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General de Kalb, Lafayette's Mentor

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Book Series: UNC Studies in the Germanic Languages and Literatures ISBN: 9781469658759 Year: Pages: 260 DOI: 10.5149/9781469658759_Zucker Language: English
Publisher: University of North Carolina Press Grant: National Endowment for the Humanities||Andrew W. Mellon Foundation - [grantnumber unknown]||[grantnumber unknown]
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2020-06-25 00:02:55
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Originally published in 1966, A. E. Zucker presented the first modern biography of General de Kalb, a German by birth who held the rank of major general in the Continental Army and died at the Battle of Camden during the American Revolutionary War. Through the use of previously unpublished materials, Zucker's biography challenged previous views of de Kalb and depicts his relationship with Lafayette.

Biobibliografía de Gregorio Marañón

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Book Series: Historia de las Universidades ISSN: 18860710 ISBN: 9788498498356 Year: Volume: 19 Pages: 187 Language: Spanish
Publisher: Universidad Carlos III de Madrid. Figuerola Institute of Social Science History
Subject: Bibliography
Added to DOAB on : 2014-07-04 12:07:11
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Aquí se ha optado, además, por una biobibliografía en el sentido, si se quiere, etimológico, es decir, junto a una reseña biográfica detallada del propio Marañón, se presenta su bibliografía de manera que la primera nos sirve de coordenadas interpretativas de la segunda. En este caso, hemos decidido exponer de manera sistemática, única y exclusivamente, la bibliografía individual “primaria”, es decir, obra del propio Marañón. En relación a lo que se conoce como bibliografía “secundaria”, o lo que es lo mismo, lo que se ha escrito sobre Marañón, se ha incluido una reseña bibliográfica comentada de estos trabajos. El motivo es doble: En primer lugar, porque en el caso de las biografías que se han escrito sobre Marañón –con excepción del ensayo biográfico de Pedro Laín–, en términos generales, tiene carácter hagiográfico y descriptivo y escasos rudimentos interpretativos. Y, en segundo lugar, porque los estudios pormenorizados y académicos de aspectos concretos de su obra no son muy numerosos y, por tanto, no precisan una clarificación llamémosle numerativa.

Xwelíqwiya: The Life of a Stó:lō Matriarch

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Book Series: Our Lives: Diary, Memoir, and Letters ISSN: 19216661 ISBN: 9781927356562 9781927356579 9781927356586 Year: Pages: 312 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-04 17:04:53
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Xwel’qwiya is the life story of Rena Point Bolton, a Stó:lō matriarch, artist, and craftswoman. Proceeding by way of conversational vignettes, the beginning chapters recount Point Bolton's early years on the banks of the Fraser River during the Depression. While at the time the Stó:lō, or XwŽlmexw, as they call themselves today, kept secret their ways of life to avoid persecution by the Canadian government, Point Bolton's mother and grandmother schooled her in the skills needed for living from what the land provides, as well as in the craftwork and songs of her people, passing on a duty to keep these practices alive. Point Bolton was taken to a residential school for the next several years and would go on to marry and raise ten children, but her childhood training ultimately set the stage for her roles as a teacher and activist. Recognizing the urgent need to forge a sense of cultural continuity among the younger members of her community, Point Bolton visited many communities and worked with federal, provincial, and First Nations politicians to help break the intercultural silence by reviving knowledge of and interest in Aboriginal art. She did so with the deft and heartfelt use of both her voice and her hands. Over the course of many years, Daly collaborated with Point Bolton to pen her story. At once a memoir, an oral history, and an insider ethnography directed and presented by the subject herself, the result attests both to Daly's relationship with the family and to Point Bolton's desire to inspire others to use traditional knowledge and experience to build their own distinctive, successful, and creative lives.

Aino Kallas

Authors: ---
Book Series: Studia Fennica Litteraria ISBN: 9789522227874 9789522227508 9789522222602 Year: Pages: 259 DOI: 10.21435/sflit.4 Language: English
Publisher: Finnish Literature Society / SKS Grant: Jane and Aatos Erkko Foundation grant and SKS
Subject: Languages and Literatures --- History --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2018-01-09 11:01:57
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"The collection, first one ever on Aino Kallas in English, highlights her significance to the artistic and intellectual horizons of modernity of Finland and Estonia as well as those of Scandinavia and Europe. In the 1920s and 30s, Aino Kallas became an internationally renowned author and a selection of her work was translated into English. For her, participating in the immediate cultural debates in Estonia and Finland was a priority, yet her whole oeuvre is a negotiation between her more immediate contexts and the leading conceptual frameworks of aesthetics, geniality, knowledge, subjectivity, race, sexuality, nature, etc., circling in Europe at the end of the 19th and the beginning of the 20th century. Containing articles focusing on the question of female voice and echoes of feminist ecological thought in her fiction, a contrapuntal reading of her fiction and that of Isak Dinesen, her unknown manuscript “Bathseba”, the implications of existentialist thought for her work, Kallas’ engagement in her cultural criticism and life writings with decadent modernism, issues of race and heredity, subjectivity and borders, travel, ageing, her interpretation of Goethe, and the iconography of Kallas, the collection features the work of today’s leading Aino Kallas scholars in Finland and in Estonia. "

Keywords

modernization --- diaries --- ageing --- mourning --- poetry --- biography

Paolo Mantegazza

Authors: ---
ISBN: 8884530393 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_356363 Language: Italian
Publisher: Firenze University Press
Subject: History --- Ethnology
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-18 23:44:15
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The book presents a selection of the works presented during various encounters held in sites connected with the life of Paolo Mantegazza, aimed at retrieving and valorising his cultural legacy. An eclectic figure - scientist, novelist, anthropologist and politician - Paolo Mantegazza (1831-1910) played a leading role in Italian society and the cultural scene of the late nineteenth century. The contributions of academics from different disciplines enable us to reconstruct both the great variety of the man’s interests and curiosities, and the strict methodological rigour that guided his entire scientific production and is today the most evident sign of his contemporary relevance.

Franz von Ottenthal (1818–1899)

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ISBN: 9783205784609 Year: Pages: 310 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/oapen_437185 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4127
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:23
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Dr. Franz von Ottenthal served as a General Practitioner in Sand, in the South Tyrolean Tauferer Ahrntal from 1847 to 1899, over a period lasting more than 50 years. From 1861 until 1882, in a period of great regional and imperial tensions, he even was member of the Tyrolean Landtag (diet). In 1837/8 he began his medical studies at the University of Vienna, where important physicians from the "Zweite Wiener Medizinische Schule" like Carl von Rokitansky, Joseph Skoda and Philipp Semmelweis were teaching. Ottenthal worked as a medical expert in Windisch-Matrei (East Tyrol) for almost two years. Then he went back home and became a General Practitioner in Neumelans, the residence of his family. This biography treats particularly the career as a physician, his engagement in the medical service and the difficulties during the collaboration with medical authorities. On the other side it contains further an analysis of the medical records and the letters of his patients for a better patient view. Further this biography discusses open questions like medical development, fees, properties of a noble rural physicians in the second part of the 19 century and the competition with other physicians and healers. A big space is dedicated to the treatment of mental illness. Ottenthal wasn't a 'psychiatrist', but he was as well responsible for the care and the treatment of persons with mental disease. With a report by a physician began - crossing a lot of other institutions - the way in the asylum. The Ottenthal family, whose everyday life has tried to be reconstructed along private correspondence, is a typical example of a family from the second part of the 19th century between nobility and bourgeoisie characterized on the one hand by qualification, know-how and a lucrative job and on the other by a nobility title, fortune and landed property. Franz von Ottenthal wasn't a famous physician like Rudolf Virchow, Robert Koch or Carl von Rokitansky. Nevertheless he was a modern, political engaged, self-confident practitioner and he is a very good example for the fusion of nobility and bourgeoisie in a rural life of the 19th century. This publication should be a contribution to the exploration of rural medical practice, which is little known and often poor of sources. It will even be a starting-point for further comparative studies of other medical biographies and legacies.

Der Filmkomponist Max Steiner (1888-1971)

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ISBN: 9783205788010 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_453612 Language: German
Publisher: Böhlau Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4305
Subject: History --- Music
Added to DOAB on : 2013-09-21 22:37:40
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This is the first monograph about the Austro-American Composer Max Steiner (1888-1971), one of the great pioneers of film music in the so-called Golden Age of Hollywood. In the early 1930ies with his visionary energy he helped to establish symphonic film music as an integrated part in the film production process. In contrary to many of his colleagues, Mr. Steiner had devoted himself completely to film music. Therefore the preoccupation with Max Steiner's music gives a very valuable insight into the craft of film composing. Supported by many quotes and music examples, the first part of this monograph shows how Mr. Steiner wrote his film music. From the first viewing and the spotting session to the final exact timing of the cues, the whole creative and technical process of his film composing is demonstrated. The music of Max Steiner has a couple of quasi formulaic elements: the regular use of leitmotifs, quotations from his own music and the accurate synchronisation of screen action and music cues (with its extreme form, the so-called mickey mousing). The principles of the subjective use of harmonies as well as the technique of instrumentation are shown. The reader will also learn about the special relationship between composer and orchestrator. This distinctive form of collaboration was typical for the Hollywood cinema of the 30ies and 40ies of the 20th century, the so called Golden Age and still is today. Because the studios wanted to save the precious time of their employed composers, they wanted them to write their music on sketch paper with two to four staves, with the themes, voice leadings, harmonies and basic requirements of instrumentation. Then the orchestrator had to transform this into a complete score. Throughout his whole career, Mr. Steiner had been working with three orchestrators. This collaboration reached such an intuitive level, that is was sufficient that Max Steiner wrote only rudimentary musical information. When these sketches had been transformed into scores, Steiner conducted the studio orchestra, where he normally used the click. The second part of the book is based to a big extent on Steiner's yet unpublished autobiography. Born at the end of the 19th century in Vienna, Max Steiner was considered a musical wunderkind. His father as well as his grandfather before him was a famous theatre impresario. One of his teachers was Gustav Mahler. Steiner's first career as composer, arranger and conductor of operettas and musicals led him from Vienna to London and New York and lasted about 30 years. Then, in 1929, he got a call from Hollywood where he fulfilled his determination as dean of film music (Bette Davis). In the 50ies, when the symphonic film music lost its acceptance also Max Steiner's amount of work decreased. In 1965 he wrote his last of more than 300 scores. With the help of original documents from the archive of Warner Bros., such as memos, letters or billings the reader will get a three dimensional insight not only about how the movie Casablanca was made but on the mechanisms of the movie industry as a whole. Parts of the original sketches and the score of the music for Casablanca have been carefully transformed into a piano reduction to demonstrate even more clearly the efficient use of his skills and the yet highly artistic approach of Mr. Steiner Furthermore an example of this film music is compared to an excerpt of Richard Wagner's Ring des Nibelungen. There the reader will see how film music was not only inspired by but precisely obtained musical tools from the late romantic music theatre. Or, in Max Steiner's own words: "If Wagner would have lived in this century, he would be the number one film composer". Max Steiner is an outstanding protagonist of a generation of European immigrants who formed the cultural life in the USA. He is an important link between his native city Vienna and his new homeland America and through composers such as Steiner the tradition of the late European romantic m

Sarah Kofman

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ISBN: 9783851327274 Year: Pages: 340 DOI: 10.26530/oapen_497777 Language: German
Publisher: Turia und Kant Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 146
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2014-08-20 11:01:08
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The first intellectual biography of the French-Jewish philosopher Sarah Kofmann (1934-1994) combines philosophical text analysis with contemporary theory of biography. The author conducts a critical revision of the postmodern maxim of the „Death of the Subject“.

Toussaint Louverture

Authors: ---
Book Series: Revolutionary Lives ISBN: 9780745335155 9781786800282 Year: DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_626410 Language: English
Publisher: Pluto Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100052
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-31 11:03:12
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Toussaint Louverture (c1743-1803) was the heroic leading figure in the Haitian Revolution of 1791-1804, the only successful slave revolt in recorded history, and he remains an international inspiration, seen by many to be one of the greatest anti-imperialist fighters who ever lived. Toussaint was a military genius who led an army composed overwhelmingly of former enslaved Africans and people of African descent to victory after victory under the banner ‘Liberty or Death’ over the professional armies of France, Spain and Britain, before paying the ultimate price himself for refusing to compromise with imperial power at the expense of the maintenance of liberty for all. This new political biography of Toussaint aims to provide readers with an accessible yet scholarly introduction to his complex life while critically analysing Toussaint’s political thought, his contribution as a revolutionary leader, and his legacy for both Haiti and the wider world.

Woman between Two Kingdoms

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ISBN: 9781501755521 9781501755514 Year: Pages: 193 DOI: 10.7298/pq1f-t958 Language: English
Publisher: Cornell University Press Grant: Andrew W. Mellon Foundation
Subject: History --- Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2021-01-13 00:19:20
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"Woman Between Two Kingdoms explores the story of Dara Rasami, one of 153 wives of King Chulalongkorn of Siam in Thailand during the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries. Born in a kingdom near Siam called Lan Na, Dara served as both hostage and diplomat for her family and nation. Thought of as a ""harem"" by the West, Siam's Inner Palace actually formed a nexus between the domestic and the political. Dara's role as an ethnic ""other"" among the royal concubines assisted the Siamese in both consolidating the kingdom's territory and building a local version of Europe's hierarchy of civilizations. Dara Rasami's story provides a fresh perspective on both the socio-political roles played by Siamese palace women, and how Siam responded to the intense imperialist pressures it faced in the late nineteenth century."

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