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Format Matters: Standards, Practices, and Politics in Media Cultures

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ISBN: 9783957961563 Year: Pages: 282 DOI: 10.14619/1556 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-26 10:44:05
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From TIFF files to TED talks, from book sizes to blues stations—the term “format” circulates in a staggering array of contexts and applies to entirely dissimilar objects and practices. How can such a pliable notion meaningfully function as an instrument of classification in so many industries and scientific communities? Comprising a wide range of case studies on the standards, practices, and politics of formats from scholars of photography, film, radio, television, and the Internet, Format Matters charts the many ways in which formats shape and are shaped by past and present media cultures. This volume represents the first sustained collaborative effort to advance the emerging field of format studies.

Une nécropole du second âge du fer à Ambrussum, Hérault

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ISBN: 9782491788001 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.1267 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ambrussum doit sa notoriété aux recherches menées depuis les années 1970 sur l’oppidum du second Âge du Fer et son rempart, sur la ville du Haut-Empire, ainsi que sur l’agglomération gallo-romaine qui s’est développée à son pied, le long de la voie Domitienne reliant l’Italie à l’Espagne. Ce livre présente un nouveau volet de ce site majeur de l’archéologie languedocienne, un secteur du cimetière de l’oppidum gaulois qui a fait l’objet d’une fouille programmée de 1999 à 2003. L’intérêt de cette découverte dépasse le cadre régional puisqu’il s’agit d’une des très rares nécropoles du second Âge du Fer actuellement connues dans le Sud de la France. L’étude des vingt-deux tombes à incinération et des deux aires de crémation, qui s’inscrivent entre le second quart du IIIe siècle et les environs de 200 av. J.-C., fait une large place aux défunts eux-mêmes, aux objets et restes animaux et végétaux qui les accompagnent sur le bûcher, puis, de manière fragmentaire, dans la tombe. Des chapitres de synthèse concernent le mobilier, les pratiques funéraires déployées et le reflet de la société que celles-ci renvoient, mais aussi mettent en perspective ces coutumes dans le contexte de la Gaule méridionale. Ces usages des habitants d’Ambrussum s’inscrivent dans une tradition funéraire régionale bien définie, que l’on peut suivre, avec certaines évolutions, depuis le début du dernier millénaire avant J.-C., tandis que l’influence de la colonisation grecque, pourtant bien perceptible alors dans l’économie et le mode de vie des Indigènes, n’apparaît aucunement dans cette gestion de la mort.

L’enfant et la mort dans l’Antiquité III. Le matériel associé aux tombes d’enfants : Actes de la table ronde internationale organisée à la Maison méditerranéenne des sciences de l’homme (MMSH) d’Aix-en-Provence, 20-22 janvier 2011

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ISBN: 9782491788018 DOI: 10.4000/books.pccj.1355 Language: French
Publisher: Publications du Centre Camille Jullian
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Ce volume rassemble les communications presentées à la troisième et dernière réunion scientifique organisée dans le cadre du programme « L’enfant et la mort dans l’Antiquité : des pratiques funéraires à l’identité sociale » (EMA), financé par l’Agence nationale de la recherche (ANR) de novembre 2007 à novembre 2011. Les 26 contributions - rédigées en français, en italien ou en anglais - envisagent la question du matériel associé aux tombes d’enfants. Dépose-t-on autant d’objets auprès des tout-petits, des enfants de 6-7 ans et de 12-13 ans ? La nature de ces offrandes varie-t-elle en fonction du sexe ? Dans quelle mesure certaines d’entre elles - « biberons », vases miniatures, astragales, figurines en terre cuite sont-elles caractéristiques des sépultures d’immatures ? Ces questions se posent-elles de la même façon dans les différentes régions du monde méditerranéen et tout au long des douze siècles environ que couvre notre enquête ? Les articles réunis ici envisagent ces problèmes dans un cadre plus large que celui du monde méditerranéen classique - Grèce et Rome -, en intégrant des études relatives à l’Égypte préhellénistique, à Carthage, au monde celtique du Midi et à la Gaule non méditerranéenne. Certaines de ces contributions présentent des découvertes récentes, partiellement ou entièrement inédites.

Photo-Objects: On the Materiality of Photographs and Photo Archives

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Book Series: Studies 12: Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge ISBN: 9783945561546 Year: Pages: 328 Language: English
Publisher: Edition Open Access
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-14 11:51:27
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Photographs are not simply images but also historically shaped three-dimensional objects. They hold a physical presence, bear traces of handling and use, and circulate in social, political, and institutional networks. Beyond their visual content, they are increasingly acknowledged as material "actors", not only indexically representing the objects they depict, but also playing a crucial role in the processes of knowledge-making within scientific practices. This has a historical dimension: most scientific disciplines rapidly adopted photography as an important research tool. The various material qualities of photographs thereby afforded certain types of uses in those disciplines. Specialized photo archives were founded as interfaces of technology and science and as laboratories for scientific thought. This book highlights some recent approaches to photo-objects and photo archives as parts of a dynamic and material system of knowledge. Taking photographic materiality as its premise, it analyzes the epistemological potential of analog and digital photographs and photo archives in the humanities and sciences. Issues range from the circulation and distribution of photographs, the construction of disciplinary methods through the handling and use of photographs, the formation and transformation of a canon through photography and respective hierarchies of value, to the arrangement, classification, and working processes in photo archives and other institutions. The series Studies of the Max Planck Research Library for the History and Development of Knowledge is dedicated to key subjects in the history and development of knowledge. It brings together perspectives from different fields and combines source-based empirical research with theoretically guided approaches. Studies typically present collaborative working group volumes with integrative approaches to research. The volumes are available both as print-on-demand books and as open-access publications. The material is freely accessible online at www.mprl-series.mpg.de.

Nuaulu Religious Practices; The frequency and reproduction of rituals in a Moluccan society

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183918 9789004253452 Year: Volume: 283 Pages: xxviii, 356 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_421930 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:18
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How religious practices are reproduced has become a major theoretical issue. This work examines data on Nuaulu ritual performances collected over a 30 year period, comparing different categories of event in terms of frequency and periodicity. It seeks to identify the influencing factors and the consequences for continuity. Such an approach enables a focus on related issues: variation in performance, how rituals change in relation to material and social conditions, the connections between different ritual types, the way these interact as cycles, and the extent to which fidelity of transmission is underpinned by a common model or repertoire of elements. This monograph brings to completion a long-term study of the religious behaviour of the Nuaulu, a people of the island of Seram in the Indonesian province of Maluku. Ethnographically, it is important for several reasons: the Nuaulu are one of the few animist societies remaining on Seram; the data emphasize patterns of practices in a part of Indonesia where studies have hitherto been more concerned with meaning and symbolic classification; and because Nuaulu live in an area where recent political tension has been between Christians and Muslims. Nuaulu are, paradoxically, both caught between these two groups, and apart from them. Roy Ellen is Professor of Anthropology and Human Ecology at the University of Kent, a Fellow of The British Academy, and was president of the Royal Anthropological Institute between 2007 and 2011. He was trained at the London School of Economics and at the University of Leiden. Among his other books are The cultural relations of classification (on Nuaulu animal categories) and On the edge of the Banda zone (on trade in east Seram).

Educational Reception in Rotterdam and Barcelona: Policies, Practices and Gaps

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ISBN: 9789089646446 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_503423 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2014-10-23 11:01:07
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The reception of newcomer youngsters by schools constitutes a policy issue in Europe already for decades. This book deals with how practitioners in Rotterdam and Barcelona apply existing policies for the reception of immigrant students, the dilemmas they face and the strategies they design as a response. Using a combination of discursive, organizational, and ethnographic research techniques, the author studies to what extent practices conform to policies, and to what extent they diverge from them in basic principles. This book analyzes the influence of institutional frameworks on the practices of policy implementers by comparing Netherlands and Spain -specifically Barcelona and Rotterdam-, two cases which are very different in terms of their national policies of integration, their educational systems and their programs for educational reception. Much can be learned over the reception practices of secondary schools, but above all over how policy gaps work, and the common and specific features that they present across different countries. In short, this is an indispensable reading for scholars, policymakers and practitioners alike, which offers new insights about the policy-practice gap and the role of policy practitioners in it.

Decentralisation Hybridized

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ISBN: 9782940503025 9782940503032 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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South Sudan is undergoing a process of internationally-supported state building of which decentralisation forms part. For the people, decentralisation is understood as a right to self-rule based on native–stranger dichotomies and as a means of appropriating and incorporating an abstract and distant state into the local context. The South Sudanese government, in contrast, sees decentralisation primarily as a tool for service delivery and development. Conversely, the international community, in...

Indian Villages

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ISBN: 9782940503643 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This book presents a unique testimony on the evolution of the Indian peasant's world over more than sixty years. Its originality lies in part in the unique trajectory of its author, Gilbert Étienne, an exceptional man, all at once scientific traveller, thinker of the North/South relationships and economist concerned by sociology and history inputs. In unfolding the story of his passionate relationship with India, the author offers a very personal look which takes into account not only crop di...

Chapter: 'How to Attract Students’ Visual Attention' from book: Adaptive and Adaptable Learning: 11th European Conference on Technology Enhanced Learning, EC-TEL 2016, Lyon, France, September 13-16, 2016, Proceedings (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Lecture Notes in Computer Science ISSN: 0302-9743 / 1611-3349 ISBN: 9783319451527 9783319451534 Year: Pages: 11 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-45153-4_3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-27 16:51:33
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Attracting students’ visual attention is critical in order for teachers to teach classes, communicate core concepts and emotionally connect with their students. In this paper we analyze two months of video recordings taken from a fourth grade class in a vulnerable school, where, every day, a sample of 3 students wore a mini video camera mounted on eyeglasses. We looked for scenes from the recordings where the teacher appears in the students’ visual field, and computed the average duration of each event. We found that the student’s gaze on the teacher lasted 44.9 % longer when the teacher gestured than when he did not, with an effect size (Cohen’s d) of 0.69. The data also reveals different effects for gender, subject matter, and student Grade Point Average (GPA). The effect of teacher gesturing on students with a low GPA is higher than on students’ with a high GPA. These findings may have broad significance for improving teaching practices.

Guiden till Spaniensverige

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Book Series: Anthropology & Society ISBN: 9789176350560 9789176350591 9789176350577 9789176350584 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.16993/bao Language: Swedish
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Social and Public Welfare --- Anthropology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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"""Guiden till Spaniensverige"" (The Guide to Spanish-Sweden) is an ethnographic account on the mobilisation of a social community of Swedish migrants who otherwise belongs to the diverse networks of lifestyle migrants or resident tourists in Southern Spain. The book is based on interviews with people who are engaged in Scandinavian associations/clubs or in other ways involved in practices which are associated with a Swedish community in Costa Blanca and Costa del Sol, which are two main destinations for lifestyle migrants in Spain. In addition the analysis is based on the discursive material that the social clubs, and to some extent other organisations and networks, are using in the service to their members. The book demonstrates how the practices of the large Scandinavian social clubs, but also other organisations like the Swedish church and some of the business associations, are operating at the locus of an ethnic and transnationalised form of community-making. The offering of a home-like social arena with social and cultural activities are privileging the Swedish language and the Swedish origin. This study concludes that the social practices employed by the clubs are guiding potential members to a social space in which preferably ‘senior’ Swedish migrants meet, socialise, and, to some extent, also consume in ‘Swedish’. The book argues that the practices of the social clubs reveal the contours and infrastructure of a lifestyle diaspora in which a comfortable life in Spain – but in Swedish and with maintained relations with the Swedish society – is accentuated and given priority."

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