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Images of Immigrants and Refugees in Western Europe

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ISBN: 9789461662811 9789462701809 9789461662828 Year: DOI: 10.11116/9789461662811 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press Grant: KU Leuven
Subject: History --- Migration --- Political Science --- Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-14 11:21:02
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"The topic of migration has become particularly contentious in national and international debates. Media have a discernable impact on overall societal attitudes towards this phenomenon. Polls show time and again that immigration is one of the most important issues occupying people’s minds. This book examines the dynamic interplay between media representations of migrants and refugees on the one hand and the governmental and societal (re)actions to these on the other. Largely focusing on Belgium and Sweden, this collection of interdisciplinary research essays attempts to unravel the determinants of people’s preferences regarding migration policy, expectations towards newcomers, and economic, humanitarian and cultural concerns about immigration’s effect on the majority population’s life. Whilst migrants and refugees remain voiceless and highly underrepresented in the legacy media, this volume allows their voices to be heard. Contributors: Leen d’Haenens (KU Leuven), Willem Joris (KU Leuven), Paul Puschmann (KU Leuven/Radboud University Nijmegen), Ebba Sundin (Halmstad University), David De Coninck (KU Leuven), Rozane De Cock (KU Leuven), Valériane Mistiaen (Université libre de Bruxelles), Lutgard Lams (KU Leuven), Stefan Mertens (KU Leuven), Olivier Standaert (UC Louvain), Hanne Vandenberghe (KU Leuven), Koen Matthijs (KU Leuven), Kevin Smets (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), Jacinthe Mazzocchetti (UC Louvain), Lorraine Gerstmans (UC Louvain), Lien Mostmans (Vrije Universiteit Brussel), and François Heinderyckx (Université libre de Bruxelles)"

Fluchtmigration aus Syrien - Eine biographietheoretische und figurationssoziologische Studie

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ISBN: 101787520191228 9783863954321 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-20 11:21:02
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The armed conflict in Syria which began in 2011, caused one of the largest refugee movements in the context of collective violence and war since World War II. Those who fled during the complex, increasingly violent and militarized Syrian civil war – in total about half of the pre-conflict population – have predominantly looked for a place of refuge, security and participation chances in other regions within Syria or in neighboring countries. Relatively few people had the resources to migrate to comparatively distant countries (such as countries in the “European Union”). This sociological study focuses on the processes of “refuge migration” and the experiences of refugees who migrated in the context of the armed conflict in Syria via the Spanish-Moroccan border zone surrounding the enclaves of Ceuta and Melilla. Based on a combination of biographical and figurational approaches and the concept of belonging, I empirically reconstruct the migration, social situations and self-presentations of Syrian refugees in the Spanish-Moroccan border zone. My ethnographic research in the Spanish enclaves shows differences and similarities in the way Syrian refugees experience, deal with and present their social situation in these transit spaces of migration. A central finding of my study highlights that the refugees’ presentation of their life stories and their escape from violence are heavily overlaid by their present preoccupations in the refugee camp and the presentation of shared – or supposedly shared – experiences of fleeing from war. The focus of their biographical self-presentations lay on their precarious and heteronomous current situation and the presentation of a homogenizing we-image as “Syrian refugees”. These patterns of self-presentation obstructed speaking about their “individual” courses of flight from a war. This tended to cover up differences and social conflicts that existed in Syria before the war as well as diverging “individual” experiences of the war. Drawing on biographical case reconstructions, I contrast these findings by showing how war and armed conflict are processes of social transformation that have different meanings and different consequences for individuals and social collectives. The cases of a Syrian-Kurdish refugee, a Syrian-Algerian-Palestinian family and a Syrian-Turkmen married couple show how processes of “refugee migration” are interrelated with diverging life and collective histories. The interviewees’ experiences during the armed conflict, as well as the courses of “forced migration” are inherently related to changing positions within networks of interdependency. This explains why the conflict has very different consequences for the refugees’ present perspectives and constructions of belonging. My empirical results are discussed in the light of the state of the art in the field of refugee-studies and forced migration research. Drawing on perspectives from sociology and anthropology of violence and armed conflict, I conceptualize “refugee migration” as a certain type of migration: “Refugee migration” is a type of migration that is constituted in the context of social transformations and changes in the social order caused by, and causing, collective violence. Violence-based transformations are an integral part of the genesis and the overall trajectories of these processes of migration. These transformations affect social boundaries and figurations between individuals and groupings, constructions of belonging and patterns of biographical (re-)orientation. “Refugee migration” is not only a reaction to collective violence, but must be seen in its ongoing embeddedness in the dynamics of violence which structure the whole migration process.

Tired of Being a Refugee

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ISBN: 9782940503131 9782940503148 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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After six decades of protracted refugeehood, patterns of social identification are changing among the young people of the fourth refugee generation in the Palestinian refugee camp Burj al-Shamali in Southern Lebanon. Though their identity as Palestinian refugees remains the same compared to older refugee generations, there is an important shift in the young refugees’ relationship towards the homeland, their status as refugees, Islam, the camp society, as well as in their relationship towards ...

20 Jahre Asylkompromiss

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837624878 9783839424872 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839424872 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103324
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:57
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In der politischen Geschichte der Bundesrepublik Deutschland gilt der Asylkompromiss von 1992/93 als höchst kontroverse Entscheidung, die bis heute, rund 20 Jahre später, Auswirkungen auf die Asylmigration hat. In diesem Band analysieren Wissenschaftler das damalige Flüchtlingsgeschehen, die Interessen der politischen Akteure sowie die Europäisierung der Flüchtlingspolitik. Zeitzeugen aus der Politik und Journalisten diskutieren, inwieweit die angestrebten Ziele erreicht wurden oder ob sich die Kritik an der Entscheidung als gerechtfertigt erwiesen hat. Vertreter von Flüchtlingsorganisationen sowie des Bundesamtes für Migration und Flüchtlinge zeigen Perspektiven des Flüchtlingsschutzes auf.

The Refugee Reception Crisis

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Book Series: European Studies ISBN: 9782800417097 9782800416939 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_1005529 Language: English
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-12 11:21:13
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The refugee question occupied centre stage at every political debate in Europe since 2015. Starting from the "long summer of migration", the polarization of opinions and attitudes towards asylum seekers among citizens of the EU has grown increasingly. The divergence between hospitality and hostility has also become evident in political reactions.

Germany on their Minds

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Book Series: Studies in German History ISBN: 9781789200058 9781789200065 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Berghahn Books Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102569
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-23 11:21:13
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Throughout the 1930s and early 1940s, before closing its borders to Jewish refugees, the United States granted asylum to approximately 90,000 German Jews fleeing the horrors of the Third Reich. And while most became active participants in American society, they also often constructed their individual and communal lives and identities in relation to their home country. As this groundbreaking study shows, even though many refugees wanted little to do with Germany, the political circumstances of the postwar era meant that engagement of some kind was unavoidable—whether initiated within the community itself, or by political actors and the broader public in West Germany. Author Anne C. Schenderlein gives a fascinating account of these entangled histories on both sides of the Atlantic, and demonstrates the remarkable extent to which German Jewish refugees helped to shape the course of West German democratization.

A Fire of Lilies

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Book Series: Iranian Studies Series ISBN: 9789087283292 9789400603509 Year: DOI: 10.24415/9789087283292 Language: English
Publisher: Leiden University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103894
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-12 11:21:03
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This book examines the role of Persian literature in politics in the tumultuous period of Iranian history from 1950 to 2000, illustrating how intellectuals used poetry, plays, novels and short stories to comment on socio-political developments. The unique aspect of the book is its strong empirical perspective as it analyses how Persian intellectuals dealt with sensor, suppression, imprisonment, exile and even execution for the sake of expression of free speech. Karimi-Hakkak’s methodology is also unique as he applies theoretical perspectives of various disciplines to produce a multi-faceted work, which provide the reader with a concise socio-political history based on the interaction between literature and politics. ‘A Fire of Lilies’ will therefore make a significant contribution to the research on modern Persian literature as well as literary historiography.

Der Schutz der öffentlichen Ordnung und Sicherheit im Rahmen der internationalen Schutzgewährung

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ISBN: 9783941159044 9783941159051 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624830 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170367
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-13 17:23:52
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Europe is currently facing one of the biggest influx of refugees and displaced people since the end of the wars in the Balkans. At the same time, there has also been an increase in terroristic attacks in recent years. States seem to fear a correlation between these two developments, and refugees and asylum seekers are increasingly seen as risks to national security. This doctoral thesis contains a thorough analysis of those provisions of the EU Asylum Qualification Directive which aim to address these concerns, and allow for the exclusion of certain persons from international protection, the restriction of their status rights, or even the revocation or ending of protection. It argues that it is possible and imperative to uphold the standards of international refugee and human rights law even in the face of exacerbated security concerns of the Member States.

The Development of International Refugee Protection through the Practice of the UN Security Council

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ISBN: 9782940415564 9782940415311 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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This paper examines the ambivalent influence of the UN Security Council’s practice on the development of international refugee protection since the early 1990s. While the international refugee protection regime did not originally foresee a role for the Security Council, the increasingly complex security challenges in the post-Cold War era have led to its de facto inclusion in the institutional framework of protection. After having used its wide discretionary powers under the UN Charter to lin...

Protest Movements in Asylum and Deportation

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISSN: 2364-4087 ISBN: 9783319746951 9783319746968 Year: Pages: 294 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-74696-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature Grant: Fonds zur Förderung der wissenschaftlichen Forschung (FWF); IMISCOE
Subject: History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-29 15:18:10
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This open access book deals with contestations “from below” of legal policies and implementation practices in asylum and deportation. Consequently, it covers three types of mobilization: solidarity protests against the deportation of refused asylum seekers, refugee activism campaigning for residence rights and inclusion, and restrictive protests against the reception of asylum seekers. By applying both a longitudinal analysis of protest events and a series of in-depth case studies in three immigration countries, this edited volume provides comparative insights into these three types of movement in Austria, Germany, and Switzerland over a time span of twenty-five years. Embedded in concepts of political change, limited state sovereignty, and migration control, the findings shed light on actors, repertoires, and the effects of protest activities. The contributions illustrate how local contexts, national political settings, issue specifics, and social ties lead to distinctly different forms of protest emergence, dynamics, and strategies. Additionally, they give a profound understanding of the mechanisms and constellations that contribute to protest success, both in terms of preventing deportations of individuals as well as changing policies. In sum, this book constitutes a major contribution to empirically informed theoretical reflections on collective contestation in the fields of refugee studies and social protest movements.

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