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Ellipsometry - Principles and Techniques for Materials Characterization

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ISBN: 9789535136231 9789535136248 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/65558 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Ellipsometry is rapidly emerging as a popular solution addressed to new materials science challenges and technological pitfalls hindering its effective application on modern problems. Amid the nowadays active development of materials of top notch, ellipsometry is also evolving rapidly both in the academic and industry sectors. The global industry strategies, introduce the latest scientific advances at manufacturing new, more accurate, and reliable ellipsometry systems to tackle emerging challenges. The book provides a comprehensive overview on the principles and technical capabilities of the modern ellipsometry highlighting its versatility in materials characterization.

Selected Topics on Optical Fiber Technologies and Applications

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ISBN: 9789535138136 9789535138143 9789535140559 Year: Pages: 250 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68456 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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This book is a collection of contributions by selected active researchers in the optical fiber fields highlighting the design, fabrication, and application of optical fibers and fiber systems and covering various topics such as microstructured optical fibers, polymer fibers, nonlinear effects, optical tweezers, and gyroscopic systems. The goal of the book is to provide an updated overview of the current research trends in the optical fiber fields, serving as a general reference for the recent development in optical fiber technologies, though inevitably many topics are not covered.

Two-dimensional Materials for Photodetector

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ISBN: 9789535139515 9789535139522 9789535140399 Year: Pages: 242 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68252 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Atomic thin two-dimensional (2D) materials are the thinnest forms of materials to ever occur in nature and have the potential to dramatically alter and revolutionize our material world. Some of the unique properties of these materials including wide photoresponse wavelength, passivated surfaces, strong interaction with incident light, and high mobility have created tremendous interest in photodetector application. This book provides a comprehensive state-of-the-art knowledge about photodetector technology in the range visible to infrared region using various 2D materials including graphene, transition metal dichalcogenides, III-V semiconductor, and so on. It consists of 10 chapters contributed by a team of experts in this exciting field. We believe that this book will provide new opportunities and guidance for the development of next-generation 2D photodetector.

Theoretical Foundations and Application of Photonic Crystals

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ISBN: 9789535139614 9789535139621 9789535140801 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.69145 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book is devoted to the description of research and design of photonic crystals. Topics included in the book cover a wide range of research in the field of theoretical analysis and experimental investigation: the electromagnetic field in the photonic crystal, propagation of waves in the gyrotropic magnetophotonic crystals, low one-photon absorption, ultratransparent photonic crystals, colloidal assembly, photonic crystal application for development of all-optical computational system, design strategies for PC devices, self-organization of liquid crystalline nanostructures, and optical diodes. This book will be useful for engineers, technologists, researchers, and postgraduate students interested in the research, design, fabrication processes, and applications of photonic crystals.

Recent Development in Optoelectronic Devices

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ISBN: 9781789236026 9781789236033 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72272 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The book ""Recent Developments in Optoelectronic Devices"" is about the latest developments in optoelectronics. This book is divided into three categories: light emitting devices, sensors, and light harvesters. This book also discusses the theoretical aspects of device design for iridium complexes as organic light emitting diodes (OLEDs), strategies for developing novel nanostructured materials, silicon-rich oxide (SRO) electroluminescent devices, and multifunctional optoelectronic devices developed on resistive switching effects. The worldwide participation of authors has contributed to the unifying effect of science. Furthermore, interested readers will also find information on the screen printed technology using semiconductor devices, nonlinear phenomena in quantum devices, experimental set up of optoelectronics flexible logic gate to realize logic operations, autonomous vehicles, and the latest developments in perovskites as solar cells.

Applications of Silicon Photonics in Sensors and Waveguides

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ISBN: 9781789844788 9781789844795 Year: Pages: 94 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71590 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book is a collection of five original research articles on silicon photonics. The discussed issues are organized into two parts. Part 1 describes the science behind the silicon photonics emphasizing the role of photonic circuits on silicon, and Part 2 describes applications in waveguide and optical transmissions. This book should be of interest to academic researchers and engineers. The chapters included are fundamental science and applications of silicon photonics, optical properties of thin nanocrystalline silicon films, microporous silicon in gas sensing, Mach-Zehnder interferometer cell-based silicon waveguide, experimental study of porous silicon films, and integrated optical switches and their applications.

Recent Developments in Photovoltaic Materials and Devices

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ISBN: 9781789854039 9781789854046 Year: Pages: 152 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74107 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book covers the recent advances in solar photovoltaic materials and their innovative applications. Many problems in material science are explored for enhancing the understanding of solar cells and the development of more efficient, less costly, and more stable cells. This book is crucial and relevant at this juncture and provides a historical overview focusing primarily on the exciting developments in the last decade. This book primarily covers the different Maximum Power Point Tracking control techniques that have led to the improved speed of response of solar photovoltaics, augmented search accuracy, and superior control in the presence of perturbations such as sudden variations in illumination and temperature. Furthermore, the optimal design of a photovoltaic system based on two different approaches such as consumed power and economics is discussed.

Applications of Optical Fibers for Sensing

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ISBN: 9781789853513 9781789853520 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78283 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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In this book the reader will find a collection of chapters written by different research teams, describing different applications of optical fibers for sensing. This work is mainly addressed to researchers already working in this area, but it is also accessible to anyone with a scientific background who desires to have an updated overview of the recent progress in this domain. It will also be valuable to scientists and engineers who have become newly involved in this field. Each chapter is self-contained and can be read independently of the others. This book intends to provide highlights of the current research in this area, showing the recent advances in the field of optical fiber sensing.

Holographic Materials and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789847888 9781789847895 9781839622236 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77488 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Optical techniques continue to evolve and advance, particularly with the inventions of the laser and holography. This volume provides an introduction to various optical systems and devices that are increasingly being used for engineering, scientific, and industrial applications. Organized into three sections on Holographic Materials, Optical Systems, and Algorithms and Imaging Processing, this book covers basic concepts of holographic materials and systems. Chapters provide comprehensive information on volume holograms, display holograms, full-color holographic optical elements, computer-generated holograms, digital imaging devices, and image processing algorithms. This volume is intended for researchers in the field and interested readers alike.

Recent Optical and Photonic Technologies

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ISBN: 9789537619718 Year: Pages: 468 DOI: 10.5772/116 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:07

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Research and development in modern optical and photonic technologies have witnessed quite fast growing advancements in various fundamental and application areas due to availability of novel fabrication and measurement techniques, advanced numerical simulation tools and methods, as well as due to the increasing practical demands. The recent advancements have also been accompanied by the appearance of various interdisciplinary topics. The book attempts to put together state-of-the-art research and development in optical and photonic technologies. It consists of 21 chapters that focus on interesting four topics of photonic crystals (first 5 chapters), THz techniques and applications (next 7 chapters), nanoscale optical techniques and applications (next 5 chapters), and optical trapping and manipulation (last 4 chapters), in which a fundamental theory, numerical simulation techniques, measurement techniques and methods, and various application examples are considered. This book deals with recent and advanced research results and comprehensive reviews on optical and photonic technologies covering the aforementioned topics. I believe that the advanced techniques and research described here may also be applicable to other contemporary research areas in optical and photonic technologies. Thus, I hope the readers will be inspired to start or to improve further their own research and technologies and to expand potential applications. I would like to express my sincere gratitude to all the authors for their outstanding contributions to this book.

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