IRD Éditions
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment peut-on massacrer son voisin ? Comment peut-on aimer celui qui vous exploite ? Ces deux questions hantent les travaux de Christian Geffray dans des contextes aussi variés que la guerre civile au Mozambique ou le trafic de drogues au Brésil, et sur des registres tels que la parenté ou le paternalisme. Associant l’anthropologie économique, dans sa version française longtemps influencée par le marxisme, et la psychanalyse dans son idiome lacanien, Geffray a pris le risque de décontenancer les tenants de l’une et de l'autre. Ses choix théoriques, comme ceux de ses enquêtes, étaient guidés par une sorte de nécessité, celle de défricher des pans du social peu fréquentés par ses collègues. Cela ne relevait jamais chez lui d’un défi gratuit à la marge de la pratique disciplinaire, mais d’une conviction que certains mécanismes fondamentaux de la vie en société se révèlent plus facilement dans ce « social hors la loi » que dans des contextes plus normalisés. La fonction et les méthodes de travail du chercheur face à l’illégalité ou à la guerre, le rôle de la souffrance et de l’amour dans la formation et le maintien de liens de domination, la circulation des biens comme support de la sujétion, l’interrogation sur la naissance et la dislocation des institutions, la conception de l’État… tels sont les thèmes qui rythment cet ouvrage. La diversité des lectures et des réactions face à la pensée de Christian Geffray en fait la matière et l’originalité. Mais au-delà des controverses, les chercheurs ici réunis ont tous souhaité rendre hommage à cet anthropologue infatigable, dont l’ambition affirmée comme une exigence morale était de proposer une pensée neuve de la vie sociale.

IFRA Special Research Issue Vol. 2

ISBN: 9789788025146 9791092312218 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IFRA-Nigeria
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-14 11:31:46
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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