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Les Soldats de la mémoire : La section photographique de l’armée, 1915-1919

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ISBN: 9791036547508 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pupo.4636 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Paris Nanterre
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:34
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Face à la diffusion internationale de la propagande photographique ennemie, la France met en place au printemps 1915, la Section photographique de l’armée (SPA). Destinée à contrer l’action allemande auprès des pays neutres, elle a pour objectif également de produire des archives sur tous les aspects de la guerre mais aussi un fonds documentaire à l’usage de l’armée. L’analyse de son fonctionnement permet de comprendre le métier de reporter-militaire ainsi que les conditions de production des photographies sur le front, leur traitement en laboratoire, la rédaction des légendes, l’archivage, le passage par la censure et la diffusion. Les photographies de la SPA sont conservées en partie à la Bibliothèque de documentation internationale contemporaine dont elles constituent un des fonds les plus riches et les plus intéressants. L’ouvrage d’Hélène Guillot apporte un éclairage essentiel pour comprendre comment une des sources majeures de l’histoire de la Première Guerre mondiale a été constituée d’un point de vue institutionnel, mais aussi du point de vue des hommes, envoyés sur le front en soldats de la mémoire.

Espace social et espace politique : Lyon

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ISBN: 9782729709716 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.pul.13487 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Lyon
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-04 12:20:44
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Rolf Geyling (1884-1952)

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ISBN: 9783205795858 Year: Pages: 290 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_507999 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 143
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-04 09:02:05
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This publication documents the life and work of the architect Rolf Geyling (1884-1952), who was a former student of Otto Wagner and started his career in Vienna and Bucharest before the First World War broke out. During the war Geyling documented his experiences as an officer of the Habsburger Monarchy with photographs and a detailed diary, which he continued during his imprisonment in Siberia. After five years in several camps - most recently in Vladivostok - Geyling fled to Tianjin in China, where he successfully established himself as an architect until the period of Mao Tse-tung and was particularly involved in the development of modern architecture in northern China.

Employment, Poverty and Rights in India

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ISBN: 9781138479586 Year: Pages: 204 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-06 11:21:03
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In comparison to other social groups, India’s rural poor – and particularly Adivasis and Dalits - have seen little benefit from the country’s economic growth over the last three decades. Though economists and statisticians are able to model the form and extent of this inequality, their work is rarely concerned with identifying possible causes. Employment, Poverty and Rights in India analyses unemployment in India and explains why the issues of employment and unemployment should be the appropriate prism to understand the status of wellbeing in India. The author provides a historical analysis of policy interventions on behalf of the colonial and postcolonial state with regard to the alleviation of unemployment and poverty in India and in West Bengal in particular. Arguing that, as long as poverty - either as a concept or as an empirical condition - remains as a technical issue to be managed by governmental technologies, the ‘poor’ will be held responsible for their own fate and the extent of poverty will continue to increase. The book contends that rural unemployment in India is not just an economic issue but a political process that has consistently been shaped by various socio-economic, political and cultural factors since the colonial period. The analysis which depends mainly on ethnography extends to the implementation of the ‘New Rights Agenda’, such as the MGNREGA, at the rural margin. Challenging the dominant approach to poverty, this book will be of interest to scholars working in the fields of South Asian studies, Indian Political Economy, contemporary political theories, poverty studies, neo-liberalism, sociology and social anthropology as well as development studies.

Numerical and Evolutionary Optimization

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039218165 9783039218172 Year: Pages: 230 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-817-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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This book was established after the 6th International Workshop on Numerical and Evolutionary Optimization (NEO), representing a collection of papers on the intersection of the two research areas covered at this workshop: numerical optimization and evolutionary search techniques. While focusing on the design of fast and reliable methods lying across these two paradigms, the resulting techniques are strongly applicable to a broad class of real-world problems, such as pattern recognition, routing, energy, lines of production, prediction, and modeling, among others. This volume is intended to serve as a useful reference for mathematicians, engineers, and computer scientists to explore current issues and solutions emerging from these mathematical and computational methods and their applications.

War and Literature: Commiserating with the Enemy

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ISBN: 9783039219100 9783039219117 Year: Pages: 145 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-911-7 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-30 16:39:46
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This Special Issue focuses specifically on the topic of commiseration with the “enemy” within war literature. The articles included in this Special Issue show authors and/or literary characters attempting to understand the motives, beliefs, and cultural values of those who have been defined by their nations as their enemies. This process of attempting to understand the orientation of defined “enemies” often shows that the soldier has begun a process of reflection about why he or she is part of the war experience. The texts included in this issue also show how political authorities often resort to propaganda and myth-making tactics that are meant to convince soldiers that they are fighting opponents who are evil, sub-human, etc., and are therefore their direct enemies. Literary texts that show an author and/or literary character trying to reflect against state-supported definitions of good/evil, right/wrong, and ally/enemy often present an opportunity to reevaluate the purposes of war and one’s moral responsibility during wartime.

Machine Learning and Embedded Computing in Advanced Driver Assistance Systems (ADAS)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039213757 9783039213764 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-376-4 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book contains the latest research on machine learning and embedded computing in advanced driver assistance systems (ADAS). It encompasses research in detection, tracking, LiDAR

Keywords

Vehicle-to-X communications --- Intelligent Transport Systems --- VANET --- DSRC --- Geobroadcast --- multi-sensor --- fusion --- deep learning --- LiDAR --- camera --- ADAS --- object tracking --- kernel based MIL algorithm --- Gaussian kernel --- adaptive classifier updating --- perception in challenging conditions --- obstacle detection and classification --- dynamic path-planning algorithms --- joystick --- two-wheeled --- terrestrial vehicle --- path planning --- infinity norm --- p-norm --- kinematic control --- navigation --- actuation systems --- maneuver algorithm --- automated driving --- cooperative systems --- communications --- interface --- automated-manual transition --- driver monitoring --- visual tracking --- discriminative correlation filter bank --- occlusion --- sub-region --- global region --- autonomous vehicles --- driving decision-making model --- the emergency situations --- red light-running behaviors --- ethical and legal factors --- T-S fuzzy neural network --- road lane detection --- map generation --- driving assistance --- autonomous driving --- real-time object detection --- autonomous driving assistance system --- urban object detector --- convolutional neural networks --- machine vision --- biological vision --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- Gabor convolution kernel --- recurrent neural network --- enhanced learning --- autonomous vehicle --- crash injury severity prediction --- support vector machine model --- emergency decisions --- relative speed --- total vehicle mass of the front vehicle --- perception in challenging conditions --- obstacle detection and classification --- dynamic path-planning algorithms --- drowsiness detection --- smart band --- electrocardiogram (ECG) --- photoplethysmogram (PPG) --- recurrence plot (RP) --- convolutional neural network (CNN) --- squeeze-and-excitation --- residual learning --- depthwise separable convolution --- blind spot detection --- machine learning --- neural networks --- predictive --- vehicle dynamics --- electric vehicles --- FPGA --- GPU --- parallel architectures --- optimization --- panoramic image dataset --- road scene --- object detection --- deep learning --- convolutional neural network --- driverless --- autopilot --- deep leaning --- object detection --- generative adversarial nets --- image inpainting --- n/a

Modern Sample Preparation Approaches for Separation Science

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ISBN: 9783039214112 9783039214129 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-412-9 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Chemistry (General) --- Analytical Chemistry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:15
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This book will provide the most recent knowledge and advances in Sample Preparation Techniques for Separation Science. Everyone working in a laboratory must be familiar with the basis of these technologies, and they often involve elaborate and time-consuming procedures that can take up to 80% of the total analysis time. Sample preparation is an essential step in most of the analytical methods for environmental and biomedical analysis, since the target analytes are often not detected in their in-situ forms, or the results are distorted by interfering species. In the past decade, modern sample preparation techniques have aimed to comply with green analytical chemistry principles, leading to simplification, miniaturization, easy manipulation of the analytical devices, low costs, strong reduction or absence of toxic organic solvents, as well as low sample volume requirements.Modern Sample Preparation Approaches for Separation Science also provides an invaluable reference tool for analytical chemists in the chemical, biological, pharmaceutical, environmental, and forensic sciences.

Keywords

vitamins --- extraction --- determination --- review --- sample preparation --- matrix solid phase dispersion --- sorbent --- miniaturization --- on-line --- blueberry --- non-anthocyanin polyphenol --- vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction --- response surface methodology --- desirability function approach --- nail --- curie temperature --- high-frequency heating --- liquid chromatography–tandem mass spectrometry --- caffeine --- amlodipine --- gas chromatography --- hydrogel --- hormones --- pectin --- polyvinyl alcohol --- sample preparation --- in-tube SPME --- UHPLC-MS/MS --- organic-based monoliths --- antipsychotics --- plasma samples --- schizophrenic’ patients --- salting-out assisted liquid–liquid extraction --- sugaring-out assisted liquid–liquid extraction --- hydrophobic-solvent assisted liquid–liquid extraction --- subzero-temperature assisted liquid–liquid extraction --- phenolic compounds --- sorbent-based techniques --- multi-spheres adsorptive micro-extraction (MSA?E) --- floating sampling technology --- caffeine and acetaminophen tracers --- environmental water matrices --- vortex-assisted dispersive liquid-liquid microextraction --- China herbal tea --- pesticides residue --- aflatoxins --- UPLC-MS/MS --- vortex-synchronized matrix solid-phase dispersion --- crab shells --- ionic liquids --- anthraquinones --- Cassiae Semen --- sample preparation --- nanocomposite --- pathogenic --- enrichment --- nucleic acid isolation --- sample preparation with TLC/HPTLC --- solvent front position extraction --- solvent delivery with a moving pipette --- automation --- LC–MS/MS --- environmental analysis --- whole water --- trace analysis --- SPE --- large volume --- in-line filter --- sand --- flow rate --- pharmaceuticals --- hormones --- pesticides --- space instrumentation --- liquid chromatography --- oligopeptides --- trapping system --- membrane-based microextraction --- barbiturates --- simultaneous determination --- whole blood --- urine --- liver --- sample preparation --- oxylipins --- protein precipitation --- liquid–liquid extraction --- solid-phase extraction --- biological samples --- chlorophenoxy acid herbicides --- HPLC --- hydrophobic in-tube solid-phase microextraction --- poly (OMA-co-TRIM) monolithic column --- rice grains --- gold --- sample preparation --- preconcentration --- geological samples

Progress in Combustion Diagnostics, Science and Technology

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783039285105 9783039285112 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-511-2 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:09
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The role that combustion plays in the world’s energy systems will continue to evolve with the changes in technological demands. For example, the challenges that we face today are more focused on the conservation of energy and addressing environmental concerns, which together necessitate cleaner and more efficient combustion processes using a range of fuel sources. This book includes contributions to highlight the recent progress in theory and experiments, development, and demonstration of technologies and systems involving combustion processes, for the production, storage, use, and conservation of energy.

Keywords

steam ejector --- wet steam model --- computational fluid dynamics --- condensation effect --- fire suppression system --- acoustic --- frequency --- NOx emission index --- flame length --- global residence time --- flow-field --- flame-front --- gasoline engine --- flame propagation --- turbulence --- PPCI diesel engine --- pilot injection --- combustion noise --- stationary wavelet packet transform --- stationary wavelet transform --- CO2 emission --- gasoline vehicles --- electric vehicles --- driving cycles --- vehicle dynamic model --- High speed PIV --- flame propagation --- planer laser tomography --- micro-scale combustion --- diffusion flames --- micro power generation --- numerical investigations --- fire whirl --- computational fluid dynamics --- eddy-generation mechanism --- combustion modelling --- detailed chemistry --- large eddy simulation --- combustion waste heat --- experiment --- steam ejector --- shock-mixing layer --- flow structure --- operating parameter --- combustion waste heat --- steam ejector --- shock wave --- entrainment ratio --- pumping performance --- critical back pressure --- hot jet detonation initiation technique --- flame acceleration --- detonation combustion --- vortex --- ignition position --- hydrogen --- internal combustion engine --- compression ignition --- dual-fuel engine --- direct injection --- high pressure gas jet --- jet penetration --- fuel injector --- CI engine --- biofuel --- fuel combustion --- combustion --- alternative fuel --- canola oil (Co) --- diesel engine --- common rail --- diesel fuel (Df) --- n-hexane --- injection --- tunable diode laser absorption tomography --- exhaust gas --- temperature --- similarity analysis --- Mahalanobis distance --- root mean square error --- fire whirl --- computational fluid dynamics --- eddy-generation mechanism --- combustion modelling --- detailed chemistry --- large eddy simulation --- engine valve systems --- continuously variable valve systems --- engine valve system control --- combustion optimization

Flow and Transport Properties of Unconventional Reservoirs 2018

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783039211166 9783039211173 Year: Pages: 364 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-117-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-28 11:21:27
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Unconventional reservoirs are usually complex and highly heterogeneous, such as shale, coal, and tight sandstone reservoirs. The strong physical and chemical interactions between fluids and pore surfaces lead to the inapplicability of conventional approaches for characterizing fluid flow in these low-porosity and ultralow-permeability reservoir systems. Therefore, new theories and techniques are urgently needed to characterize petrophysical properties, fluid transport, and their relationships at multiple scales for improving production efficiency from unconventional reservoirs. This book presents fundamental innovations gathered from 21 recent works on novel applications of new techniques and theories in unconventional reservoirs, covering the fields of petrophysical characterization, hydraulic fracturing, fluid transport physics, enhanced oil recovery, and geothermal energy. Clearly, the research covered in this book is helpful to understand and master the latest techniques and theories for unconventional reservoirs, which have important practical significance for the economic and effective development of unconventional oil and gas resources.

Keywords

fracturing fluid --- rheology --- chelating agent --- viscosity --- polymer --- fluid-solid interaction --- velocity profile --- the average flow velocity --- flow resistance --- pore network model --- shale gas --- volume fracturing --- finite volume method --- production simulation --- multi-scale flow --- multi-scale fracture --- shale gas reservoir --- fractured well transient productivity --- succession pseudo-steady state (SPSS) method --- complex fracture network --- multi-scale flow --- analysis of influencing factors --- tight sandstones --- spontaneous imbibition --- remaining oil distributions --- imbibition front --- imbibition recovery --- NMR --- slip length --- large density ratio --- contact angle --- pseudo-potential model --- lattice Boltzmann method --- micro-fracture --- dissolved gas --- experimental evaluation --- reservoir depletion --- recovery factor --- tight oil --- Lucaogou Formation --- tight oil --- pore structure --- prediction by NMR logs --- tight oil reservoir --- SRV-fractured horizontal well --- multiporosity and multiscale --- flow regimes --- productivity contribution degree of multimedium --- equilibrium permeability --- non-equilibrium permeability --- matrix–fracture interaction --- effective stress --- coal deformation --- porous media --- non-linear flow --- conformable derivative --- fractal --- hydraulic fracturing --- tight reservoirs --- fracture diversion --- extended finite element method --- fracture network --- gas adsorption capacity --- shale reservoirs --- influential factors --- integrated methods --- sulfonate gemini surfactant --- thickener --- temperature-resistance --- clean fracturing fluid --- low-salinity water flooding --- clay mineral composition --- enhanced oil recovery --- wetting angle --- pH of formation water --- fractional diffusion --- fractal geometry --- analytical model --- shale gas reservoir --- carbonate reservoir --- petrophysical characterization --- pore types --- pore structure --- permeability --- fractal dimension --- reservoir classifications --- deep circulation groundwater --- groundwater flow --- geothermal water --- faults --- isotopes --- shale permeability --- local effect --- global effect --- matrix-fracture interactions --- nanopore --- pore structure --- shale --- tight sandstone --- mudstone --- nitrogen adsorption --- fractal --- enhanced geothermal system --- well-placement optimization --- fracture continuum method --- 0-1 programming --- unconventional reservoirs --- petrophysical characterization --- fluid transport physics

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