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Chemical Vapor Deposition - Recent Advances and Applications in Optical, Solar Cells and Solid State Devices

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ISBN: 9789535125723 9789535125730 9789535141877 Year: Pages: 290 DOI: 10.5772/61559 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Chemistry (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:49

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This book provides an overview of chemical vapor deposition (CVD) methods and recent advances in developing novel materials for application in various fields. CVD has now evolved into the most widely used technique for growth of thin films in electronics industry. Several books on CVD methods have emerged in the past, and thus the scope of this book goes beyond providing fundamentals of the CVD process. Some of the chapters included highlight current limitations in the CVD methods and offer alternatives in developing coatings through overcoming these limitations.

Inner Experiences: Theory, Measurement, Frequency, Content, and Functions

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Book Series: Frontiers Research Topics ISSN: 16648714 ISBN: 9782889197712 Year: Pages: 163 DOI: 10.3389/978-2-88919-771-2 Language: English
Publisher: Frontiers Media SA
Subject: Psychology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2016-04-07 11:22:02
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One fundamental topic of scientific inquiry in psychology is the study of what William James called the 'stream of consciousness', our ongoing experience of the world and ourselves from within—our inner experiences. These internal states (aka "stimulus-independent thoughts") include inner speech, mental imagery, feelings, sensory awareness, internally produced sounds or music, unsymbolized thinking, and mentalizing (thinking about others' mental states). They may occur automatically during mind-wandering (daydreaming) and resting-state episodes, and may focus on one's past, present, or future ("mental time travel" - e.g., autonoetic consciousness). Inner experiences also may take the form of intrusive or ruminative thoughts. The types, characteristics, frequency, content, and functions of inner experiences have been studied using a variety of traditional methods, among which questionnaires, thought listing procedures (i.e., open-ended self-reports), thinking aloud techniques, and daily dairies. Another approach, articulatory suppression, consists in blocking participants' use of verbal thinking while completing a given task; deficits indicate that inner speech plays a causal role in normal task completion. Various thought sampling approaches have also been developed in an effort to gather more ecologically valid data. Previous thought sampling studies have relied on beepers that signal participants to report aspects of their inner experiences at random intervals. More recent studies are exploiting smartphone technology to easily and reliably probe randomly occurring inner experiences in large samples of participants. These various measures have allowed researchers to learn some fundamental facts about inner experiences. To illustrate, it is becoming increasingly clear that prospection (future-oriented thinking) greatly depends on access to autobiographical memory (past-oriented thinking), where recollection of past scenes is used as a template to formulate plausible future scenarios. The main goal of the present Research Topic was to offer a scientific platform for the dissemination of current high-quality research pertaining to inner experiences. Although data on all forms of inner experiences were welcome, reports on recent advances in inner speech research were particularly encouraged. Here are some examples of topics of interest: (1) description and validation of new scales, inventories, questionnaires measuring any form of inner experience; (2) novel uses or improvements of existing measures of inner experiences; (3) development of new smartphone technology facilitating or broadening the use of cell phones to sample inner experiences; (4) frequency, content, and functions of various inner experience; (5) correlations between personality or cognitive variables and any aspects of inner experiences; (6) philosophical or theoretical considerations pertaining to inner experiences; and (7) inner experience changes with age.

The genus Asteromella (Fungi: Ascomycota) in Poland

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Book Series: Monographiae Botanicae ISSN: 00770655/23922923 ISBN: 9788394520519 9788394520502 Year: Volume: 106 Pages: 164 DOI: 10.5586/mb.2016.001 Language: English
Publisher: Polish Botanical Society
Subject: Biology
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-17 16:15:17
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Grauzonen staatlicher Gewalt

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Book Series: Global Studies ISBN: 9783837632514 9783839432518 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839432518 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103347
Subject: Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Paramilitärs, Kriminalität, Verschwundene - der "Krieg gegen die Drogen" hat in wirtschaftlichen Boomzonen Kolumbiens und Mexikos Gewaltverhältnisse auf Dauer gestellt: Illegale und legale Ökonomie sind kaum mehr zu trennen. Alke Jenss bietet einen differenzierten Blick auf die Rolle des Staates: Bekämpft er die, die er zu bekämpfen vorgibt? Stellt der Staat tatsächlich Ordnung her oder produziert er vielmehr selbst Unsicherheit für Teile der Gesellschaft? Die Studie analysiert erstmals staatstheoretisch und vergleichend Gewaltdynamiken in beiden Ländern. Sie hinterfragt kritisch, welche gesellschaftlichen Kräfte die Stärkung des Militärs in ihrem eigenen Sinne vorantreiben und wer von Gewaltpraktiken betroffen ist.

Soziale Aktivierung von Arbeitslosen?

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Book Series: Gesellschaft der Unterschiede ISBN: 9783837635485 9783839435489 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839435489 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103373
Subject: Social and Public Welfare
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Das neuartige Arbeitsmarktinstrument "Soziale Aktivierung" versammelt Maßnahmen, deren Wirkungen über die dominierenden Ziele der direkten und zeitnahen Integration in den Arbeitsmarkt hinausgehen sollen. Anhand von Fallbeispielen wie Kung-Fu-Kursen oder Theatergruppen rekonstruiert Carolin Freier, wie Langzeitarbeitslose und andere arbeitsmarktferne Personen hierdurch "sozial aktiviert" und zur sozialen Teilhabe befähigt werden sollen, u.a. durch das (Wieder-)Erlernen von Alltagskompetenzen. Die Studie zeichnet nach, wie diese Maßnahmen in der täglichen Praxis der Arbeitsvermittlung entstanden, auf welche Strategien sie sich zurückführen lassen und welche Folgen sich für die Arbeitslosen ergeben.

The Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights: A Commentary

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ISBN: 9781920538507 Year: Pages: 396 Language: English
Publisher: Pretoria University Law Press (PULP)
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2020-04-08 15:47:40
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On 10 December 2008, coinciding with the 60th anniversary of the Universal Declaration of Human Rights, the United Nations General Assembly adopted the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights (OP-ICESCR). The Optional Protocol permits individuals or groups of individuals to submit complaints to the UN Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights if they have exhausted domestic remedies and believe a ratifying State has violated their rights under the Covenant. It therefore effected an historic change in the UN human rights system in that it recognizes the equal status of claimants of economic, social and cultural rights and their right to access justice. The Protocol came into force on 5 May 2013, and the number of ratifications is steadily growing.This Commentary, the first and most comprehensive of its kind, offers rigorous scholarly commentary on the provisions of the OP-ICESCR, aimed at informing and encouraging research, reasoned argument, consistent interpretation and effective advocacy, adjudication and remedies under the Protocol. It provides a critical resource for both users of the Optional Protocol (applicants, lawyers, governments, the Committee) and a broader audience of scholars, students, national judiciaries and policy makers.The book is divided into three main sections that respectively address procedural issues, substantive interpretation, and remedies and enforcement. Each of the chapters highlights and discusses what is most innovative about the OP-ICESCR, as well as potential ambiguities and controversies. The Commentary makes a unique and critical contribution to legal scholarship and practice by laying the foundations for cutting-edge, authoritative jurisprudence. The chapters have benefited from a peer-review process, and an exchange and discussion among the authors and other experts.

Otto Bauer (1881-1938)

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Book Series: Historical Materialism Book Series ISBN: 9789004325838 Year: Volume: 121 Pages: 443 Seiten DOI: 10.1163/9789004325838 Language: English
Publisher: Brill Grant: Austrian Science Fund - PUB 37
Added to DOAB on : 2017-04-08 11:01:29
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This work depicts Otto Bauer as the main politician of the SDAP and attempts a critical-analytical interpretation of his socio-political theories, which are shown against the background of the debates within the First and Second Internationals, political events within the SDAP, the international workers' movement, and the socio-historical processes in Austria and Europe at the time.

Imagining Law: Essays in Conversation with Judith Gardam

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781925261318 Year: DOI: 10.20851/essays-gardam Language: English
Publisher: University of Adelaide Press
Subject: Law
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-17 11:01:17
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By any measure, Judith Gardam has accomplished much in her professional life and is rightly acknowledged by scholars throughout the world as an expert in her many fields of diverse interest — including international law, energy law and feminist theory. This book celebrates her academic life and work with twelve essays from leading scholars in Gardam’s fields of expertise.

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