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Multiword expressions at length and in depth

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ISBN: 9783961101245 9783961101238 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1469527 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103663
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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The annual workshop on multiword expressions takes place since 2001 in conjunction with major computational linguistics conferences and attracts the attention of an ever-growing community working on a variety of languages, linguistic phenomena and related computational processing issues. MWE 2017 took place in Valencia, Spain, and represented a vibrant panorama of the current research landscape on the computational treatment of multiword expressions, featuring many high-quality submissions. Furthermore, MWE 2017 included the first shared task on multilingual identification of verbal multiword expressions. The shared task, with extended communal work, has developed important multilingual resources and mobilised several research groups in computational linguistics worldwide. This book contains extended versions of selected papers from the workshop. Authors worked hard to include detailed explanations, broader and deeper analyses, and new exciting results, which were thoroughly reviewed by an internationally renowned committee. We hope that this distinctly joint effort will provide a meaningful and useful snapshot of the multilingual state of the art in multiword expressions modelling and processing, and will be a point point of reference for future work.

Keywords

Linguistics

Methods in prosody

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Book Series: Studies in Laboratory Phonology ISBN: 9783961101054 9783961101047 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1471564 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103662
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:04
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This book presents a collection of pioneering papers reflecting current methods in prosody research with a focus on Romance languages. The rapid expansion of the field of prosody research in the last decades has given rise to a proliferation of methods that has left little room for the critical assessment of these methods. The aim of this volume is to bridge this gap by embracing original contributions, in which experts in the field assess, reflect, and discuss different methods of data gathering and analysis. The book might thus be of interest to scholars and established researchers as well as to students and young academics who wish to explore the topic of prosody, an expanding and promising area of study.

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Linguistics

Einführung in die grammatische Beschreibung des Deutschen

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Book Series: Textbooks in Language Sciences ISBN: 9783961101177 9783961101160 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1421660 Language: German
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103659
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:05
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Einführung in die grammatische Beschreibung des Deutschen ist eine Einführung in die Grammatik des gegenwärtigen Deutschen in den Bereichen Phonetik, Phonologie, Morphologie, Syntax und Graphematik. Das Buch ist für alle geeignet, die sich für die Grammatik des Deutschen interessieren, vor allem aber für Studierende der Germanistik bzw. Deutschen Philologie, insbesondere auch für Lehramtsstudierende. Im Vordergrund steht die Vermittlung grammatischer Erkenntnisprozesse und Argumentationsweisen auf Basis konkreten sprachlichen Materials. Es wird kein spezielles theoretisches Modell angenommen, aber alle, die das Buch gelesen haben, sollten in der Lage sein, sowohl deskriptiv ausgerichtete Forschungsartikel als auch theorienahe Einführungen lesen zu können. Das Buch enthält zahlreiche Übungsaufgaben, die im Anhang gelöst werden. Die dritte Auflage behebt Tipp- und Stilfehler und bietet einige neue Vertiefungsblöcke sowie eine komplette Überarbeitung der Grafiken und Diagramme. Ein Kapitel über Grammatik in Schule und Lehramtsstudium ergänzt das Buch.

Keywords

Linguistics

East Benue-Congo

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ISBN: 9783961101016 9783961101009 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1314306 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103661
Subject: Linguistics
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This volume is the first in what hopefully will be a growing set of edited volumes and monographs concerning Niger-Congo comparative studies. This first volume addresses matters that are relevant to the entire East Benue-Congo family as well as the particular branches Kainji, Plateau, and Bantoid. In the case of Bantoid, the particular focus is on Grassfields and the Grassfields-Bantu borderland, though other Bantoid subgroups are referenced. The potential topics for comparative studies among these languages are numerous, but this volume is dedicated to presentations on nominal affixes, third person pronouns, and verbal extensions. A forthcoming volume will provide some results of reconstructions and lexicostatistics in Cross River, exploratory reconstructions in Southern Jukunoid, and reconstructions in Ekoid-Mbe and Mambiloid.

Keywords

Linguistics

A lexicalist account of argument structure

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ISBN: 9783961101221 9783961101214 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1441351 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103664
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:05
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Currently, there are two prominent schools in linguistics: Minimalism (Chomsky) and Construction Grammar (Goldberg, Tomasello). Minimalism comes with the claim that our linguistic capabilities consist of an abstract, binary combinatorial operation (Merge) and a lexicon. Most versions of Construction Grammar assume that language consists of flat phrasal schemata that contribute their own meaning and may license additional arguments. This book examines a variant of Lexical Functional Grammar, which is lexical in principle but was augmented by tools that allow for the description of phrasal constructions in the Construction Grammar sense. These new tools include templates that can be used to model inheritance hierarchies and a resource driven semantics. The resource driven semantics makes it possible to reach the effects that lexical rules had, for example remapping of arguments, by semantic means. The semantic constraints can be evaluated in the syntactic component, which is basically similar to the delayed execution of lexical rules. So this is a new formalization that might be suitable to provide solutions to longstanding problems that are not available for other formalizations.

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Linguistics

The Unicode cookbook for linguists

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Book Series: Translation and Multilingual Natural Language Processing ISBN: 9783961100910 9783961100903 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1296780 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103595
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:06
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This text is a practical guide for linguists, and programmers, who work with data in multilingual computational environments. We introduce the basic concepts needed to understand how writing systems and character encodings function, and how they work together at the intersection between the Unicode Standard and the International Phonetic Alphabet. Although these standards are often met with frustration by users, they nevertheless provide language researchers and programmers with a consistent computational architecture needed to process, publish and analyze lexical data from the world's languages. Thus we bring to light common, but not always transparent, pitfalls which researchers face when working with Unicode and IPA. Having identified and overcome these pitfalls involved in making writing systems and character encodings syntactically and semantically interoperable (to the extent that they can be), we created a suite of open-source Python and R tools to work with languages using orthography profiles that describe author- or document-specific orthographic conventions. In this cookbook we describe a formal specification of orthography profiles and provide recipes using open source tools to show how users can segment text, analyze it, identify errors, and to transform it into different written forms for comparative linguistics research.

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Linguistics

The numeral system of Proto-Niger-Congo

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ISBN: 9783961100996 9783961100989 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1311704 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103598
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:06
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This book proposes the reconstruction of the Proto-Niger-Congo numeral system. The emphasis is placed on providing an exhaustive account of the distribution of forms by families, groups, and branches. The big data bases used for this purpose open prospects for both working with the distribution of words that do exist and with the distribution of gaps in postulated cognates. The distribution of filled cells and gaps is a useful tool for reconstruction.

Keywords

Linguistics

The lexeme in descriptive and theoretical morphology

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax ISBN: 9783961101115 9783961101108 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103602
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After being dominant during about a century since its invention by Baudouin de Courtenay at the end of the nineteenth century, morpheme is more and more replaced by lexeme in contemporary descriptive and theoretical morphology. The notion of a lexeme is usually associated with the work of P. H. Matthews (1972, 1974), who characterizes it as a lexical entity abstracting over individual inflected words. Over the last three decades, the lexeme has become a cornerstone of much work in both inflectional morphology and word formation (or, as it is increasingly been called, lexeme formation). The papers in the present volume take stock of the descriptive and theoretical usefulness of the lexeme, but also adress many of the challenges met by classical lexeme-based theories of morphology.

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Linguistics

René de Saussure and the theory of word formation

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Book Series: Classics in Linguistics ISBN: 9783961100972 9783961100965 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1306472 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103596
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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This volume presents two works elaborating a general theory of words and their structure written by René de Saussure, younger brother of Ferdinand de Saussure. Although originating in René de Saussure's concerns for the structure of Esperanto, these essays are clearly intended to articulate a general account of word formation in natural language. They appear here in the French original with facing English translations, accompanied by some remarks on René de Saussure's life and followed by essays on the Esperantist background of his analysis (by Marc van Oostendorp), the contemporary relevance of his morphological theory (by Stephen Anderson), and the semantic theory of words underlying his analysis (by Louis de Saussure). These two works have remained essentially unknown to the community of scholars in general linguistics since their publication in 1911 and 1919, respectively, although Esperantists have been aware of them. They develop in quite explicit form a theory of what would later be called morphemic analysis, based primarily on data from French (with some material from German and English, as well as occasional examples from other Indo-European languages). In its fundamental aspect, René's view of word formation differed significantly from that of his brother, who saw the structure of complex words as revealed not through their decomposition into smaller "atomic" units but rather in the relations between words, relations which could be presented in analogical form and which anticipate rule-based theories of morphological structure. The contrast between the two brothers' views thus anticipates basic issues in current theorizing about word structure.

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Linguistics

Perspectives on information structure in Austronesian languages

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101092 9783961101085 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.1402571 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103600
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:07
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Information structure is a relatively new field to linguistics and has only recently been studied for smaller and less described languages. This book is the first of its kind that brings together contributions on information structure in Austronesian languages. Current approaches from formal semantics, discourse studies, and intonational phonology are brought together with language specific and cross-linguistic expertise of Austronesian languages. The 13 chapters in this volume cover all subgroups of the large Austronesian family, including Formosan, Central Malayo-Polynesian, South Halmahera-West New Guinea, and Oceanic. The major focus, though, lies on Western Malayo-Polynesian languages. Some chapters investigate two of the largest languages in the region (Tagalog and different varieties of Malay), others study information-structural phenomena in small, underdescribed languages. The three overarching topics that are covered in this book are NP marking and reference tracking devices, syntactic structures and information-structural categories, and the interaction of information structure and prosody. Various data types build the basis for the different studies compiled in this book. Some chapters investigate written texts, such as modern novels (cf. Djenar’s chapter on modern, standard Indonesian), or compare different text genres, such as, for example, oral narratives and translations of biblical narratives (cf. De Busser’s chapter on Bunun). Most contributions, however, study natural spoken speech and make use of spoken corpora which have been compiled by the authors themselves. The volume comprises a number of different methods and theoretical frameworks. Two chapters make use of the Question Under Discussion approach, developed in formal semantics (cf. the chapters by Latrouite & Riester; Shiohara & Riester). Riesberg et al. apply the recently developed method of Rapid Prosody Transcription (RPT) to investigate native speakers’ perception of prosodic prominences and boundaries in Papuan Malay. Other papers discuss theoretical consequences of their findings. Thus, for example, Himmelmann takes apart the most widespread framework for intonational phonology (ToBI) and argues that the analysis of Indonesian languages requires much simpler assumptions than the ones underlying the standard model. Arka & Sedeng ask the question how fine-grained information structure space should be conceptualized and modelled, e.g. in LFG. Schnell argues that elements that could be analysed as “topic” and “focus” categories, should better be described in terms of ‘packaging’ and do not necessarily reflect any pragmatic roles in the first place.

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Linguistics

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