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Pesticides - The Impacts of Pesticides Exposure

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ISBN: 9789533075310 Year: Pages: 460 DOI: 10.5772/1003 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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Pesticides are supposed to complete their intended function without ""any unreasonable risk to man or the environment"". Pesticides approval and registration are performed ""taking into account the economic, social and environmental costs and benefits of the use of any pesticide"". The present book documents the various adverse impacts of pesticides usage: pollution, dietary intake and health effects such as birth defects, neurological disorders, cancer and hormone disruption. Risk assessment methods and the involvement of molecular modeling to the knowledge of pesticides are highlighted, too. The volume summarizes the expertise of leading specialists from all over the world.

Herbicides, Theory and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533079752 Year: Pages: 624 DOI: 10.5772/1430 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:48

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The content selected in Herbicides, Theory and Applications is intended to provide researchers, producers and consumers of herbicides an overview of the latest scientific achievements. Although we are dealing with many diverse and different topics, we have tried to compile this ""raw material"" into three major sections in search of clarity and order - Weed Control and Crop Management, Analytical Techniques of Herbicide Detection and Herbicide Toxicity and Further Applications. The editors hope that this book will continue to meet the expectations and needs of all interested in the methodology of use of herbicides, weed control as well as problems related to its use, abuse and misuse.

Soybean - Molecular Aspects of Breeding

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ISBN: 9789533072401 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.5772/1953 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
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The book Soybean: Molecular Aspects of Breeding focuses on recent progress in our understanding of the genetics and molecular biology of soybean and provides a broad review of the subject, from genome diversity to transformation and integration of desired genes using current technologies. This book is divided into four parts (Molecular Biology and Biotechnology, Breeding for Abiotic Stress, Breeding for Biotic Stress, Recent Technology) and contains 22 chapters.

Soybean - Biochemistry, Chemistry and Physiology

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ISBN: 9789533072197 Year: Pages: 656 DOI: 10.5772/1952 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
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Soybean is an agricultural crop of tremendous economic importance. Soybean and food items derived from it form dietary components of numerous people, especially those living in the Orient. The health benefits of soybean have attracted the attention of nutritionists as well as common people.

Alternative Fuel

Author:
ISBN: 9789533073729 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.5772/851 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Mechanical Engineering
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Renewable energy sources such as biodiesel, bioethanol, biomethane, biomass from wastes or hydrogen are subject of great interest in the current energy scene. These fuels contribute to the reduction of prices and dependence on fossil fuels. In addition, energy sources such as these could partially replace the use of what is considered as the major factor responsible for global warming and the main source of local environmental pollution. For these reasons they are known as alternative fuels. There is an urgent need to find and optimise the use of alternative fuels to provide a net energy gain, to be economically competitive and to be producible in large quantities without compromising food resources.

Advanced Air Pollution

Author:
ISBN: 9789533075112 Year: Pages: 596 DOI: 10.5772/710 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
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Leading air quality professionals describe different aspects of air pollution. The book presents information on four broad areas of interest in the air pollution field; the air pollution monitoring; air quality modeling; the GIS techniques to manage air quality; the new approaches to manage air quality. This book fulfills the need on the latest concepts of air pollution science and provides comprehensive information on all relevant components relating to air pollution issues in urban areas and industries. The book is suitable for a variety of scientists who wish to follow application of the theory in practice in air pollution. Known for its broad case studies, the book emphasizes an insightful of the connection between sources and control of air pollution, rather than being a simple manual on the subject.

Abiotic Stress in Plants - Mechanisms and Adaptations

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789533073941 Year: Pages: 442 DOI: 10.5772/895 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Agriculture (General) --- Microbiology
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World population is growing at an alarming rate and is anticipated to reach about six billion by the end of year 2050. On the other hand, agricultural productivity is not increasing at a required rate to keep up with the food demand. The reasons for this are water shortages, depleting soil fertility and mainly various abiotic stresses. The fast pace at which developments and novel findings that are recently taking place in the cutting edge areas of molecular biology and basic genetics, have reinforced and augmented the efficiency of science outputs in dealing with plant abiotic stresses. In depth understanding of the stresses and their effects on plants is of paramount importance to evolve effective strategies to counter them. This book is broadly dived into sections on the stresses, their mechanisms and tolerance, genetics and adaptation, and focuses on the mechanic aspects in addition to touching some adaptation features. The chief objective of the book hence is to deliver state of the art information for comprehending the nature of abiotic stress in plants. We attempted here to present a judicious mixture of outlooks in order to interest workers in all areas of plant sciences.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Pests Control and Pesticides Exposure and Toxicity Assessment

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ISBN: 9789533074573 Year: Pages: 628 DOI: 10.5772/948 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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The present book is a collection of selected original research articles and reviews providing adequate and up-to-date information related to pesticides control, assessment, and toxicity. The first section covers a large spectrum of issues associated with the ecological, molecular, and biotechnological approaches to the understanding of the biological control, the mechanism of the biocontrol agents action, and the related effects. Second section provides recent information on biomarkers currently used to evaluate pesticide exposure, effects, and genetic susceptibility of a number of organisms. Some antioxidant enzymes and vitamins as biochemical markers for pesticide toxicity are examined. The inhibition of the cholinesterases as a specific biomarker for organophosphate and carbamate pesticides is commented, too. The third book section addresses to a variety of pesticides toxic effects and related issues including: the molecular mechanisms involved in pesticides-induced toxicity, fish histopathological, physiological, and DNA changes provoked by pesticides exposure, anticoagulant rodenticides mode of action, the potential of the cholinesterase inhibiting organophosphorus and carbamate pesticides, the effects of pesticides on bumblebee, spiders and scorpions, the metabolic fate of the pesticide-derived aromatic amines, etc.

Pesticides in the Modern World - Risks and Benefits

Author:
ISBN: 9789533074580 Year: Pages: 574 DOI: 10.5772/949 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Plant Sciences
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This book is a compilation of 29 chapters focused on: pesticides and food production, environmental effects of pesticides, and pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The first book section addresses the benefits of the pest control for crop protection and food supply increasing, and the associated risks of food contamination. The second book section is dedicated to the effects of pesticides on the non-target organisms and the environment such as: effects involving pollinators, effects on nutrient cycling in ecosystems, effects on soil erosion, structure and fertility, effects on water quality, and pesticides resistance development. The third book section furnishes numerous data contributing to the better understanding of the pesticides mobility, transport and fate. The addressed in this book issues should attract the public concern to support rational decisions to pesticides use.

Gene Duplication

Author:
ISBN: 9789533073873 Year: Pages: 414 DOI: 10.5772/888 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Genetics
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The book Gene Duplication consists of 21 chapters divided in 3 parts: General Aspects, A Look at Some Gene Families and Examining Bundles of Genes. The importance of the study of Gene Duplication stems from the realization that the dynamic process of duplication is the &ldquo;sine qua non&rdquo; underlying the evolution of all living matter. Genes may be altered before or after the duplication process thereby undergoing neofunctionalization, thus creating in time new organisms which populate the Earth.

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