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The last few years have been characterized by a tremendous development of quantum information and probability and their applications, including quantum computing, quantum cryptography, and quantum random generators. In spite of the successful development of quantum technology, its foundational basis is still not concrete and contains a few sandy and shaky slices. Quantum random generators are one of the most promising outputs of the recent quantum information revolution. Therefore, it is very important to reconsider the foundational basis of this project, starting with the notion of irreducible quantum randomness. Quantum probabilities present a powerful tool to model uncertainty. Interpretations of quantum probability and foundational meaning of its basic tools, starting with the Born rule, are among the topics which will be covered by this issue. Recently, quantum probability has started to play an important role in a few areas of research outside quantum physics—in particular, quantum probabilistic treatment of problems of theory of decision making under uncertainty. Such studies are also among the topics of this issue.
quantum logic  groups  partially defined algebras  quasigroups  viable cultures  quantum information theory  bit commitment  protocol  entropy  entanglement  orthogonality  quantum computation  Gram–Schmidt process  quantum probability  potentiality  complementarity  uncertainty relations  Copenhagen interpretation  indefiniteness  indeterminism  causation  randomness  quantum information  quantum dynamics  entanglement  algebra  causality  geometry  probability  quantum information theory  realism  reality  entropy  correlations  qubits  probability representation  Bayes’ formula  quantum entanglement  threequbit random states  entanglement classes  entanglement polytope  anisotropic invariants  quantum random number  vacuum state  maximization of quantum conditional minentropy  quantum logics  quantum probability  holistic semantics  epistemic operations  Bell inequalities  algorithmic complexity  Borel normality  Bayesian inference  model selection  random numbers  quantumlike models  operational approach  information interpretation of quantum theory  social laser  social energy  quantum information field  social atom  Bose–Einstein statistics  bandwagon effect  social thermodynamics  resonator of social laser  master equation for socioinformation excitations  quantum contextuality  Kochen–Specker sets  MMP hypergraphs  Greechie diagrams  quantum foundations  probability  irreducible randomness  random number generators  quantum technology  entanglement  quantumlike models for social stochasticity  contextuality
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There is overwhelming evidence, from laboratory experiments, observations, and computational studies, that coherent structures can cause intermittent transport, dramatically enhancing transport. A proper description of this intermittent phenomenon, however, is extremely difficult, requiring a new nonperturbative theory, such as statistical description. Furthermore, multiscale interactions are responsible for inevitably complex dynamics in strongly nonequilibrium systems, a proper understanding of which remains a main challenge in classical physics. As a remarkable consequence of multiscale interaction, a quasiequilibrium state (the socalled selforganisation) can however be maintained. This special issue aims to present different theories of statistical mechanics to understand this challenging multiscale problem in turbulence. The 14 contributions to this Special issue focus on the various aspects of intermittency, coherent structures, selforganisation, bifurcation and nonlocality. Given the ubiquity of turbulence, the contributions cover a broad range of systems covering laboratory fluids (channel flow, the Von Kármán flow), plasmas (magnetic fusion), laser cavity, wind turbine, air flow around a highspeed train, solar wind and industrial application.
pipe flow boundary layer  turbulent transition  large eddy simulation  channel flow  kinetic theory  fluid dynamics  turbulence  selforganisation  shear flows  coherent structures  turbulence  stochastic processes  Langevin equation  FokkerPlanck equation  information length  trailingedge flap  control strategy  floating wind turbine  turbulence  free vortex wake  nonlocal theory  Lévy noise  Tsallis entropy  fractional Fokker–Plank equation  anomalous diffusion  hybrid (U)RANSLES  IDDES methodology  attached and separated flows  complex dynamics  microcavity laser  spatiotemporal chaos  turbulent boundary layer  low speed streaks  magnetic confinement fusion  turbulence  heat transport  Tjunction  denoise  coherent structure  continuous wavelet transform  solar wind  scaling properties  fractals  chaos  turbulence  intermittency  multifractal  thermodynamics  drop breakage  drop coalescence  local intermittency  turbulent flow  population balance equation  high efficiency impeller  Rushton turbine  energy cascade  bifurcations  Lyapunov theory  turbulence  statistical mechanics  intermittency  coherent structure  multiscale problem  selforganisation  bifurcation  nonlocality  scaling  multifractal
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Since process models are nowadays ubiquitous in many applications, the challenges and alternatives related to their development, validation, and efficient use have become more apparent. In addition, the massive amounts of both offline and online data available today open the door for new applications and solutions. However, transforming data into useful models and information in the context of the process industry or of biosystems requires specific approaches and considerations such as new modelling methodologies incorporating the complex, stochastic, hybrid and distributed nature of many processes in particular. The same can be said about the tools and software environments used to describe, code, and solve such models for their further exploitation. Going well beyond mere simulation tools, these advanced tools offer a software suite built around the models, facilitating tasks such as experiment design, parameter estimation, model initialization, validation, analysis, size reduction, discretization, optimization, distributed computation, cosimulation, etc. This Special Issue collects novel developments in these topics in order to address the challenges brought by the use of models in their different facets, and to reflect state of the art developments in methods, tools and industrial applications.
process model validation  partial least square regression  phytochemicals  natural extracts  wheat germ  fluidized bed drying  mathematical model  moisture content  condensation  simulation  Pharmaceutical Processes  Mammalian Cell Culture  sensitivity analysis  parameter estimation  Design of Experiments  algebraic modeling language  dynamic optimization  model predictive control  moving horizon estimation  fluid bed granulation  heat and mass balance  population balance model  binder dissolution  kernel development  robust optimization  uncertainty  point estimation method  equality constraints  parameter correlation  barley  simulation  hydration  swelling  cooking  porridge  extents  graph theory  model identification  observability  optimal clustering  parameter estimation  state decoupling  datamining  machine learning  neural networks  chemistry  materials  engineering  energy  greybox model  machine learning  SOS programming  process modeling  scrap dissolution  scrap melting  thermodynamics  kinetics  dynamic converter modelling  Combined Heat and Power  graybox model  utility management  CHP legislation  optimization  polyacrylonitrilebased carbon fiber  coagulation bath  dryjet wet spinning process  computational fluid dynamics  wave resonance  maximum wave amplitude  reactor coolant pump  vane  costing stopping  mathematical model  idling test  n/a
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Modern information communication technology eradicates barriers of geographic distances, making the world globally interdependent, but this spatial globalization has not eliminated cultural fragmentation. The Two Cultures of C.P. Snow (that of science–technology and that of humanities) are drifting apart even faster than before, and they themselves crumble into increasingly specialized domains. Disintegrated knowledge has become subservient to the competition in technological and economic race leading in the direction chosen not by the reason, intellect, and shared valuebased judgement, but rather by the whims of autocratic leaders or fashion controlled by marketers for the purposes of political or economic dominance. If we want to restore the authority of our best available knowledge and democratic values in guiding humanity, first we have to reintegrate scattered domains of human knowledge and values and offer an evolving and diverse vision of common reality unified by sound methodology. This collection of articles responds to the call from the journal Philosophies to build a new, networked world of knowledge with domain specialists from different disciplines interacting and connecting with other knowledgeandvaluesproducing and knowledgeandvaluesconsuming communities in an inclusive, extended, contemporary natural–philosophic manner. In this process of synthesis, scientific and philosophical investigations enrich each other—with sciences informing philosophies about the best current knowledge of the world, both natural and humanmade—while philosophies scrutinize the ontological, epistemological, and methodological foundations of sciences, providing scientists with questions and conceptual analyses. This is all directed at extending and deepening our existing comprehension of the world, including ourselves, both as humans and as societies, and humankind.
n/a  compositional hierarchy  development  dissipative structures  final cause  internalism  Second Law of thermodynamics  subsumptive hierarchy  agonism  apophasis  autocatalysis  centripetality  contingency  endogenous selection  heterogeneity  indeterminacy  process  mathematics  physics  philosophical foundations  natural philosophy  the logic of nature  ontology  epistemology  in the name of nature  philosophy of information  natural philosophy  metaphysics  physics  problem of induction  physicalism  theoretical unity  philosophy of science  scientific method  scientific progress  pessimistic induction  awareness  cognition  computation  cybernetics  differentiation  fitness  holographic encoding  memory  perception  quantum information  signal transduction  spatial representation  thermodynamics  unitarity  Leibniz  monad  internal quantum state  relational biology  reflexive psychology  self  induction  naturalism  evidence and justification  epistemic norms  induction and concept formation  induction and discovery of laws  natural philosophy  R.M. Unger  L. Smolin  Aristotle  F.W.J. Schelling  Naturphilosophie  A.N. Whitehead  Ivor Leclerc  dialectics  discourse  discursive space  information  knowledge  humanistic management  language  natural philosophy  subjective experience  process  dual aspects  consciousness  informationtheory  theoretical biology  1stperson and 3rdperson perspectives  hylomorphism  mind  form  matter  neurodynamics  natural philosophy  philosophy of science  Jungian psychology  depth psychology  analytical psychology  phenomenological psychology  evolutionary psychology  active imagination  Aristotle’s four causes  aesthetics in science  philosophy as a way of life  common good  contradiction  ethics  information  logic  naturalization  realism  science  synthesis  natural philosophy  philosophy of nature  naturalism  unity of knowledge  qualitative ontology  intentionality  dispositions  qualia  abduction  agentbased reasoning  creativity  ecocognitive model  ecocognitive openness  fallacies  errors of reasoning  thirdway reasoning  naturalization of logic  causality  embodiment  measurement  regulation  retrocausality  secondperson description  symmetry breaking  temporality  natural philosophy  cosmology  emptiness  vacuum  void  dark energy  space flight  exoplanet  big freeze  big crunch  everyday lifeworld  digitization  computability  complexity  reverse mathematics  quantum computing  real computing  theory of everything  acategoriality  statespace approach  mental representation  dualaspect monism  exceptional experiences  intentionality  mindmatter relations  category theory  memory evolutive system  emergence  emergentist reductionism  anticipation  creativity  infocomputational model
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This Special Issue presents research papers on various topics within many different branches of mathematics, applied mathematics, and mathematical physics. Each paper presents mathematical theories, methods, and their application based on current and recently developed symmetric polynomials. Also, each one aims to provide the full understanding of current research problems, theories, and applications on the chosen topics and includes the most recent advances made in the area of symmetric functions and polynomials.
Fubini polynomials  wtorsion Fubini polynomials  fermionic padic integrals  symmetric identities  Chebyshev polynomials  sums of finite products  hypergeometric function  Fubini polynomials  Euler numbers  symmetric identities  elementary method  computational formula  two variable qBerstein polynomial  two variable qBerstein operator  qEuler number  qEuler polynomial  Fubini polynomials  Euler numbers  congruence  elementary method  qBernoulli numbers  qBernoulli polynomials  two variable qBernstein polynomials  two variable qBernstein operators  padic integral on ?p  the degenerate gamma function  the modified degenerate gamma function  the degenerate Laplace transform  the modified degenerate Laplace transform  Fibonacci  Lucas  linear form in logarithms  continued fraction  reduction method  sums of finite products of Chebyshev polynomials of the third and fourth kinds  Hermite  generalized Laguerre  Legendre  Gegenbauer  Jacobi  thirdorder character  classical Gauss sums  rational polynomials  analytic method  recursive formula  fermionic padic qintegral on ?p  qEuler polynomials  qChanghee polynomials  symmetry group  Apostoltype Frobenius–Euler polynomials  threevariable Hermite polynomials  symmetric identities  explicit relations  operational connection  qVolkenborn integral on ?p  Bernoulli numbers and polynomials  generalized Bernoulli polynomials and numbers of arbitrary complex order  generalized Bernoulli polynomials and numbers attached to a Dirichlet character ?  Changhee polynomials  Changhee polynomials of type two  fermionic padic integral on ?p  Chebyshev polynomials of the first, second, third, and fourth kinds  sums of finite products  representation  catalan numbers  elementary and combinatorial methods  recursive sequence  convolution sums  wellposedness  stability  acoustic wave equation  perfectly matched layer  Fibonacci polynomials  Lucas polynomials  trivariate Fibonacci polynomials  trivariate Lucas polynomials  generating functions  central incomplete Bell polynomials  central complete Bell polynomials  central complete Bell numbers  Legendre polynomials  Laguerre polynomials  generalized Laguerre polynomials  Gegenbauer polynomials  hypergeometric functions 1F1 and 2F1  Euler polynomials  Bernoulli polynomials  elementary method  identity  congruence  new sequence  Catalan numbers  elementary and combinatorial methods  congruence  conjecture  fluctuation theorem  thermodynamics of information  stochastic thermodynamics  mutual information  nonequilibrium free energy  entropy production
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The amide bond represents a privileged motif in chemistry. The recent years have witnessed an explosion of interest in the development of new chemical transformations of amides. These developments cover an impressive range of catalytic N–C bond activation in electrophilic, Lewis acid, radical, and nucleophilic reaction pathways, among other transformations. Equally relevant are structural and theoretical studies that provide the basis for chemoselective manipulation of amidic resonance. This monograph on amide bonds offers a broad survey of recent advances in activation of amides and addresses various approaches in the field.
fumardiamide  primaquine  succindiamide  Michael acceptor  biofilm eradication  antibacterial screening  antiviral activity  cytostatic activity  N,Ndimethylformamide  DMF  N,Ndimethylacetamide  DMAc  amination  amidation  thioamidation  formylation  carbonylation  cyanation  insertion  cyclization  amide  arynes  insertion  activation  heterocycles  organic synthesis  multicomponent coupling reaction  aryl thioamides  thiourea  CH/CN activation  CS formation  transitionmetalfree  rotational barrier energy  amide bond  nuclear magnetic resonance  kinetic  density functional theory  non planar amide  basecatalyed hydrolysis  water solvation  entropy  transamidation  amide  amine  catalyst  catalysis  acylative crosscoupling  trialkylborane  amide activation  palladium  Nheterocyclic carbene  ruthenium (Ru)  Nheterocyclic carbenes (NHCs)  homogeneous catalysis  in situ  amide bonds  synthesis  density functional theory  cis/trans isomerization  secondary amides  dipeptides  steric effects  tertbutyl  additivity principle  amino acid transporters  amide bond  gemcitabine prodrug  metabolic stability  pancreatic cancer cells  pharmacokinetics  peptide bond cleavage  amide bond resonance  twisted amides  enzymes  metal complexes  catalysts  amide C–N bond activation  nickel catalysis  amidation  DFT study  reaction thermodynamics  amide resonance  anomeric effect  HERON reaction  pyramidal amides  physical organic chemistry  reaction mechanism  amide  activation  amidicity  carbonylicity  transamidation  acyl transfer  excited state  SuzukiMiyaura  crosscoupling  aryl esters  C–O activation  Pdcatalysis  amides  carbanions  C–H acidity  nitroaci tautomerism  molecular dynamics  densityfunctional theory  alkynes  C–H bond cleavage  C–N bond cleavage  cyclopentadienyl complexes  N(1naphthyl)acetamide  rhodium  [2+2+2] annulation  amide bond  sulfonamide bond  alkynes  addition reaction  aminoacylation  aminosulfonylation  precatalysts  palladium catalysis  amide bond activation  ester bond activation  crosscoupling  amide bond  bridged lactams  twisted amides  amides  WinklerDunitz parameters  N–C activation  hypersensitivity  nitrogen heterocycles  distortion  bridged sultams  amides  CN ? bond cleavage  sodium  crown ether  amide hydrolysis  model compound  intramolecular catalysis  twisted amide  protease  intein  CH functionalization  directing groups  amides  transition metals  catalysis
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