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Mitstreiter im Volkstumskampf. Deutsche Justiz in den eingegliederten Ostgebieten 1939-1945

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Book Series: Quellen und Darstellungen zur Zeitgeschichte ISSN: 0481-3545 ISBN: 9783110353730 Year: Volume: 101 Pages: 351 DOI: 10.1524/9783110353730 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-31 14:06:11
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In Poland during the Second World War, the German judicial system was part of the National Socialist occupation machine from the outset and became a key element in the policy of Germanization, Germany`s principal objective for the annexed portions of Poland. The courts systematically discriminated against Poles, and between September 1939 and the beginning of 1945, imposed thousands of death sentences.

Legal Pluralism

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9789949778416 9789949778409 Year: Pages: 195 Language: English
Publisher: University of Tartu Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:11
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An important part of the narrative of modern law and legal science has been the claim that legal unity possesses many advantages over the legal pluralism of earlier periods. This collection includes articles from the conference “Legal Pluralism – Cui bono?” organised by the School of Law in the University of Tartu in 2015. The conference papers not only identify the real dangers and challenges, but first of all the opportunities of legal pluralism and concentrate primarily on the perspective of the individual historically as well as in the present. The volume includes papers by Piia Kalamees, Katrin Kello, Olja Kivistik, Irene Kull, Kåre Lilleholt, Marju Luts-Sootak, Patrick Praet, Ralf Seinecke, Hesi Siimets-Gross, Maarja Torga, and Age Värv.

Die Register Innocenz’ III. 14. Jahrgang (1211/1212). Texte und Indices

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ISBN: 9783700181098 Year: Pages: 414 Seiten Language: Latin|German
Publisher: Verlag der Österreichischen Akademie der Wissenschaften Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 492
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-28 11:21:05

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The fourteenth volume of the critical edition of pope Innocent III’s chancery-registers is containing 161 letters addressed to recipients all over Europe and in the Middle East. In this year of the pontificate, no geographical focus is discernible. However, christianitas as threatened at three frontiers (in Spain and the East by Muslims, in Southern France by heretics) is a topic constantly recurring in the Pope’s letters. The register of Innocent’s fourteenth year of pontificate is one of the four volumes transmitted not as original but as a copy written at the Curia in mid-14th century and as print published in the 17th century.

Legislar en la América hispánica en la temprana edad moderna

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773032 9783944773131 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.12946/gplh4 Language: Spanish;
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"The Third Mexican Provincial Council, celebrated in 1585, has always been considered a cornerstone of the canonical law of Spanish America, both with regard to its content and the long period and vast territory in which it was in force. New possibilities of research had been made possible due to the publication of the working manuscripts in recent years, enabling a better understanding of the juridical work produced by the bishops. Given these new materials, the author has delved deeper into the drafting processes carried out by the provincial council.&#xD;Taking a close look at the reports sent to the council, the theological and juridical treaties, and other conciliar and synodal legislation, along with the consultations to jurists and theologians, the author has identified different processes of drafting of the conciliar decrees.&#xD;The result of this research allows us to relocate the authorship of the conciliar decrees to the Mexican episcopate as well as establish the degree of their originality. Locality of the law and its significance in the legal order in force at that time is one of the characteristics of the body of decrees promulgated at the Third Mexican Provincial Council."&#xD;

Derecho privado y modernización

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773018 9783944773117 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.12946/gplh2 Language: Italian|English|Spanish;
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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The volume contains essays on the modernization of private law in Europe and Latin America from the viewpoint of legal history. Through a comparison between different forms of legal development in various normative und cultural contexts, the papers seek to open up new research perspectives on the concept of modernization in the field of private law.&#xD;

Entanglements in Legal History

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773001 9783944773100 Year: Pages: 576 DOI: 10.12946/gplh1 Language: English
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:04
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"Legal History presents a broad panorama of historical processes that trigger theoretical reflections on legal transfers and legal transplants and on the problem of the reception and assimilation laws and other modes of normativity. In this volume, legal historians across the globe reflect on their analytical traditions and present case studies in order to discuss how entangled histories of law can be understood, analyzed and written.&#xD;In the first section of this volume, ‘Traditions of Transnational Legal History’, the authors revisit specific achievements and shortcomings of legal historical research against the backdrop of postcolonial and global studies. Reflections on our own disciplinary traditions that reveal the path-dependencies include critical accounts on the tradition of ‘European Legal History’, ‘Codification history’, the emergence of ‘Hindu Law’, and the methodological aspects of Comparative Law.&#xD;The four articles in the second section, ‘Empires and Law’, showcase entangled legal histories forged in imperial spaces, for instance, through treaties concluded in the spheres of influence of ancient Roman Empire, which in this instance is analyzed as a process of ‘narrative transculturation’. Analogously, transnational institutions adjudicating merchant-disputes in the Early Modern Spanish Empire and normative frameworks constructed in a multilingual space shortly after its decline are analyzed as ‘diffusion and hybridization’. And finally, the spotlight is cast on the so-called ‘craftsmen of transfer’ and the bureaucrats that took practical comparative law as the basis to design the German colonial law.&#xD;In the third section, ‘Analyzing transnational law and legal scholarship in 19th and early 20th century’, seven case studies offer theoretical reflections about entangled legal histories. The discussions range from civil law codifications in Latin America as ‘reception’ or ‘normative transfers’, entangled histories of constitutionalism as ‘translations’ and ‘legal transfer’, formation of transnational legal orders in 19th century International Law and the International Law on state bankruptcies to the impact of transnational legal scholarship on criminology. All articles engage in methodological reflections and discussions about their concrete application in legal historical research."&#xD;

Außergerichtliche Konfliktlösung in der Antike

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Book Series: Global Perspectives on Legal History ISBN: 9783944773087 9783944773186 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.12946/gplh9 Language: German|English
Publisher: Max Planck Institute for European Legal History
Subject: Law --- History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-17 11:21:03
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"Antiquity is often utilized as a reference to provide a historical dimension for contemporary phenomena. This also holds true for the prevailing scientific discourse on alternative or adequate remedies of dispute resolution. In this context, historical perspectives seem to be in vogue as narratives to legitimize one or another role model, whereas studies on practical examples from ancient legal orders tend not to be given serious consideration in the current debate.&#xD;Just as in the case of contemporary legal research, ancient legal history also distinguishes litigation at court from other mechanisms of conflict resolution. Nevertheless, where do the boundaries of judicial and extra-judicial mechanisms of dispute resolution lie within the framework of ancient societies? Are they alternatives in a narrower sense? Is there evidence for concerning the reason there was no (or at least no exclusive) judicial decision? This volume offers a selection of studies of pertinent illustrative material pertaining to these questions. While the relevant sources stemming from the prehistorical period, the Ancient Near East, Hellenistic Egypt and Classical Roman law may vary greatly, this just serves to widen our perspective on ancient times.&#xD;Heidi Peter-Röcher focuses on strategies of conflict resolution in prehistoric times corresponding to different forms of violence. Hans Neumann, Susanne Paulus, Lena Fijałkowska and Alessandro Hirata delve into case studies situated in the Ancient Near East from Sumerian to Neo-Babylonian times. Three other contributions examine Graeco-Roman Antiquity: Marc Depauw considers non-Greek, i.e., demotic, material from a Hellenistic kingdom, Anna Seelentag embraces the phenomenon of public clamour in the Roman Republic, and Christine Lehne-Gstreinthaler provides a fresh look at the classical arbitration from the perspective of ancient legal history."&#xD;

Coleridge's Laws: A Study of Coleridge in Malta

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9781906924133 Year: Pages: 403 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0005 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History --- Migration --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Samuel Taylor Coleridge is best known as a great poet and literary theorist, but for one, quite short, period of his life he held real political power—acting as Public Secretary to the British Civil Commissioner in Malta in 1805. This was a formative experience for Coleridge which he later identified as being one of the most instructive in his entire life. In this book, Barry Hough and Howard Davis show how Coleridge's actions whilst in a position of power differ markedly from the idealism he had advocated before taking office - shedding new light on Coleridge's sense of political and legal morality. Meticulously researched and including newly discovered archival materials, Coleridge's Laws provides detailed analysis of the laws and public notices drafted by Coleridge, together with the first published translations of them. Drawing from a wealth of primary sources, Hough and Davis identify the political challenges facing Coleridge and reveal that, in attempting to win over the Maltese public to support Britain's strategic interests, Coleridge was complicit in acts of government which were both inconsistent with the rule of law and contrary to his professed beliefs. Coleridge's willingness to overlook accepted legal processes and personal misgivings for political expediency is disturbing and, as explained by Michael John Kooy in his extensive introduction, necessarily alters our understanding of the author and his writing. Coleridge's Laws contributes in new ways to the current debates about Coleridge's achievements, British colonialism and its engagement with the rule of law, nationhood and the effectiveness of the British administration of Malta. It provides essential reading for anybody interested in Coleridge specifically and the Romantics more generally, for political and legal historians and for students of colonial government.

Privilege and Property: Essays on the History of Copyright

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9781906924195 Year: Pages: 450 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0007 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History --- Law
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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What can and can’t be copied is a matter of law, but also of aesthetics, culture, and economics. The act of copying, and the creation and transaction of rights relating to it, evokes fundamental notions of communication and censorship, of authorship and ownership—of privilege and property.This volume conceives a new history of copyright law that has its roots in a wide range of norms and practices. The essays reach back to the very material world of craftsmanship and mechanical inventions of Renaissance Italy where, in 1469, the German master printer Johannes of Speyer obtained a five-year exclusive privilege to print in Venice and its dominions. Along the intellectual journey that follows, we encounter John Milton who, in 1644 accused the English parliament of having been deceived by the ‘fraud of some old patentees and monopolizers in the trade of bookselling’ (i.e. the London Stationers’ Company). Later revisionary essays investigate the regulation of the printing press in the North American colonies as a provincial and somewhat crude version of European precedents, and how, in the revolutionary France of 1789, the subtle balance that the royal decrees had established between the interests of the author, the bookseller, and the public, was shattered by the abolition of the privilege system. Some of the essays also address the specific evolution of rights associated with the visual and performing arts.

Cicero, Against Verres, 2.1.53

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Book Series: Classics Textbooks ISSN: 20542437 20542445 ISBN: 9781906924546 Year: Pages: 205 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0016 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: History --- Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-06 03:32:42
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Looting, despoiling temples, attempted rape and judicial murder: these are just some of the themes of this classic piece of writing by one of the world’s greatest orators. This particular passage is from the second book of Cicero’s Speeches against Verres, who was a former Roman magistrate on trial for serious misconduct. Cicero presents the lurid details of Verres’ alleged crimes in exquisite and sophisticated prose.This volume provides a portion of the original text of Cicero’s speech in Latin, a detailed commentary, study aids, and a translation. As a literary artefact, the speech gives us insight into how the supreme master of Latin eloquence developed what we would now call rhetorical "spin”. As an historical document, it provides a window into the dark underbelly of Rome’s imperial expansion and exploitation of the Near East.Ingo Gildenhard’s illuminating commentary on this A-Level set text will be of particular interest to students of Latin at both high school and undergraduate level. It will also be a valuable resource to Latin teachers and to anyone interested in Cicero, language and rhetoric, and the legal culture of Ancient Rome.

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