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Chemistry of Materials and Energy. Examples and Future of a Millennial Science

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ISBN: 9782722604612 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-08 14:29:04
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Since Antiquity, humans have used processes to transform the materials of their environment to suit their needs. Solid-state chemistry, initially a series of recipes, became a real science of matter and its transformations following nineteenth-century scientific discoveries. It is now used to develop efficient and eco-compatible materials to transport or store energy. Solid-state chemistry thus plays a crucial role in finding the answers that science will have to bring to humanity’s new conce...

Definitionen und Anerkennung substaatlicher Gruppen im Völkerrecht - Eine Untersuchung der rechtlichen Anwendung völkerrechtlicher Konstruktionen substaatlicher kollektiver Identitäten und aktueller Entwicklungen im Intergovernmental Committe der WIPO

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ISBN: 9783863952693 Year: DOI: 10.17875/gup2017-1014 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-19 11:01:33
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Minorities, indigenous peoples and local communities have their own status in public international law. Given their position within the politics of a societal majority, they require a certain protection and enjoy particular group rights. However, it is unclear how to legally determine such culturally distinct sub-state groups. Who is entitled to the international legal guarantees of minority protection, who holds the right to self-determination and who owns traditional knowledge? Up until now the politically motivated debates in research and practice circled unsuccessfully around different approaches of definitions and criteria of cultural difference. This thesis shows that it is the recognition as a ‘minority’, ‘indigenous people’ or ‘local community’, which becomes the constitutive act for the legal status of a group. In contrast to the politically driven debates about the scope of definitions, the perspective of recognition, as presented in this book, makes the relevant processes and institutions visible. The recognition of sub-state groups can be contextualized in public international law in relation to the principles of the recognition of states, while also being anchored by an interdisciplinary approach. The perspective of recognition replaces the discussion about general criterial definitions and allows an identification of the power imbalances and conflicts of interests, which are inherent to the question of the legal status of culturally distinct sub-state groups.

Collapse of the Opposition Inter-Party Coalition in Uganda

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ISBN: 9782940503292 9782940503308 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Graduate Institute Publications
Added to DOAB on : 2017-10-09 11:02:38
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“It’s not so much what you agree upon, what you write on paper, but something intangible that in the end determines the success of political cooperation,” stated the leader of the Uganda People’s Congress Dr. Olara Otunnu. Hoping to put an end to the dominant-party system of Uganda – where President Yoweri Museveni and his National Resistance Movement had ruled since 1986 – in 2008, four parties of the opposition gathered under the banner of the Inter-Party Cooperation (IPC). Their intention ...

Do Both Psychopathology and Creativity Result from a Labile Wake-Sleep-Dream Cycle?

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889453375 Year: Pages: 115 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-337-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-27 16:16:45
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Laypeople think of wake, sleep and dreaming as distinct states of the mind/brain but “in-between”, hybrid states are recognized. For example, day-dreaming or, more scientifically, the default network occurs during wake. Equally, during sleep, lucid dreaming in rapid eye movement (REM) sleep presents as another hybrid state. But hybrid states are usually temporary. This book explores the possibility of an enduring hybrid wake-sleep-dream state, proposing that such a state may engender both creativity and psychopathologies. REM sleep is hyper-associative. Creativity depends on making remote associations. If REM sleep and dreaming begin to suffuse the wake state, enhanced creativity may result. But moderate to severe interpenetration of wake, sleep and dreaming may engender psychopathologies – as the functions of wake, sleep and dreaming are partially eroded.

Fragmentation in Sleep and Mind: Linking Dissociative Symptoms, Sleep, and Memory

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889454488 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-448-8 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Medicine (General) --- Psychiatry --- Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-11-16 17:17:57
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Fragmented, dissociated consciousness can characterize the mind in both wake and sleep states. Dissociative symptoms, during sleep, include vivid dreaming, nightmares, and alterations in objective sleep parameters (e.g., lengthening of REM sleep). During waking hours, dissociative symptoms exhibit disparate characteristics encompassing memory problems, excessive daydreaming, absentmindedness, and impairments and discontinuities in perceptions of the self, identity, and the environment. Llewellyn has theorized that a progressive and enduring de-differentiation of wake and dream states of consciousness eventually results in schizophrenia; a lesser degree of de-differentiation may have implications for dissociative symptoms.Against a background of de-differentiation between the dream and wake states, the papers in this volume link consciousness, memory, and mental illness with a special interest for dissociative symptoms.

Fast Ionic Conductors and Solid-Solid Interfaces Designed for Next Generation Solid-State Batteries

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889456475 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-647-5 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-23 14:53:43
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The EV Everywhere Grand Challenge requires a breakthrough in energy storage technology. State-of-the-art Li-ion technology is currently used in low volume production plug-in hybrid and niche high performance vehicles; however, the widespread adoption of electrified powertrains requires a four-fold increase in performance, 25% lower cost, and safer batteries without the possibility of combustion. One approach for this target is to develop solid-state batteries (SSBs) offering improved performance, reduced peripheral mass, and unprecedented safety. SSB could offer higher energy density, by enabling new cell designs, such as bipolar stacking, leading to reduced peripheral mass and volume. To enable SSBs, a crucial requirement is a fast-ion conducting solid electrolyte. To date, myriad solid-state electrolytes have been reported exhibiting Li ion conductivities approaching those of today’s liquid electrolyte membranes. Moreover, several new materials are reported to have wide electrochemical window and single-ion mobility. Leveraging decades of research focused on Li-based electrodes for Li-ion batteries, the discovery of new solid-state electrolytes could enable access to these electrodes; specifically, Li metal and high voltage electrodes (>5V). However, transitioning SSBs from the laboratory to EVs requires answers to fundamental questions such as: (1) how does Li-ion transport through the solid electrolyte / solid electrode interface work? (2) will solid electrolytes enable bulk-scale Li metal anode and high voltage cathodes?, and (3) how will ceramic-based cells be manufactured in large-format battery packs? The purpose of this Research Topic is to provide new insights obtained through the fundamental understanding of materials chemistry, electrochemistry, advanced analysis and computational simulations. We hope these aspects will summarize current challenges and provide opportunities for future research to develop the next generation SSBs.

Chapter 6 Coordinating international interventions in complex settings (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9780367236885 Year: Pages: 17 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:04
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This paper assesses coordination as a salient capability of international&#xD;interventions in complex settings characterised by weak&#xD;states, the dominance of political elites whose interest in reforms&#xD;is questionable and multiple local and international stakeholders.&#xD;It focuses on the challenge of integrating a range of national and&#xD;international actors and multiple policy domains, assessing this&#xD;operational capability in terms of a Whole-of-Society approach.&#xD;Using the example of the EU’s intervention in Kosovo through&#xD;the mechanisms of the EULEX mission, and the EU-facilitated&#xD;Dialogue between Serbia and Kosovo, the paper argues that the&#xD;EU’s impact in Kosovo was weakened by its limited ability to&#xD;include and engage a broad range of local stakeholders. While a&#xD;Whole-of-Society approach could address this weakness, the paper&#xD;also argues that a better understanding of the context-specific&#xD;opportunities and limitations placed on international organisations&#xD;like the EU is needed.

Chapter 4 Business interests and the development of the public-private welfare mix in Switzerland, 1880-1990 (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780815377917 9781351002394 Year: Pages: 27 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-31 11:21:03
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This edited volume provides a synthesis on the question of business attitudes towards and its influence over the development of the modern welfare state. It gathers leading scholars in the field to offer both in-depth historical country case studies and comparative chapters that discuss contemporary developments. Composed of six archive-based historical narratives of business’ role in the development of social insurance programs in Germany, Finland, the Netherlands, Switzerland, the United Kingdom and the United States, and six comparative case studies, this volume also extends the study of business to policy fields that have hitherto received little attention in the literature, such as active labor market policies, educational policies, employment protection legislation, healthcare, private pension programs and work‐family policies. It illuminates why business groups have responded so very differently to demands for increased social protection against different labor market risks in different countries and over time. This text will be of key interest to students and scholars of comparative welfare, political science, sociology, social policy studies, comparative political economy and welfare history.&#xD;

Keywords

Business --- Development --- Interests --- Modern --- State --- Welfare

Sociétés civiles d’Asie du Sud-Est continentale : Entre pilotage d’État et initiatives citoyennes

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ISBN: 9782847888096 DOI: 10.4000/books.enseditions.6930 Language: French
Publisher: ENS Éditions
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Comment repenser le concept de société civile hors du prisme des valeurs libérales et séculières caractéristiques de l’Occident ? En conjuguant étroitement les savoirs et méthodes de l’anthropologie et de la science politique, le présent recueil traite de cette question centrale à l’étude de contextes nationaux sud-est asiatiques (Thaïlande, Birmanie, Cambodge, Malaisie, secondairement Singapour et Indonésie) dont les modes d’actions politiques restent profondément empreints de hiérarchie et d’idéologie religieuse. Les diverses formes de dirigisme étatique prenant appui sur ces cadres culturels hérités entrent aujourd’hui en confrontation directe avec des modèles d’action citoyenne importés d’Occident, dans le cadre de la mondialisation économique et informationnelle. En examinant, sur la base d’enquêtes de terrain et d’une abondante documentation, les modalités et les enjeux de cette confrontation suivant les pays et leur histoire, l’ouvrage offre une interprétation approfondie des événements qui font leur actualité tout en questionnant leur devenir. Il s’adresse tout autant aux chercheurs en sciences sociales qui s’intéressent à la nature des sociétés civiles non occidentales, qu’à un public plus large, soucieux de mieux comprendre l’Asie du Sud-Est, ses cultures et les défis sociopolitiques qu’elle doit relever.

Araucania-Norpatagonia II : La fluidez, lo disruptivo y el sentido de la frontera

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9789873667992 DOI: 10.4000/books.eunrn.1746 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Editorial UNRN
Subject: History --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
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Esta obra busca comprender las construcciones de sentidos sociales del espacio denominado Araucanía-Norpatagonia. Y es importante destacar que los sentidos no son unívocos. En este caso, la pluralidad de lo territorial se intuye en las diferentes perspectivas de acercamiento, mostrando tanto la polisemia como las tensiones detrás de conceptos tales como espacio, frontera o representación.Para ello, los investigadores y cientistas sociales que escriben este volumen, asumen el debate centro-periferia entendiendo que la particular mirada desarrollada desde un territorio de integración tardía, como es la Patagonia tanto en Argentina como en Chile, construye una mirada epistemológica necesaria y singular.Así, la Patagonia adopta un carácter plural, las naciones se diversifican y los sentidos y prácticas de lo estatal se complejizan. Además, las territorialidades y las subjetividades forman parte de los desafíos que se abordan, reconociéndose como abiertos.

Keywords

Argentina --- borders --- Nation state --- Patagonia --- space --- territory

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