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Imperfect Creatures

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ISBN: 9780472119738 9780472900626 9780472900633 Year: Pages: 240 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.4424519 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103491
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2016-05-22 11:01:03
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Lucinda Cole’s Imperfect Creatures offers the first full-length study of the shifting, unstable, but foundational status of “vermin” as creatures and category in the early modern literary, scientific, and political imagination. In the space between theology and an emergent empiricism, Cole’s argument engages a wide historical swath of canonical early modern literary texts—William Shakespeare’s Macbeth, Christopher Marlowe’s The Jew of Malta, Abraham Cowley’s The Plagues of Egypt, Thomas Shadwell’s The Virtuoso, the Earl of Rochester’s “A Ramble in St. James’s Park,” and Daniel Defoe’s Robinson Crusoe and Journal of the Plague Year—alongside other nonliterary primary sources and under-examined archival materials from the period, including treatises on animal trials, grain shortages, rabies, and comparative neuroanatomy. As Cole illustrates, human health and demographic problems—notably those of feeding populations periodically stricken by hunger, disease, and famine—were tied to larger questions about food supplies, property laws, national identity, and the theological imperatives that underwrote humankind’s claim to dominion over the animal kingdom. In this context, Cole’s study indicates, so-called “vermin” occupied liminal spaces between subject and object, nature and animal, animal and the devil, the devil and disease—even reason and madness. This verminous discourse formed a foundational category used to carve out humankind’s relationship to an unpredictable, irrational natural world, but it evolved into a form for thinking about not merely animals but anything that threatened the health of the body politic—humans, animals, and even thoughts.

Keywords

literature --- nature --- animals

Biodiversity Conservation and Phylogenetic Systematics: Preserving our evolutionary heritage in an extinction crisis

Authors: ---
Book Series: Topics in Biodiversity and Conservation ISSN: 1875-1288 ISBN: 9783319224602 9783319224619 Year: Volume: 14 Pages: 390 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-22461-9 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Microbiology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:10:30
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This book is about phylogenetic diversity as an approach to reduce biodiversity losses in this period of mass extinction. Chapters in the first section deal with questions such as the way we value phylogenetic diversity among other criteria for biodiversity conservation; the choice of measures; the loss of phylogenetic diversity with extinction; the importance of organisms that are deeply branched in the tree of life, and the role of relict species. The second section is composed by contributions exploring methodological aspects, such as how to deal with abundance, sampling effort, or conflicting trees in analysis of phylogenetic diversity. The last section is devoted to applications, showing how phylogenetic diversity can be integrated in systematic conservation planning, in EDGE and HEDGE evaluations. This wide coverage makes the book a reference for academics, policy makers and stakeholders dealing with biodiversity conservation.

Nature et paysages : L’émergence d’une nouvelle subjectivité à la Renaissance

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ISBN: 9782357231252 DOI: 10.4000/books.enc.740 Language: French
Publisher: Publications de l’École nationale des chartes
Subject: Languages and Literatures
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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La fin du Moyen Âge et la Renaissance sont un moment essentiel dans l'émergence du sujet en tant qu'auteur rendant compte d'une expérience particulière d'interprétation et/ou d'existence. Les éléments naturels et le paysage ont leur part dans la constitution de cette identité. Les études réunies ici interrogent cette relation entre la nature et la subjectivité, essentiellement à partir des représentations littéraires et au travers de plusieurs axes de réflexion. Comment les éléments naturels sont-ils convoqués pour participer à l'émergence du sujet ? Comment la description subjective de la nature contribue-t-elle à la naissance du paysage ? Quel rôle tient la médiation spirituelle entre l'homme et la nature, œuvre de la création divine ? En fin de compte, à quoi servent les éléments naturels sinon à ce que le sujet se connaisse mieux et se situe par rapport au monde et à l'autre, humain ou divin ?

Libertà e Natura : Prospettive schellinghiane

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ISBN: 9788878856028 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.1103 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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La natura della libertà è in fondo la libertà della natura stessa, ossia la sua insopprimibile soggettività. Attorno a questa inestricabile relazione, illuminata e indagata a fondo dalla filosofia di Schelling, alcuni fra i più autorevoli interpreti contemporanei s’interrogano sull’impossibile sistema del sapere a cui il filosofo tedesco lavorò per tutta la vita, individuando proprio nella libertà quel fondamento necessario eppure apparentemente inattuabile. Il risultato è un quadro composito e aggiornato degli esiti in ambito teoretico, etico ed estetico della filosofia di Schelling, che oggi vive una rinascita di livello internazionale.

Keywords

Schelling --- freedom --- nature --- philosophy

Cos’è il naturale : Natura, persona, agire morale

Author:
ISBN: 9788878854437 DOI: 10.4000/books.res.971 Language: Italian
Publisher: Rosenberg & Sellier
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:52
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Il libro ripropone le lezioni tenute da Robert Spaemann nel corso del decimo ciclo della Scuola di Alta Formazione Filosofica, svoltosi a Torino dal 24 al 28 ottobre 2011. Nella versione che presentiamo ai lettori si alternano testi desunti direttamente dalla registrazione e saggi già precedentemente pubblicati, dalla cui lettura Spaemann effettivamente aveva preso le mosse per le sue lezioni, dalle quali vengono riportati dibattiti e chiarimenti avvenuti. Per comprendere la posizione di Spaemann giova soffermarsi in particolare sul primo capitolo, che non ha solo valore introduttivo, ma delinea in modo sintetico e assai efficace il nucleo centrale delle proposte teoriche del filosofo tedesco. Esplicito in Spaemann il riferimento alla tradizione classica, a partire da Aristotele, ma è nondimeno chiaro che un puro e semplice ritorno a quelle filosofie non può aver luogo senza un accurato confronto con gli sviluppi moderni della filosofia e delle scienze. Come osserva Spaemann, l’uomo della modernità ha rimosso il riferimento a una teleologia e abbandonato il concetto di vita, avendoli ritenuti punti di riferimento inservibili.

Keywords

art --- nature --- person --- philosophy

L'homme et la forêt en Languedoc-Roussillon : Histoire et économie des espaces boisés

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ISBN: 9782354123437 DOI: 10.4000/books.pupvd.5772 Language: French
Publisher: Presses universitaires de Perpignan
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-10 12:25:11
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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De la Margeride à la Cerdagne, du Pays de Sault aux Cévennes, le Languedoc-Roussillon est riche de plus de 900 000 hectares de forêts, produisant chaque année 700 000 mètres cubes de bois brut. Qu'elles soient de valeur inégale, souvent peu denses, fragiles, vulnérables au feu, personne n'en disconvient. Cependant, elles sont liées étroitement à l'histoire des communautés rurales et urbaines de la région. Bien sûr, les usagers de nos forêts n'en ont fait qu'à leur tête. Les verriers, les maîtres de forges, mais aussi les charpentiers de marine, les négociants de bois de feu, les sabotiers, les fabricants de peignes de buis, toute une multitude d'usagers ont puisé parfois anarchiquement dans une ressource limitée. Esquisser l'histoire des rapports hommes-forêt, c'est recenser ces usages avec leurs outrances, leur méconnaissance parfois des règles sylvicoles, c'est relire les procès-verbaux de délits, c'est mettre en lumière les luttes des communautés villageoises pour obtenir des droits d'usage dans les bois de la souveraineté, c'est tenter de comprendre ce lien un peu mystérieux qui nous ramène à la forêt. Toujours, elle nous sert de repère, elle cristallise nos rêves de nature. Elle grandit au fil du temps. Elle ne doit pas mourir puisqu'elle fait partie de ce patrimoine que nous devons sauvegarder afin de mieux le transmettre.

Sport, nature et développement durable : Une question de génération ?

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9782858925353 DOI: 10.4000/books.msha.3337 Language: French
Publisher: Maison des Sciences de l’Homme d’Aquitaine
Subject: Sports Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:39
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Aujourd’hui, plus que jamais, le fait sportif est envisagé sous l’angle du développement durable. Ce dernier, qui est autant sinon plus une perspective ouvrant sur le futur qu’une réalité tangible, fournit l’occasion d’interroger les pratiques sportives d’aujourd’hui. Les activités de pleine nature, qui ont connu un essor spectaculaire, doivent se montrer respectueuses de l’environnement et des activités économiques locales (élevage, agriculture, par exemple). Les aménagements pour le sport (les équipements et leur desserte, les structures d’accueil, les sites, les itinéraires) donnent matière à des consignes très strictes afin de protéger les lieux. Les comportements des publics de pratiquants (au quotidien, de fin de semaine, en séjour de vacances ou selon d’autres modalités de fréquentation) font l’objet de préconisations précises en appelant à une conduite responsable et à ce que l’on désigne comme une attitude relevant de l’éco-responsabilité ou de l’éco-citoyenneté. Des champions et des championnes qui brillent dans les sports de pleine nature se mobilisent pour promouvoir cette noble cause.

Preternatural

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781105245022 Year: Pages: 38 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0001.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-06-12 09:24:46
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The preternatural, as explored by these artists, disturb the ontological boundaries of art, nature and metaphysics. They exist within the folds of classificatory thresholds: both beyond and between nature and supernature; human and animal; vegetable and mineral; living and dead. The confusion between animate and inanimate is a primary concern, a surreality which unites with the preternatural’s love for reveling in the mysterious: bizarre fragments, unreadable words, objects of absurd scale, and distortions of the relativity of time and space flourish throughout this exhibition. Preternatural is the catalogue for a multi-site art exhibition (9 December 2011 through 17 February 2012, in Ottawa, Canada) that draws from the idea that art itself is a form of preternatural pursuit, in which the artists participating explore the bewildering condition of being in between the mundane and the marvelous in nature. It questions a world that understands itself as accessible, reachable, and ‘knowable’ and counters it with a consideration of this heterogenous proposition.

Projektionsfläche Natur. Zum Zusammenhang von Naturbildern und gesellschaftlichen Verhältnissen

Author:
ISBN: 9783937816012 Year: Pages: 352 DOI: 10.15460/HUP.74 Language: German
Publisher: Hamburg University Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:33:24

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This volume collects the revised contributions of a conference that took place in March 2002 at the Warburg-Haus in Hamburg. It was organised as part of the "Nature in Conflict" research project, which was funded by the Volkswagen Foundation within the framework of the "Key Humanities Issues" funding programme. This interdisciplinary project was dedicated to the investigation of mental concepts, images, models and value attributions that belong to the collective fund of our ideas of nature. In this context, the investigations are directed from the perspective of various disciplines - ethnology or social anthropology, history, coastal research in the natural sciences, literature, linguistics and media studies - in particular at those images of nature and models that belong to the argumentations and convictions that are often not discussed.

Ecology & Wonder in the Canadian Rocky Mountain Parks World heritage Site

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ISBN: 9781897425572 9781897425589 Year: Pages: 384 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Ecology & Wonder makes several remarkable claims: The greatest cultural achievement in the Western Canadian mountain region may be what has been preserved, not what has been developed. Protecting the spine of the Rocky Mountains will preserve crucial ecological functions. Because the process of ecosystem diminishment and species loss has been slowed, an ecological thermostat has been kept alive. This may well be an important defence against future climate change impacts in the Canadian west. Ecology & Wonder is a must-read for those who appreciate Western Canada’s breathtaking landscape.

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