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High-Resolution Neuroimaging - Basic Physical Principles and Clinical Applications

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ISBN: 9789535138655 9789535138662 9789535140450 Year: Pages: 174 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68268 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Dr. Ahmet Mesrur Halefoğlu mostly deals with research fields in body imaging and neuroradiology with multidetector computed tomography and high-resolution magnetic resonance imaging. He has served as postdoctoral research fellow at Johns Hopkins Hospital. Currently, he is working as an associate professor of radiology in Istanbul, Turkey. He has more than 50 high-impact-factor publications and has written 3 book chapters. He is a member of Turkish Society of Radiology and European Society of Radiology. During the recent years, there have been major breakthroughs in MRI due to developments in scanner technology and pulse sequencing. These important achievements have led to remarkable improvements in neuroimaging and advanced techniques, including diffusion imaging, diffusion tensor imaging, perfusion imaging, magnetic resonance spectroscopy, and functional MRI. These advanced neuroimaging techniques have enabled us to achieve invaluable insights into tissue microstructure, microvasculature, metabolism, and brain connectivity.

GABA And Glutamate - New Developments In Neurotransmission Research

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ISBN: 9789535138211 9789535138228 9789535140696 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68762 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
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This book collates the contributions of a selected number of neuroscientists that are interested in the molecular, preclinical, and clinical aspects of neurotransmission research. The seven chapters in this book address the latest research/review data related to GABA/glutamate system's organization and function, the structure of receptors, subtypes and their ligands, as well as the translational approach and clinical implications. The book offers readers a rich collection of data regarding current and future applications of GABA and glutamate neurotransmission, including promising research strategies and potential clinical benefits.

Advances in Bioremediation and Phytoremediation

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ISBN: 9789535139577 9789535139584 9789535140238 Year: Pages: 200 DOI: 10.5772/67970 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The pollution of soil and groundwater by harmful chemical compounds and heavy metals is becoming very serious in many countries. Although remediation is necessary as soon as possible, the performance of conventional bioremediation processes is not sufficient. This book deals with advances in bioremediation and phytoremediation processes by using excellent strains and a combination of processes. In the chapters of this book, the researchers have introduced the overall status of contamination; the characteristics of bioremediation using halobacteria, Candida yeast, and autochthonous bacteria; and phytoremediation using macrophytes. Moreover, other researchers introduced a process using biochar and electric currents, and this combination of processes and phytoremediation enhances the overall process.

Neuroplasticity - Insights of Neural Reorganization

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ISBN: 9781789231946 9781789231953 Year: Pages: 204 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68156 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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This book provides comprehensive and up-to-date insights into emerging research trends on neuroplasticity with current or future treatments for neurodevelopment and neurodegenerative diseases. The authors discuss structural and functional changes associated with cortical remapping, sensory substitution, synaptic and non-synaptic compensatory plasticity due to brain damage, brain training, chronic pain, meditation, music, exercise and related states. Key features include pathogenesis, and existing and new therapies together with a pharmacological and non-pharmacological approach in clinical treatment and management. The authors are established experts that contributed significantly to a better understanding of the etiology of neuroplasticity. This book is recommended to healthcare providers, clinical scientists, students and patients.

The Hippocampus - Plasticity and Functions

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ISBN: 9781789233568 9781789233575 Year: Pages: 178 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68877 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Surgery
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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The hippocampus is an important brain region, a true central hub for memory of various kinds and other processes. Neuropsychiatric disorders such as Alzheimer's disease, drug addiction, and schizophrenia are characterized by hippocampal alterations. The dentate gyrus of the hippocampus is a site exhibiting adult neurogenesis. This book covers the topic of the hippocampus from various perspectives. It discusses adult neurogenesis, effect of enriched environments on hippocampal plasticity, and long-term potentiation-associated gene expression. The book also addresses multiscale representations of complex environments and strategies in the hippocampus-dependent spatial tasks. Finally, insight into the hippocampus as a link between negative affect and relapse to psychostimulants is provided. The book collects evidence of various hippocampal functions in healthy and disordered brain.

Alzheimer's Disease - The 21st Century Challenge

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ISBN: 9781789234626 9781789234633 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.71628 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:51

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Alzheimer's disease was discovered over 100 years ago and still belongs to incurable neurological diseases; its pharmacotherapy is considered to be ineffective. This book presents contemporary views on the genetic, biochemical, and immunological determinants of this disease. This book also concerns the issue of Alzheimer's disease prevention through lifestyle and physical activity. Moreover, it describes the therapies used in Alzheimer's disease to slow the progression of the disease and delay its onset. Subsequently, the authors discuss experimental and clinical trials used now and in the near future. We hope that this book will help the readers to understand the complex mechanism leading to the development of Alzheimer's disease and indicate effective ways to prevent this disorder.

Prefrontal Cortex

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ISBN: 9781789239034 9781789239041 Year: Pages: 132 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.73226 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The prefrontal cortex reaches its greatest development in the human brain, making up nearly one third of the neocortex. Due to its remarkable evolution, the prefrontal cortex plays an important role in higher integrative functions such as information processing, thinking, understanding, attention, behavior, motivation, emotions, working memory, and analysis. This book brings together theoretical and technical research advances on the prefrontal cortex, from the basic explanations of the neuronal architecture of the prefrontal cortex and its anatomy, presenting it as a morphological substrate for many psychological conditions, through normal and altered connectivity and its manifestation in different behavior and identification of organizational levels inside the prefrontal cortex through different neuroimaging methods. It also provides an interdisciplinary view of the prefrontal cortex and its issues and discovers the main role of this part of brain in psychosocial, economic, and cultural adaptation.

Community and Global Ecology of Deserts

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ISBN: 9781789238938 9781789238945 Year: Pages: 112 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72093 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Ecology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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The aim and purpose of our book, Community and Global Ecology of Deserts, is to give an overview and report from the frontiers of desert ecological research. The ecology of deserts as a scientific discipline plays a key role in solving many of global problems due to collective adaptation methods and approaches of lifeforms living in extreme environments. If ecologists or environmental scientists are talking about desert ecological research, then almost everyone is thinking about specific desert flora, fauna, or desertification itself as a consequence of climate change, or sand dune-triggered disasters. In fact, the importance of ecological research in deserts is far more general and broader. We hope that our book will be interesting and useful for researchers, lecturers, students and anybody interested in this field.

Pituitary Diseases

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ISBN: 9781789857474 9781789857481 Year: Pages: 124 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.72984 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Internal medicine
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book is a very provocative addition to the literature on pituitary diseases, it delivers lots of stimulating work and offers rich scientific material for readers in different disciplines. The book provides a detailed update on current diagnostic and therapeutic techniques useful in the management of pituitary diseases. Microsurgical surgery, medical treatment, and radiotherapy has been used in the last decades; however, the prediction of post-medical, postsurgical treatment, and post-radiotherapy treatment is still controversial. The book contents reflect the multidisciplinary approach needed for patients with pituitary diseases with contribution from neurosurgeons, endocrinologists, neurologists, radiologists, ophthalmologists, pathologists, and radiation oncologists. The book focuses on some pituitary diseases especially the most controversial subjects in the medical and surgical treatment such as dedicated surgical technique by huge pituitary adenoma, the management of celiac patients with growth failure, pituitary apoplexy, neuro ophthalmology findings in pituitary disease, and the immunohistochemical studies in pituitary adenomas, moreover there is a special chapter about transoral robotic surgery (TORS) with the da Vinci system.

Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience - Principles, Algorithms and Applications

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ISBN: 9781789231885 9781789231892 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.68377 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Neurology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 09:47:13

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The book ""Cognitive and Computational Neuroscience - Principles, Algorithms and Applications"" will answer the following question and statements: System-level neural modeling: what and why? We know a lot about the brain! Need to integrate data: molecular/cellular/system levels. Complexity: need to abstract away higher-order principles. Models are tools to develop explicit theories, constrained by multiple levels (neural and behavioral). Key: models (should) make novel testable predictions on both neural and behavioral levels. Models are useful tools for guiding experiments. The hope is that the information provided in this book will trigger new researches that will help to connect basic neuroscience to clinical medicine.

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