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Terrorismus und moderne Kriegsführung

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837633269 9783839433263 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839433263 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103348
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-07 11:02:07
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Der Begriff "Terrorismus" ist definitorisch uneindeutig - und das macht jeden Akteur zu einem bestimmten Grad zum Terroristen. Dieses Paradox zieht Eva-Maria Heinke als Ausgangspunkt für eine tiefgreifende Analyse der Strategien moderner Kriegsführung heran und löst es durch die gegenwärtig einmalige Verwendung von sogenannten Fuzzy-Inferenzsystemen zum Zwecke der Typisierung politischer Gewalt auf. Die intensive Verbindung von soziologischer Gewaltforschung mit der Mathematik unscharfer Mengen macht den Grad der Verwendung politischer Gewaltstrategien erstmalig berechenbar - und ermöglicht somit einen völlig neuartigen Blick auf den strategischen Kontext des Handelns politischer Gewaltakteure.

Foreign Intervention in Africa after the Cold War

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ISBN: 9780896803206 9780896803213 9780896805040 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Ohio University Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102818
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-11 11:21:06
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Poverty, corruption, and conflictsa ffect many parts of Africa, but the source of these problems is widely misunderstood. Many challenges today are rooted in colonial political and economic practices, Cold War alliances, and attempts by outsiders to influence political and economic systems during the decolonization and postindependence periods. This book provides a new framework for foreign political and military intervention in Africa, its purposes. It focuses on the 25 years following the Cold War, when neighboring states and subregional, regional, and global organizations and networks joined extracontinental powers in support of diverse forces in the war-making and peace-building processes. Two rationales were used to justify intervention: a response to instability (and the responsibility to protect) and the war on terror. Intended for nonpecialists, the book offers a new continentwide perspective, illuminated by case studies synthesized from previously published works.

Law, Liberty, And The Pursuit Of Terrorism

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ISBN: 9780472029662 9780472119097 Year: Pages: 336 DOI: 10.3998/mpub.1965125 Language: English
Publisher: University of Michigan Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-12 11:01:06
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It is commonly believed that a state facing a terrorist threat responds with severe legislation that compromises civil liberties in favour of national security. Roger Douglas compares responses to terrorism by five liberal democracies— the United States, the United Kingdom, Canada, Australia, and New Zealand— over the past 15 years. He examines each nation’s development and implementation of counterterrorism law, specifically in the areas of information gathering, the definition of terrorist offenses, due process for the accused, detention, and torture and other forms of coercive questioning. Douglas finds that terrorist attacks elicit pressures for quick responses, which often allow national governments to accrue additional powers. But emergencies are neither a necessary nor a sufficient condition for such laws, which may persist even after fears have eased. He argues that responses are influenced by institutional interests and prior beliefs and are complicated when the exigencies of office and beliefs point in different directions. He also argues that citizens are wary of government’s impingement on civil liberties and that courts exercise their capacity to restrain the legislative and executive branches. Douglas concludes that the worst anti-terror excesses have taken place outside of, rather than within, the law and that the legacy of 9/11 includes both laws that expand government powers and judicial decisions that limit those very powers. This title was made Open Access by libraries from around the world through Knowledge Unlatched.

Der Schutz der öffentlichen Ordnung und Sicherheit im Rahmen der internationalen Schutzgewährung

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ISBN: 9783941159044 9783941159051 Year: Pages: 324 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_624830 Language: German
Publisher: Carl Grossmann Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170367
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-13 17:23:52
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Europe is currently facing one of the biggest influx of refugees and displaced people since the end of the wars in the Balkans. At the same time, there has also been an increase in terroristic attacks in recent years. States seem to fear a correlation between these two developments, and refugees and asylum seekers are increasingly seen as risks to national security. This doctoral thesis contains a thorough analysis of those provisions of the EU Asylum Qualification Directive which aim to address these concerns, and allow for the exclusion of certain persons from international protection, the restriction of their status rights, or even the revocation or ending of protection. It argues that it is possible and imperative to uphold the standards of international refugee and human rights law even in the face of exacerbated security concerns of the Member States.

A Theory of ISIS

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ISBN: 9780745399119 9781786801692 9781786801708 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100922
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-25 11:01:47
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The Islamic State of Iraq and Syria has been the subject of intense scrutiny in the West. Considered by many to be the most dangerous terrorist organisation in the world, it has become shrouded in numerous myths and narratives, many emanating from the US, which often fail to grasp its true nature.Against these narratives, Mohammad-Mahmoud Ould Mohamedou presents a bold new theory of ISIS. By tracing its genealogy and documenting its evolution in Iraq and Syria, he argues that ISIS has transcended Osama Bin Laden’s original project of Al Qaeda, mutating into an unprecedented hybrid form that distils postcolonial violence, postmodernity and the emerging post-globalisation international order.This book analyses ISIS from a social sciences perspective and unpacks its dynamics by looking beyond superficial questions such as its terrorist nature and religious rhetoric. It transforms our understanding of ISIS and its profound impact on the very nature of contemporary political violence.

Trust and Terror

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ISBN: 9781138201736 9781315505817 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Routledge Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 102663
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:03
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Why do some individuals choose to protest political grievances via non-violent means, while others take up arms? What role does whom we trust play in how we collectively act? This book explores these questions by delving into the relationship between interpersonal trust and the nature of the political movements that individuals choose to join. Utilizing the examples of the Arab Spring uprisings in Egypt, Libya and Syria, a novel theoretical model that links the literature on social capital and interpersonal trust to violent collective action is developed and extended. Beyond simply bringing together two lines of literature, this theoretical model can serve as a prism from which the decision to join terrorist organizations or violent movements may be analyzed. The implications of the theory are then examined more closely through an in-depth look at the behavior of members of political movements at the outset of the Arab Spring, as well as statistical tests of the relationship between interpersonal trust and terrorism in the Middle East and globally.

Peace and Democratic Society

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Book Series: Open Reports Series ISBN: 9781906924416 Year: Pages: 155 DOI: 10.11647/OBP.0014 Language: English
Publisher: Open Book Publishers
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2017-08-21 11:01:03
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Recent acts of terrorism and the current unrest in the Middle East remind us how important it is to understand the relationship between violence, peace and democracy. In a challenging and insightful essay, Amartya Sen explores ideas around 'organised violence' (such as war, genocide and terrorism) and violence against the individual. Highlighting the inadequacies of some of the widely accepted explanations for violenceâÂ&#128;Â&#148;including the idea that the world is experiencing a 'clash of civilisations'âÂ&#128;Â&#148;Sen makes a plea for a global, multilateral debate on the causes of conflict, and an understanding of the multiple identities of the individuals involved. The introductory essay draws on the findings of the Commonwealth Commission on Respect and Understanding, which was chaired by Sen, and established to promote mutual communication and understanding among all faiths and communities in the Commonwealth. Its timely report, "Civil Paths to Peace", suggests that governments, media and educatorsâÂ&#128;Â&#148;indeed, everyoneâÂ&#128;Â&#148;must take the time to understand the complexities around violent behaviour and its causes, without prejudging what these might be.

Quo vadis, politischer Islam?

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837631203 9783839431207 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839431207 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103332
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Sowohl der "Arabische Frühling" als auch das Erstarken der dschihadistischen Kampfgruppe "Islamischer Staat" haben die diversen islamistischen Bewegungen in den Fokus der medialen und publizistischen Aufmerksamkeit rücken lassen. Auf der Basis der Gesellschaftstheorie der Politik Niklas Luhmanns untersucht Thorsten Hasche mit der AKP, der al-Qaida und der Muslimbruderschaft drei zentrale Bewegungen des sunnitischen Islamismus. Historisch und vergleichend nimmt er dabei ihre Vordenker, ihre politischen Ideologien und ihre Strukturen in den Blick. Es wird deutlich: Der sunnitische politische Islam wird auch mittelfristig ein wirkmächtiger Bestandteil des weltpolitischen Systems bleiben.

Securitization of Islam: A Vicious Circle

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Book Series: Globaler lokaler Islam ISBN: 9783837629040 9783839429044 Year: DOI: 10.14361/transcript.9783839429044 Language: English
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103318
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Diverse Islamic groups have triggered a "revival of Islam" in Central Asia in the last decades. As a result, there has been a general securitization of Islam by the governments: not only do they combat the terrorist Islamic Movement of Uzbekistan but also outlaw popular groups such as the Gülen movement. However, strong repression of religion might lead to radicalization. Kathrin Lenz-Raymann tests this hypothesis with an agent-based computer simulation and enriches her study with interviews with international experts, leaders of political Islam and representatives of folk Islam. She concludes that ensuring religious rights is essential for national security.

Großerzählungen des Extremen

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Book Series: X-Texte zu Kultur und Gesellschaft ISBN: 9783837641196 9783839441190 9783732841196 Year: Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103380
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2018-04-22 11:01:24
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Was macht radikale Weltbilder so attraktiv? Und wie lässt sich die Renaissance des Extremismus kultur- und sozialwissenschaftlich erklären? Sprach man bis vor Kurzem noch davon, dass Großerzählungen auf dem Schrottplatz der Geschichte liegen, finden sie neuerdings mit der Wiederkehr des Fundamentalismus den Weg zurück in den Diskurs. Die Beiträge des Bandes stellen verschiedene Großerzählungen des Extremen vor und diskutieren, wie sie sich in Denkfiguren, Rhetoriken, Symboliken und Handlungsweisen niederschlagen. Mit Beiträgen u.a. von Claus Leggewie und Susanne Schröter.

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