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Orthographies in Early Modern Europe

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ISBN: 9783110288124 9783110288179 Year: Pages: 383 DOI: 10.1515/9783110288179 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100194
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:02
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This volume provides, for the first time, a pan-European view of the development of written languages at a key time in their history: that of the 16th century. The major cultural and intellectual upheavals that affected Europe at the time - Humanism, the Reformation and the emergence of modern nation-states - were not isolated phenomena, and the evolution of the orthographical systems of European languages shows a large number of convergences, due to the mobility of scholars, ideas and technological innovations throughout the period.

Elements of Structural Syntax

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ISBN: 9789027212122 Year: Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 101204
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2018-02-04 11:02:16
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This volume is now finally available in English, sixty years after the death of its author, Lucien Tesnière. It has been translated from the French original into German, Spanish, Italian, and Russian, and now at long last into English as well. The volume contains a comprehensive approach to the syntax of natural languages, an approach that is foundational for an entire stream in the modern study of syntax and grammar. This stream is known today as dependency grammar (DG). Drawing examples from dozens of languages, many of which he was proficient in, Tesnière presents insightful analyses of numerous phenomena of syntax. Among the highlights are the concepts of valency and head-initial vs. head-final languages. These concepts are now taken for granted by most modern theories of syntax, even by phrase structure grammars, which represent, in a sense, the opposite sort of approach to syntax from what Tesnière was advocating.

"And he knew our language"

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ISBN: 9789027246073 9789027286833 Year: DOI: 10.1075/sihols.116 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102126
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-31 14:05:42
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This ambitious and ground-breaking book examines the linguistic studies produced by missionaries based on the Pacific Northwest Coast of North America (and particularly Haida Gwaii) during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Making extensive use of unpublished archival materials, the author demonstrates that the missionaries were responsible for introducing many innovative and insightful grammatical analyses. Rather than merely adopting Graeco-Roman models, they drew extensively upon studies of non-European languages, and a careful exploration of their scripture translations reveal the origins of the Haida sociolect that emerged as a result of the missionary activity. The complex interactions between the missionaries and anthropologists are also discussed, and it is shown that the former sometimes anticipated linguistic analyses that are now incorrectly attributed to the latter.

Worte am Werk

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Book Series: EUKLID : Europäische Kultur und Ideengeschichte. Studien ISBN: 9783866442917 Year: Volume: 2 Pages: 188 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_422386 Language: German
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-29 10:36:00
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Keywords

wittgenstein --- linguistics

Tense and Text in Classical Arabic

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Book Series: Studies in Semitic Languages and Linguistics ISBN: 9789004310483 Year: Volume: 85 Pages: 235 DOI: 10.1163/9789004310483 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2016-03-19 11:01:15
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This study undertakes to examine the problem of the tenses in Classical Arabic. While aware of the long tradition which shaped the discussion of this subject, and building, in fact, on some important insights offered by medieval and modern grammarians, this study attempts to redefine the discussion and propose a new analysis of the tenses, based on a functional text-oriented investigation of a large corpus of Classical Arabic prose. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

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linguistics --- arabic

Style and Intersubjectivity in Youth Interaction

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ISBN: 9781614517559 9781614516439 Year: Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter Mouton Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100164
Added to DOAB on : 2018-05-19 11:01:53
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This book examines how style and intersubjective meanings emerge through language use. While numerous studies on youth language focus on face-to-face interaction, this book draws data from conversation, e-forums, teen fiction, and comics to offer an integrated account of language change in a community in flux.

Patterns of Change in 18th-century English. A sociolinguistic approach

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027201034 9789027263834 Year: Volume: 8 Pages: 323 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.8 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2018-08-24 14:35:22
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Eighteenth-century English is often associated with normative grammar. But to what extent did prescriptivism impact ongoing processes of linguistic change? The authors of this volume examine a variety of linguistic changes in a corpus of personal correspondence, including the auxiliary do, verbal -sand the progressive aspect, and they conclude that direct normative influence on them must have been minimal. The studies are contextualized by discussions of the normative tradition and the correspondence corpus, and of eighteenth-century English society and culture. Basing their work on a variationist sociolinguistic approach, the authors introduce the models and methods they have used to trace the progress of linguistic changes in the “long” eighteenth century, 1680–1800. Aggregate findings are balanced by analysing individuals and their varying participation in these processes. The final chapter places these results in a wider context and considers them in relation to past sociolinguistic work.One of the major findings of the studies is that in most cases the overall pace of change was slow. Factors retarding change include speaker evaluation and repurposing outgoing features, in particular, for certain styles and registers.

Adjective Adverb Interfaces in Romance

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Book Series: Linguistik Aktuell/Linguistics Today ISSN: 0166-0829 ISBN: 9789027264879 Year: Pages: 375 DOI: 10.1075/la.242 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-14 09:47:53
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Within the current discussion on grammatical interfaces, the word-classes of adjective and adverb are of particular interest because they appear to be separated or joined in manifold ways at the level of word-class or syntax, with morphology playing a prominent role, especially in Romance. The volume provides typological and theoretical insights into the common or different usage of adjectives and adverbs in Romance. Diachronic change is discussed alongside with synchronic variation and the representation in grammar. The discussion turns out to be controversial, calling into question traditional assumptions such as the dogma of the invariability and the categorial status of the adverb.

The Tuma Underworld of Love. Erotic and other narrative songs of the Trobriand Islanders and their spirits of the dead

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use ISSN: 18795838 ISBN: 9789027284693 Year: Volume: 5 Pages: xvii, 138 DOI: 10.1075/clu.5 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-28 13:11:25
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The Trobriand Islanders' eschatological belief system explains what happens when someone dies. Bronislaw Malinowski described essentials of this eschatology in his articles "Baloma: the Spirits of the Dead in the Trobriand Islands" and "Myth in Primitive Psychology". There he also presented the Trobrianders' belief that a "baloma" can be reborn; he claimed that Trobrianders are unaware of the father's role as genitor. This volume presents a critical review of Malinowski's ethnography of Trobriand eschatology – finally settling the "virgin birth" controversy. It also documents the ritualized and highly poetic "wosi milamala" – the harvest festival songs. They are sung in an archaic variety of Kilivila called "biga baloma" – the baloma language. Malinowski briefly refers to these songs but does not mention that they codify many aspects of Trobriand eschatology. The songs are still sung at specific occasions; however, they are now moribund. With these songs Trobriand eschatology will vanish.

Tales from the Trobriand Islands of Papua New Guinea. Psycholinguistic and anthropological linguistic analyses of tales told by Trobriand children and adults

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Book Series: Culture and Language Use ISSN: 18795838 ISBN: 9789027268266 Year: Volume: 16 Pages: xviii, 299 DOI: 10.1075/clu.16 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-10-28 13:14:51
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This volume presents 22 tales from the Trobriand Islands told by children (boys between the age of 5 and 9 years) and adults. The monograph is motivated not only by the anthropological linguistic aim to present a broad and quite unique collection of tales with the thematic approach to illustrate which topics and themes constitute the content of the stories, but also by the psycholinguistic and textlinguistic questions of how children acquire linearization and other narrative strategies, how they develop them and how they use them to structure these texts in an adult-like way. The tales are presented in morpheme-interlinear transcriptions with first textlinguistic analyses and cultural background information necessary to fully understand them. A summarizing comparative analysis of the texts from a psycholinguistic, anthropological linguistic and philological point of view discusses the underlying schemata of the stories, the means narrators use to structure them, their structural complexity and their cultural specificity.

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