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Sociétés en réseaux dans le monde musulman médiéval

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ISBN: 9782735508785 DOI: 10.4000/books.cths.2318 Language: French
Publisher: Éditions du Comité des travaux historiques et scientifiques
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-12 11:49:49
License: OpenEdition Licence for Books

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Les chercheurs qui ont présenté leurs travaux dans notre atelier lors du Congrès du CTHS, se donnent pour programme d’apporter des éclairages sur ces sociétés du monde musulman médiéval par la méthode des networking studies. Nous le faisons dans une démarche où l’étude des sociétés par les relations que les personnes et les groupes développent pour former des réseaux nous paraît un outil opératoire pour donner des éléments de compréhension du monde étudié. Et, dans la mesure où les groupes ne sont pas postulés, mais où ils sont observés à la lumière du tissu relationnel qu’ils élaborent, ils nous semblent mieux rendre compte du réel que des catégorisations a priori. Cette méthode a en outre l’avantage de faire entrer dans un schème de compréhension les multi-appartenances. Précisons d’emblée qu’il ne faut pas s’attendre à ce que ce surcroît d’intelligibilité que nous espérons donner au monde musulman médiéval offre des clefs pour la compréhension du monde musulman contemporain. Pour cela, il vaut mieux chercher du côté de la géopolitique du siècle dernier depuis la Déclaration Balfour, les accords Sykes-Picot, jusqu’aux guerres du Golfe…

Plastidules to Humans - Leopoldo Maggi (1840-1905) and Ernst Haeckel´s naturalist philosophy in the Kingdom of Italy

Authors: ---
Book Series: Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology ISBN: 9783941875975 Year: Pages: 182 DOI: 10.17875/gup2011-700 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Sports Science --- Biology --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2014-12-05 11:01:09
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The name DGGTB (Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie; German Society for the History and Theory of Biology) reflects recent history as well as German tradition. The Society is a relatively late addition to a series of German societies of science and medicine that began with the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte der Medizin und der Naturwissenschaften«, founded in 1910 by Leipzig University's Karl Sudhoff (1853-1938), who wrote: »We want to establish a ,German' society in order to gather German-speaking historians together in our special disciplines so that they form the core of an international society...«. Yet Sudhoff, at this time of burgeoning academic internationalism, was »quite willing« to accommodate the wishes of a number of founding members and »drop the word German in the title of the Society and have it merge with an international society«. The founding and naming of the Society at that time derived from a specific set of historical circumstances, and the same was true some 80 years later when in 1991, in the wake of German reunification, the »Deutsche Gesellschaft für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie« was founded. From the start, the Society has been committed to bringing studies in the history and philosophy of biology to a wide audience, using for this purpose its Jahrbuch für Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie. Parallel to the Jahrbuch, the Verhandlungen zur Geschichte und Theorie der Biologie has become the by now traditional medium for the publication of papers delivered at the Society's annual meetings. In 2005 the Jahrbuch was renamed Annals of the History and Philosophy of Biology, reflecting the Society's internationalist aspirations in addressing comparative biology as a subject of historical and philosophical studies.

Rethinking Gamification

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ISBN: 9783957960009 9783957960016 9783957960023 Year: Pages: 344 DOI: 10.14619/001 Language: English
Publisher: meson press
Subject: Media and communication
Added to DOAB on : 2016-06-07 18:27:26
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Gamification marks a major change to everyday life. It describes the permeation of economic, political, and social contexts by game-elements such as awards, rule structures, and interfaces that are inspired by video games. Sometimes the term is reduced to the implementation of points, badges, and leaderboards as incentives and motivations to be productive. Sometimes it is envisioned as a universal remedy to deeply transform society toward more humane and playful ends. Despite its use by corporations to manage brand communities and personnel, however, gamification is more than just a marketing buzzword. States are beginning to use it as a new tool for governing populations more effectively. It promises to fix what is wrong with reality by making every single one of us fitter, happier, and healthier. Indeed, it seems like all of society is up for being transformed into one massive game.The contributions in this book offer a candid assessment of the gamification hype. They trace back the historical roots of the phenomenon and explore novel design practices and methods. They critically discuss its social implications and even present artistic tactics for resistance. It is time to rethink gamification!

Disability Studies and Spanish Culture

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Book Series: Representations: Health, Disability, Culture and Society ISBN: 9781846318702 9781781386415 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Liverpool University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100313
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:01:34
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Disability Studies and Spanish Culture is the first book to apply the tenets of Disability Studies to the Spanish context. In particular, this work is an important corrective to existing cultural studies of disability in Spain that tend to largely ignore intellectual disabilities. Taking on the representation of Down syndrome, autism, alexia/agnosia as well as childhood disability, its chapters combine close readings of a number of Spanish cultural products (films, novels, the comic/graphic novel and the public exhibition) with a broader socio-cultural take on the state of disability in Spain. While researchers and students of cinema will be particularly interested in the book’s detailed analyses of the formal aspects of the films, comics, and novels discussed, readers from backgrounds in history, political science and sociology will all be able to appreciate discussions of contemporary legislation, advocacy groups, cultural perceptions, models of social integration and more.

Clio’s Lives

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760461430 Year: Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-05 11:02:26
License: ANU Press

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Including contributions from leading scholars in the field from both Australia and North America, this collection explores diverse approaches to writing the lives of historians and ways of assessing the importance of doing so. Beginning with the writing of autobiographies by historians, the volume then turns to biographical studies, both of historians whose writings were in some sense nation-defining and those who may be regarded as having had a major influence on defining the discipline of history. The final section explores elements of collective biography, linking these to the formation of historical networks. A concluding essay by Barbara Caine offers a critical appraisal of the study of historians’ biographies and autobiographies to date, and maps out likely new directions for future work.

Where Truth Lies

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ISBN: 9780520972117 9780520300934 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.80 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: Political Science --- Media and communication --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-07 11:21:03
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"This boldly original book traces the evolution of documentary film and photography as they migrated onto digital platforms during the first decades of the twenty-first century. Kris Fallon examines the emergence of several key media forms—social networking and crowdsourcing, video games and virtual environments, big data and data visualization—and demonstrates the formative influence of political conflict and the documentary film tradition on their evolution and cultural integration. Focusing on particular moments of political rupture, Fallon argues that ideological rifts inspired the adoption and adaptation of newly available technologies to encourage social mobilization and political action, a function performed for much of the previous century by independent documentary film. Positioning documentary film and digital media side by side in the political sphere, Fallon asserts that “truth” now lies in a new set of media forms and discursive practices that implicitly shape the documentation of everything from widespread cultural spectacles like wars and presidential elections to more invisible or isolated phenomena like the Abu Ghraib torture scandal or the “fake news” debates of 2016.&#xD;“Looking at a unique and intriguing set of ‘hybrid media,’ Fallon convincingly makes a claim about a change in the form of new media, one linking politics, aesthetics, and technology.” ALEXANDRA JUHASZ, Brooklyn College, CUNY&#xD;“Where Truth Lies does the difficult and much-needed work of unpacking how the documentary impulse is shifting in the digital age, both through the profound influence of digital aesthetics and computational thinking and through the ways traditional documentary is infusing digital expression.” JENNIFER MALKOWSKI, author of Dying in Full Detail: Mortality and Digital Documentary&#xD;KRIS FALLON is Assistant Professor of Cinema and Digital Media at the University of California, Davis."&#xD;

Queer-Feminist Punk

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ISBN: 9783902902276 Year: Pages: 432 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_574668 Language: English
Publisher: Zaglossus Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 241
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 11:02:09
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This history makes use of anti-social theory to take a broad andmultifaceted look at queer-feminist punk—from its origins in the1980s to its contemporary influences on the Occupy movementand Pussy Riot activism.

Noise Thinks the Anthropocene: An Experiment in Noise Poetics

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ISBN: 9781950192052 9781950192069 Year: Pages: 162 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0244.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Music
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:03
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In an increasingly technologized and connected world, it seems as if noise must be increasing. Noise, however, is a complicated term with a complicated history. Noise can be traced through structures of power, theories of knowledge, communication, and scientific practice, as well as through questions of art, sound, and music. Thus, rather than assume that it must be increasing, this work has focused on better understanding the various ways that noise is defined, what that noise can do, and how we can use noise as a strategically political tactic. Noise Thinks the Anthropocene is a textual experiment in noise poetics that uses the growing body of research into noise as source material. It is an experiment in that it results from indeterminate means, alternative grammar, and experimental thinking. The outcome was not predetermined. It uses noise to explain, elucidate, and evoke (akin to other poetic forms) within the textual milieu in a manner that seeks to be less determinate and more improvisational than conventional writing. Noise Thinks the Anthropocene argues that noise poetics is a necessary form for addressing political inequality, coexistence with the (nonhuman) other, the ecological crisis, and sustainability because it approaches these issues as a system of interconnected fragments and excesses and thus has the potential to reach or envision solutions in novel ways.

Porno-Graphics and Porno-Tactics: Desire, Affect, and Representation in Pornography

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ISBN: 9780692720547 Year: Pages: 102 DOI: 10.21983/P3.0141.1.00 Language: English
Publisher: punctum books
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2019-03-26 11:21:09
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Porno-Graphics and Porno-Tactics asks whether, and how, it is possible to re-appropriate pornography and think through it critically and creatively for a project of liberation. In the different contributions which make up this deliberately heterogeneous collection of short, non-canonical essays, such a quest proceeds by re-articulating the aporias of desire, intimacy, touch and seduction. It also relates them to claims of visibility, visions of emancipation and its failures, as well as to the politics of violence that we get exposed to through circulating images and affects. This is an attempt to exceed the limits set by and for ourselves in relation to how we connect to our own bodies, to the bodies of our lovers and to the bodies of the theories we live with, sleep with and dream about – in short, to all that we get attached to. The editors and contributors of this collection do not claim the euphoric potentiality of pornography as necessarily subversive and emancipatory, but are nevertheless open to the possibilities of re-shaping it (in textual, contextual, intertextual, but also affective and embodied forms) through different graphic and tactical/tactile inscriptions. On the one hand, authors reflect on definitions and practices of pornography as a genre adopting specific codes and canons, whether it is concerned with sex acts and the industry of porn or with other predominant forms of representation and the structures of power underlying them. On the other hand, chapters relate to the more affective, libidinal, synaesthetic and inter/subjective dimensions of pornography, and on the capacity of different reappropriations to subvert its limits.

The edge of one many circles: Homenagem a Irene Ramalho Santos

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Book Series: Investigação ISBN: 9789892613079 Year: Pages: 602 DOI: https://doi.org/10.14195/978-989-26-1308-6 Language: Portuguese
Publisher: Coimbra University Press
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-23 16:21:06
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The volume gathers articles by a majority of well-known specialists in their respective areas - Anglo-American studies; comparative; poetics; feminist studies; Pessoa studies -, besides a collection of poems by poets of several nationalities, all of them having been present in the International Meeetings of Poets, organized by the Anglo-American studies group of the Faculty of Letters of UC. It also encompasses a section with testimonials in tribute to Prof. Irene Ramalho Santos.

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