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Plant Selection for Bioretention Systems and Stormwater Treatment Practices

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Water Science and Technology ISSN: 21947244 ISBN: 9789812872449 9789812872456 Year: Pages: 59 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-287-245-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Environmental Technology
Added to DOAB on : 2014-11-12 12:05:42
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As cities develop, more land is converted into impervious surfaces, which do not allow water to infiltrate. Careful urban planning is needed to ensure that the hydrologic cycle and water quality of the catchment areas are not affected. There are techniques that can attenuate peak flow during rain events and reduce the amount of metals, nutrients, and bacteria that enter the urban water cycle. This brief gives a short introduction on bioretention systems and documents the effectiveness of some 36 plant species in removing water pollutants. A summary on the maintenance requirements is also presented.

Managing Protected Areas in Central and Eastern Europe Under Climate Change

Authors: ---
ISSN: 15740919 ISBN: 9789400779594 9789400779600 Year: Volume: 58 Pages: 308 DOI: 10.1007/978-94-007-7960-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Biotechnology --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Meteorology and Climatology --- Environmental Sciences --- Pharmacy and materia medica --- Manufactures
Added to DOAB on : 2015-09-08 13:08:59
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Beginning with an overview of data and concepts developed in the EU-project HABIT-CHANGE, this book addresses the need for sharing knowledge and experience in the field of biodiversity conservation and climate change. There is an urgent need to build capacity in protected areas to monitor, assess, manage and report the effects of climate change and their interaction with other pressures. The contributors identify barriers to the adaptation of conservation management, such as the mismatch between planning reality and the decision context at site level. Short and vivid descriptions of case studies, drawn from investigation areas all over Central and Eastern Europe, illustrate both the local impacts of climate change and their consequences for future management. These focus on ecosystems most vulnerable to changes in climatic conditions, including alpine areas, wetlands, forests, lowland grasslands and coastal areas. The case studies demonstrate the application of adaptation strategies in protected areas like National Parks, Biosphere Reserves and Natural Parks, and reflect the potential benefits as well as existing obstacles. A general section provides the necessary background information on climate trends and their effects on abiotic and biotic components. Often, the parties to policy change and conservation management, including managers, land users and stakeholders, lack both expertise and incentives to undertake adaptation activities. The authors recognise that achieving the needed changes in behavior – habit – is as much a social learning process as a matter of science-based procedure. They describe the implementation of modeling, impact assessment and monitoring of climate conditions, and show how the results can support efforts to increase stakeholder involvement in local adaptation strategies. The book concludes by pointing out the need for more work to communicate the cross-sectoral nature of biodiversity protection, the value of well-informed planning in the long-term process of adaptation, the definition of acceptable change, and the motivational value of exchanging experience and examples of good practice.

Urban Land Systems: An Ecosystems Perspective

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783038429173 9783038429180 Year: Pages: VIII, 192 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-07-02 12:55:50
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Global urbanization creates challenges towards sustainability and human well-being. Urban areas are dependent on the ecosystems beyond the city limits but also benefit from the internal urban green places. An understanding of the importance of urban ecosystem services means that urban greenery can be designedly maintained or even expanded. As cities are expected to grow at a rapid rate in the coming decades, it is important that the ecosystem perspective is understood and valued by city planners and political decision-makers. This special issue highlights some aspects related to urban sprawl dynamics and urban ecosystem management. Observations and studies presented in ten papers show that urbanization affects essential ecological, economic, and social landscape functions, whose importance is often undervalued in cities worldwide.

Framing in Sustainability Science

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Book Series: Science for Sustainable Societies ISBN: 9789811390616 Year: Pages: 196 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-9061-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education --- Environmental Sciences --- Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-01-29 11:21:04
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This open access book offers both conceptual and empirical descriptions of how to “frame” sustainability challenges. It defines “framing” in the context of sustainability science as the process of identifying subjects, setting boundaries, and defining problems. The chapters are grouped into two sections: a conceptual section and a case section. The conceptual section introduces readers to theories and concepts that can be used to achieve multiple understandings of sustainability; in turn, the case section highlights different ways of comprehending sustainability for researchers, practitioners, and other stakeholders. The book offers diverse illustrations of what sustainability concepts entail, both conceptually and empirically, and will help readers become aware of the implicit framings in sustainability-related discourses. In the extant literature, sustainability challenges such as climate change, sustainable development, and rapid urbanization have largely been treated as “pre-set,” fixed topics, while possible solutions have been discussed intensively. In contrast, this book examines the framings applied to the sustainability challenges themselves, and illustrates the road that led us to the current sustainability discourse.

Designing Urban Food Policies

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: Urban Agriculture ISBN: 9783030139582 Year: Pages: 142 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-13958-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Political Science --- Science (General) --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:09
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This Open Access book is for scientists and experts who work on urban food policies. It provides a conceptual framework for understanding the urban food system sustainability and how it can be tackled by local governments. Written by a collective of researchers, this book describes the existing conceptual frameworks for an analysis of urban food policies, at the crossroads of the concepts of food system and sustainable city. It provides a basis for identifying research questions related to urban local government initiatives in the North and South. It is the result of work carried out within Agropolis International within the framework of the Sustainable Urban Food Systems program and an action research carried out in support of Montpellier Méditerranée Métropole for the construction of its agroecological and food policy.

Planning for Ecosystem Services in Cities

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: SpringerBriefs in Environmental Science ISBN: 9783030200244 Year: Pages: 87 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-20024-4 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Ecology --- Geography --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:13
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This open access book presents current knowledge about ecosystem services (ES) in urban planning, and discusses various urban ES topics such as spatial distribution of urban ecosystems, population distribution, and physical infrastructure properties. The book addresses all these issues by: i) investigating to what extent ecosystem services are currently included in urban plans, and discussing what is still needed to improve planning practice; ii) illustrating how to develop ecosystem services indicators and information that can be used by urban planners to enhance plan design; iii) demonstrating the application of ES assessments to support urban planning processes through case studies; and iv) reflecting on criteria for addressing equity in urban planning through ecosystem service assessments, by exploring issues associated with the supply of, the access to and demand for ES by citizens. Through fully worked out case studies, from policy questions, to baseline analysis and indicators, and from option comparison to proposed solutions, the book offers readers detailed and accessible coverage of outstanding issues and proposed solutions to better integrate ES in city planning. The overall purpose of the book is to provide a compact reference that can be used by researchers as a key resource offering an updated perspective and overview on the field, as well as by practitioners and planners/decision makers as a source of inspiration for their activity. Additionally, the book will be a suitable resource for both undergraduate and post-graduate courses in planning and geography.

The Hackable City

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789811326943 Year: Pages: 302 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-2694-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General) --- Computer Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This open access book presents a selection of the best contributions to the Digital Cities 9 Workshop held in Limerick in 2015, combining a number of the latest academic insights into new collaborative modes of city making that are firmly rooted in empirical findings about the actual practices of citizens, designers and policy makers. It explores the affordances of new media technologies for empowering citizens in the process of city making, relating examples of bottom-up or participatory practices to reflections about the changing roles of professional practitioners in the processes, as well as issues of governance and institutional policymaking. ;

Nature-Based Flood Risk Management on Private Land

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9783030238421 Year: Pages: 228 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-23842-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- General and Civil Engineering --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:07
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This open access book addresses the various disciplinary aspects of nature-based solutions in flood risk management on private land. In recent decades, water management has been moving towards nature-based solutions. These are assumed to be much more multi-purpose than traditional “grey infrastructures” and seem to be regarded as a panacea for many environmental issues. At the same time, such measures require more – and mostly privately owned – land and more diverse stakeholder involvement than traditional (grey) engineering approaches. They also present challenges related to different disciplines. Nature-based solutions for flood risk management not only require technical expertise, but also call for interdisciplinary insights from land-use planning, economics, property rights, sociology, landscape planning, ecology, hydrology, agriculture and other disciplines to address the challenges of implementing them. Ultimately, nature-based flood risk management is a multi-disciplinary endeavor. Featuring numerous case studies of nature-based flood risk management accompanied by commentaries, this book presents brief academic reflections from two different disciplinary perspectives that critically highlight which specific aspects are of significance, and as such, underscore the multi-disciplinary nature of the challenges faced. ;

Biodiversity and Health in the Face of Climate Change

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030023188 Year: Pages: 481 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-02318-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Public Health --- Medicine (General) --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:12
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This open access book identifies and discusses biodiversity’s contribution to physical, mental and spiritual health and wellbeing. Furthermore, the book identifies the implications of this relationship for nature conservation, public health, landscape architecture and urban planning – and considers the opportunities of nature-based solutions for climate change adaptation. This transdisciplinary book will attract a wide audience interested in biodiversity, ecology, resource management, public health, psychology, urban planning, and landscape architecture. The emphasis is on multiple human health benefits from biodiversity - in particular with respect to the increasing challenge of climate change. This makes the book unique to other books that focus either on biodiversity and physical health or natural environments and mental wellbeing. The book is written as a definitive ‘go-to’ book for those who are new to the field of biodiversity and health.

Adaptive Strategies for Water Heritage

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ISBN: 9783030002688 Year: Pages: 435 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-00268-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Social Sciences --- Environmental Sciences --- Geology --- Earth Sciences --- Agriculture (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:13
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This Open Access book, building on research initiated by scholars from the Leiden-Delft-Erasmus Centre for Global Heritage and Development (CHGD) and ICOMOS Netherlands, presents multidisciplinary research that connects water to heritage. Through twenty-one chapters it explores landscapes, cities, engineering structures and buildings from around the world. It describes how people have actively shaped the course, form and function of water for human settlement and the development of civilizations, establishing socio-economic structures, policies and cultures; a rich world of narratives, laws and practices; and an extensive network of infrastructure, buildings and urban form. The book is organized in five thematic sections that link practices of the past to the design of the present and visions of the future: part I discusses drinking water management; part II addresses water use in agriculture; part III explores water management for land reclamation and defense; part IV examines river and coastal planning; and part V focuses on port cities and waterfront regeneration. Today, the many complex systems of the past are necessarily the basis for new systems that both preserve the past and manage water today: policy makers and designers can work together to recognize and build on the traditional knowledge and skills that old structure embody. This book argues that there is a need for a common agenda and an integrated policy that addresses the preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of historic water-related structures. Throughout, it imagines how such efforts will help us develop sustainable futures for cities, landscapes and bodies of water. ; Crosses regional and national boundaries to meet global challenges Proposes an integrated policy on preservation, transformation and adaptive reuse of water-related structures Offers tools to facilitate collaboration among stakeholders Open Access book

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