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Euroscepticism, Europhobia and Eurocriticism

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ISBN: 9782875740410 9782875740410 9783035263473 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0352-6347-3 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103069
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-15 08:31:14
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This book analyses in detail the electoral manifestos and programmes presented by twenty-two parties during the European Parliamentary elections in 2009. The research indicates that radical right-wing parties usually have Europhobic impulses, however, radical left-wing parties are, in theory, favourable to European integration, but dispute the direction currently imposed by the EU authorities.

Crisis States: Governance, Resistance & Precarious Capitalism

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ISBN: 9780988234086 Year: Pages: 82 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0146.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:35
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This is an age of crisis: economic, political, environmental, and social. Yet the nature of contemporary crisis is often misunderstood. Crisis, rather than being accidental or episodic – as is too often assumed – has been a regular feature of state practice in the neoliberal austerity regimes of contemporary capitalism. In this timely work Jeff Shantz gives special attention to the particular manufactured crises associated with austerity regimes and conditions of precarity within contemporary capitalism, and how Crisis States differ from other forms of state practice. Crisis is a powerful weapon of states and capital in the pursuit of accumulation, exploitation, and control. Engaging insights from anarchism and autonomous Marxism, Shantz lays bare the real nature and character of crisis as political and social pursuits of state and capital under precarious capitalism. Attention is also given to social resistance under crisis state conditions. Contemporary capitalism renders the oppressed and exploited precarious at the same time as opportunities are opened to render the system itself precarious. Understanding Crisis States and precarious capitalism is crucial in considering prospects for resistance.

Critique of Sovereignty, Book 1: Contemporary Theories of Sovereignty

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ISBN: 9780692282403 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0114.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:38
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Using the Western tradition of metaphysical and political thought as a backdrop, Critique of Sovereignty (a work in 4 volumes) re-examines the concept of sovereignty in order to better understand why our ethical values and technical capacities often seem so divorced from our lived realities. On the one hand, ostensibly self-enclosed entities like the nation-state and the person are rhetorically bolstered as sites of technical agency and/or moral responsibility. On the other hand, these same entities appear fragile — if not purely fictional — in relation to ever ongoing tidal processes such as the migration, diffusion, and conglomeration of bodies, capital, ideas, etc. While some of our institutions might work some of the time, they always seem to work differently than we like to think they do. Accordingly, the forging of more humane institutions might very well entail if not require ways of thinking that strive to undo the self-imagined binds, exceptions, and sureties of thought for the sake of embracing a continuity with all that withers, decays, and falls away. Book I, “Contemporary Theories of Sovereignty,” compares the varied interpretations of sovereignty given by a range of 20th-century political theorists (Maritain, Foucault, Derrida, Schmitt, Agamben, Hardt, and Negri) with Jean Bodin’s initial outline of the concept, rendered at the outset of modern political thought in the 16th century. The analytic framework of sovereignty encountered in these comparative readings provides an initial point of departure for unfolding a method of critique appropriate to the concept of sovereignty. Sovereignty is an ideal starting point for a critique of the deadlocks between thought and reality for a simple reason: it doesn’t actually exist. When it serves as a guide to action, sovereignty may be regarded as a particularly captivating fantasy. The closer it appears, the further it recedes, and, too often, the more vigorously it is pursued.

Commonist Tendencies: Mutual Aid beyond Communism

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ISBN: 9780615849782 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0040.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:43
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As capitalist societies in the twenty-first century move from crisis to crisis, oppositional movements in the global North have been somewhat stymied (despite ephemeral manifestations like Occupy), confronted with the pressing need to develop organizational infrastructures that might prepare the ground for a real, and durable, alternative. More and more, the need to develop shared infrastructural resources — what Shantz terms “infrastructures of resistance” — becomes apparent. Ecological disaster (through crises of capital), economic crisis, political austerity, and mass produced fear and phobia all require organizational preparation — the common building of real world alternatives. There is, as necessary as ever, a need to think through what we, as non-elites, exploited, and oppressed, want and how we might get it. There is an urgency to pursue constructive approaches to meet common needs. For many, the constructive vision and practice for meeting social needs (individual and collective) is expressed as commonism — an aspiration of mutual aid, sharing, and common good or common wealth collectively determined and arrived at. The term commonsim is a useful way to discuss the goals and aspirations of oppositional movements, the movement of movements, because it returns to social struggle the emphasis on commonality — a common wealth — that has been lost in the histories of previous movements that subsumed the commons within mechanisms of state control, regulation, and accounting — namely communism.

Filosofia sociale e politica : Lezioni in Cina (1919-1920)

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ISBN: 9788878855243 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.939 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Le lezioni tenute da John Dewey a Pechino nel 1919-1920, presentate qui per la prima volta in forma completa al pubblico italiano, costituiscono un documento prezioso per gettare luce su uno degli aspetti più intricati e intriganti, ma ancora meno discussi, dell’opera del filosofo americano, ovvero la sua filosofia sociale. Nelle lezioni in Cina, Dewey delinea un nuovo tipo di filosofia (“terza filosofia”), in grado non solo di capire le trasformazioni del presente, ma anche e soprattutto di farvi fronte e provare a orientarle. Per dimostrarsi all’altezza di tale compito, filosofe e filosofi devono allora abbandonare il cielo delle astrazioni concettuali e calarsi nella fitta trama dei conflitti sociali, imparare a decifrare le prospettive dei gruppi subalterni e oppressi, superare sia il desiderio di conservare lo status quo sia l’impulso di creare un ordine socio-politico completamente nuovo. Alla luce di queste considerazioni, anche la teoria politica deweyana, in particolare la sua visione della democrazia, ne risulta rinnovata e arricchita.

Critical Theories of Crises in Europe: From Weimar to the Euro

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ISBN: 9781783487455 Year: Pages: 251 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_611731 Language: English
Publisher: Rowman & Littlefield International Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 312331
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-07-14 11:01:17
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What is to be learned from the chaotic downfall of the Weimar Republic and the erosion of European liberal statehood in the interwar period vis-a-vis the ongoing Europeancrisis? This book analyses and explains the recurrent emergence of crises in European societies. It asks how previous crises can inform our understanding of the present crisis. The particular perspective advanced is that these crises not only are economic and social crises, but must also be understood as crises of public power, order and authority. In other words, it argues that substantial challenges to the functional and normative setup of democracy and the rule of law were central to the emergence and the unfolding of these crises.The book draws on and adds to the rich â crises literatureâ developed within the critical theory tradition to outline a conceptual framework for understanding what societal crises are. The central idea is that societal crises represent a discrepancy between the unfolding of social processes and the institutional frameworks that have been established to normatively stabilize such processes. The crises at issue emerged in periods characterized by strong social, economic and technological transformations as well as situations of political upheaval. As such, the crises represented moments where the existing functional and normative grid of society, as embodied in notions of public order and authority, were severely challenged and in many instances undermined. Seen in this perspective, the book reconstructs how crises unfolded, how they were experienced, and what kind of responses the specific crises in question provoked.

Kurdish Hizbullah in Turkey

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Book Series: State Crime ISBN: 9780745399348 9781786800374 Year: Pages: 208 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_625899 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100054
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-23 11:01:23
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An academic insider's account of the Islamist social movement Kurdish Hizbullah.

Ambivalenzen des Alltags

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837625394 9783839425398 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839425398 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103364
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Die Politische Theorie ist gegenwärtig und nicht zuletzt in Reaktion auf veränderte gesellschaftliche Verhältnisse durch eine angeregte Diskussion über das Politische geprägt. Brigitte Bargetz greift diese aktuellen Debatten auf und schlägt mit dem Konzept des Alltags einen neuen Weg vor, das Politische zu denken: Im Anschluss an Henri Lefebvre, Agnes Heller und Lawrence Grossberg entwirft sie eine vielschichtige politische Theorie des Alltags, die es ermöglicht, Alltag als ambivalenten politischen Kampfplatz zwischen Herrschaft und Widerstand zu fassen, der den Ausgangspunkt für eine praxisorientierte Theorie des Politischen auch jenseits des Staates bildet.

Aufbruch ins Unversicherbare

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837617726 9783839417720 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839417720 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103280
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Terroranschläge und Kriege, Tsunami, Erdbeben, Vulkanausbrüche, Klimawandel, Ölpest, Finanzkrise - Berichte über "Katastrophen" sind längst medialer Alltag. Offen bleibt jedoch die Frage, welche Intentionen und Konsequenzen die zunehmende Verwendung des Katastrophenbegriffs durch Politik und Wirtschaft mit sich bringt. Die Beiträge des Bandes fragen daher: Dient der Begriff tatsächlich nur der Beschreibung - oder soll auch eine Atmosphäre des Ausnahmezustands geschaffen werden, die eine Anwendung von sonst nicht konsensfähigen Verfahren ermöglicht? Wohin führt es, wenn die Einordnung von Ereignissen in umfassende soziale Prozesse umgangen wird, wenn ihre Wahrnehmung als Konsequenz eingegangener Risiken ausbleibt?

Demokratie morgen

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837623871 9783839423875 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839423875 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103282
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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Für die Nachkriegsgenerationen in Deutschland ist Demokratie eine Selbstverständlichkeit. Doch welche Spielräume hat besonnene demokratische Abwägung in Zeiten globalisierter Märkte, Rating-Agenturen und Expertenkommissionen? Brauchen wir neue Formen demokratischer Teilhabe und Entscheidungsfindung? Mit Hauke Brunkhorst, Horst Dreier, Burkhard Hirsch, Julian Nida-Rümelin und Volker Wulf/Marén Schorch diskutieren renommierte Autoren aus Wissenschaft und Politik Schwachstellen unserer Demokratie und weisen Wege zu ihrer Überwindung.

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