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Imperfect Creatures

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ISBN: 9780472119738 9780472900626 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.4424519 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:03
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Lucinda Cole’s Imperfect Creatures offers the first full-length study of the shifting, unstable, but foundational status of “vermin” as creatures and category in the early modern literary, scientific, and political imagination. In the space between theology and an emergent empiricism, Cole’s argument engages a wide historical swath of canonical early modern literary texts—William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Christopher Marlowe’s The Jew of Malta, Abraham Cowley’s The Plagues of Egypt, Thomas Shadwell’s The Virtuoso, the Earl of Rochester’s “A Ramble in St. James’s Park,” and Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Journal of the Plague Year—alongside other nonliterary primary sources and under-examined archival materials from the period, including treatises on animal trials, grain shortages, rabies, and comparative neuroanatomy. As Cole illustrates, human health and demographic problems—notably those of feeding populations periodically stricken by hunger, disease, and famine—were tied to larger questions about food supplies, property laws, national identity, and the theological imperatives that underwrote humankind’s claim to dominion over the animal kingdom. In this context, Cole’s study indicates, so-called “vermin” occupied liminal spaces between subject and object, nature and animal, animal and the devil, the devil and disease—even reason and madness. This verminous discourse formed a foundational category used to carve out humankind’s relationship to an unpredictable, irrational natural world, but it evolved into a form for thinking about not merely animals but anything that threatened the health of the body politic—humans, animals, and even thoughts.

Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis

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Book Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN: 1875-1288 ISBN: 9783319224602 9783319224619 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:10:30
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

Preternatural

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ISBN: 9781105245022 Year: Pages: 38 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0001.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:46
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The preternatural, as explored by these artists, disturb the ontological boundaries of art, nature and metaphysics. They exist within the folds of classificatory thresholds: both beyond and between nature and supernature; human and animal; vegetable and mineral; living and dead. The confusion between animate and inanimate is a primary concern, a surreality which unites with the preternatural’s love for reveling in the mysterious: bizarre fragments, unreadable words, objects of absurd scale, and distortions of the relativity of time and space flourish throughout this exhibition. Preternatural is the catalogue for a multi-site art exhibition (9 December 2011 through 17 February 2012, in Ottawa, Canada) that draws from the idea that art itself is a form of preternatural pursuit, in which the artists participating explore the bewildering condition of being in between the mundane and the marvelous in nature. It questions a world that understands itself as accessible, reachable, and ‘knowable’ and counters it with a consideration of this heterogenous proposition.

Projektionsfläche Natur. Zum Zusammenhang von Naturbildern und gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen

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ISBN: 9783937816012 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.74 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:24

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This volume collects the revised contributions of a conference that took place in March 2002 at the Warburg-Haus in Hamburg. It was organised as part of the "Nature in Conflict" research project, which was funded by the Volkswagen Foundation within the framework of the "Key Humanities Issues" funding programme. This interdisciplinary project was dedicated to the investigation of mental concepts, images, models and value attributions that belong to the collective fund of our ideas of nature. In this context, the investigations are directed from the perspective of various disciplines - ethnology or social anthropology, history, coastal research in the natural sciences, literature, linguistics and media studies - in particular at those images of nature and models that belong to the argumentations and convictions that are often not discussed.

Ecology & Wonder in the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World heritage Site

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ISBN: 9781897425572 9781897425589 Year: Pages: 384 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Ecology & Wonder makes several remarkable claims: The greatest cultural achievement in the Western Canadian mountain region may be what has been preserved, not what has been developed. Protecting the spine of the Rocky Mountains will preserve crucial ecological functions. Because the process of ecosystem diminishment and species loss has been slowed, an ecological thermostat has been kept alive. This may well be an important defence against future climate change impacts in the Canadian west. Ecology & Wonder is a must-read for those who appreciate Western Canada’s breathtaking landscape.

Jardins, paysage et génie naturel

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ISSN: 9782213669045 ISBN: 9782213669045 9782722601673 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Collège de France
Added to DOAB on : 2014-02-27 14:16:29
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Tout au long de son évolution architecturale et stylistique, le jardin n’a cessé de refléter une vision du monde en s’approchant d’un idéal de vie. À l’origine espace enclos, le jardin change d’échelle au xxe siècle, mû par la conscience d’une finitude écologique : il devient planétaire. Pour préserver cet espace soumis aux lois du marché et de la croissance à tout prix, le jardinier doit se mettre à l’écoute du génie naturel : imaginer, réaliser et entretenir le jardin dans son aspect dynami...

Der Schutz von Natura-2000-Gebieten bei Errichtung und Betrieb von Offshore-Windkraftanlagen - Eine Untersuchung der Tragweite des Habitatschutzrechts auf erteilte und zu erteilende Genehmigungen von Offshore-Windparks

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ISBN: 9783863951917 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-21 11:01:46
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Die Frage nach dem Schutz von Natura-2000-Gebieten bei Errichtung und Betrieb von Offshore-Windkraftanlagen verknüpft eines der bedeutendsten Problemfelder des Naturschutzrechts mit der Diskussion um die Windenergienutzung zur See als Kernbaustein der Energiewende. Die vorliegende Dissertation arbeitet zur Beantwortung dieser Fragestellung die relevanten Regelungen heraus und untersucht deren Auswirkungen auf die Genehmigungen von Offshore-Windparks. Im Einzelnen erfolgt unter anderem eine Erörterung der mit der Genehmigung von Offshore-Windenergieanlagen verbundenen Rechtsfragen sowie die Ermittlung und Einordnung der im Meeresbereich entstandenen und unter Schutz gestellten Natura-2000-Gebiete. Einen weiteren Schwerpunkt der Arbeit bildet die Handhabung des auf Art. 6 Abs. 3 der Flora-Fauna-Habitat-Richtlinie zurückzuführenden Schutzreglements für Natura-2000-Gebiete und die Prüfung der Möglichkeit einer Abweichungsentscheidung nach Art. 6 Abs. 4 der Flora-Fauna-Habitat-Richtlinie. Darüber hinaus wendet sich die Arbeit der Frage zu, inwieweit das Habitatschutzrecht auch für bereits erteilte Genehmigungen für Offshore-Windkraftanlagen von Bedeutung ist und wie entsprechende Pflichten im nationalen Recht zu berücksichtigen sind.

Hungerkrisen - Genese und Bewältigung von Hunger in ausgewählten Territorien Nordwestdeutschlands 1690-1750

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ISBN: 9783863952907 Year: Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-15 11:01:17
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For the people in the Early Modern Age, famines were regularly recurring phenomena. So not less than eight of these crises happened in the areas of Lower Saxony between 1690 and 1750, which had a lasting impact on various aspects of life for the contemporaries. Therefore topics of different historical subdisciplines like economic, social, cultural and environmental history are dealt with in this dissertation. Thus, this thesis aims to bridge the gap between climatically and socially determined patterns of hunger. With the help of the concept of vulnerability it is shown that hunger crises can neither be ascribed to natural processes nor human operations exclusively. In fact they were the outcome of a chain of human-nature-interactions and were perceived as such by the contemporaries. A further emphasis of this book is put on the examination of contemporary coping strategies. The hereby worked out explanatory and interpretive models proved to be determining how the contemporaries tried to cope with hunger on a personal and joint level. Regarding the latter it is shown that famines played a decisive role in the consolidation of leadership in the Early Modern Age. Because of their regular recurrence they worked as focal points of the negotiation of sovereignity between authorities and subjects more than any other crisis situation in this process.

La question animale

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ISBN: 9782753512917 9782753547278 Year: Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Rennes
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-22 17:18:59
License: OpenEdition licence for Books

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Une « question animale » se pose avec insistance aujourd’hui : découvertes majeures en éthologie, avec la mise en évidence de cultures animales ; prolifération de discours philosophiques, d’essais littéraires, de récits consacrés aux bêtes, multipliant les protocoles de relecture qui questionnent les rapports entre la raison et le sensible ; développement d’une « éthique animale » et « environnementale ». Car cet intérêt se dessine sur fond de catastrophe écologique et d’extinction des espèce...

Investigating Human Nature and Communication through Robots

Authors: --- ---
Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889450862 Year: Pages: 111 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88945-086-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Computer Science --- General and Civil Engineering --- Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-07-06 13:27:36
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The development of information technology enabled us to exchange more items of information among us no matter how far we are apart from each other. It also changed our way of communication. Various types of robots recently promoted to be sold to general public hint that these robots may further influence our daily life as they physically interact with us and handle objects in environment. We may even recognize a feel of presence similar to that of human beings when we talk to a robot or when a robot takes part in our conversation. The impact will be strong enough for us to think about the meaning of communication. This e-book consists of various studies that examine our communication influenced by robots. Topics include our attitudes toward robot behaviors, designing robots for better communicating with people, and how people can be affected by communicating through robots.

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