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Network Structures of Cargo Airlines - An Empirical and a Modelling Approach

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ISBN: 9783866447967 Year: Pages: XX, 158 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000025525 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Business and Management
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:02
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The development of efficient air freight networks is an upcoming challenge. The present book approaches this problem for cargo airlines by characterising and classifying their network structures and by developing a model for an airline's strategic network design. The book provides results which are of value for airline professionals (network efficiency analysis), policy makers (policy impact assessment) and researchers (cargo airline network design model).

Principles and Practice of Case-based Clinical Reasoning Education: A Method for Preclinical Students

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Book Series: Innovation and Change in Professional Education ISSN: 1572-1957 / 2542-9957 ISBN: 9783319648279 9783319648286 Year: Pages: 207 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-319-64828-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Medicine (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2017-11-24 17:20:23
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This volume describes and explains the educational method of Case-Based Clinical Reasoning (CBCR) used successfully in medical schools to prepare students to think like doctors before they enter the clinical arena and become engaged in patient care. Although this approach poses the paradoxical problem of a lack of clinical experience that is so essential for building proficiency in clinical reasoning, CBCR is built on the premise that solving clinical problems involves the ability to reason about disease processes. This requires knowledge of anatomy and the working and pathology of organ systems, as well as the ability to regard patient problems as patterns and compare them with instances of illness scripts of patients the clinician has seen in the past and stored in memory. CBCR stimulates the development of early, rudimentary illness scripts through elaboration and systematic discussion of the courses of action from the initial presentation of the patient to the final steps of clinical management.The book combines general backgrounds of clinical reasoning education and assessment with a detailed elaboration of the CBCR method for application in any medical curriculum, either as a mandatory or as an elective course. It consists of three parts: a general introduction to clinical reasoning education, application of the CBCR method, and cases that can used by educators to try out this method.

From Is to Ought: The Place of Normative Models in the Study of Human Thought

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889198962 Year: Pages: 187 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-896-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Science (General) --- Psychology
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-19 14:05:46
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In the study of human thinking, two main research questions can be asked: “Descriptive Q: What is human thinking like? Normative Q: What ought human thinking be like?” For decades, these two questions have dominated the field, and the relationship between them generated many a controversy. Empirical normativist approaches regard the answers to these questions as positively correlated – in essence, human thinking is what it ought to be (although what counts as the ‘ought’ standard is moot). In contemporary theories of reasoning and decision making, this is often associated with a Panglossian framework, an adaptationist approach which regards human thinking as a priori rational. In contrast, prescriptive normativism sees the answers to these two questions as negatively correlated. Normative models are still relevant to human thought, but human behaviour deviates from them quite markedly (with the invited conclusion that humans are often irrational). Prescriptive normativism often results in a Meliorist agenda, which sees rationality as amenable to education. Both empirical and prescriptive normativism can be contrasted with a descriptivist framework for psychology of human thinking. Following Hume’s strict divide between the ‘is’ and the ‘ought’, descriptivism regards the descriptive and normative research questions as uncorrelated, or dissociated, with only the former question suitable for psychological study of human behaviour. This basic division carries over to the relation between normative (‘ought’) rationality, based on conforming to normative standards; and instrumental (‘is’) rationality, based on achieving one’s goals. Descriptivist approaches regard the two as dissociated, whereas normativist approaches tend to see them as closely linked, with normative arguments defining and justifying instrumental rationality. This research topic brings together diverse contributions to the continuing debate. Featuring contributions from leading researchers in the field, the e-book covers a wide range of subjects, arranged by six sections: The standard picture: Normativist perspectivesIn defence of soft normativismExploring normative modelsDescriptivist perspectivesEvolutionary and ecological accountsEmpirical reports With a total of some 24 articles from 55 authors, this comprehensive treatment includes theoretical analyses, meta-theoretical critiques, commentaries, and a range of empirical reports. The contents of the Research Topic should appeal to psychologists, linguists, philosophers and cognitive scientists, with research interests in a wide range of domains, from language, through reasoning, judgment and decision making, and moral judgment, to epistemology and theory of mind, philosophical logic, and meta-ethics.

Global Carbon Pricing

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ISBN: 9780262340397 9780262036269 Year: Pages: 268 Language: English
Publisher: The MIT Press
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-17 11:41:31
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Why the traditional “pledge and review” climate agreements have failed, and how carbon pricing, based on trust and reciprocity, could succeed.After twenty-five years of failure, climate negotiations continue to use a “pledge and review” approach: countries pledge (almost anything), subject to (unenforced) review. This approach ignores everything we know about human cooperation. In this book, leading economists describe an alternate model for climate agreements, drawing on the work of the late Nobel laureate Elinor Ostrom and others. They show that a “common commitment” scheme is more effective than an “individual commitment” scheme; the latter depends on altruism while the former involves reciprocity (“we will if you will”).The contributors propose that global carbon pricing is the best candidate for a reciprocal common commitment in climate negotiations. Each country would commit to placing charges on carbon emissions sufficient to match an agreed global price formula. The contributors show that carbon pricing would facilitate negotiations and enforcement, improve efficiency and flexibility, and make other climate policies more effective. Additionally, they analyze the failings of the 2015 Paris climate conference.ContributorsRichard N. Cooper, Peter Cramton, Ottmar Edenhofer, Christian Gollier, Éloi Laurent, David JC MacKay, William Nordhaus, Axel Ockenfels, Joseph E. Stiglitz, Steven Stoft, Jean Tirole, Martin L. Weitzman

Performance Problem Diagnostics by Systematic Experimentation

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Book Series: The Karlsruhe Series on Software Design and Quality / Ed. by Prof. Dr. Ralf Reussner ISSN: 18670067 ISBN: 9783731506775 Year: Volume: 20 Pages: XXVII, 443 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000070006 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-28 18:37:01
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In this book, we introduce an automatic, experiment-based approach for performance problem diagnostics in enterprise software systems. The proposed approach systematically searches for root causes of detected performance problems by executing series of systematic performance tests. The presented approach is evaluated by various case studies showing that the presented approach is applicable to a wide range of contexts.

Solving the inverse problem of electrocardiography in a realistic environment

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Book Series: Karlsruhe transactions on biomedical engineering / Ed.: Universität Karlsruhe (TH) / Institute of Biomedical Engineering ISSN: 18645933 ISBN: 9783866444867 Year: Volume: 9 Pages: X, 116 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000016052 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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Heart disease is a leading cause of death worldwide. Straightforward information about the cardiac electrophysiology can help to improve the quality of diagnosis of heart diseases. The inverse problem of electrocardiography and the intracardiac catheter measurement are two ways to get access to the electrophysiology in the heart. In this thesis six research topics related to these two techniques are included.

Geometric Regularization in Bioluminescence Tomography

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ISBN: 9783731501428 Year: Pages: IX, 185 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000037411 Language: ENGLISH
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:02:00
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Bioluminescence tomography is a recent biomedical imaging technique which allows to study molecular and cellular activities in vivo. From a mathematical point of view, it is an ill-posed inverse source problem: the location and the intensity of a photon source inside an organism have to be determined, given the photon count on the organism's surface. To face the ill-posedness of this problem, a geometric regularization approach is introduced, analyzed and numerically verified in this book.

Chapter 6 The Role of Corporate Governance in Macro-Prudential Regulation of Systemic Risk (Book chapter)

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Book Series: Practical Finance and Banking Guides ISBN: 9780367367497 9781138316263 Year: Pages: 35 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:13
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Bank Regulation, Risk Management, and Compliance is a concise yet comprehensive treatment of the primary areas of US banking regulation – micro-prudential, macroprudential, financial consumer protection, and AML/CFT regulation – and their associated risk management and compliance systems. The book’s focus is the US, but its prolific use of standards published by the Basel Committee on Banking Supervision and frequent comparisons with UK and EU versions of US regulation offer a broad perspective on global bank regulation and expectations for internal governance. The book establishes a conceptual framework that helps readers to understand bank regulators’ expectations for the risk management and compliance functions. Informed by the author’s experience at a major credit rating agency in helping to design and implement a ratings compliance system, it explains how the banking business model, through credit extension and credit intermediation, creates the principal risks that regulation is designed to mitigate: credit, interest rate, market, and operational risk, and, more broadly, systemic risk. The book covers, in a single volume, the four areas of bank regulation and supervision and the associated regulatory expectations and firms’ governance systems. Readers desiring to study the subject in a unified manner have needed to separately consult specialized treatments of their areas of interest, resulting in a fragmented grasp of the subject matter. Banking regulation has a cohesive unity due in large part to national authorities’ agreement to follow global standards and to the homogenizing effects of the integrated global financial markets. The book is designed for legal, risk, and compliance banking professionals; students in law, business, and other finance-related graduate programs; and finance professionals generally who want a reference book on bank regulation, risk management, and compliance. It can serve both as a primer for entry-level finance professionals and as a reference guide for seasoned risk and compliance officials, senior management, and regulators and other policymakers. Although the book’s focus is bank regulation, its coverage of corporate governance, risk management, compliance, and management of conflicts of interest in financial institutions has broad application in other financial services sectors.&#xD;

Keywords

Alexander --- Areas --- Bank --- Banking --- Compliance --- Dill --- Key --- Management --- Practice --- Problem --- Regulation --- Risk --- Theory

Self-directed learning research: An imperative for transforming the educational landscape

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ISBN: 9781928396017 Year: Pages: 332 DOI: 10.4102/aosis.sdlr.2016.03 Language: English
Publisher: AOSIS Grant: North West University
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-03-10 11:03:27
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This book will benefit specialists in the field of the education sciences. It represents significant progress in knowledge production. Self-directed learning has become increasingly important, not only for education in South Africa but also for education sciences in the international arena. This is a result of the changing education landscape, caused by the demands of the 21st century as well as the rapid change in knowledge production. Learners should be equipped with skills to take responsibility for their own learning. New innovative strategies should be incorporated into teaching and learning in order to meet the changing demands in education. Traditional teacher-centred practices are still the norm in most South African schools and higher-education institutions and do not adequately prepare students for lifelong learning in the 21st century. The content focuses on the theory behind self-directed learning, explores strategies such as cooperative learning, problembased learning, case-based teaching and large-group teaching that enhance self-directed learning and the use of blended learning in a self-directed learning environment. The book demonstrates how self-directed learning can be enhanced in mathematics, computer-science and life-science education and through the use of student tutors for geography. Digital technology could, for example, also be used in innovative ways for education in isiZulu folk poetry. The findings are based on original empirical research and a sound theoretical-conceptual framework. In an environment of rapidly changing knowledge production, this book responds to the challenge of how to equip learners with the necessary skills to take responsibility for their own learning. The book presents innovative teaching and learning strategies for meeting the changing demands in education. Group activities, the responsibilities of learners and the obstacles that hinder their learning are analysed, and the way in which educators can support them is discussed. Educational values such as mutual trust are discussed, and self-directed assessment is explored. This is a timely collective work authored by experts who subscribe to the approach of self-directed learning. Educators should discover new teaching and learning strategies and value the integration of self-directed learning in the classroom.

Engaging with Carol Bacchi. Strategic Interventions and Exchanges

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ISBN: 9780987171856 Year: Pages: 168 DOI: 10.1017/9780987171856 Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Gender Studies
Added to DOAB on : 2012-07-10 07:24:40
License: University of Adelaide Press

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This book illuminates, commemorates, and builds upon Bacchi’s ‘WPR’ approach. It outlines the trajectory of the development of the ‘WPR’ approach from Bacchi’s early engagements with feminist thinking, as an academic in scholarly environments which were often the preserve of men, towards the theoretical sophistication of an approach which requires an ongoing critical assessment of assumptions about the social world, social ‘problems’, policy agendas deemed to respond to those ‘problems’, and the researcher’s positioning. This book arose out of a conference organised by the Fay Gale Centre for Research on Gender at The University of Adelaide honouring Carol Bacchi’s work and is intended to make that work accessible to a range of audiences.

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