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Der prekäre Park - Akteure, Ressourcen und Verhandlung im Nationalpark W, Benin

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ISBN: 9783863953980 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2019-1129 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-25 11:38:25
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W National Park lies in the border triangle of Benin, Burkina Faso and Niger in West Africa. Established under French colonial rule in 1927, it was designated as the first African transborder biosphere reserve in 2002. Although the Benin part of the reserve was given a participatory management approach in 2002, illegal hunting, logging, transborder mobile herding and cash cropping continue to pose important threats to the reserve. The whole area, especially the buffer zone, is a source of conflicts between the different adjacent communities and between communities and park administration. The book analyses how the surveillance teams operate in this context. It describes encounters between park surveillance staff and local stakeholders in three different arenas: the park’s core area, adjacent villages and public political forums. It shows how, in a setting dominated largely by cash crop production, the abstract idea „national park“ is being translated by park staff and how in the process local meanings of the idea emerge. Drawing on 14 months of ethnographic research between 2008 and 2010, this book contributes to the current state of research on participatory natural resources management. Moreover, it provides insights into the working of state administration in a context of contradictory policies of conservation and rural development.

Achieving the Paris Climate Agreement Goals

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ISBN: 9783030058432 Year: Pages: 491 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05843-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:11
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This open access book presents detailed pathways to achieve 100% renewable energy by 2050, globally and across ten geographical regions. Based on state-of-the-art scenario modelling, it provides the vital missing link between renewable energy targets and the measures needed to achieve them. Bringing together the latest research in climate science, renewable energy technology, employment and resource impacts, the book breaks new ground by covering all the elements essential to achieving the ambitious climate mitigation targets set out in the Paris Climate Agreement. For example, sectoral implementation pathways, with special emphasis on differences between developed and developing countries and regional conditions, provide tools to implement the scenarios globally and domestically. Non-energy greenhouse gas mitigation scenarios define a sustainable pathway for land-use change and the agricultural sector. Furthermore, results of the impact of the scenarios on employment and mineral and resource requirements provide vital insight on economic and resource management implications. The book clearly demonstrates that the goals of the Paris Agreement are achievable and feasible with current technology and are beneficial in economic and employment terms. It is essential reading for anyone with responsibility for implementing renewable energy or climate targets internationally or domestically, including climate policy negotiators, policy-makers at all levels of government, businesses with renewable energy commitments, researchers and the renewable energy industry.

Conflict and Resource Development in the Southern Highlands of PNG

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Book Series: Studies in State and Society in the Pacific ISBN: 9781921313462 Year: Pages: 186 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_458888 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2012-06-14 11:46:24
License: ANU Press

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The Southern Highlands is one of Papua New Guinea’s most resource-rich provinces, but for a number of years the province has been riven by conflict. Longstanding inter-group rivalries, briefly set aside during the colonial period, have been compounded by competition for the benefits provided by the modern state and by fighting over the distribution of returns from the several big mining and petroleum projects located within the province or impinging upon it. Deaths from the various conflicts over the past decade number in the hundreds. As a result of inter-group fighting, criminal activity and vandalism, a number of businesses have withdrawn from the province. Roadblocks and ambushes have made travel dangerous in many parts and expatriate missionaries and aid workers have left. Many public servants have abandoned their posts with the result that state services are not provided. Corruption is rife. Police are often reluctant to act because they are outnumbered and outgunned. This volume brings together a number of authors with deep experience of the Southern Highlands to examine the underlying dynamics of resource development and conflict in the province. Its primary purpose is to provide some background to recent events, but the authors also explore possible approaches to limiting the human and economic costs of the ongoing conflict and breakdown of governance.

Is there a future for Carbon Capture and Storage in Poland ?

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ISBN: 9782940503650 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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The climate is changing, the average temperature on Earth is rising, the EU is concerned and Poland is developing. Despite the fact that the country is trying to make up economically for lost time under Communism, it still has to comply with a demanding EU climate policy. The task is not easy, particularly keeping in mind how heavily coal-dependent the Polish economy is. Consequently, Carbon Capture and Storage (CSS) appears to be a perfect solution. However, the closer the technology is exam...

Actor-network theory and the empirical critique of environmental law: unpacking the bioprospecting debates (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781784712563 9781784712570 Year: Pages: 24 DOI: 10.4337/9781784712570.00010 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-22 10:32:41
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In recent years, actor-network theory (ANT), and the work of Bruno Latour in particular, have gained significant interest amongst legal scholars. This approach, derived from Science and Technology Studies (STS) and bearing various links with anthropology and ethnographic methods, has enabled new insights to emerge in relation to the ways in which law operates in everyday practices. The innovative position the approach suggests has been largely based on the breaking down of the dichotomy between nature and society, humans and non-humans, and in turn on an emphasis on the importance of materiality in social practices (and its complexity). In his early work, Bruno Latour therefore laid out the foundations of what was to become a radical rethink of sociological assumptions, by challenging the extent to which humanity can ever be imagined as being fundamentally separate from nature. Consequently, he argued that some of the most fundamental assumptions of modernity, about how knowledge is made, societies are built, and humans can relate to their environment, are mistaken and in need of revisiting. Given its deep engagement with our relationship with nature, and its grounding in the sociology of science, it is somehow surprising that ANT has not been more frequently explored in environmental law – in spite of a few examples. However, more resources are available to those wanting to imagine what an ‘ANT approach to environmental law’ may look like, if engaging with STS and the anthropology of science literature that has in recent years aimed to unpack some of the legal stories that surround environmental practices. In this chapter, I seek to bring together some of this scholarship to reflect on what ANT can bring to environmental law research. The chapter is illustrated specifically with the example of the use of natural resources for industrial purposes, and the long-standing debates on ‘biopiracy’ that have animated much legal debate since the 1990s. Through this example, I retrace the difficulty for modern environmental law to engage with practices that challenge the boundaries between nature and humanity, and the dichotomies on which law has so far operated. I explore how studies that have embraced some of the more radical claims of ANT and STS, and engaged ethnographic analyses of social practices, have illustrated how law often fails to seize the messiness of the entanglement of nature and society. I conclude by discussing how ANT, and the work of Bruno Latour, can be used more broadly by environmental lawyers seeking to reimagine the ways in which law relates to nature.

Governance for Justice and Environmental Sustainability

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ISBN: 9780415523592 9780203120880 9781138680067 9780415523595 Year: Pages: 360 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:00
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The intention of this book is to begin to shed light on these issues, by exploring the interplay between governance, justice and sustainability in a range of natural resource sectors. The book comprises 16 chapters, 12 of them case studies recounting experiences in the forest, wildlife, fisheries, conservation, mining and water sectors of diverse countries: Madagascar, Zimbabwe, Botswana, Namibia, South Africa, Zambia, Mozambique, Sierra Leone and Cameroon.

Conflitos e água de rega : Ensaio sobre a organização social no Vale de Melgaço

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ISBN: 9791036516351 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.2433 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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O Concelho de Melgaço, apesar de pertencer a uma das regiões mais húmidas da Europa, não escapa aos conflitos criados à volta da água em tempo de rega. Através da leitura de uma actividade agrícola sazonal, a rega do milho e dos produtos hortícolas, procura-se compreender o modo de funcionamento e a organização social de um vale rural do Noroeste de Portugal, e mostrar como os conflitos sazonais contribuem para manter, dar continuidade e modernizar a sociedade. Terra de água e milho, terra de partida para o estrangeiro e retorno do investimento, a pouco e pouco o vale de Melgaço está a tornar-se uma terra de vinha Alvarinho que anuncia profundas mudanças na economia. Um passeio numa paisagem de montanhas de pequena altitude, luxuriante, parando por momentos junto dos regos, corgas, levadas e poças, com o intuito de conhecer aqueles que regam e as suas famílias, essa é a intenção deste livro... na esperança de que o encanto desses lugares transpareça das suas linhas.

Oil Wealth and Development in Uganda and Beyond

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789461663092 9789462702004 9789461663108 Year: Pages: 394 DOI: 10.11116/9789461663092 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: KU Leuven
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Law --- Electrical and Nuclear Engineering --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 11:21:02
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Large quantities of oil were discovered in the Albertine Rift Valley in Western Uganda in 2006. The sound management of these oil resources and revenues is undoubtedly one of the key public policy challenges for Uganda as it is for other African countries with large oil and/or gas endowments. With oil expected to start flowing in 2021, the current book analyses how this East African country is preparing for the challenge of effectively, efficiently, and transparently managing its oil sector and resources. Adopting a multidisciplinary, comprehensive, and comparative approach, the book identifies a broad scope of issues that need to be addressed in order for Uganda to realise the full potential of its oil wealth for national economic transformation. Predominantly grounded in local scholarship and including chapters drawing on the experiences of Nigeria, Ghana, and Kenya, the book blazes a trail on governance of African oil in an era of emerging producers. Oil Wealth and Development in Uganda and Beyond will be of great interest to social scientists and economic and social policy makers in oil-producing countries. It is suitable for course adoption across such disciplines as International/Global Affairs, Political Economy, Geography, Environmental Studies, Economics, Energy Studies, Development, Politics, Peace, Security and African Studies.

The European Landing Obligation

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030033088 Year: Pages: 431 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-03308-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Ecology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:17
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This open access book provides a comprehensive examination of the European Landing Obligation policy from many relevant perspectives. It includes evaluations of its impacts at economical, socio-cultural, ecological and institutional levels. It also discusses the feasibility and benefits of several potential mitigation strategies. The book was timely published, exactly at the time where the Landing Obligation was planned to be fully implemented. This book is of significant interest to all stakeholders involved, but also to the general public of Europe and to other jurisdictions throughout the world that are also searching for ways to deal with by-catch and discard issues.

Indigenous Life Projects and Extractivism

Authors: ---
Book Series: Approaches to Social Inequality and Difference ISBN: 9783319934358 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-93435-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Political Science --- Ethnology --- Social Sciences --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:18
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Exploring indigenous life projects in encounters with extractivism, the present open access volume discusses how current turbulences actualise questions of indigeneity, difference and ontological dynamics in the Andes and Amazonia. While studies of extractivism in South America often focus on wider national and international politics, this contribution instead provides ethnographic explorations of indigenous politics, perspectives and worlds, revealing loss and suffering as well as creative strategies to mediate the extralocal. Seeking to avoid conceptual imperialism or the imposition of exogenous categories, the chapters are grounded in the respective authors’ long-standing field research. The authors examine the reactions (from resistance to accommodation), consequences (from anticipation to rubble) and materials (from fossil fuel to water) diversely related to extractivism in rural and urban settings. How can Amerindian strategies to preserve localised communities in extractivist contexts contribute to ways of thinking otherwise?

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