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Sustainable Home Design by Applying Control Science

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ISBN: 9789535136576 9789535136583 Year: Pages: 108 DOI: 10.5772/64660 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:50

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Today's homes must prepare for a progressing ageing population and an increasing risk caused by climate change, as well as to reduce CO2 emissions. How homes can be designed to meet all of these requirements? How such design can be promoted in the housing market? Sustainable Home Design by Applying Control Science answers these questions, by using a novel approach. Kazutoshi Fujihira, an innovative environmental scientist and sustainable housing award winner, demonstrates the ""control system for promoting sustainable home design"" with the ""sustainable design guidelines"" and ""sustainability checklist"". Moreover, the chapter of case study illustrates an actually designed and constructed house, which shows excellent sustainability and energy-saving performance.

When (and How) Is Theory of Mind Useful? Evidence from Life-Span Research

Authors: ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889451012 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-101-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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Theory of Mind (ToM) or mentalization is the ability to understand and foresee the behavior referring to one’s own and others’ mental states (Premack & Woodruff, 1978; Wimmer & Perner, 1983). This capacity, which is considered the most representative mechanism of social cognition, is a multifaceted set of competences liable to influence – and be influenced by – a manifold of psychosocial aspects. Studies on typical and atypical/clinical development during life showed that ToM is frequently delayed (e.g. in deafness) or impaired in many clinical conditions (e.g. Autism Spectrum Disorder, Attention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder, Schizophrenia, Borderline Personality Disorder, Parkinson’s Disease, Alzheimer’s Disease) and, on the other hand, may not be unequivocally a positive experience. It is therefore possible to consider the existence of multiple kinds of Theory of Mind. In fact, ToM may vary along a quantitative and a qualitative continuum. As for the quantitative dimension, the continuum is constituted by the fluctuation between high and low levels of ToM ability in different clinical conditions. Along this continuum, impairment can mean “not enough” ToM (for example in Autism Spectrum Disorder) as well as “too much” ToM (for example in Schizophrenia and Borderline Personality Disorder). The qualitative dimension – highly interrelated with the quantitative one - regards the shift between adaptive (e.g. prosocial, nice ToM) vs. unadaptive (e.g. antisocial, nasty ToM) mental states content. The issue is discussed in light of recent evidence from outstanding researchers working on typical and atypical/clinical populations along the life-span. Findings from the fields of psychology, neuropsychology and neuroscience enrich the research topic argumentation.

Keywords

Theory of Mind --- typical --- clinical --- neural --- life-span

Ageing, Diversity and Equality

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Book Series: Routledge Advances in Sociology ISBN: 9780415786690 9781315226835 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100744
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:14
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Current understandings of ageing and diversity are impoverished in three main ways. Firstly, with regards to thinking about what inequalities operate in later life there has been an excessive preoccupation with economic resources. On the other hand, less attention has been paid to cultural norms and values, other resources, wider social processes, political participation and community engagement. Secondly, in terms of thinking about the ‘who’ of inequality, this has so far been limited to a very narrow range of minority populations. Finally, when considering the ‘how’ of inequality, social gerontology’s theoretical analyses remain under-developed. The overall effect of these issues is that social gerontology remains deeply embedded in normative assumptions which serve to exclude a wide range of older people. This book aims to challenge and provoke the above described normativity and offer an alternative approach which highlights the heterogeneity and diversity of ageing.

Biografie – Lebenslauf – Generation

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Schriftenreihe der Sektion Erwachsenenbildung der Deutschen Gesellschaft für Erziehungswissenschaft (DGfE) ISBN: 9783847411789 9783847421061 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.3224/84742106 Language: German
Publisher: Verlag Barbara Budrich
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-22 11:21:05
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People interpret their biographies in order to give them a subjective meaning. In institutionalized biographies, biographies also become normatively charged patterns of progress. They reflect the tension between life courses and culturally and socially shaped generalized patterns of life-style. The volume collects selected peer-reviewed contributions on this topic.

The Retro-Futurism of Cuteness

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ISBN: 9781947447288 9781947447295 Year: Pages: 268 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0188.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:32
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Is it possible to conceive of a Hello Kitty Middle Ages or a Tickle Me Elmo Renaissance? The Oxford English Dictionary dates the first reference to “cute” in the sense of “attractive, pretty, charming” to 1834. More recently, Sianne Ngai has offered a critical overview of the cuteness of the twentieth-century avant-garde within the context of consumer culture. But if cuteness can get under the skin, what kinds of surfaces does it best infiltrate, particularly in the framework of historical forms, events, and objects that traditionally have been read as emergences around “big” aesthetics of formal symmetries, high affects, and resemblances? The Retrofuturism of Cuteness seeks to undo the temporal strictures surrounding aesthetic and affective categories, to displace a strict focus on commodification and cuteness, and to interrogate how cuteness as a minor aesthetics can refocus our perceptions and readings of both premodern and modern media, literature, and culture. Taking seriously the retro and the futuristic temporalities of cuteness, this volume puts in conversation projects that have unearthed remnants of a “cult of cute”—positioned historically and critically in between transitions into secularization, capitalist frameworks of commodification, and the enchantment of objects—and those that have investigated the uncanny haunting of earlier aesthetics in future-oriented modes of cuteness.

Livestock Science

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ISBN: 9789535128632 9789535128649 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/62514 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Anthropology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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There has been a great increase in the consumption of animal products. The intention of agricultural activities is to provide safety and adequate food by respecting the environment. Although many questions are being raised concerning the sustainability of the world's food-animal agricultural resources. This book presents some in-depth reviews of selected topics in livestock science written by experts in their respective areas. The book is divided into eight chapters, consisting of topics in food-animal production systems, management of several animal products, health-threaten example by ticks in animals, and contaminants that may be found in animal foods. We hope that a wide variety of scientists, researchers, and others may benefit from this book.

Fermentation Processes

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ISBN: 9789535129271 9789535129288 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5772/61924 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemical Technology --- Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Fermentation is a theme widely useful for food, feed and biofuel production. Indeed each of these areas, food industry, animal nutrition and energy production, has considerable presence in the global market. Fermentation process also has relevant applications on medical and pharmaceutical areas, such as antibiotics production. The present book, Fermentation Processes, reflects that wide value of fermentation in related areas. It holds a total of 14 chapters over diverse areas of fermentation research.

Superfood and Functional Food - The Development of Superfoods and Their Roles as Medicine

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789535129417 9789535129424 Year: Pages: 256 DOI: 10.5772/65088 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Nutrition and Food Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Superfoods and functional foods are receiving increasing attention because of their important roles in health. This book focuses on the production of superfoods and functional foods and their role as medicine. In the early chapters, prominent researchers introduce the roles and production of microalgae and functional fruits through metabolic engineering, the use of food waste, and effective cooking procedures. In the latter chapters, other prominent researchers introduce the medical effects of polyphenols, glutamine, and unsaturated fatty acids, which are contained in superfoods and functional foods. They suggest the importance of superfoods and functional foods in the treatment and prevention of many diseases. It is also recommended for readers to take a look at a related book, Superfood and Functional Food: An Overview of Their Processing and Utilization.

Genetic Diversity

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ISBN: 9789535129493 9789535129509 Year: Pages: 150 DOI: 10.5772/63174 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Genetics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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Genetic diversity is the entire amount of genes and genotypes in a group of organisms and is of vital importance for their adaptation to different living conditions. If, for example, all humans were identical, the extinction of the entire kind could happen very fast. Let us care and nourish differences! The goal of this book is to present some of the contemporary thoughts on understandings of the genetic diversity patterns and their altering in a changing world. The book is aimed to the ones inspired to study and contemplate genetic diversity and to the audience beyond any frames.

Melanin

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ISBN: 9789535129790 9789535129806 Year: Pages: 114 DOI: 10.5772/63257 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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The word melanin refers to dark natural pigments produced by the oxidative degradation of tyrosine, catalyzed by tyrosinase, and polymerized into insoluble granular substance. The main function of melanin is to protect from harmful agents, primarily UV radiation, but also from oxidation, heavy metals, etc. In this volume, chapters deal with production of melanin in human oral mucosa (Liviu et al.), the regulation of melanin action (Cecile et al.), production and potential technological application of fungal melanins (Pombiero-Sponchiado et al.) and an innovative method for measuring melanin in various samples (Zdybel et al.). In conclusion, this volume presents various biological and industrial aspects of melanin production, uses and analysis.

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