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Von der philosophisch-moralischen Erzählung zur modernen Novelle

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ISBN: 3465032284 Year: Pages: 404 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574822 Language: German
Publisher: Vittorio Klostermann GmbH Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3592
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:01:36
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The treatise deals with the pre-history of the modern French novella, which has constituted a new paradigm of genre history within the field of short narrations since 1829. Contrary to claims that Mérimée's, Stendhal's, and Balzac's novellas have nothing in common with the narrative of the 18th and early 19th century, it is intended to demonstrate that the latter provides an arsenal for the renewal of the genre around 1830.A relatively stable consciousness concerning the genre, clearly differentiating between conte and nouvelle until the mid-1760, functions as starting point. This duality, however, starts slackening when the successful conte moral transcends into the field of the nouvelle - an event which robs the terms conte and nouvelle of their distinctiveness. Both of the two most popular themes of the conte moral, namely marital development and education, are realized in a couple of textual strategies which are - despite a change in social conditions - continuing up to the first two decades of the 19th century. This continuum usually involves distortion, parody, and afunctionality. Simultaneous to the transformations maintaining this system, the observer also traces transformations breaking those rules as seen in the works of Diderot, Mme de Staël, Sade, and Balzac, which makes it impossible to integrate their narrations into the harmonized ideology of the conte moral.The nouvelle receives further impulse from the "true story", which can be settled somewhere between journalistic information and literary fiction. It is a heterogeneous field of narrations sharing the reference to the reality external of literary fiction and the themes of the unexpected, the inexplicable, and the violation of the rules. The techniques, methods and themes developed by the narrative of the 18th century are endowed with new meaning by the French Revolution. Characteristic bundles of the modern novella are elaborated by the cooperation of several concepts - "the exotic and distance", "antithesis and paroxysm", "denouement and temporality, as well as "ambiguity and the secret" - creating a new synergy. The novella meets the growing need for texts mainly concerned with the creation of suspense by its accentuated temporality and its mode of reception aiming at fast consumption. The fantastic novella may be understood as an extreme variation of the modern novella based on the typical antithetical structure. The historical increase in the usage of supernatural elements in the field of short narratives indicates that dealing with the irrational evokes a development of frame stories displaying a more complex structure which equips the novelistic event itself with an amplified aesthetic component.

Imdeduya. Variants of a myth of love and hate from the Trobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use. Studies in Anthropological Linguistics ISSN: 1879-5838 ISBN: 9789027265890 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.1075/clu.20 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-12 13:46:28
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This volume presents five variants of the Imdeduya myth: two versions of the actual myth, a short story, a song and John Kasaipwalova’s English poem “Sail the Midnight Sun”. This poem draws heavily on the Trobriand myth which introduces the protagonists Imdeduya and Yolina and reports on Yolina’s intention to marry the girl so famous for her beauty, on his long journey to Imdeduya’s village and on their tragic love story. The texts are compared with each other with a final focus on the clash between orality and scripturality. Contrary to Kasaipwalova’s fixed poetic text, the oral Imdeduya versions reveal the variability characteristic for oral tradition. This variability opens up questions about traditional stability and destabilization of oral literature, especially questions about the changing role of myth – and magic – in the Trobriand Islanders' society which gets more and more integrated into the by now “literal” nation of Papua New Guinea.

Rethinking Poverty

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ISBN: 9781447340638 Year: Pages: 184 Language: English
Publisher: Policy Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-01 11:01:04
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Epdf available Open Access under CC-BY-NC licence. There is a demand for a new narrative to enable us to escape from the crisis in our society. This book argues that we need to start with the society we want, rather than framing poverty as a problem to be solved. It calls for a bold forward-looking social policy that addresses continuing austerity, under-resourced organisations and a lack of social solidarity. Based on a research programme carried out by the Webb Memorial Trust involving leading organisations, academics, community activists, children, and surveys of more than 12,000 people living in poverty, a key theme is power which shows that the way forward is to increase people’s sense of agency in building the society that they want.

Live A/V in Australia

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ISBN: 9781863654302 Year: Pages: 32 DOI: https://doi.org/10.5130/978-1-86365-430-2 Language: English
Publisher: UTS ePRESS
Subject: Media and communication --- Performing Arts --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-07 03:48:10
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Live AV in Australia by Grayson Cooke documents the diverse emerging national community of practice involved in live audiovisual performance. In a series of video interviews with practitioners around the country a picture emerges of a vibrant performance scene that draws on the aesthetic traditions of music, cinema and new media art.This book is a part of the MediaObject series.

Mysterious Minds

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Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522229526 9789522229516 9789522228642 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.10 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Helsinki University Library and SKS
Subject: Psychology --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:54
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This study examines the narrative tools, techniques, and structures that Marja-Liisa Vartio, a classic of Finnish post-war modernism, used in presenting fictional minds in her narrative prose. The study contributes to the academic discussion on formal and thematic conventions of modernism by addressing the ways in which fictional minds work in interaction, and in relation to the enfolding fictional world. The epistemic problem of how accurately the world, the self, and the other can be known is approached by analyzing two co-operating ways of portraying fictional minds, both from external and internal perspectives. The external perspective relies on detachment and emotional restraint dominating in Vartio’s early novels Se on sitten kevät and Mies kuin mies, tyttö kuin tyttö. The internal perspective pertains to the mental processes of self-reflection, speculation, and excessive imagining that gain more importance in her later novels Kaikki naiset näkevät unia, Tunteet, and Hänen olivat linnut. In the theoretical chapter of this study, fictional minds are discussed in the context of the acclaimed “inward turn” of modernist fiction, by suggesting alternative methods for reading modernist minds as embodied, emotional, and social entities. In respect to fictional minds’ interaction, this study elaborates on the ideas of “mind-reading,” “intersubjectivity,” and the “social mind” established within post-classical cognitive narratology. Furthermore, it employs possible world poetics when addressing the complexity, incompleteness, and (in)accessibility of Vartio’s epistemic worlds, including the characters’ private worlds of knowledge, beliefs, emotions, hallucinations, and dreams. In regards to the emotional emplotment of fictional worlds, this study also benefits from affective narratology as well as the plot theory being influenced by possible world semantics, narrative dynamics, and cognitive narratology.&#xD;As the five analysis chapters of this study show, fictional minds in Vartio’s fiction are not only introspective, solipsist, and streaming, but also embodied and social entities. In the readings of the primary texts, the concept of embodiedness is used to examine the situated presence of an experiencing mind within the time and space of the storyworld. Fictional minds’ (inter)actions are also demonstrated as evolving from local experientiality to long-term calculations that turn emotional incidents into episodes, and episodes into stories. In Vartio’s novels, the emotional story structure of certain conventional story patterns, such as the narratives of female development and the romance plot, the sentimental novel, and epistolary fiction, are modified and causally altered in the portrayal of the embodied interactions between the self, the other, and the world. The trajectories of female self-discovery in Vartio’s novels are analyzed through the emotional responses of characters: their experiences of randomness, their ways of counterfactualizing their traumatic past, their procrastinatory or akratic reactions or indecisiveness. The gradual move away from the percepts of the external world to the excessive imaginings and (mis)readings of other minds (triggered by the interaction of worlds and minds), challenges the contemporary and more recent accounts of modernism both in Finnish and international contexts.

Chapter 8: Participant-created documents as an elicitation tool (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781315177274 Year: Pages: 22 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Elicitation interviews are where participants are either shown items or asked to bring items to the interview in order to shape the direction of the conversation. This approach is often referred to as being part of ‘visual methods’. The chapter focuses in particular on when participants are asked to either bring everyday documents, such as photographs, or when they are asked to create a new document, with both sources serving as a ‘topic guide’ during interviews, which are directed by the participant. The advantage of this method over many documentary analysis methods is the presence of the author and the ability for the researcher to ask the author questions. This allows us to more easily establish meaning than in participant-absent documentary analysis. A detailed case study is presented of the research that aimed to understand health behaviours, such as smoking and drinking alcohol, during pregnancy. Ten women from deprived areas living on low incomes took part in elicitation interviews. Techniques of elicitation included life-history timelining (drawing a timeline of their life), collaging or using a paper template with thought bubbles to describe what it was like being pregnant, and sandboxing (that is, creating an image or scene using sand and a range of everyday items). Data was analysed using a narrative analysis, which is used to consider change over time. Guidance is provided on how to undertake narrative analysis. The findings highlighted a wide range of barriers and facilitators to abstain from alcohol and smoking during pregnancy, which were related to life circumstances. The key challenges of using such a method, including the ethical implications, are discussed. An exercise with additional data is provided to consolidate learning.

The Imaginary Geography of Hollywood Cinema 1960–2000

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ISBN: 9781783208296 9781783208302 Year: Pages: 300 Language: English
Publisher: Intellect Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100969
Subject: Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:35:39
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The Imaginary Geography of Hollywood Cinema 1960-2000 combines digital cartography with close readings of representative films to write a history of twentieth century Hollywood narrative cinema at the intersection of the geographies of narrative location, production, consumption and taste in the post-classical era, before the rise of digital cinema. This text reorients and redraws the boundaries of film history both literally and figuratively by cataloguing films’ narrative locations on digital maps to examine where Hollywood locates its narratives over time.

Change and the politics of certainty

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ISBN: 9781526147264 Year: Pages: 256 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: University Of Manchester
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-18 11:21:04
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Despite the imperative for change in a world of persistent inequality, racism, oppression and violence, difficulties arise once we try to bring about a transformation. As scholars, students and activists, we may want to change the world, but we are not separate, looking in, but rather part of the world ourselves. The book demonstrates that we are not in control: with all our academic rigour, we cannot know with certainty why the world is the way it is, or what impact our actions will have. It asks what we are to do, if this is the case, and engages with our desire to seek change. Chapters scrutinise the role of intellectuals, experts and activists in famine aid, the Iraq war, humanitarianism and intervention, traumatic memory, enforced disappearance, and the Grenfell Tower fire, and examine the fantasy of security, contemporary notions of time, space and materiality, and ideas of the human and sentience. Plays and films by Michael Frayn, Chris Marker and Patricio Guzmán are considered, and autobiographical narrative accounts probe the author’s life and background. The book argues that although we might need to traverse the fantasy of certainty and security, we do not need to give up on hope.&#xD;

Organisationsgebundene pädagogische Professionalität

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ISBN: 9783863881597 9783863880026 Year: Pages: 683 DOI: 10.3224/86388002 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
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Organization and profession - although they seem to contradict each other again and again in theory, in practice they are interlocked. For this reason, the author develops the theoretical construct of "organization-bound professionalism" in her work and relates it to the field of lifelong learning. The author proposes to grasp the social capacity to work in the pedagogical field in the social form of reflexively individualized professionalism and to focus on the structuring power of organization as a constitutional context of professionalism. It examined a four-year process of employee development in an educational institution for institutionalising competence-based forms of learning in continuing vocational education and training. Counselling and research were integrated, thus opening up the developmental process for a theory-generating reconstruction. Thus, it is assumed that organisation and professionalism are contingent within a socio-historical space of opportunity. Accordingly, plural concepts of what is understood by professionalism and organisation in theory and lived as the social reality of the educational institution are unfolded.

Technologies of wonder : rhetorical practice in a digital world

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ISBN: 9780874218718 0874218713 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Utah State University Press/ Computers and Composition Digital Press
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-10 22:43:51

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Technologies of Wonder: Rhetorical Practice in a Digital World considers the theoretical and pedagogical implications of designing academic scholarship in interactive digital media, and proposes renewed emphasis on embodied visual rhetoric and on the canon of arrangement as an active visual practice. This project uses the concept of the Wunderkammer to argue for techné and wonder as guiding principles for a revitalized visual canon of arrangement and as new models of invention and intervention in multimodal scholarly production. Technologies of Wonder also presents examples of how this rhetoric of inquiry can be applied to multimodal projects in the classroom.New digital technologies offer viable alternatives to linear, less embodied traditions of academic scholarship. Emerging at a time when academic presses are under considerable economic pressure, Technologies of Wonder also serves as a model for how rigorous intellectual projects can be published and disseminated in less costly, more accessible formats.

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