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Representation and parsing of multiword expressions

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ISBN: 9783961101467 9783961101450 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2579017 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104860
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book consists of contributions related to the definition, representation and parsing of MWEs. These reflect current trends in the representation and processing of MWEs. They cover various categories of MWEs such as verbal, adverbial and nominal MWEs, various linguistic frameworks (e.g. tree-based and unification-based grammars), various languages including English, French, Modern Greek, Hebrew, Norwegian), and various applications (namely MWE detection, parsing, automatic translation) using both symbolic and statistical approaches.

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Linguistics

Form and formalism in linguistics

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ISBN: 9783961101832 9783961101825 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2654375 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104856
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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"Form" and "formalism" are a pair of highly productive and polysemous terms that occupy a central place in much linguistic scholarship. Diverse notions of "form" – embedded in biological, cognitive and aesthetic discourses – have been employed in accounts of language structure and relationship, while "formalism" harbours a family of senses referring to particular approaches to the study of language as well as representations of linguistic phenomena. This volume brings together a series of contributions from historians of science and philosophers of language that explore some of the key meanings and uses that these multifaceted terms and their derivatives have found in linguistics, and what these reveal about the mindset, temperament and daily practice of linguists, from the nineteenth century up to the present day.

Keywords

Linguistics

A tale of two dialect regions

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ISBN: 9783961101566 9783961101559 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2625403 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104855
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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This book traces the precise origin of the early English lexical and lexico-phonetic influences in Sranan, an English-based creole spoken in Suriname. Sranan contains "fossilised" linguistic remnants of an early English colonial period. The book discusses whether Sranan’s English influence(s) originated from a single dialect from the general London area, as proposed by Norval Smith in 1987, or whether we are dealing with a composite of dialectal features from all over England. The book introduces a novel replicable methodology for linguistic reconstructions, which combines statistics (in the form of binomial probability), English dialect geography (via use of Orton’s et. al., 1962–1971, Survey of English Dialects, which focuses on traditional regional English dialects across England and Wales), and 17th-century English migration history.

Keywords

Linguistics

Analogical classification in formal grammar

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Book Series: Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax ISBN: 9783961101870 9783961101863 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3191825 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104859
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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The organization of the lexicon, and especially the relations between groups of lexemes is a strongly debated topic in linguistics. Some authors have insisted on the lack of any structure of the lexicon. In this vein, Di Sciullo & Williams (1987: 3) claim that “[t]he lexicon is like a prison – it contains only the lawless, and the only thing that its inmates have in commonis lawlessness”. In the alternative view, the lexicon is assumed to have a rich structure that captures all regularities and partial regularities that exist between lexical entries.Two very different schools of linguistics have insisted on the organization of the lexicon.

Keywords

Linguistics

Dual aspectual forms and event structure in Caribbean English Creoles

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ISBN: 9783961101139 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104853
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book tackles the divisive question of the Stative/Non-stative distinction by going straight to the root of the lexical items that have been at the heart of this discussion. It provides an analysis of property items (Dual Aspectual Forms) couched in the syntax-semantics interface eliminating the false dichotomy at the base of the controversy in the field and the suggestion that a lexical item needs be unambiguously Stative or Non-stative. What we see in this work is theoretical grounding for a flexible group of lexical items comprising both verbs and adjectives underlyingly with allowances made for derivation into either category. The result is a work that is conceptually and theoretically appealing and one that brings consensus.

Keywords

Linguistics --- Creole --- Linguistics --- Caribbean --- English

A grammar of Pichi

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101344 9783961101337 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2546450 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104795
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Pichi is an Afro-Caribbean English-lexifier Creole spoken on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. It is an offshoot of 19th century Krio (Sierra Leone) and shares many characteristics with West African relatives like Nigerian Pidgin, Cameroon Pidgin, and Ghanaian Pidgin English, as well as with the English-lexifier creoles of the insular and continental Caribbean. This comprehensive description presents a detailed analysis of the grammar and phonology of Pichi. It also includes a collection of texts and wordlists. Pichi features a nominative-accusative alignment, SVO word order, adjective-noun order, prenominal determiners, and prepositions. The language has a seven-vowel system and twenty-two consonant phonemes. Pichi has a two-tone system with tonal minimal pairs, morphological tone, and tonal processes. The morphological structure is largely isolating.

Advances in formal Slavic linguistics 2016

Authors: --- --- ---
ISBN: 9783961101283 9783961101276 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2546440 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104793
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Advances in Formal Slavic Linguistics 2016 initiates a new series of collective volumes on formal Slavic linguistics. It presents a selection of high quality papers authored by young and senior linguists from around the world and contains both empirically oriented work, underpinned by up-to-date experimental methods, as well as more theoretically grounded contributions. The volume covers all major linguistic areas, including morphosyntax, semantics, pragmatics, phonology, and their mutual interfaces. The particular topics discussed include argument structure, word order, case, agreement, tense, aspect, clausal left periphery, or segmental phonology. The topical breadth and analytical depth of the contributions reflect the vitality of the field of formal Slavic linguistics and prove its relevance to the global linguistic endeavour. Early versions of the papers included in this volume were presented at the conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages 12 or at the satellite Worksh

Wissenschaftliches Schreiben interkulturell: Kontrastive Perspektiven

Authors: ---
ISBN: 9783631770702 9783631776322 9783631776339 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b15009 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103687
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
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Wissenschaftliche Texte sind durch unterschiedliche Bildungstraditionen und Schreibkulturen geprägt, die sich unter anderem in verschiedenen Schreibkonventionen und Formulierungsroutinen ausdrücken. Die Beiträge in diesem Band zeigen anhand detaillierter empirischer Analysen von Texten, die Wissenschaftler und Studierende verfasst haben, Merkmale und Unterschiede verschiedener Wissenschaftssprachen auf. Sie machen auf die Hürden und Schwierigkeiten aufmerksam, denen Studierende beim Verfassen von Arbeiten in der Fremdsprache Deutsch begegnen, woraus sich didaktische Implikationen ergeben. Berücksichtigt werden bislang teilweise weniger beachtete Herkunftssprachen wie das Polnische, Russische, Italienische und Chinesische.

Kontrastiva studier i nederländska och svenska

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Book Series: Stockholm German and Dutch Studies ISBN: 9789176351000 9789176351031 9789176351017 9789176351024 Year: Pages: 100 DOI: 10.16993/baz Language: Swedish
Publisher: Stockholm University Press
Subject: Social Sciences --- Linguistics --- Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-03 11:21:06
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This book deals with two research fields and brings them together: contrastive linguistics and third language acquisition. The book describes the following linguistic structures in Dutch and Swedish from a contrastive perspective: spatial adverbs, copula, impersonal passives, impersonal constructions and finally the posture verbs stand, zit and lie. Dutch and Swedish are usually acquired as a third language and not as a second language, which implies that learners already comprehend various other languages. When learning a language these multilingual learners have developed certain strategies which draw on their competence in earlier studied languages. In the process of learning a third language, metalinguistic and cross-linguistic awareness play an important role. Comparing linguistic structures in two closely related languages as Dutch and Swedish can enhance cross-linguistic awareness and therefore be used as a didactic tool.&#xD;

The Origins of Self

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ISBN: 9781787356306 Year: Pages: 248 DOI: 10.14324/111.9781787356306 Language: English
Publisher: UCL Press
Subject: Biology --- Psychology --- Sociology --- Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-08-01 11:21:02
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The Origins of Self explores the role that selfhood plays in defining human society, and each human individual in that society. It considers the genetic and cultural origins of self, the role that self plays in socialisation and language, and the types of self we generate in our individual journeys to and through adulthood.&#xD;&#xD;Edwardes argues that other awareness is a relatively early evolutionary development, present throughout the primate clade and perhaps beyond, but self-awareness is a product of the sharing of social models, something only humans appear to do. The self of which we are aware is not something innate within us, it is a model of our self produced as a response to the models of us offered to us by other people. Edwardes proposes that human construction of selfhood involves seven different types of self. All but one of them are internally generated models, and the only non-model, the actual self, is completely hidden from conscious awareness. We rely on others to tell us about our self, and even to let us know we are a self.&#xD;

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