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What Future Remains? Remembering an African Place of Science (Book chapter)

Book title: Para-States and Medical Science: Making African Global Health

Author:
Book Series: Critical Global Health: Evidence, Efficacy, Ethnography ISBN: 9780822357353 9780822357490 Year: Pages: 376 Language: English
Publisher: Duke University Press Grant: Wellcome Trust - 077430, 081507
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Medicine (General) --- Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2018-06-22 11:01:04
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In Para-States and Medical Science, P. Wenzel Geissler and the contributors examine how medicine and public health in Africa have been transformed as a result of economic and political liberalization and globalization, intertwined with epidemiological and technological changes. The resulting fragmented medical science landscape is shaped and sustained by transnational flows of expertise and resources. NGOs, universities, pharmaceutical companies and other nonstate actors now play a significant role in medical research and treatment. But as the contributors to this volume argue, these groups have not supplanted the primacy of the nation-state in Africa. Although not necessarily stable or responsive, national governments remain crucial in medical care, both as employers of health care professionals and as sources of regulation, access, and – albeit sometimes counterintuitively - trust for their people. “The state” has morphed into the “para-state” — not a monolithic and predictable source of sovereignty and governance, but a shifting, and at times ephemeral, figure. Tracing the emergence of the “global health” paradigm in Africa in the treatment of HIV, malaria, and leprosy, this book challenges familiar notions of African statehood as weak or illegitimate by elaborating complex new frameworks of governmentality that can be simultaneously functioning and dysfunctional.

Keywords

africa --- medicine --- public health

Environmental Aspects of Zoonotic Diseases

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781843390855 9781780400761 Year: Language: English
Publisher: IWA Publishing Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102461
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-06 08:17:52
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Environmental Aspects of Zoonotic Diseases provides a definitive description, commentary and research needs of environmental aspects related to zoonotic diseases. There are many interrelated connections between the environment and zoonotic diseases such as: water, soil, air and agriculture. The book presents investigations of these connections, with specific reference to environmental processes such as: deforestation, floods, draughts, irrigation practices, soil transfer and their impact on bacterial, viral, fungal, and parasitological spread. Environmental aspects such as climate (tropical, sub-tropical, temperate, arid and semi-arid), developed and undeveloped countries, animal traffic animal border crossing, commercial animal trade, transportation, as well geography and weather on zoonosis, are also discussed and relevant scientific data is condensed and organized in order to give a better picture of interrelationship between the environment and current spread of zoonotic diseases.

Health and Political Engagement

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781138673809 9780367878436 Year: Pages: 138 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-13 11:21:04
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Social scientists have only recently begun to explore the link between health and political engagement. Understanding this relationship is vitally important from both a scholarly and a policy-making perspective. This book is the first to offer a comprehensive account of health and political engagement. Using both individual-level and country-level data drawn from the European Social Survey, World Values Survey and new Finnish survey data, it provides an extensive analysis of how health and political engagement are connected. It measures the impact of various health factors on a wide range of forms of political engagement and attitudes and helps shed light on the mechanisms behind the interaction between health and political engagement. His text is of key interest scholars, students and policy-makers in health, politics, and democracy, and more broadly in the social and health and medical sciences.

Teaching Health Care in Virtual Space

Author:
ISBN: 9780824858001 9780824882525 9780824882532 Year: Language: English
Publisher: University of Hawai'i Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102985
Subject: Public Health
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-26 11:26:49
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Teaching Health Care in Virtual Space is the first “how-to” manual for health educators on the instructional use of three-dimensional, computer-generated virtual environments, called “multi-user virtual learning environments” or MUVE. Dr. Estelle Codier has written a step-by-step handbook based on her experience supervising more than 400 learning activities in Second Life®. The book provides specific steps to assess instructional readiness and guidance for assessing student and class readiness. The text is accompanied by lively case studies of student learning illustrate the power of MUVE to transform health care education. The text includes an appendix of evaluation grids, grading matrices, syllabus descriptions, and detailed orientation materials for both faculty and students. While the sample learning activities were designed for nurses, instructors in other disciplines could easily adapt them for use in any MUVE setting.

Antioxidants in Health and Disease

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781466580039 Year: Pages: 341 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Public Health --- Chemical Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-24 23:59:23
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Antioxidants in Health and Disease discusses the effects of dietary antioxidants and antioxidant supplementation in humans. It reviews the latest evidence-based research in the area, principally through prospective cohort studies and randomized controlled trials. The book assesses major dietary antioxidants and discusses their use in diseases such as cancer, diabetes, stroke, coronary heart disease, HIV/AIDS, and neurodegenerative and immune diseases. The use of antioxidants in health is also discussed along with common adverse effects associated with antioxidant use. Separating myth from fact, this book gives you insight into the true role of antioxidants in health and disease.

Keywords

Antioxidants --- Disease --- Health

Media Health

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9788215030784 / 9788215040844 Year: Pages: 258 DOI: 10.18261/9788215040844-2020 Language: English
Publisher: Scandinavian University Press (Universitetsforlaget)
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-24 14:22:26
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This edited volume explores how journalists and other media actors apply personalized frames and narratives, both visual and verbal, in representing and conveying health issues. Today's feature journalism in weekend editions of major newspapers frequently communicate very personal experiences, often visualized through a series of portrayed people's process of growing up, accompanied by images gathered from private photo albums. An expanding TV genre follows the journalist as a protagonist trying to come to terms with e.g. their own body, sexual orientation or experiences of suicide in close relations. In social media, journalists present their news even more subjectively and interpretatively compared to legacy media.Stories on lifestyle diseases, mental health or infectious diseases are unavoidably connected to broader practices of health policies, workplace strategies and legislation. Instead of either celebrating or deploring the tendency towards more personalized health journalism, the contributions to this volume explore how individuals and exemplars are represented in journalistic media, and what these representations imply about people's understanding of - and participation in - important health issues in society.The data gathered and examined in this volume are from the Nordic countries. The Nordic countries represent an interesting case study in media regulation globally, combining robust protections of press freedom with a significant level of regulation - reflecting the assumption that media are a social institution and not simply a private business. The Nordic countries are characterized by a high level of media distribution and consumption, both when it comes to legacy and social media. In this region, news media are also known to be innovative and resourceful, paving the way for new genres and formats. Another important factor is the high level of public health systems and social security legislation in the Nordic countries, which also makes the Nordic countries an interesting field of study.

Adolescent Psychiatry

Authors: ---
Book Series: Health, Medicine and Human Development ISBN: 9783110316568 9783110316612 Year: Pages: 260,00 DOI: 10.1515/9783110316612 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102367
Subject: Psychiatry
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-25 11:21:03
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Psychiatric disorders in adolescents are an important social problem relevant to almost all healthcare professionals. The prevalence of mood, anxiety, substance use and other psychiatric disorders among adolescents is high. However, medical professionals are not sufficiently trained about adolescent psychiatric disorders. Primary care providers correctly identify less than a fourth of youth with a depressive or anxiety disorder and many clinicians underestimate the importance of the problem of adolescent psychiatric illnesses and suicidal behavior. Multiple clinical, neurobiological, cultural and legal aspects of psychiatric disorders in adolescents are discussed in this book.

Before and After Radical Prostate Surgery: Information and Resource Guide

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781897425176 9781897425183 Year: Pages: 65 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Before and After Radical Prostate Surgery is a research-based, comprehensive, and comprehensible resource on prostate surgery in Canada. Aimed at men with concerns about prostate surgery and their partners, this invaluable guide includes chapters on preparing for prostate surgery, the surgery itself, recovery in hospital and at home, a list of recommended resources, and special sections to record personal notes and important contact information.

Health Among the Elderly in Germany

Author:
Book Series: Beitrage zur Bevölkerungswissenschaft ISBN: 9783847402886 9783847406068 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.3224/84740606 Language: English
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-13 11:01:03
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Whether increasing life expectancy leads to better health remains still controversial. Three topics are explored: (1) vanguard groups which inform about possible levels of health if the general social and environmental conditions were to approach those of the vanguard group; (2) the social and behavioral determinants of health differentiated into proximal and distal factors; (3) vulnerable groups such as migrants and the health differences between migrant groups. Newly available population-based data as well as new study designs and advanced statistical modelling form the basis for the empirical analyses.

Body, Capital, and Screens:

Authors: ---
Book Series: MediaMatters ISBN: 9789048540310 Year: Pages: 350 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 694817
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-29 00:11:41
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This book began life with the inaugural conference of the international research project ‘The healthy self as body capital: Individuals, market-based societies, body politics and visual media in the twentieth century Europe’, held in Strasbourg from 23 to 25 February 2017. The editors would like to thank all participants for their stimulating input during this outstanding event. The presentations and discussions influenced this book in many ways. The research project and the book are funded by the European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union’s Horizon 2020 research and innovation programme (grant agreement No. 694817) and receive significant support from the University of Strasbourg, the Research Unit SAGE (UMR 7363), and the Max Planck Institute for Human Development Berlin (Center for the History of Emotions). We owe gratitude to Tricia Close Koenig, Thérèse Vicente, Lionel Boutton, Fatima Gomis, and Assia Hammali for material support with our research and Elisabeth Fuchs for translation work and subtitling (all University of Strasbourg). We would also like to thank our editor at Amsterdam University Press, Maryse Elliott, for her support in the production of the book. Moreover, we thank our contributors for their inspiring ideas and indepth research. We would like to thank the artists VALIE EXPORT for her collaboration with one of the chapters and Sascha Kürschner for working with us on the book cover. We hope that his drawing ‘FEELING REAL’ from his series ‘PURSUIT OF HAPPINESS’ provides a fitting visual prelude to an interesting read.

Keywords

visual media --- health --- 20th century

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