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Acknowledgements (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

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ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Ethics ‘by and for professions’: the origins and endurance of club regulation (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Ian Ramsey, theology and ‘trans-disciplinary’ medical ethics (Book chapter)

Book title: The making of British bioethics

Author:
ISBN: 9781847798879 Year: Pages: 303 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 081493
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04

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Recent decades have witnessed profound shifts in the politics of medicine and the biological sciences. Members of several professions, including philosophers, lawyers and social scientists, now discuss and help regulate issues that were once left to doctors and scientists, in a form of outside involvement known as ‘bioethics’. The making of British bioethics provides the first in-depth study of the growing demand for this outside involvement in Britain, where bioethicists have become renowned and influential ‘ethics experts’. The book moves beyond existing histories, which often claim that bioethics arose in response to questions surrounding new procedures such as in vitro fertilisation. It shows instead that British bioethics emerged thanks to a dynamic interplay between changing sociopolitical concerns and the aims of specific professional groups and individuals. Highlighting this interplay has important implications for our understanding of how issues such as embryo experiments, animal research and assisted dying became high profile ‘bioethical’ concerns in late twentieth century Britain. And it also helps us appreciate how various individuals and groups intervened in and helped create the demand for bioethics, playing a major role in their transformation into ‘ethics experts’. &#xD;&#xD;The making of British bioethics draws on a wide range of materials, including government archives, popular sources, professional journals, and original interviews with bioethicists and politicians. It is clearly written and will appeal to historians of medicine and science, general historians, bioethicists, and anyone interested in what the emergence of bioethics means for our notions of health, illness and morality.

Medizinische Gutachten des 17. und 18. Jahrhunderts. Sprachhistorische Untersuchungen zu einer Textsortenklasse

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Book Series: Lingua Academica ISBN: 9783110555080 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 286 DOI: 10.1515/9783110555080 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-14 18:42:56
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Medical reports were a major element of medical communication as early as the 17th and 18th centuries. What characterizes such texts? Using a broad-based analytic model from the field of text linguistics, the author investigates specific classes of texts – consultations, court reports, and autopsy reports – in terms of their cultural and scientific history while also identifying their particular linguistic hallmarks.

Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease

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ISBN: 9781783741182 9781783741199 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0055 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-10 13:31:46
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Animals and Medicine: The Contribution of Animal Experiments to the Control of Disease offers a detailed, scholarly historical review of the critical role animal experiments have played in advancing medical knowledge. Laboratory animals have been essential to this progress, and the knowledge gained has saved countless lives—both human and animal. Unfortunately, those opposed to using animals in research have often employed doctored evidence to suggest that the practice has impeded medical progress. This volume presents the articles Jack Botting wrote for the Research Defence Society News from 1991 to 1996, papers which provided scientists with the information needed to rebut such claims. Collected, they can now reach a wider readership interested in understanding the part of animal experiments in the history of medicine—from the discovery of key vaccines to the advancement of research on a range of diseases, among them hypertension, kidney failure and cancer.This book is essential reading for anyone curious about the role of animal experimentation in the history of science from the nineteenth century to the present.

Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture

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ISBN: 9781843844013 Year: Pages: 310 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574130 Language: English
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097469
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-08-30 11:01:12

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Current preoccupations with the body have led to a growing interest in the intersections between religion, literature and the history of medicine, and, more specifically, how they converge within a given culture. This collection of essays explores the ways in which aspects of medieval culture were predicated upon an interaction between medical and religious discourses, particularly those inflected by contemporary gendered ideologies. The essays interrogate this convergence broadly in a number of different ways: textually, conceptually, historically, socially and culturally. They argue for an inextricable relationship between the physical and spiritual in accounts of health, illness and disability, and demonstrate how medical, religious and gender discourses were integrated in medieval culture. Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa is Professor of English in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shizuoka University.&#xD;&#xD;Contributors: Louise M. Bishop, Elma Brenner, Joy Hawkins, Roberta Magnani, Takami Matsuda, Liz Herbert McAvoy, Irina Metzler, Denis Renevey, Patricia Skinner, Juliette Vuille, Diane Watt, Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa.

Marking the Face, Curing the Soul? Reading the Disfigurement of Women in the Later Middle Ages (Book chapter)

Book title: Medicine, Religion and Gender in Medieval Culture

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ISBN: 9781843844013 Year: Pages: 26 Language: English
Publisher: Boydell & Brewer Grant: Wellcome Trust - 097469
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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Current preoccupations with the body have led to a growing interest in the intersections between religion, literature and the history of medicine, and, more specifically, how they converge within a given culture. This collection of essays explores the ways in which aspects of medieval culture were predicated upon an interaction between medical and religious discourses, particularly those inflected by contemporary gendered ideologies. The essays interrogate this convergence broadly in a number of different ways: textually, conceptually, historically, socially and culturally. They argue for an inextricable relationship between the physical and spiritual in accounts of health, illness and disability, and demonstrate how medical, religious and gender discourses were integrated in medieval culture. Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa is Professor of English in the Faculty of Humanities and Social Sciences at Shizuoka University.&#xD;&#xD;Contributors: Louise M. Bishop, Elma Brenner, Joy Hawkins, Roberta Magnani, Takami Matsuda, Liz Herbert McAvoy, Irina Metzler, Denis Renevey, Patricia Skinner, Juliette Vuille, Diane Watt, Naoë Kukita Yoshikawa.

The Vitamin A Story

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ISBN: 9783318021882 9783318021899 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Karger Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103006
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-26 11:24:34
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This book shows how vitamin A deficiency – before the vitamin was known to scientists – affected millions of people throughout history. It is a story of sailors and soldiers, penniless mothers, orphaned infants, and young children left susceptible to blindness and fatal infections. We also glimpse the fortunate ones who, with ample vitamin A-rich food, escaped this elusive stalker. Why were people going blind and dying? To unravel this puzzle, scientists around the world competed over the course of a century. Their persistent efforts led to the identification of vitamin A and its essential role in health. As a primary focus of today’s international public health efforts, vitamin A has saved hundreds of thousands of lives. But, we discover, they could save many more were it not for obstacles erected by political and ideological zealots who lack a historical perspective of the problem.

Remédios vários e receitas aprovadas. Segredos vários

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Book Series: DIAITA: Scripta & Realia ISSN: 21836530 ISBN: 9789892612812 Year: Pages: 686 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1282-9 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-12 17:47:50
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This book presents the semidiplomatic and interpretive issues of the most extensive work which houses the codex 142 of the Arquivo Distrital de Braga, corresponding to its second part, which starts calling itself Remedios varios, e Receitas Approvadas, but also includes, for the end, a copy of the well known and ancient calendaries, or fastos, distributing for each month of the year the recommendations about what to do for the maintenance of the good health, on the one hand, and about the agriculture of each month, of the other, and yet a long line of Several Secrets, with domestic revenues and advice, culinary, agricultural, veterinary, botanical, technic, and even magic and religious (healing prayers, etc.). Conceived as a treaty, it shows the collection of numerous natural remedies, from antiquity to the seventeenth century, mostly dependent on herbs, medicinal plants and trees, available to any person, and even more exotic products such as spices, or swallow nests, that the Discoveries put within reach of Europe by the Portuguese, originating both in Asia and in Africa or in Brazil. Organized by disease or also either by body parts, medicinal herbs and other ingredients, the manuscript highlights a prevalently preventive medicine and is not limited reductively to therapeutic medicine. In all the codex, and in many of the remedies, diet is key, and this is not a restrictive diet for patients, but of very specific and abundant dietary recommendations to maintain health in a much more timely and holistic perspective. The reader may find constant and rich cross-references between this part II of Codex 142 of remedies, the first part, of cooking recipes, already edited, and the third, about agriculture, with valuable and unique recipes and recommendations from de fields of agriculture, pecuary, veterinary and ecological animal husbandry. Despite the specificity of each part, the information, thorough and from a knowledgeable hand, reveals itself through the three notebooks repeated under different facets, complementary, forming an essential triptych to life: nourishment, health, agricultural and veterinary activity in perfect balance with nature and man.

Das Weib als Versuchsperson

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Book Series: Science Studies ISBN: 9783839408360 9783899428360 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14361/9783839408360 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-11 11:21:30
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Mit dem practical turn in der Wissenschaftsforschung avancierte das Experiment zu einem vielbeachteten Gegenstand historischer und wissenssoziologischer Untersuchungen. Eines wurde bislang jedoch weitestgehend ausgeblendet: der medizinische Menschenversuch. Dieses Buch widmet sich der Experimentalisierung des Menschen, indem es anhand der Syphilisforschung nachzeichnet, wie der Frauenkörper zu dem »Ding« (Hans Jonas) des Experiments wurde: Welche politischen Leitideen, welche gesellschaftlichen Projekte, welche literarischen Phantasien manifestierten sich in den Menschenlaboratorien des 19. Jahrhunderts?

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