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Motivational Profiles in TIMSS Mathematics

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030261832 Year: Pages: 144 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-26183-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book presents a person-centered exploration of student profiles, using variables related to motivation to do school mathematics derived from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) data. Statistical cluster analysis is used to identify groups of students with similar motivational profiles, across grades and over time, for multiple participating countries. While motivational variables systematically relate to school outcomes, linear relationships can obscure the diverse makeup of student subgroups, each with varying combinations of motivation, emotions, and attitudes. In this book, a person-centered analysis of distinct and meaningful motivational profiles and their differences on sociodemographic variables and mathematics performance broadens understanding about the role that motivation characteristics play in learning and achievement in mathematics. Exploiting the richness of IEA’s TIMSS data from many countries, extracted clusters reveal consistent, as well as certain nuanced patterns that are systematically linked to sociodemographic and achievement measures. Student clusters with inconsistent motivational profiles were found in all countries; mathematics self-confidence then emerged as the variable more closely associated with average achievement. The findings demonstrate that teachers, researchers, and policymakers need to take into account differential student profiles, prioritizing techniques that target skill and competence in mathematics, in educational efforts to develop student motivation.

Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030119911 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Sociology --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book focuses on trends in educational inequality using twenty years of grade 8 student data collected from 13 education systems by the IEA’s Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) between 1995 and 2015. While the overall positive association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement is well documented in the literature, the magnitude of this relationship is contingent on social contexts and is expected to vary by education system. Research on how such associations differ across societies and how the strength of these relationships has changed over time is limited. This study, therefore, addresses an important research and policy question by examining changes in the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES over this 20-year period, and also examines the extent to which the performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds has improved over time in each education system. Education systems generally aim to narrow the achievement gap between low- and high-SES students and to improve the performance of disadvantaged students. However, the lack of quantifiable and comprehensible measures makes it difficult to assess and monitor the effect of such efforts. In this study, a novel measure of SES that is consistent across all TIMSS cycles allows students to be categorized into different socioeconomic groups. This measure of SES may also contribute to future research using TIMSS trend data. Readers will gain new insight into how educational inequality has changed in the education systems studied and how such change may relate to the more complex picture of macroeconomic changes in those societies.

Interdisciplinary Mathematics Education

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: ICME-13 Monographs ISBN: 9783030110666 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11066-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:05
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This open access book is the first major publication on the topic of “Interdisciplinary Mathematics Education” and arose from the work of the first International Topic Study Group of the same name at the ICME-13 conference in Hamburg in 2016. It offers extensive theoretical insights, empirical research, and practitioner accounts of interdisciplinary mathematics work in STEM and beyond (e.g. in music and the arts). Scholars and practitioners from four continents contributed to this comprehensive book, and present studies on: the conceptualizations of interdisciplinarity; implementation cases at schools and tertiary institutions; teacher education; and implications for policy and practice. Each chapter, and the book itself, closes with an assessment of the most significant aspects that those involved in policy and practice, as well as future researchers, should take into account.

Teaching for Excellence and Equity

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030161514 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-16151-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book examines the interrelationship of national policy, teacher effectiveness, and student outcomes with a specific emphasis on educational equity. Using data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) conducted between 1995 and 2015, it investigates grade four and grade eight data to assess trends in key teacher characteristics (experience, education, preparedness, and professional development) and teacher behaviors (instructional time and instructional content), and how these relate to student outcomes. Taking advantage of national curriculum data collected by TIMSS to assess changes in curricular strategy across countries and how these may be related to changes in teacher and student factors, the study focuses on the distributional impact of curriculum and instruction on students, paying particular attention to overall inequalities and variations in socioeconomic status at the student and country level, and how such factors have altered over time. Multiple methods, including regression and fixed effects analyses, and structural equation modelling, establish the evolution of these associations over time.

Teacher Education in the 21st Century

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ISBN: 9781789238631 9781789238648 9781838806408 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77621 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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A learner-centred curriculum provides space for the learner to be actively involved in knowledge production and learning. Such can only happen if the learner's confidence is boosted by a feeling of control and ability to manage his or her progress towards acquiring a qualification. The twenty-first century teacher must create an environment that not only supports the Four Pillars of Learning but also leads to learners being allowed a voice to ask pertinent questions. The teacher should be able to guide the student to full physical and mental maturity and should help to develop critical thinking, and the students should be encouraged to practice the truth and have self-respect and respect for other people. This can happen if the learner is afforded the opportunity to self-accept. If the learners fail to do so, they are likely to have lack of confidence, which will lead to lack of independence.

Playing Outdoors

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ISBN: 9788215034690/9788215034843 Year: Volume: 1 Pages: 111 DOI: 10.18261/978-82-15-03484-3-2019 Language: English
Publisher: Scandinavian University Press (Universitetsforlaget)
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-18 09:48:35
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This book explores the magic of spontaneous play self-organized by children. Outdoor play must be encouraged in kindergarten, in school and in community settings. Today, much of the time and play of children is organized by adults. This book is about the magic of self-organized play.Children express joy and independence in outdoor play. The author takes us along to play venues outdoors, showing us how cliffs, trees and groves are cherished sites of play. The book presents findings from two research projects on outdoor play, one from a kindergarten setting, one from school setting. In her research, Merete Lund Fasting has followed children in their play in the woods, along cliffs, in playgrounds and biking in their near surroundings, providing her with unique insights into the world of play.

The Responsible University

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783030256463 Year: Pages: 318 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-25646-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:06
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This book explores how the notion of the responsible university manifests itself at various levels within Nordic higher education. As the impetus of the knowledge society has catapulted the higher education sector to the forefront of policy agendas, universities and other types of higher education institutions face increasing scrutiny, assessment and accountability. This book examines this phenomenon using the Nordic countries as cases in point, given the strong public commitment towards widening participation and public research investments. The editors and contributors analyse the history and current transformations of the idea of the responsible university, investigate new innovations in the educational landscape and look into how universities have begun to organise themselves to become more responsible. Drawing together scholars from the humanities and the social sciences, this interdisciplinary collection will be of interest and value to students and scholars of the role and nature of the modern university, in addition to practitioners and policy makers tasked with finding solutions to address the competing and often contradictory demands posed by a responsibility agenda.

Financing Quality Education for All

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789461663009 9789462701915 9789461663016 Year: Pages: 164 DOI: 10.11116/9789461663009 Language: English
Publisher: Leuven University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-11 11:21:02
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In OECD countries the average expenditure on primary and secondary education institutions is about 3.5% of GDP. The investment in education has large implications for economic development and the proper functioning of democratic institutions, as well as overall well-being. However, clear consensus and guidance on which system leads to the best educational outcomes is lacking. This volume describes the resource allocation for compulsory and special needs education for a selection of well-performing countries and regions on PISA tests. By studying the funding systems in well-performing countries and regions the authors identify the elements in the respective funding systems that are associated with best outcomes and have the ideal characteristics to pursue particular goals of education systems such as equity and efficiency. The funding methods of primary and secondary education as well as special needs education are covered.&#xD;

Traditions in German-Speaking Mathematics Education Research

Authors: ---
Book Series: ICME-13 Monographs ISBN: 9783030110697 Year: Pages: 278 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11069-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:05
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This open access book shares revealing insights into the development of mathematics education research in Germany from 1976 (ICME 3 in Karlsruhe) to 2016 (ICME 13 in Hamburg). How did mathematics education research evolve in the course of these four decades? Which ideas and people were most influential, and how did German research interact with the international community? These questions are answered by scholars from a range of fields and in ten thematic sections: (1) a short survey of the development of educational research on mathematics in German speaking countries (2) subject-matter didactics, (3) design science and design research, (4) modelling, (5) mathematics and Bildung 1810 to 1850, (6) Allgemeinbildung, Mathematical Literacy, and Competence Orientation (7) theory traditions, (8) classroom studies, (9) educational research and (10) large-scale studies. During the time span presented here, profound changes took place in German-speaking mathematics education research. Besides the traditional fields of activity like subject-matter didactics or design science, completely new areas also emerged, which are characterized by various empirical approaches and a closer connection to psychology, sociology, epistemology and general education research. Each chapter presents a respective area of mathematics education in Germany and analyzes its relevance for the development of the research community, not only with regard to research findings and methods but also in terms of interaction with the educational system. One of the central aspects in all chapters concerns the constant efforts to find common ground between mathematics and education. In addition, readers can benefit from this analysis by comparing the development shown here with the mathematical education research situation in their own country.

European Traditions in Didactics of Mathematics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: ICME-13 Monographs ISBN: 9783030055141 Year: Pages: 212 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-05514-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:05
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This open access book discusses several didactic traditions in mathematics education in countries across Europe, including France, the Netherlands, Italy, Germany, the Czech and Slovakian Republics, and the Scandinavian states. It shows that while they all share common features both in the practice of learning and teaching at school and in research and development, they each have special features due to specific historical and cultural developments. The book also presents interesting historical facts about these didactic traditions, the theories and examples developed in these countries.

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