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Chapter 4 Globalisation, mobility and labour in African diasporic fiction (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9781138713864 9781315229546 Year: Pages: 14 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-05-28 11:21:11
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This chapter addresses the entanglement of mobility and labour in the global era, and suggests potential ways to study these issues in contemporary African diasporic fiction.

9 Afghanistan’s Cosmopolitan Trading Networks (Book chapter)

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781474435093 9781474435123 Year: Pages: 26 Language: English
Publisher: Edinburgh University Press Grant: H2020 European Research Council - 669132
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:09
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The focus of this chapter is the city of Yiwu and the nature of Afghan networks present there. By inserting such networks both in the context of the wider global settings, and in terms of the traders’ experience of space in Yiwu, we seek to contribute to an emerging body of literature on Muslim cosmopolitanism in two ways. First, we bring attention to the ways in which the expressions of Muslim cosmopolitanism visible in Yiwu are premised on violent histories of international conflict and interference that have led to massive displacements of the country’s people, as well the bleaching out of the country’s own religious diversity. Secondly, we recognise that if the traders with whom we work are cosmopolitan in some aspects of their lives, then in others they reinforce and sustain collective commitment to national, regional, ideological and confessional identities, identities that are also of critical significance to their activities as traders.

Secure and Efficient IP Mobility Support for Aeronautical Communications

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ISBN: 9783731500018 Year: Pages: XVIII, 304 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000033939 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:58
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Motivated by the future Internet Protocol (IP) based aeronautical telecommunications network supporting air traffic control communications, this thesis specifies a route optimization protocol for Network Mobility (NEMO) that is both secure and efficient.Furthermore, a new certificate model is defined that is particularly suitable for the aeronautical environment.The improvements of the new concepts in terms of security and efficiency are demonstrated and compared to the state of the art.

La Monnaie des frontières : Migrations birmanes dans le sud de la Thaïlande, structure des réseaux et internationalisation des frontières

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9782355960222 DOI: 10.4000/books.irasec.1075 Language: French
Publisher: Institut de recherche sur l’Asie du Sud-Est contemporaine
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:36
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Il est particulièrement difficile de réaliser une enquête qui voudrait combiner les méthodes ethnologique et statistique. Par définition, même si elles ne sont pas exclusives, l’une est qualitative et l’autre quantitative, l’une comme l’autre essaie de combler leur déficit scientifique et épistémologique, avec plus ou moins de succès. Nous ne prétendons pas ici avoir réussi un mariage harmonieux entre les deux méthodes, mais nous avons fait notre possible pour réaliser des projections chiffrées à partir de nos données de terrain et observations tout en les comparant avec les recherches qui ont été beaucoup plus statistiques. Cette étude veut en effet répondre à certaines questions précises : qui, combien, où et comment ? Nous avons établi des statistiques qui ne peuvent être totalement fiables, mais qui donneront une vision plus réaliste que celle existante. En ce qui concerne les études réalisées par des chercheurs, la réalité de l’immigration est certes abordée, mais non dans sa complexité, c’est-à-dire des formes sociales qui ont permis à cette immigration de devenir aussi importante, de l’incroyable complicité et solidarité des organismes officiels qui masquent les véritables chiffres et des conséquences socioculturelles ; nous sommes en présence d’une population nouvelle de plusieurs millions d’individus qui développent des stratégies d’adaptation que nous étudierons. Les chercheurs se consacrent plutôt aux aspects, non négligeables évidemment, sanitaires, éducatifs et d’identité. De manière générale, c’est la prostitution qui retient le plus souvent leur attention. Celle-ci est plus « porteuse » que l’arrivée et la « gestion » des centaines de milliers de travailleurs birmans embarqués chaque année sur des bateaux de pêche qui sont pourtant régulièrement jetés à la mer ou revendus. Toujours est-il que la capacité de résilience de cette communauté birmane est si forte qu’elle en devient presque un moteur économique de développement du sud de la Thaïlande.

Keywords

Thailand --- borders --- fishery --- smuggling --- trafficking --- mobility

Voitures de société et mobilité durable. Diagnostic et enjeux

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: BSI Studies ISBN: 9782800416571 Year: Pages: 316 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions de l'Université de Bruxelles
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-03-31 11:21:03
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La voiture de société est, sans aucun doute, un des avantages de toute nature (ATN) les plus fréquemment proposés par les entreprises à leurs employés. Combien compte-t-on de voitures de société en Belgique ? Quels sont les profils des usagers ? Et quels sont les impacts sociétaux, environnementaux et économiques de cet « avantage » ?

Les attaches de l’homme : Enracinement paysan et logiques migratoires en Inde du Sud

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ISBN: 9791036549786 DOI: 10.4000/books.ifp.5028 Language: French
Publisher: Institut Français de Pondichéry
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-09 12:19:30
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Spectaculaire, l’essor des grandes villes indiennes n'est pas le résultat d’un exode rural qui viderait peu à peu les campagnes. Bien au contraire, la population villageoise continue de croître, et l’essentiel des migrations indiennes sont intra-rurales. Fruit d’une recherche de terrain conduite dans le sud du pays, ce livre éclaire, en des milieux divers, les logiques d’enracinement paysan et les multiples stratégies de mobilité, bien plus complexes que ne le suggèrent les modèles dominants du comportement migratoire. Territoires, ressources, idéologie et parenté dessinent ainsi sans déterminisme sommaire l’éventail des choix possibles, auxquels chaque famille ou presque est confrontée, dans un large cadre socio-économique en constante évolution.

Keywords

rural exodus --- India --- migration --- mobility --- peasant

Plug&Play Places. Lifeworlds of Multilocal Creative Knowledge Workers

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ISBN: 9783110401745 Year: Pages: 424 DOI: 10.2478/9783110401745 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-17 10:32:19
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In post-industrial societies more and more people earn an income in creative knowledge work, a highly flexible labour market segment that demands a geographically mobile workforce. Creative knowledge work is based on an understanding of language, culture and symbolic meanings. This can best be obtained through local and national embeddedness. Yet, this necessity for embeddedness stands in contrast to the demand in geographical mobility. How is this contradiction solved by individuals? What new forms of place attachment does this bring about?This book introduces a showcase of 25 multilocal creative knowledge workers, who live in different countries at the same time. It investigates how continuous mobility becomes part of their lifeworld, and how it changes their feelings of belonging and practices of place attachment. Applying an innovative methodological mix of social phenomenology, hermeneutics and mental mapping, this book takes a detailed look at biographies and the role of places in mobile lifeworlds.Plug&Play Places brings forth the idea that places have to be understood as individual items, which are configured and then plugged into the ‘system’ of the own lifeworld. They can be ‘played’ without great effort once an individual needs to make use of them. This new type of place attachment is a form of subjective standardization of place, which complements the well-known models of objective standardization of places.Plug&Play Places is relevant for scientists who deal with mobility and its impact on individual lifeworlds, with transnational multilocality and with flexibilized labour markets. Furthermore, the book provides a detailed qualitative perspective which can enrich the explanations of quantitative research in the same field. It is an interesting reading also for practitioners engaged in urban planning, housing and real estate development.Robert Nadler holds a doctoral degree in Urban and Local European Studies from the University of Milan-Bicocca. He is a researcher at the Leibniz Institute for Regional Geography and published on creative industries, multilocality and labour mobility.

Security/Mobility

Authors: ---
Book Series: New Approaches to Conflict Analysis ISBN: 9781526107459 9781526108364 Year: DOI: 10.26530/oapen_626401 Language: English
Publisher: Manchester University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100061
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:02:54
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Mobility and security are key themes for students of international politics that assume a globalized world. This book brings together research that looks into the political regulation of movement with research that engages the material enablers of and constraints on such movement. The setup of the book explores overlaps between critical security studies and political geography in order to bridge the gap between disciplines that study aspects of global modernity and its politics and practices. The contributions to this book cover a broad range of topics that are bound together by their focus on both the politics and the material underpinnings of movement. The authors engage diverse themes such as internet infrastructure, the circulation of data, discourses of borders and bordering, bureaucracy, and citizenship, thereby identifying common themes of Security/Mobility today.

Charge Carrier Dynamics in Organometal Halide Perovskite Probed by Time-Resolved Electrical Measurements (Book chapter)

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ISBN: 9789535122456 Year: DOI: 10.5772/61631 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen Grant: FP7 Ideas: European Research Council - 226136
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:48:00
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This chapter presents the fate of the charge carriers from the moment of its photogeneration in the perovskite to injection and transport into electrodes. Time-resolved electrical measurement techniques, terahertz (THz) spectroscopy and microwave (MW) conductivity, are primarily used to deconvolute ultrafast processes and to directly access behavior of charged species from the ps to µs timescales. Transient absorption and photoluminescence spectroscopy were also utilized to gain insight on carrier population dynamics and radiatively recombining charges. Photogenerated charged species were converted into highly mobile charges (µe = 12.5 cm2V-1s-1 and µh = 7.5 cm2V-1s-1) almost instantaneously (< 0.2 ps), while the remaining loosely bounded excitons dissociate into mobile charges after 2-3 ps. This high mobility is maintained for at least 1 ns as obtained by THz spectroscopy, while its lifetime is at least few tens of µs as measured by the MW conductivity technique. Lowering the temperature increases carrier mobilities with T-1.6.Dependence and a 75 meV barrier energy is required for temperature-activated recombination. Finally, injection of hole from MAPbI3 to Spiro-OMeTAD was found to be ultrafast and the state and population of dark holes dictate its recombination.

Cosmópolis: mobilidades culturais

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Humanitas Supplementum ISSN: 21828814 ISBN: 9789892612874 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1288-1 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-01 00:11:02
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Despite its tensions and contradictions, the various discourses on globalization hint at a desire to build a space and time for encounters between worlds and cultures, through the persistence of a dialogue that shortens the distances, but respects the differences. A considerable part of the political, cultural, urban, linguistic shape of the Western world drew inspirations and solutions from the experience of poleis and cosmopoleis of the Ancient World. On the other hand, mobility may even be perceived as a characteristic feature of Luso-Brazilian culture, from the Portuguese Discoveries and their cultural production in the early stages of Jesuit literature in Brazil, especially in José de Anchieta, down to António Vieira, Machado de Assis, Guimarães Rosa, among others. Therefore, the presence and the different hues respecting the topic of mobility and of old cosmopoleis in the reception of Classical Antiquity in Portuguese literature are as well a central theme of the volume.

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