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Famílias no campo : Passado e presente em duas freguesias do Baixo Minho

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ISBN: 9791036516221 DOI: 10.4000/books.etnograficapress.2355 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Etnográfica Press
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-06 13:15:31
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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É uma paisagem verde, de luminosidade variável mas intensa, salpicada de casas e fábricas, onde se desenham montes de baixo relevo, pequenas bouças de pinheiros, campos em rectângulo e uma variedade mal organizada de caminhos, atalhos e estradas. O que mais impressiona hoje no Baixo Minho é o movimento constante, de pessoas e veículos, dos que se deslocam dez, vinte ou trinta quilómetros para ir e vir do emprego, da escola ou da praia ao domingo. Os que trabalham no campo, esses, cruzam-se mais devagar no espaço da própria aldeia, a pé ou de tractor, e quase sempre sozinhos ou em grupos de dois ou três. Aí, ao contrário da paisagem verde e húmida, a mudança social é bem visível: no campo onde, há cinquenta anos, um lavrador dirigia um colectivo de trabalhadores, composto pelos seus familiares, criados e jornaleiros, encontra-se agora um agricultor solitário montado no tractor. Nas casas também se encontram continuidades e rupturas. As novas, de janelas e jardim virados para a estrada, abrigam famílias de operários fabris, empregados, pequenos empresários ou, ainda, agricultores que preferem construir uma casa nova e abandonar a antiga, a casa de lavoura granítica e resguardada do olhar público pelos muros envolventes.

Disrupted Development and the Future of Inequality in the Age of Automation

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Book Series: Rethinking International Development series ISBN: 9783030301316 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30131-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:07
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This open access book examines the future of inequality, work and wages in the age of automation with a focus on developing countries. The authors argue that the rise of a global ‘robot reserve army’ has profound effects on labor markets and economic development, but, rather than causing mass unemployment, new technologies are more likely to lead to stagnant wages and premature deindustrialization. The book illuminates the debate on the impact of automation upon economic development, in particular issues of poverty, inequality and work. It highlights public policy responses and strategies–ranging from containment to coping mechanisms—to confront the effects of automation.

Emerging States at Crossroads

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Book Series: Emerging-Economy State and International Policy Studies ISBN: 9789811328596 Year: Pages: 293 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2859-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics --- Political Science --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:25
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This book is open access under a CC BY-NC-ND license. This volume analyzes the economic, social, and political challenges that emerging states confront today. Notwithstanding the growing importance of the ‘emerging states’ in global affairs and governance, many problems requiring immediate solutions have emerged at home largely as a consequence of the rapid economic development and associated sociopolitical changes. The middle-income trap is a major economic challenge faced by emerging states. This volume regards interest coordination for technological upgrading as crucial to avoid the trap and examines how various emerging states are grappling with this challenge by fostering public-private cooperation, voluntary associations of market players, and/or social networks. Social disparity is another serious problem. It is deeply rooted in history in the emerging states such as South Africa and many Latin American countries. However, income distribution is recently deteriorating even in East Asia that was once praised for its high economic growth with equity. Increasing pressure for political opening is another challenge for emerging states. This volume argues that the economic, social, and political problems are interwoven in the sense that the emerging states need to build political consensus in order to tackle the economic and social difficulties. Democratic institutions have not always been successful in this respect.

Jahrbuch für Kulturpolitik 2015/16

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Book Series: Jahrbuch für Kulturpolitik ISBN: 9783839435120 9783837635126 Year: Pages: 528 DOI: 10.14361/9783839435120 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-03 11:01:24
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With the realisation of German unity, cultural policies have also changed - conceptually as well as instrumentally. It would be too short-sighted, however, if one were to frame this transformation as the direct result of German unity. It is also necessary to take into account that it occures in the context of a not only European but also global social shift. The "2015 Yearbook for Cultural Politics" contains the contributions from the eighth Federal Congress for Cultural Politics, entitled "Kultur.Macht.Einheit?" ("Culture.Power.Unity?"), which featured presentations be figures such as Monika Grütters, Wolfgang Thierse, Norbert Lammert, and Tim Renner. Additional articles extrapolate on this extensive field and broaden the range of perspectives on the phenomenon of transformation.

Indigenous Cultures and Sustainable Development in Latin America

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ISBN: 9783030370237 Year: Pages: 253 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-37023-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General) --- History --- Migration
Added to DOAB on : 2020-05-14 09:29:34
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This open access book outlines development theory and practice over time as well as critically interrogates the “cultural turn” in development policy in Latin American indigenous communities, specifically, in Guatemala, Honduras, Ecuador, and Bolivia. It becomes apparent that culturally sustainable development is both a new and old idea, which is simultaneously traditional and modern, and that it is a necessary iteration in thinking on development. This new strain of thought could inform not only the work of development practitioners, graduate students, and theorists working in the Global South, but in the Global North as well.

Paths and Rivers; Sa’dan Toraja Society in Transformation

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183079 9789004253858 Year: Volume: 253 Pages: xxxii + 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377535 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Fieldwork extending over a thirty-year period provided materials for this book. Paths and Rivers offers an unusually deep and broad picture of the Sa’dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the course of the past century. The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are well known for their dramatic architecture, their unusual cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial life, which places extraordinary economic demands on individuals and families. The analysis is informed, firstly, by a comparative perspective which sets Toraja social structure in the context of the Austronesian world. Secondly, the author delves deeply into Toraja social memory to show how people think about the past. She examines the usefulness of history and myth in the present as a source of identity, a template for action, or a resource by means of which to claim precedence. The book gives a clear picture of the structure and ethos of the indigenous Toraja religion, the Aluk To Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’, with its complex cycle of rituals. The book concludes with an analysis of the ceremonial economy, which draws upon both domestic subsistence production and the global market economy. Paths and Rivers draws together a fascinating picture of one society’s journey into modernity. Roxana Waterson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. She is also the author of The living house: an anthropology of architecture in Southeast Asia (3rd ed., Thames and Hudson, 1997) and Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (Singapore University Press/Ohio University Press, 2007).

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