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Le phénomène constituant : Un dialogue interdisciplinaire

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ISBN: 9782379280627 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.3181 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:51
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Le « phénomène constituant » est à comprendre comme un ensemble d’actes successifs ou simultanés qui sont à la fois des actes juridiques et des faits. Il est un processus complexe et composite qui se déclenche à partir de la fin d’un ordre constitutionnel donné et qui conduit, après une période dont la durée dépend des contextes historiques et politiques, à l’instauration d’un nouvel ordre constitutionnel. L’étude de la période se situant entre deux constitutions a souvent été délaissée par la doctrine constitutionnaliste. Une partie de celle-ci considère en effet que les périodes de transition constitutionnelle ne sont qu’une succession de décisions politiques dont la valeur juridique ne pourra qu’être confirmée ou infirmée ex post, une fois la nouvelle constitution adoptée et le nouvel ordre juridique établi. Mais si la transition entre deux ordres juridiques est une période exceptionnelle, dans laquelle les faits politiques et sociaux s’articulent aux faits juridiques, le nouvel ordre constitutionnel qui s’ensuit est alors le reflet de ces faits, des équilibres qui en sont issus, souvent formalisés par des actes juridiques pré-constituants. Pour décrire et expliquer ce phénomène complexe, le constitutionnaliste a alors besoin de s’appuyer sur les analyses des autres disciplines pour comprendre les multiples éléments qui participent à ce processus. Cette journée de réflexion se propose ainsi d’instaurer un dialogue interdisciplinaire sur le phénomène constituant entre les juristes constitutionnalistes et les représentants d’autres sciences humaines et sociales. Les perspectives de l’histoire, de la science politique, de la sociologie, de la psychanalyse ou encore de l’économie permettront d’apporter des éclairages nouveaux sur cet objet juridique mal identifié.

The Constitution and Governance in Cameroon

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Book Series: Routledge Studies on Law in Africa ISBN: 9781351028851 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.4324/9781351028868 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-14 00:03:38
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This book provides a systematic analysis of the major structural and institutional governance mechanisms in Cameroon, critically analysing the constitutional and legislative texts on Cameroon’s semi-presidential system, the electoral system, the legislature, the judiciary, the Constitutional Council and the National Commission on Human Rights and Freedoms. The author offers an assessment of the practical application of the laws regulating constitutional institutions and how they impact on governance. To lay the groundwork for the analysis, the book examines the historical, constitutional and political context of governance in Cameroon, from independence and reunification in 1960–1961, through the adoption of the 1996 Constitution, to more recent events including the current Anglophone crisis. Offering novel insights on new institutions such as the Senate and the Constitutional Council and their contribution to the democratic advancement of Cameroon, the book also provides the first critical assessment of the legislative provisions carving out a special autonomy status for the two Anglophone regions of Cameroon and considers how far these provisions go to resolve the Anglophone Problem. This book will be of interest to scholars of public law, legal history and African politics.

La dottrina costituzionale di Sieyès

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Book Series: Strumenti per la didattica e la ricerca ISBN: 9788884534712 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_341476 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: Law --- Philosophy --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-18 23:33:17
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The reception and popularity of the work of Emmanuel Joseph Sieyès has gone through different and erratic phases. Nonetheless, in recent years there has been a remarkable revival of interest in the Abbé's thought. This book is intended to exploit this Sieyès-renaissance, proposing a reconstruction of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot in the light of the latest interpretative acquisitions. The guiding thread of the analysis is the acknowledgement that, underlying the main political-constitutional proposals of Sieyès, we can glimpse a profoundly rationalist philosophical substructure. After presenting the nucleus of this philosophical approach, the book proceeds to shed light on the coherence linking the main constitutional structures upon which the abbot was working in the course of the early years of the Revolution. It focuses in particular on the concepts that contributed to make up the basic grammar of modern and liberal constitutionalism: representation, citizenship, constituent power, rights of man, the division of the powers and the control of constitutionality. The idea is that, by pursuing this approach, it is possible to arrive at an overall picture of the constitutional doctrine of the abbot that reflects both its systematic quality and its originality.

Le tre costituzioni pacifiste

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773261 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.12946/gplh14 Language: Italian
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-19 00:22:30
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The three defeated Axis powers – Japan, Italy and Germany – incorporated a prohibition on wars of aggression into their democratic constitutions. This book covers the years of the Nuremberg and Tokyo Trials and the constituent assemblies of 1947– 49 through to current debates on the adaptation of the pacifi st articles in line with new “humanitarian” wars. Aspects relating to the birth of the three countries’ constitutions are treated in great detail in three appendices.

Bundesstaat und Europäische Union zwischen Konflikt und Kooperation. Berichte und Diskussionen auf der Tagung der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer in Rostock vom 4. bis 7. Oktober 2006

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer ISBN: 9783110914665 9783899493856 Year: Volume: 66 Pages: 569 DOI: 10.1515/9783110914665 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-18 16:20:46
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The volume presents the reports and discussions held at the conference of the “Association of German Constitutional Law Teachers” in Rostock from October, 4th to October 7th, 2006.

Democracia pactada

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ISBN: 9789586823951 9782821844704 Year: Language: Spanish
Publisher: Institut français d’études andines
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-04 11:52:42
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Este libro aborda la cuestión de la democracia colombiana, sus características, su desempeño, sus retos, sus debilidades. Se ubica, claramente, dentro de aquellas corrientes que enfatizan el carácter democrático de su régimen político y, desde allí, tratan de descifrar su trayectoria y sus tendencias. Es también, un trabajo sobre el cambio político en Colombia. Por ello, examina en detalle y de manera comparada, los dos principales momentos de cambio de la historia política reciente: el Frent...

Muster und Bedeutung

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ISBN: 9783946198437 9783946198406 9783946198413 9783946198420 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.16994/bam Language: German
Publisher: Modern Academic Publishing
Subject: Computer Science --- Science (General) --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-16 11:21:02
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The subject of this thesis is a computational linguistic model of Meaning Constitution in linguistic units. Taking the phenomenon of variability of linguistic meaning as its starting point, Meaning Constitution is described as an information-processing step, which is then implemented and empirically tested in a series of linguistic experiments. In this thesis, Meaning Constitution is understood as a dynamic process in which the meaning of linguistic units only becomes concrete within local contexts in relation to their general meaning potential. This dynamic concept of meaning is based on a central assumption of Cognitive Semantics, according to which meanings do not exist independently of the context. The motivation for the implementation of a computational linguistic model of its own is the fact that the conception of meaning in Cognitive Semantics itself does not involve such an operationalisation – which, strictly speaking, means that it must be regarded as not falsifiable.

Le droit constitutionnel et les sciences de la nature, de Bacon

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ISBN: 9782379280665 Year: DOI: 10.4000/books.putc.3984 Language: French
Publisher: Presses de l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les sciences de la nature sont les gardiennes du temple de l’ère moderne. Non seulement elles incarnent le savoir par excellence, celui à l’aune duquel se mesurent de façon plus ou moins avouée tous les autres savoirs ; mais leur approche quantitative et déterministe de la nature se trouve à la racine de notre représentation quotidienne et spontanée de l’univers. Cette suprématie culturelle des sciences de la nature est devenue à peu près invisible du point de vue de la science du droit, qui ne voit plus qu’elle-même depuis qu’elle a été dotée d’une « théorie pure » au début du XXe siècle. Pourtant il n’en a pas toujours été ainsi : dans les trois premiers siècles de l’ère scientifique moderne, le pouvoir de fascination exercé par les sciences de la nature fut tel que certains jurisconsultes et philosophes du droit furent tentés d’aller puiser chez elles des métaphores, des analogies, des modèles. Ce fut tout particulière­ment le cas de théoriciens du droit constitutionnel qui étaient confrontés à la tâche de penser cet objet nouveau, l’État moderne : les représentations mécanistes des XVIIe et XVIIIe siècle, comme les représentations biologisantes du XIXesiècle, inspirèrent une série de modélisations juridiques de l’État qui marquèrent les esprits – de Hobbes à Hauriou, de Montesquieu à W. Wilson. Les actes de la journée d’études qui s’est tenue à l’Université Toulouse 1 Capitole le 16 octobre 2015 visent à donner une idée de ce processus de fécondation de la théorie constitutionnelle moderne par diverses analogies tirées des sciences naturelles – processus qui, s’il appartient indubitablement au passé, n’en constitue pas moins un épisode déterminé de l’histoire des idées constitutionnelles.

Advancing Equality

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ISBN: 9780520973879 9780520309630 Year: Pages: 417 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.81 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Architecture
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:21
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In a world where basic human rights are under attack and discrimination widespread, Advancing Equality reminds us of the critical role of constitutions in creating and protecting equal rights. Combining a comparative analysis of equal rights in the constitutions of all 193 countries with inspiring stories of activism and powerful court cases from around the globe, the book traces the trends in constitution drafting over the past half century, and examines how stronger protections against discrimination have transformed lives. Looking at equal rights across gender, race and ethnicity, religion, sexual orientation and gender identity, disability, social class, and migration status, the authors uncover which groups are increasingly guaranteed equal rights in constitutions, whether these rights on paper have been translated into practice, and which nations and protections from discrimination lag behind. As the book reveals, beyond countering discrimination, advancing equality requires fulfilling everyone’s fundamental rights to health and education, essential social and economic rights. Serving as a comprehensive call to action for anyone who cares about their country’s future, Advancing Equality challenges us to remember how far we all still must go for equal rights for all.

Deciphering Markets and Money

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ISBN: 9789523690011 9789523690004 9789523690028 9789523690035 Year: Pages: 203 DOI: 10.33134/HUP-1 Language: English
Publisher: Helsinki University Press
Subject: Economics --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-04 11:21:03
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"During the last two decades, economic sociology has experienced a remarkable revival and has become one of the most innovative fields of sociological research. Shifts in economic policy worldwide have led to the increasing interest in the sociological analysis of economic phenomena and institutions by challenging traditional research questions and demonstrating the limits and problems inherent in standard economic thinking and reasoning. Jukka Gronow’s book Deciphering Markets and Money solves the problem of the specific social conditions of an economic order based on money and the equal exchange of commodities. Gronow scrutinizes the relation of sociology to neoclassical economics and reflects on how sociology can contribute to the analyses of the major economic institutions. The question of the comparability and commensuration of economic objects runs through the chapters of the book. The author shows that due to the multidimensionality and principal quality uncertainty of products, markets would collapse without market devices that are either procedural, consisting of technical standards and measuring instruments, or aesthetic, relying on the judgements of taste, or both. In his book, Gronow demonstrates that in this respect, financial markets share the same problem as the markets of, wines, movies, or PCs and mobile phones, and hence offer a highly actual case to study their social constitution in the process of coming into being. Jukka Gronow is professor emeritus of sociology at Uppsala University, Sweden, and docent at the University of Helsinki, Finland. He has published on sociology of consumption, history of sociology and social theory."

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