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The Political Economy of Populism

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Book Series: Routledge Frontiers of Political Economy ISBN: 9780367368029 Year: Pages: 108 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:59:09
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"The Political Economy of Populism explores the interplay between identity, the economy and inequality to explain the dynamics of populist votes since the beginning of the 20th century. The book discusses the political and economic implications of populist governance using data on populist incumbencies and linking it to historical data on the macro economy and democracy. Chapters draw from the most recent political science, economics and other social science literature, as well as historical data, to explain the long-term causes and consequences of populism. Populism emerges and gains traction when political entrepreneurs exploit underlying identity conflicts for political gains. As the distributional consequences of both economic distress and economic growth typically favor the elite over the poor and the lower middle class, economic shocks usually sharpen the underlying identity conflicts between the groups. The book provides evidence of significant differences in the ways fiscal and monetary policies are conducted by incumbent populists in Latin America, Europe and the OECD. The work concludes by suggesting avenues through which a 21st century social consensus can be built, so that our society can avoid repeating the mistakes that led to wars and failed economic experiments in the 20th century. This book marks a significant contribution to the study of populism and is suited to students and scholars across the social sciences, including economics, political science and sociology. "

China: Surpassing the “Middle Income Trap”

Authors: ---
Book Series: Contemporary China Studies ISBN: 9789811565403 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-6540-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-10-15 00:05:44
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This open access book explores one of the most fiercely debated issues in China: if and how China will surpass the middle income trap that has plagued many developing countries for years. This book gives readers a clear picture of China today and acts as a reference for other developing countries. China is facing many setbacks and experiencing an economic slowdown in recent years due to some serious issues, and income inequality is one such issue deferring China’s development potential by creating a middle income trap. This book thoroughly investigates both the unpromising factors and favorable conditions for China to overcome the trap. It illustrates that traps may be encountered at any stage of development and argues that political stability is the prerequisite to creating a favorable environment for economic development and addressing this “middle income trap”. Written by one of China's central planners, this book offers precious insights into the industrial policies that are transforming China and the world and will be of interest to China scholars, economists and political scientists.

Faith, Finance, and Economy

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783030387846 Year: Pages: 239 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38784-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Economics --- Business and Management --- Religion
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:47
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This open access book seeks to foster a multidisciplinary understanding of the ties between faith, financial intermediation, and economic progress by drawing on research across economics, finance, history, philosophy, ethics, theology, public policy, law, and other disciplines. Chapters in this edited volume examine themes as consequential as economic opportunities, real world outcomes and faith; values and consumerism; faith, financial intermediation and economic development in Western and Islamic societies; and the impact of faith issues on US workers, on the workplace and religion, and on the characteristics of good wealth. Though engaging with difficult questions, this book is written in an accessible style to be enjoyed by laypeople and scholars alike.

Microfinance 3.0: Reconciling Sustainability with Social Outreach and Responsible Delivery

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ISBN: 9783642417030 9783642417047 Year: Pages: 199 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-41704-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Manufactures --- Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-28 09:49:18
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This book focuses on the achievements, current trends and further potential of microfinance to scale-up and serve many more clients with financial services that enable them to improve their living conditions. The book asks what it takes to achieve sustainable impact: to know your clients and to understand their needs, to treat them in a fair and transparent way, and to safeguard the synthesis between the financial and social dimension of sustainable microfinance. The book also sheds light on the future funding landscape and what is necessary to bring more commercial funders on board while ensuring that these new funders will continue the commitment to responsible finance. While being forward looking, the book reflects the debate on core values of microfinance, triggered by recent criticisms of an approach that was hailed as a panacea in the beginning and which had proved over time as one of the most effective models of development finance. These criticisms emerged over signs of overheating in some markets, particularly the 2010 events in Andhra Pradesh, and turned into an assumption of a worldwide microfinance crisis, putting seriously at stake the good reputation microfinance had enjoyed so far.

Finance for Food

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ISBN: 9783642540332 9783642540349 Year: Pages: 295 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-642-54034-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2014-03-05 12:56:57
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This book reflects the current state of discussion about agricultural and rural finance in developing and transition countries. It provides insight into specific themes, such as commodity value chains, farm banking and risk management in agricultural banking, structured finance, crop insurance, mobile banking and how to increase effectiveness in rural finance. Case studies illustrate various aspects of agricultural and rural finance in developing economies. The book is based on one of the yearly financial Sector Development Symposia held by the KfW Development Bank.

Resurgent Asia

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ISBN: 9780198849513 Year: Pages: 320 DOI: 10.1093/oso/9780198849513.001.0001 Language: English
Publisher: Oxford University Press Grant: UNU WIDER
Subject: Economics --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-03 23:56:40
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Resurgent Asia analyses the phenomenal transformation of Asia, which would have been difficult to imagine, let alone predict, fifty years ago, when Gunnar Myrdal published Asian Drama. In doing so, it provides an analytical narrative of this remarkable story of economic development, situated in its wider context of historical, political, and social factors, and an economic analysis of the underlying factors, with a focus on critical issues in the process of, and outcomes in, development. In 1970, Asia was the poorest continent in the world, marginal except for its large population. By 2016, it accounted for three-tenths of world income, two-fifths of world manufacturing, and one-third of world trade, while its income per capita converged towards the world average. However, this transformation was associated with unequal outcomes across countries and between people. The analysis disaggregates Asia into its four constituent sub-regions—East, Southeast, South, and West—and further into fourteen economies—China, India, South Korea, Indonesia, Turkey, Taiwan, Thailand, Philippines, Malaysia, Singapore, Pakistan, Bangladesh, Vietnam, and Sri Lanka—which account for more than four-fifths of its population and income. This book enhances our understanding of development processes and outcomes in Asia over the past fifty years, draws out the analytical conclusions that contribute to contemporary debates on development, and highlights some lessons from the Asian experience for countries elsewhere. It is the first to examine the phenomenal changes that are transforming economies in Asia and shifting the balance of economic power in the world, while reflecting on the future prospects in Asia over the next twenty-five years. A rich, engaging, and fascinating read.

Advanced Mathematical Methods: Theory and Applications

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783039282463 9783039282470 Year: Pages: 198 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03928-247-0 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Physics (General) --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-07 23:07:08
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The many technical and computational problems that appear to be constantly emerging in various branches of physics and engineering beg for a more detailed understanding of the fundamental mathematics that serves as the cornerstone of our way of understanding natural phenomena. The purpose of this Special Issue was to establish a brief collection of carefully selected articles authored by promising young scientists and the world's leading experts in pure and applied mathematics, highlighting the state-of-the-art of the various research lines focusing on the study of analytical and numerical mathematical methods for pure and applied sciences.

Keywords

ultraparabolic equation --- ultradiffusion process --- probabilistic representation --- mathematical finance --- linear elastostatics --- layer potentials --- fredholmian operators --- fractional differential equations --- fractional derivative --- Abel-type integral --- time delay --- distributed lag --- gamma distribution --- macroeconomics --- Keynesian model --- integral transforms --- Laplace integral transform --- transmutation operator --- generating operator --- integral equations --- differential equations --- operational calculus of Mikusinski type --- Mellin integral transform --- fractional derivative --- fractional integral --- Mittag–Leffler function --- Riemann–Liouville derivative --- Caputo derivative --- Grünwald–Letnikov derivative --- space-time fractional diffusion equation --- fractional Laplacian --- subordination principle --- Mittag-Leffler function --- Bessel function --- exterior calculus --- exterior algebra --- electromagnetism --- Maxwell equations --- differential forms --- tensor calculus --- Fourier Theory --- DFT in polar coordinates --- polar coordinates --- multidimensional DFT --- discrete Hankel Transform --- discrete Fourier Transform --- Orthogonality --- multispecies biofilm --- biosorption --- free boundary value problem --- heavy metals toxicity --- method of characteristics --- relativistic diffusion equation --- Caputo fractional derivatives of a function with respect to another function --- Bessel-Riesz motion --- Mittag–Leffler function --- matrix function --- Schur decomposition --- Laplace transform --- fractional calculus --- central limit theorem --- anomalous diffusion --- stable distribution --- fractional calculus --- power law --- n/a

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