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Early Childhood Policies and Systems in Eight Countries

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ISBN: 9783319398471 9783319398464 Year: Pages: 194 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-39847-1 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-03 18:28:11
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This report provides an overview of policy strategies on early childhood education settings (from birth to primary schooling) in eight countries. Data were collected using a policy questionnaire addressed to and completed by the National Research Coordinator(s) (NRC) of Chile, the Czech Republic, Denmark, Estonia, Italy, Poland, the Russian Federation and the United States. The countries that participated provide interesting illustrations of early childhood education policy in action in a range of diverse contexts. Analysis of the systemic and structural results of ECE policy at national and, where necessary, subnational levels, enables transnational comparisons in policy and systems. Key policy changes, both underway and planned, are documented. These data reveal key findings in each of the five policy areas as covered in the questionnaire and this report: public policy; delivery models and providers; participation and enrollment; quality assurance systems; and expectations for child outcomes. In particular, the study aims to provide meaningful information for countries, states and jurisdictions across the world in relation to early childhood education, mapping the systems, structures and user pathways in place, along with the perceptions of stakeholders about the system, its functioning and impact. This comprehensive assessment of the wider policy contexts and settings for early childhood education includes teacher/practitioner qualifications, pedagogy approaches, and opportunities for professional development. Such information will enable countries to review their early childhood education systems in an international context.

Semiotics in Mathematics Education

Authors: --- --- ---
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319313696 9783319313702 Year: Pages: 40 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-31370-2 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-15 18:31:20
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This volume discusses semiotics in mathematics education as an activity with a formal sign system, in which each sign represents something else. Theories presented by Saussure, Peirce, Vygotsky and other writers on semiotics are summarized in their relevance to the teaching and learning of mathematics. The significance of signs for mathematics education lies in their ubiquitous use in every branch of mathematics. Such use involves seeing the general in the particular, a process that is not always clear to learners. Therefore, in several traditional frameworks, semiotics has the potential to serve as a powerful conceptual lens in investigating diverse topics in mathematics education research. Topics that are implicated include (but are not limited to): the birth of signs; embodiment, gestures and artifacts; segmentation and communicative fields; cultural mediation; social semiotics; linguistic theories; chains of signification; semiotic bundles; relationships among various sign systems; intersubjectivity; diagrammatic and inferential reasoning; and semiotics as the focus of innovative learning and teaching materials.

Plurilingualism and Multiliteracies

Authors: ---
Book Series: Kolloquium Fremdsprachenunterricht ISBN: 9783631629260 9783653032291 Year: DOI: 10.3726/978-3-653-03229-1 Language: English
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 100373
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-05-05 11:01:31
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LANGSCAPE is a plurilingual and multicultural international research network on language acquisition and language education. The current research focus is on Identity Construction in Language Education. This volume summarizes some research results of the last four years by presenting empirical research projects as well as theoretical concepts. The contributions all deal with topics linked to plurilingualism or to certain aspects of the concept of multiliteracies like globalization, language policy, multiculturalism, multimodal communication processes, intercultural learning etc. The authors conceptualize or analyse identity construction processes of learners and educators in different plurilingual and multicultural learning environments or media based settings.

Keywords

Languages --- Education

Places of Engagement

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9789463726702 Year: DOI: 10.5117/9789463726702 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-01-15 13:34:17

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In his book 'Higher Education in 2040 - A Global Approach' (2017) Bert van der Zwaan developed a thought-provoking vision of the university of the future, based on a thorough discussion of current trends and on a large number of conversations with leaders in higher education worldwide.

Keywords

higher education

Sustainability, Human Well-Being, and the Future of Education

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ISBN: 9783319785806 Year: Pages: 425 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-78580-6 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:02
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This open access book explores the key dimensions of a future education system designed to enable individuals, schools, and communities to achieve the twin twenty-first century challenges of sustainability and human well-being. For much of the twentieth century, Western education systems prepared students to enter the workforce, contribute to society and succeed in relatively predictable contexts. Today, people are at the controls of the planet—making decisions that are dramatically reshaping social, economic, and environmental systems at a global scale. What is education’s purpose in this new reality? What and how must we learn now? The volatility and uncertainty caused by digitalization, globalization, and climate change weave a common backdrop through each chapter. Using case studies drawn from Finland and the US, chapter authors explore various aspects of learning and education system design through the lenses of sustainability and human well-being to evaluate how our understanding and practice of education must transform. Using their scholarly research and experience as practitioners, the authors propose new approaches to preparing learners for a new frontier of the human experience fraught with risks but full of opportunity.

IEA International Computer and Information Literacy Study 2018 Assessment Framework

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
ISBN: 9783030193898 Year: Pages: 74 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-19389-8 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:08

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This open access book presents the assessment framework for IEA’s International Computer an Information Literacy Study (ICILS) 2018, which is designed to assess how well students are prepared for study, work and life in a digital world. The study measures international differences in students’ computer and information literacy (CIL): their ability to use computers to investigate, create, participate and communicate at home, at school, in the workplace and in the community. Participating countries also have an option for their students to complete an assessment of computational thinking (CT). The ICILS assessment framework articulates the basic structure of the study, providing a description of the field and the constructs to be measured. This book outlines the design and content of the measurement instruments, sets down the rationale for those designs, and describes how measures generated by those instruments relate to the constructs. Hypothesized relations between constructs provide the foundation for some of the analyses that follow. Above all, the framework links ICILS to other similar research, enabling the contents of this assessment framework to combine theory and practice in an explication of both the ‘what’ and the ‘how’ of ICILS.

Student Misconceptions and Errors in Physics and Mathematics

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: IEA Research for Education ISBN: 9783030301880 Year: Pages: 165 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-030-30188-0 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Mathematics --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-05 11:21:17

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This open access report explores the nature and extent of students’ misconceptions and misunderstandings related to core concepts in physics and mathematics and physics across grades four, eight and 12. Twenty years of data from the IEA’s Trends in International Mathematics and Science Study (TIMSS) and TIMSS Advanced assessments are analyzed, specifically for five countries (Italy, Norway, Russian Federation, Slovenia, and the United States) who participated in all or almost all TIMSS and TIMSS Advanced assessments between 1995 and 2015. The report focuses on students’ understandings related to gravitational force in physics and linear equations in mathematics. It identifies some specific misconceptions, errors, and misunderstandings demonstrated by the TIMSS Advanced grade 12 students for these core concepts, and shows how these can be traced back to poor foundational development of these concepts in earlier grades. Patterns in misconceptions and misunderstandings are reported by grade, country, and gender. In addition, specific misconceptions and misunderstandings are tracked over time, using trend items administered in multiple assessment cycles. The study and associated methodology may enable education systems to help identify specific needs in the curriculum, improve inform instruction across grades and also raise possibilities for future TIMSS assessment design and reporting that may provide more diagnostic outcomes.

Accessible Elements: Teaching Science Online and at a Distance

Authors: ---
Book Series: Issues in Distance Education ISSN: 19194390 ISBN: 9781897425473 9781897425480 Year: Pages: 313 Language: English
Publisher: Athabasca University Press
Added to DOAB on : 2012-03-29 16:37:58
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Accessible Elements informs science educators about current practices in online and distance education: distance-delivered methods for laboratory coursework, the requisite administrative and institutional aspects of online and distance teaching, and the relevant educational theory. Delivery of university-level courses through online and distance education is a method of providing equal access to students seeking post-secondary education. Distance delivery offers practical alternatives to traditional on-campus education for students limited by barriers such as classroom scheduling, physical location, finances, or job and family commitments. The growing recognition and acceptance of distance education, coupled with the rapidly increasing demand for accessibility and flexible delivery of courses, has made distance education a viable and popular option for many people to meet their science educational goals.

The Mathematics Education of Prospective Secondary Teachers Around the World

Authors: --- --- --- --- et al.
Book Series: ICME-13 Topical Surveys ISSN: 2366-5947 ISBN: 9783319389646 9783319389653 Year: Pages: 58 DOI: 10.1007/978-3-319-38965-3 Language: English
Publisher: Springer
Subject: Education --- Mathematics
Added to DOAB on : 2017-02-24 12:31:16
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This volume shares and discusses significant new trends and developments in research and practices related to various aspects of preparing prospective secondary mathematics teachers from 2005–2015. It provides both an overview of the current state-of-the-art and outstanding recent research reports from an international perspective. The authors completed a thorough review of the literature by examining major journals in the field of mathematics education, and other journals related to teacher education and technology. The systematic review includes four major themes: field experiences; technologies, tools and resources; teachers' knowledge; and teachers' professional identities. Each of them is presented regarding theoretical perspectives, methodologies, and major findings. Then the authors discuss what is known in the field and what we still need to know related to the major topics.

Critical Perspectives on the Scholarship of Assessment and Learning in Law

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9781760463007 Year: Pages: 190 DOI: 10.22459/CP01.2019 Language: English
Publisher: ANU Press
Subject: Law --- Education
Added to DOAB on : 2019-09-12 11:21:03
License: ANU Press

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"The Assessment in Legal Education book series offers perspectives on assessment in legal education across a range of Common Law jurisdictions. Each volume in the series provides:&#xD;Information on assessment practices and cultures within a jurisdiction.&#xD;A sample of innovative assessment practices and designs in a jurisdiction.&#xD;Insights into how assessment can be used effectively across different areas of law, different stages of legal education and the implications for regulation of legal education assessment.&#xD;Appreciation of the multidisciplinary and interdisciplinary research bases that are emerging in the field of legal education assessment generally.&#xD;Analyses and suggestions of how assessment innovations may be transferred from one jurisdiction to another.&#xD;The series will be useful for those seeking a summary of the assessment issues facing academics, students, regulators, lawyers and others in the jurisdictions under analysis. The exemplars of assessment contained in each volume may also be valuable in assisting cross-jurisdictional fertilisation of ideas and practices.&#xD;This first volume focuses on assessment in law schools in England. It begins with an introduction to some recent trends in the culture and practice of legal education assessment. The first chapter focuses on the general regulatory context of assessment and learning in that jurisdiction, while the remainder of the book offers useful exemplars and expert critical discussion of assessment theories and practices.&#xD;The series is based in the PEARL Centre (Profession, Education and Regulation in Law), in The Australian National University’s College of Law.&#xD;"&#xD;

Keywords

law --- education --- legal education --- assessment

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