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Soziale Netzwerke und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten

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ISBN: 9783658216597 Year: Pages: 421 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-658-21659-7 Language: German
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Public Health --- Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:21
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In diesem Buch wird die Perspektive der soziologischen, psychologischen und gesundheitswissenschaftlichen Netzwerkforschung für die Erklärung des Zusammenhangs zwischen sozialen und gesundheitlichen Ungleichheiten fokussiert. Unterschiedliche theoretische und methodische Zugänge werden vorgestellt, der internationale und der nationale Forschungsstand werden aufgearbeitet und eine Reihe von Forschungslücken benannt. Das Buch soll als Ausgangspunkt für eine neue Perspektive in der gesundheitssoziologischen Forschung zur Entstehung und Persistenz gesundheitlicher Ungleichheiten dienen und dabei die Rolle sozialer Netzwerke hervorheben. Der Inhalt Theoretische und methodische Grundlagen • Lebenslauf • Ungleichheitsdimensionen • Desiderata: Soziale Netzwerk und gesundheitliche Ungleichheiten – welche Fragen bleiben offen? Die Herausgeber PD Dr. Andreas Klärner ist Wissenschaftlicher Rat am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume und Privatdozent an der Wirtschafts- und Sozialwissenschaftlichen Fakultät der Universität Rostock. PD Dr. Markus Gamper ist Akademischer Rat am Institut für vergleichende Bildungsforschung und Sozialwissenschaften der Universität zu Köln. Dr. Sylvia Keim - Klärner ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Thünen-Institut für Ländliche Räume in Braunschweig. Dr. Irene Moor ist Wissenschaftliche Mitarbeiterin am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) an der Martin-Luther-Universität Halle-Wittenberg. Prof. Dr. Holger von der Lippe ist Professor für Entwicklungspsychologie an der Fakultät Naturwissenschaften der MSB Medical School Berlin. Dr. Nico Vonneilich ist Wissenschaftlicher Mitarbeiter am Institut für Medizinische Soziologie (IMS) des Universitätsklinikums Hamburg-Eppendorf (UKE).

A Philosophical Examination of Social Justice and Child Poverty

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ISBN: 9781137426024 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.1057/9781137426024 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: History --- Migration --- Philosophy --- Social Sciences --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:04
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This book is open access under a CCBY license. This book investigates child poverty from a philosophical perspective. It identifies the injustices of child poverty, relates them to the well-being of children, and discusses who has a moral responsibility to secure social justice for children.

Development in Turbulent Times

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ISBN: 9783030113612 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11361-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:10
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This open access book explores the most recent trends in the EU in terms of development, progress, and performance. Ten years after the 2008 economic crisis, and amidst a digital revolution that is intensifying the development race, the European Union, and especially Central and Eastern Europe, are ardently searching for their development priorities. Against this background, by relying on a cross-national perspective, the authors reflect upon the developmental challenges of the moment, such as sustainable development, reducing inequality, ensuring social cohesion, and driving the digital revolution. They particularly focus on the relation between the less-developed Eastern part of the EU and its more developed Western counterpart, and discuss the consequences of this development gap in detail. Lastly, the book presents a range of case studies from different areas of governance, such as economy and commerce, health services, education, migration and public opinion in order to investigate the trends most likely to impact the European Union's medium and long-term development.

Socioeconomic Inequality and Educational Outcomes

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Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030119911 Year: Pages: 83 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11991-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Sociology --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:18

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This open access book focuses on trends in educational inequality using twenty years of grade 8 student data collected from 13 education systems by the IEA’s Trends in Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) between 1995 and 2015. While the overall positive association between family socioeconomic status (SES) and student achievement is well documented in the literature, the magnitude of this relationship is contingent on social contexts and is expected to vary by education system. Research on how such associations differ across societies and how the strength of these relationships has changed over time is limited. This study, therefore, addresses an important research and policy question by examining changes in the inequality of educational outcomes due to SES over this 20-year period, and also examines the extent to which the performance of students from disadvantaged backgrounds has improved over time in each education system. Education systems generally aim to narrow the achievement gap between low- and high-SES students and to improve the performance of disadvantaged students. However, the lack of quantifiable and comprehensible measures makes it difficult to assess and monitor the effect of such efforts. In this study, a novel measure of SES that is consistent across all TIMSS cycles allows students to be categorized into different socioeconomic groups. This measure of SES may also contribute to future research using TIMSS trend data. Readers will gain new insight into how educational inequality has changed in the education systems studied and how such change may relate to the more complex picture of macroeconomic changes in those societies.

From Colonialism to International Aid

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Book Series: Global Dynamics of Social Policy ISBN: 9783030382001 Year: Pages: 384 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-38200-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Social Sciences --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-07-15 23:58:06
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This open access volume addresses the role of external actors in social protection in the Global South, from the Second World War until today, analysing the influence of colonial powers, superpowers during the Cold War and contemporary donor agencies. Following an introduction to the analysis of external actors in social policy making in the Global South, the contributions explore which external actors were dominant in the decades after World War II, and how they shaped early and contemporary social protection making in developing countries. The latter half of the collection elucidates important players in the contemporary transnational social policy arena, such as donor organizations and international organizations, and critically evaluates the potential for and limits of the explanatory power of external actors in social protection making in the Global South, considering the relative contribution of external and domestic influences. By examining how transnational relationships and external actors have influenced the formation, development and transformation of social policies in the developing world, this collection will be an invaluable resource for scholars interested in social protection in the Global South from a range of disciplines. These include political science, social policy, and sociology, as well as historians of the welfare state, international relations scholars and scholars working on global and transnational social policy and development policy.

Youth Transitions among Descendants of Turkish Immigrants in Amsterdam and Strasbourg:

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Book Series: IMISCOE Research Series ISBN: 9783030117900 Year: Pages: 147 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-11790-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- History --- Migration --- Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:08
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This open access book maps the youth transitions of descendants of migrants from Turkey living in Amsterdam and Strasbourg, through a comparative mixed-methods research design. As such, it is of interest to discussions in youth sociology, social mobility and second-generation research. The book follows transition trajectories of the second-generation, from school to activity or inactivity in the labour market, to marriage or further study and, deepens our understanding of transitions by unravelling the macro and micro mechanisms behind individual pathways. On the one hand, the author reveals the ongoing significance of distinct macro institutional settings as well as social structures such as social class, ethnicity and gender in shaping the youth transition experience. On the other, she shows that youth transitions are not predestined to social reproduction when institutional and social structures create conditions for the development of resources necessary for social mobility. Therefore, through an examination of how immigrants’ descendants develop forms of capital in their social trajectories, in relation to institutional and social structures, the book advances the theoretical discussion on Bourdieu’s capital theory. Moreover, in times when native-born descendants of immigrants are at the forefront of public debate being subjected to normative integration demands, the book significantly shifts the lens and draws our attention to the daily challenges and realities faced by ethnic minority youth.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 3

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Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811550058 Year: Pages: 489 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5005-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:57:31
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This open access book brings together oral histories that record the experiences of individuals with intellectual disabilities in Shanghai as they participate in their careers. Employees with intellectual disabilities describe their experiences seeking, attaining, and maintaining employment. Their managers, colleagues, and family members also provide keen insight into the challenges and opportunities these individuals have encountered in the process of securing employment. An appendix provides a compilation of employment policies related to people with intellectual disabilities, particularly with respect to Shanghai.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 1

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Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811551321 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5132-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:58:43
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This open access book is unique in presenting the first oral history of individuals with an intellectual disability and their families in China. In this summary volume and the two accompanying volumes that follow, individuals with an intellectual disability tell their life stories, while their family members, teachers, classmates, and co-workers describe their professional, academic, and family relationships. Besides interview transcripts, each volume provides observations and records in real time the daily experiences of people with an intellectual disability. Drawing on the methodologies of sociology and oral history, the summary volume provides an unprecedented account of how people with intellectual disabilities in China understand themselves while also examining pertinent issues of public policy and civil society that have ramifications beyond the field of disability itself.

An Oral History of the Special Olympics in China Volume 2

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Book Series: Economy and Social Inclusion ISBN: 9789811551284 Year: Pages: 567 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-15-5128-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Sociology --- Social Sciences --- Economics --- History --- Public Health --- Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-16 23:59:47
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This open access book contains the oral histories that were inspired by the work of the Special Olympics in conjunction with the 50th anniversary of its founding. The foreword and prefatory materials provide an overview of the Special Olympics and its growth in the People’s Republic of China. The sections that follow record interview transcripts of individuals with intellectual disabilities living in Shanghai. In addition to chronicling the involvement of these individuals and their families in the Special Olympics movement, the interview transcripts also capture their daily lives and how they have navigated school and work.

Paths and Rivers; Sa’dan Toraja Society in Transformation

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Book Series: Verhandelingen van het Koninklijk Instituut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde ISBN: 9789067183079 9789004253858 Year: Volume: 253 Pages: xxxii + 510 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_377535 Language: English
Publisher: Brill
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Fieldwork extending over a thirty-year period provided materials for this book. Paths and Rivers offers an unusually deep and broad picture of the Sa’dan Toraja as a society in dynamic transition over the course of the past century. The Toraja inhabit the mountainous highlands of South Sulawesi, Indonesia, and are well known for their dramatic architecture, their unusual cliff burials, and their flamboyant ceremonial life, which places extraordinary economic demands on individuals and families. The analysis is informed, firstly, by a comparative perspective which sets Toraja social structure in the context of the Austronesian world. Secondly, the author delves deeply into Toraja social memory to show how people think about the past. She examines the usefulness of history and myth in the present as a source of identity, a template for action, or a resource by means of which to claim precedence. The book gives a clear picture of the structure and ethos of the indigenous Toraja religion, the Aluk To Dolo or ‘Way of the Ancestors’, with its complex cycle of rituals. The book concludes with an analysis of the ceremonial economy, which draws upon both domestic subsistence production and the global market economy. Paths and Rivers draws together a fascinating picture of one society’s journey into modernity. Roxana Waterson is Associate Professor in the Department of Sociology, National University of Singapore. She is also the author of The living house: an anthropology of architecture in Southeast Asia (3rd ed., Thames and Hudson, 1997) and Southeast Asian lives: Personal narratives and historical experience (Singapore University Press/Ohio University Press, 2007).

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