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Gewalt als soziales Problem in Schulen

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ISBN: 9783938094365 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.3224/93809436 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:09
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The book includes an analysis and presentation of forms, extent and causes of school violence. In addition, the possibilities of violence prevention and intervention in schools are presented. The first edition (out of print) was published in 1998 by Leske + Budrich, Opladen.

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Violence --- school --- violence at school --- Gewalt --- Schule --- Problem

The factorization method for inverse scattering from periodic inhomogeneous media

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ISBN: 9783866445505 Year: Pages: X, 152 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000019400 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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This book addresses the identification of the shape of penetrable periodic media by means of scattered time-harmonic waves. Mathematically, this is about the determination of the support of a function which occurs in the governing equations. Our theoretical analysis shows that this problem can be strictly solved for acoustic as well as for electromagnetic radiation by the so-called Factorization Method. We apply this method to reconstruct a couple of media from numerically simulated field data.

Forward and inverse problems of electrocardiography : clinical investigations

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering / Ed.: Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institute of Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783866442191 Year: Volume: 4 Pages: XVII, 196 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000007590 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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The non-invasive reconstruction of cardiac activity can significantly improve the quality of cardiac diagnostics. Two major approaches are considered. The model-based method consists in the optimization of an electrophysiological cardiac model until the measured and simulated ECGs are similar. The inverse problem of electrocardiography is solved to compute the cardiac sources distributions from body surface potential maps. The results and their interpretation are shown for several patients.

Network Structures of Cargo Airlines - An Empirical and a Modelling Approach

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ISBN: 9783866447967 Year: Pages: XX, 158 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025525 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The development of efficient air freight networks is an upcoming challenge. The present book approaches this problem for cargo airlines by characterising and classifying their network structures and by developing a model for an airline's strategic network design. The book provides results which are of value for airline professionals (network efficiency analysis), policy makers (policy impact assessment) and researchers (cargo airline network design model).

Principles and Practice of Case-based Clinical Reasoning Education: A Method for Preclinical Students

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Book Series: Innovation and Change in Professional Education ISSN: 1572-1957 / 2542-9957 ISBN: 9783319648279 9783319648286 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64828-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:20:23
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This volume describes and explains the educational method of Case-Based Clinical Reasoning (CBCR) used successfully in medical schools to prepare students to think like doctors before they enter the clinical arena and become engaged in patient care. Although this approach poses the paradoxical problem of a lack of clinical experience that is so essential for building proficiency in clinical reasoning, CBCR is built on the premise that solving clinical problems involves the ability to reason about disease processes. This requires knowledge of anatomy and the working and pathology of organ systems, as well as the ability to regard patient problems as patterns and compare them with instances of illness scripts of patients the clinician has seen in the past and stored in memory. CBCR stimulates the development of early, rudimentary illness scripts through elaboration and systematic discussion of the courses of action from the initial presentation of the patient to the final steps of clinical management.The book combines general backgrounds of clinical reasoning education and assessment with a detailed elaboration of the CBCR method for application in any medical curriculum, either as a mandatory or as an elective course. It consists of three parts: a general introduction to clinical reasoning education, application of the CBCR method, and cases that can used by educators to try out this method.

From Is to Ought: The Place of Normative Models in the Study of Human Thought

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198962 Year: Pages: 187 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-896-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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In the study of human thinking, two main research questions can be asked: “Descriptive Q: What is human thinking like? Normative Q: What ought human thinking be like?” For decades, these two questions have dominated the field, and the relationship between them generated many a controversy. Empirical normativist approaches regard the answers to these questions as positively correlated – in essence, human thinking is what it ought to be (although what counts as the ‘ought’ standard is moot). In contemporary theories of reasoning and decision making, this is often associated with a Panglossian framework, an adaptationist approach which regards human thinking as a priori rational. In contrast, prescriptive normativism sees the answers to these two questions as negatively correlated. Normative models are still relevant to human thought, but human behaviour deviates from them quite markedly (with the invited conclusion that humans are often irrational). Prescriptive normativism often results in a Meliorist agenda, which sees rationality as amenable to education. Both empirical and prescriptive normativism can be contrasted with a descriptivist framework for psychology of human thinking. Following Hume’s strict divide between the ‘is’ and the ‘ought’, descriptivism regards the descriptive and normative research questions as uncorrelated, or dissociated, with only the former question suitable for psychological study of human behaviour. This basic division carries over to the relation between normative (‘ought’) rationality, based on conforming to normative standards; and instrumental (‘is’) rationality, based on achieving one’s goals. Descriptivist approaches regard the two as dissociated, whereas normativist approaches tend to see them as closely linked, with normative arguments defining and justifying instrumental rationality. This research topic brings together diverse contributions to the continuing debate. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, the e-book covers a wide range of subjects, arranged by six sections: The standard picture: Normativist perspectivesIn defence of soft normativismExploring normative modelsDescriptivist perspectivesEvolutionary and ecological accountsEmpirical reports With a total of some 24 articles from 55 authors, this comprehensive treatment includes theoretical analyses, meta-theoretical critiques, commentaries, and a range of empirical reports. The contents of the Research Topic should appeal to psychologists, linguists, philosophers and cognitive scientists, with research interests in a wide range of domains, from language, through reasoning, judgment and decision making, and moral judgment, to epistemology and theory of mind, philosophical logic, and meta-ethics.

Zum Problem der Kategorie der Person im Russischen

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876903774 Year: Pages: 354 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:54
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Aus der Kritik an bisherigen Darstellungen heraus sollen in dieser Arbeit die Grenzen traditioneller Beschreibungsmethoden aufgezeigt und die Kategorie der Person auf funktional-semantischer Basis als eine Menge syntakto-morphologisch vermittelter semantisch-situativer Grundbedeutungen beschrieben werden.

Untersuchungen zur Wortbildung

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Book Series: Specimina philologiae Slavicae ISBN: 9783876902982 Year: Pages: 215 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:31:57
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Die vorliegende Untersuchung der Nominalisierung, d.i. der Bildung der Nomina im Gegenwartspolnisch stellt einen Versuch dar, diese beiden Gebiete, d.i. die Phonologie und die Wortbildung zusammenhängend darzustellen, indem u.a. der Wortbildung ein wortphonologisches Regelsystem vorausgeschickt wird, das das Funktionieren hauptsächlich der morphologisch motivierten Alternationen zeigt und somit auch in die Wortbildung einbezogen werden kann. Den theoretischen Rahmen dieser Untersuchung bildet im weitesten Sinne die sog. Erweiterte Standard-Theorie der Generativistik, die ungeachtet der Tatsache angewandt wird, daß sie - als Standard-Theorie - besonders zwischen Rhein und Elbe - sicherlich durch "Überstrapazierung" besonders in den 70-er Jahren - an Beachtung verloren hat. Im Falle der Nominalisierung im Polnischen bietet sie in ihrer erweiterten Form jedoch die Möglichkeit, die Wortbildung des Polnischen in ihrer Eigenart beschreibungsadäquat darzustellen.

Das Problem des altrussischen demestischen Kirchengesanges und seiner linienlosen Notation

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Book Series: Slavistische Beitraege ISBN: 9783876900322 Year: Pages: 270 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:09
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In der Reihe Slavistische Beiträge werden vor allem slavistische Dissertationen des deutschsprachigen Raums sowie vereinzelt auch amerikanische, englische und russische publiziert. Darüber hinaus stellt die Reihe ein Forum für Sammelbände und Monographien etablierter Wissenschafter/innen dar.

Oekonomik der Transformation als wirtschafts- und gesellschaftspolitisches Problem

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Book Series: Sozialoekonomische Schriften ISBN: 9783631495445 Year: Pages: 307 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group
Subject: Economics --- Political Science --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:32:40
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Transformation wird als Wandel einer kollektiven Identität verstanden. Daher hat diese Analyse einen wirtschaftsanthropologischen Zuschnitt: Gefragt wird nach den nicht-ökonomischen Voraussetzungen ökonomischer Entwicklung. Basis ist ein institutionalistischer, teilweise institutionenökonomischer Theorieansatz (unter Beachtung von public choice-Aspekten). Empirische Befunde aus der Entwicklungsökonomie, aus der Transitions- und aus der Integrationsforschung (etwa Europas) werden herangezogen. Es interessieren somit die polity-, politics- und policy-Voraussetzungen der Transformation als Suche nach einem (die Sozialordnung einschließenden) «Wirtschaftsstil». Als entscheidend werden die «sozialen Kosten» begriffen. Daher interessieren räumliche und inter-personelle Disparitäten infolge des Transformationsgeschehens.

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