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Forbidden Literature

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ISBN: 9789188909084 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.22 Language: English
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- Political Science --- Law --- Information theory --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-21 23:58:21
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"Freedom of the printed word is a defining feature of the modern world. Yet censorship and the suppression of literature never cease, and remain topical issues even in the most liberal of democracies. Today just as in the past, advances in media technology are followed by new regulatory mechanisms. Similarly, any attempt to control cultural expression inevitably spurs fresh discussions about freedom of speech. In Forbidden Literature scholars from a variety of disciplines address censorship’s past and present, whether in liberal democracies or totalitarian regimes. Through in-depth case studies they trace a historical continuum in which literature reveals its two-sided nature: it demands both regulation and protection. The contributors investigate the logic of literary repression, particularly in the twentieth and twenty-first centuries, and analyse why it is thought essential to control literature. Moreover, the authors determine how literary practices are shaped and transformed by regulation and censorship."

Präventive Tendenzen in Staat und Gesellschaft zwischen Sicherheit und Freiheit - Ein deutsch-japanisches Symposium Ehrenpromotion von Keiichi Yamanaka

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Book Series: Göttinger Juristische Schriften ISBN: 9783863951689 Year: Pages: 292 DOI: 10.17875/gup2014-764 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-05 11:01:11
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How can the tension between security and personal freedom be solved in the risk society of today? This publication discusses exemplary problems and develops solutions at the level of constitutional law, public international law, economic law, criminal law, and medical law.

Kultur und Wissenschaft. Berichte und Diskussionen auf der Tagung der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer in Frankfurt am Main vom 5. bis 8. Oktober 2005

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Book Series: Veröffentlichungen der Vereinigung der Deutschen Staatsrechtslehrer ISBN: 9783110927832 Year: Volume: 65 Pages: 611 DOI: 10.1515/9783110927832 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 12:55:25
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The volume presents the reports and discussions held at the conference of the “Association of German Constitutional Law Teachers” in Frankfurt from October,5th to October 8th,2005.

Naturvetarna, ingenjörerna och valfrihetens samhälle: Rekrytering till teknik och naturvetenskap under svensk efterkrigstid

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ISBN: 9789188168276 9789188168733 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.21525/kriterium.7 Language: Swedish
Publisher: Kriterium
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Science (General) --- Political Science --- Education --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-11 11:01:47
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"Scientists, engineers, and a free-choice society is a book about control, largely the governing of children and young people in Sweden and the efforts made to persuade them to choose careers—and identities—in science and technology in the period 1950–2000. It is very much part of an interdisciplinary research tradition in which perspectives taken from the history of science and education are combined with theories from the field of governmentality studies. The book begins by describing a new societal problem that confronted Sweden, like so many other Western countries, in the immediate post-war years, namely a lack of engineers and scientists. The period from the outbreak of the Second World War to the mid fifties saw a new appreciation for scientific research and its application in both the military and civilian sectors. With the reconstruction of Europe and the Marshall Plan at its height in the fifties, technology and science became gradually associated with rising industrial productivity and with economic growth in general. By the sixties this had left national employment policy with some markedly pronounced objectives. By the end of the decade, it was obvious that the determination to increase student numbers in science and engineering ran contrary to other political ambitions, and did not sit well with the right of the individual to freedom of choice in education. The attempt to respect people’s autonomy while at the same time enabling more of them study these particular disciplines shaped a distinct set of strategies that made up the ‘positive exercise of power’—what might also be called liberal governing—in which the main idea was to encourage students to come to science and engineering of their own free will. The book goes on to demonstrate how this strategy of governing through individual autonomy would result in a series of specific measures in the seventies and on, including changes to the curricula and teaching materials, which were matched by activities outside the traditional bounds of learning such as a travelling science shows, advertising campaigns, and the construction of science and technology centres. The book also spells out the sheer reach of this recruitment policy. Many leading figures in Sweden set out to encourage people to become scientists and engineers—these were voices heard not only from government quarters, but also from industry and special interest groups. Scientists, engineers and a free-choice society does not set out to answer the question of how best to set about attracting young people into science and technology; rather, it is concerned with how that question has been answered by others, and what impact their responses have had on power relations between society and the individual, and indeed on the place of science and engineering education in the present.

Universitäre Industriekooperation, Informationszugang und Freiheit der Wissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783161576041 9783161576058 Year: DOI: 10.1628/978-3-16-157605-8 Language: German
Publisher: Mohr Siebeck Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104827
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-16 11:21:02
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Klaus Ferdinand Gärditz's case study sets out the legal framework for collaborations between universities and private sponsors, where the responsibility to protect academic freedom requires particular safeguarding in order to ensure that authoritative, independent, and credible research can be carried out by public universities.

Faith and Secularisation in Religious Colleges and Universities

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ISBN: 9780203007440 9780415359405 9781138866881 9781134241125 9781134241118 9781134241071 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9780203007440 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Education --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:24
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This book is a detailed study of higher education institutions affiliated to particular religions. It considers the debates surrounding academic freedom, institutional governance, educational policy, mission and identity together with institutions’ relations with the state and their wider communities. A wide range of institutions are examined, including: Christian, Islamic and Jewish universities in the US, Europe and the Middle East. Essentially, this volume questions whether such institutions can be both religious and a ‘university’ and also considers the appropriate role of religious faith within colleges and universities.

Keywords

catholic --- higher --- education --- university --- corde --- ecclesiae --- muslim --- academic --- freedom --- christian

The Erosion of the Rule of Law in Eritrea: Silencing Freedom of ExpressionPromoting Citizenship and Preventing Statelessness in South Africa: A Practitioner's Guide

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ISBN: 9781920538378 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-09 12:17:14
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About the publicationThis report contains an in depth analysis of the muted right to freedom of expression in Eritrea. The number and forms of human rights violations related to the curtailing of free speech have been and continue to be well documented across the globe. This discourse identifies the right to free reception of information and expression as the bedrock to realising and maintaining the rule of law. Investigated herein is the historical background to the political evolution of the small African state and the social impact of the prevailing human rights violations.This report contains a compilation of human rights violations as determined by international treaty bodies, interviews with Eritrean witnesses and diaspora in exile and civil society reports on the human rights situation. It is argued in the report that the absence of the rule of law in Eritrea is directly attributed to the collapse of free expression as political forces see this right as a threat to their power base – a form of suppression that has nullified all human rights and freedoms and might well damage its people beyond repair.Table of ContentsPrefaceList of abbreviationsList of Eritrean print and electronic mediaAcknowledgmentsExecutive summary EnglishExecutive summary FrenchExecutive summary TigrinyaExecutive summary ArabicIntroductionContextualising the rule of law in EritreaEritrea’s human rights obligations and rule of lawNon-Implementation of the Eritrean ConstitutionSuppression of free expression as an attack on the rule of law in EritreaPrelude to dictatorship: Human rights before September 2001The Crackdown of September 2001Free expression in Eritrea today: Effects of widespread reprisalsClosure of non-state media housesCollapse of the journalistic profession in EritreaInternet censorshipFrom arbitrary arrests to subtle control of the messagePervasive editorial spinThe ‘03’ rumour systemSuppression of foreign and diaspora mediaReporting the work of the courtsEritrea’s international relationsAwareness of the dangers of refugee flightRebirth of independent journalismRecommendationsAnnex I: Compilation of recorded human rights violations related to free speechArbitrary arrest and detentionTorture and other cruel, inhuman or degrading treatment or punishmentDeath in custodyAnnex II: Report of the Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review: EritreaI. Recommendations acceptedII. Recommendations that do not enjoy the support of Eritrea

Organizing Matters

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Book Series: ILERA Publication series ISBN: 9781839104022 9781839104039 Year: Pages: 264 DOI: 10.4337/9781839104039 Language: English
Publisher: Edward Elgar Publishing
Subject: Political Science --- Economics --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-15 17:10:44
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Organizing Matters demonstrates the interplay between two distinct logics of labour’s collective action: on the one hand, workers coming together, usually at their place of work, entrusting the union to represent their interests and, on the other hand, social bargaining in which the trade union constructs labour’s interests from the top down. The book investigates the tensions and potential complementarities between the two logics through the combination of a strong theoretical framework and an extensive qualitative case study of trade union organizing and recruitment in four countries – Austria, Germany, Israel and the Netherlands. These countries still utilize social-wide bargaining but find it necessary to draw and develop strategies transposed from Anglo-American countries in response to continuously declining membership.

Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

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Book Series: Globaler lokaler Islam ISBN: 9783837629040 9783839429044 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429044 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103318
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a "revival of Islam" in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization. Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.

Freedom of Religion under Bills of Rights

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9780987171818 Year: Pages: 464 DOI: 10.1017/9780987171818 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2012-05-14 10:02:54
License: University of Adelaide Press

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Chapter 1 Paul Babie and Neville Rochow, Protecting Religious Freedom under Bills of Rights: Australia as Microcosm Chapter 2 Ngaire Naffine, How Religion Constrains Law and the Idea of Choice Chapter 3 Bruce Kaye, Is the Emperor Wearing the Wrong Clothes? Human Rights and Social Good in the Context of Australian Secularity: Theological Perspectives Chapter 4 Alan Cadwallader, Anniversary overlap: or what happens when St Paul meets the Universal Declaration of Human Rights Chapter 5 Neil Foster, Defamation and Vilification: Rights to Reputation, Free Speech and Freedom of Religion at Common Law and under Human Rights Laws Chapter 6 Robert C Blitt, Should an Australian Bill of Rights Address Emerging International Human Rights Norms? The Challenge of ‘Defamation of Religion’ Chapter 7, Patrick Parkinson, Christian Concerns About an Australian Charter of Rights Chapter 8 Asmi Wood, Apostasy in Islam and the Freedom of Religion in International Law Chapter 9 David M Kirkham, Political Culture and Freedom of Conscience: A Case Study of Austria Chapter 10, Cornelia Koch, The Sky is Falling if Judges Decide Religious Controversies! – Or is it? The German Experience of Religious Freedom Under a Bill of Rights Chapter 11 Nicky Jones, Religious Freedom in a Secular Society: The Case of the Islamic Headscarf in France Chapter 12 Ian Leigh, Religious Freedom in the UK After the Human Rights Act 1998 Chapter 13 Frank S Ravitch, Judicial Interpretation, Neutrality and the US Bill of Rights Chapter 14 Brett G Scharffs, Protecting Religious Freedom: Two Counterintuitive Dialectics In US Free Exercise Jurisprudence Chapter 15 Barbara Billingsley, Walking the Tightrope: The Struggle of Canadian Courts to Define Freedom of Religion Under the Canadian Charter of Rights and Freedoms Chapter 16 Charles J Russo, Quo Vadis The Free Exercise of Religion? The Diminishment of Student Religious Expression in US Public Schools Chapter 17 Kris Hanna, Freedom From Discrimination on the Basis of Religion Chapter 18 Rex Tauati Ahdar, Ruminations from the Shaky Isles on Religious Freedom in the Bill of Rights Era Chapter 19 Paul Rishworth, Indigenous Peoples and Bills of Rights

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