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Micro- and Nanofluidics for Bionanoparticle Analysis

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ISBN: 9783039215942 / 9783039215959 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-595-9 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering --- Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Bionanoparticles such as microorganisms and exosomes are recoganized as important targets for clinical applications, food safety, and environmental monitoring. Other nanoscale biological particles, includeing liposomes, micelles, and functionalized polymeric particles are widely used in nanomedicines. The recent deveopment of microfluidic and nanofluidic technologies has enabled the separation and anslysis of these species in a lab-on-a-chip platform, while there are still many challenges to address before these analytical tools can be adopted in practice. For example, the complex matrices within which these species reside in create a high background for their detection. Their small dimension and often low concentration demand creative strategies to amplify the sensing signal and enhance the detection speed. This Special Issue aims to recruit recent discoveries and developments of micro- and nanofluidic strategies for the processing and analysis of biological nanoparticles. The collection of papers will hopefully bring out more innovative ideas and fundamental insights to overcome the hurdles faced in the separation and detection of bionanoparticles.

Contested Knowledges: Water Conflicts on Large Dams and Mega-Hydraulic Development

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ISBN: 9783038978107 / 9783038978114 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-811-4 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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Water acquisition, storage, allocation and distribution are intensely contested in our society, whether, for instance, such issues pertain to a conflict between upstream and downstream farmers located on a small stream or to a large dam located on the border of two nations. Water conflicts are mostly studied as disputes around access to water resources or the formulation of water laws and governance rules. However, explicitly or not, water conflicts nearly always also involve disputes among different philosophical views. The contributions to this edited volume have looked at the politics of contested knowledge as manifested in the conceptualisation, design, development, implementation and governance of large dams and mega-hydraulic infrastructure projects in various parts of the world. The special issue has explored the following core questions: Which philosophies and claims on mega-hydraulic projects are encountered, and how are they shaped, validated, negotiated and contested in concrete contexts? Whose knowledge counts and whose knowledge is downplayed in water development conflict situations, and how have different epistemic communities and cultural-political identities shaped practices of design, planning and construction of dams and mega-hydraulic projects? The contributions have also scrutinised how these epistemic communities interactively shape norms, rules, beliefs and values about water problems and solutions, including notions of justice, citizenship and progress that are subsequently to become embedded in material artefacts.

Keywords

hydroelectric development --- hydropower --- dam --- indigenous peoples --- first nations --- Canada --- Site C --- British Columbia --- environmental impacts --- socio-economic impacts --- hydropower --- Mekong River Basin --- political ecology --- STS --- public knowledge controversies --- large dams --- dam safety --- hazard risk --- environmental governance --- uncertainty --- knowledge politics --- marginalization --- political ecology --- Himalayas --- India --- hydropower development --- politicized collective identity --- territory --- collective action --- agonistic unity --- vernacular statecraft --- Dzumsa --- North Sikkim --- hydrosocial territory --- knowledge encounters --- hydraulic utopia --- modernity --- commensuration --- anti-dam movement --- Málaga --- Spain --- hiding hand --- A.O. Hirschman --- irrigation --- hydraulic projects --- San Lorenzo irrigation project --- Chixoy irrigation project --- Peru --- Guatemala --- megadams --- social construction of technology --- politics of the governed --- anti-dam resistance movements --- technological design --- contested knowledge --- Ecuador --- expectations --- hydroelectric megaprojects --- socio-technical imaginaries --- Ecuador --- energy policy --- large dams --- socioenvironmental impacts --- compensation measures --- knowledge systems --- commensuration --- negotiation --- territorial control --- Bolivia --- Jacques Lacan --- psychoanalysis --- fantasy --- mega-dam --- Inga --- DR Congo --- hydropolitics --- mega-hydraulic projects --- modernist traditions --- knowledge arenas --- manufactured ignorance --- depoliticization --- UnGovernance --- dehumanizing rationality --- multi-actor multi-scalar alliances --- co-creation --- power --- n/a

Mechanism Design for Robotics

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ISBN: 9783039210589 / 9783039210596 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-059-6 Language: eng
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-26 08:44:06
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MEDER 2018, the IFToMM International Symposium on Mechanism Design for Robotics, was the fourth event in a series that was started in 2010 as a specific conference activity on mechanisms for robots. The aim of the MEDER Symposium is to bring researchers, industry professionals, and students together from a broad range of disciplines dealing with mechanisms for robots, in an intimate, collegial, and stimulating environment. In the 2018 MEDER event, we received significant attention regarding this initiative, as can be seen by the fact that the Proceedings contain contributions by authors from all around the world.The Proceedings of the MEDER 2018 Symposium have been published within the Springer book series on MMS, and the book contains 52 papers that have been selected after review for oral presentation. These papers cover several aspects of the wide field of robotics dealing with mechanism aspects in theory, design, numerical evaluations, and applications.This Special Issue of Robotics (https://www.mdpi.com/journal/robotics/special_issues/MDR) has been obtained as a result of a second review process and selection, but all the papers that have been accepted for MEDER 2018 are of very good quality with interesting contents that are suitable for journal publication, and the selection process has been difficult.

Keywords

hexapod walking robot --- 3-UPU parallel mechanism --- kinematics --- stability --- gait planning --- shape changing --- rolling --- robot --- cylindrical --- elliptical --- velocity control --- economic locomotion --- actuation burden --- inadvertent braking --- humanoid robots --- parallel mechanisms --- cable-driven robots --- robotic legs --- painting robot --- collaborative robot --- image processing --- non-photorealistic rendering --- artistic rendering --- robot wrists --- spherical parallel mechanism --- orientational mechanisms --- computer-aided design --- workspace analysis --- iCub --- shape memory alloy --- compliant mechanism --- SMA actuator --- pneumatic artificial muscle --- McKibben muscle --- haptic glove --- hand exoskeleton --- teleoperation --- force reflection --- human-machine interaction --- robot kinematics --- robot singularity --- singularity analysis --- robot control --- mobile manipulation --- human-robot-interaction --- learning by demonstration --- compliance control --- trajectory planning --- energy efficiency --- redundancy --- robotic cell --- kinematic redundancy --- cable-driven parallel robots --- fail-safe operation --- exercising device --- cobot --- V2SOM --- safety mechanism --- safe physical human–robot interaction --- pHRI --- variable stiffness actuator --- VSA --- collaborative robots --- humanoid robotic hands --- underactuated fingers --- graphical user interface --- grasp stability --- safe physical human–robot interaction (pHRI) --- variable stiffness actuator (VSA) --- collaborative robots --- robot-assisted Doppler sonography --- n/a

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