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Ship English

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ISBN: 9783961101528 9783961101511 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2589996 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104858
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book presents evidence that Ship English of the early Atlantic colonial period was a distinct variety with characteristic features. It is motivated by the recognition that late-seventeenth and early-eighteenth century sailors’ speech was potentially an influential variety in nascent creoles and English varieties of the Caribbean, yet few academic studies have attempted to define the characteristics of this speech. Therefore, the two principal aims of this study were, firstly, to outline the socio-demographics of the maritime communities and examine how variant linguistic features may have developed and spread among these communities, and, secondly, to generate baseline data on the characteristic features of Ship English. The newly-identified characteristics of Ship English detailed here may now serve as an entry point for scholars to integrate this language variety into the discourse on dialect variation in Early Modern English period and the theories on pidgin and creole genesis.

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Linguistics

Representation and parsing of multiword expressions

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ISBN: 9783961101467 9783961101450 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2579017 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104860
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book consists of contributions related to the definition, representation and parsing of MWEs. These reflect current trends in the representation and processing of MWEs. They cover various categories of MWEs such as verbal, adverbial and nominal MWEs, various linguistic frameworks (e.g. tree-based and unification-based grammars), various languages including English, French, Modern Greek, Hebrew, Norwegian), and various applications (namely MWE detection, parsing, automatic translation) using both symbolic and statistical approaches.

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Linguistics

Form and formalism in linguistics

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ISBN: 9783961101832 9783961101825 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2654375 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104856
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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"Form" and "formalism" are a pair of highly productive and polysemous terms that occupy a central place in much linguistic scholarship. Diverse notions of "form" – embedded in biological, cognitive and aesthetic discourses – have been employed in accounts of language structure and relationship, while "formalism" harbours a family of senses referring to particular approaches to the study of language as well as representations of linguistic phenomena. This volume brings together a series of contributions from historians of science and philosophers of language that explore some of the key meanings and uses that these multifaceted terms and their derivatives have found in linguistics, and what these reveal about the mindset, temperament and daily practice of linguists, from the nineteenth century up to the present day.

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Linguistics

A tale of two dialect regions

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ISBN: 9783961101566 9783961101559 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2625403 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104855
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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This book traces the precise origin of the early English lexical and lexico-phonetic influences in Sranan, an English-based creole spoken in Suriname. Sranan contains "fossilised" linguistic remnants of an early English colonial period. The book discusses whether Sranan’s English influence(s) originated from a single dialect from the general London area, as proposed by Norval Smith in 1987, or whether we are dealing with a composite of dialectal features from all over England. The book introduces a novel replicable methodology for linguistic reconstructions, which combines statistics (in the form of binomial probability), English dialect geography (via use of Orton’s et. al., 1962–1971, Survey of English Dialects, which focuses on traditional regional English dialects across England and Wales), and 17th-century English migration history.

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Linguistics

Analogical classification in formal grammar

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Book Series: Empirically Oriented Theoretical Morphology and Syntax ISBN: 9783961101870 9783961101863 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.3191825 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104859
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:14
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The organization of the lexicon, and especially the relations between groups of lexemes is a strongly debated topic in linguistics. Some authors have insisted on the lack of any structure of the lexicon. In this vein, Di Sciullo & Williams (1987: 3) claim that “[t]he lexicon is like a prison – it contains only the lawless, and the only thing that its inmates have in commonis lawlessness”. In the alternative view, the lexicon is assumed to have a rich structure that captures all regularities and partial regularities that exist between lexical entries.Two very different schools of linguistics have insisted on the organization of the lexicon.

Keywords

Linguistics

Dual aspectual forms and event structure in Caribbean English Creoles

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ISBN: 9783961101139 Year: Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104853
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-19 11:21:13
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This book tackles the divisive question of the Stative/Non-stative distinction by going straight to the root of the lexical items that have been at the heart of this discussion. It provides an analysis of property items (Dual Aspectual Forms) couched in the syntax-semantics interface eliminating the false dichotomy at the base of the controversy in the field and the suggestion that a lexical item needs be unambiguously Stative or Non-stative. What we see in this work is theoretical grounding for a flexible group of lexical items comprising both verbs and adjectives underlyingly with allowances made for derivation into either category. The result is a work that is conceptually and theoretically appealing and one that brings consensus.

Keywords

Linguistics --- Creole --- Linguistics --- Caribbean --- English

A grammar of Pichi

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Book Series: Studies in Diversity Linguistics ISBN: 9783961101344 9783961101337 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2546450 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104795
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Pichi is an Afro-Caribbean English-lexifier Creole spoken on the island of Bioko, Equatorial Guinea. It is an offshoot of 19th century Krio (Sierra Leone) and shares many characteristics with West African relatives like Nigerian Pidgin, Cameroon Pidgin, and Ghanaian Pidgin English, as well as with the English-lexifier creoles of the insular and continental Caribbean. This comprehensive description presents a detailed analysis of the grammar and phonology of Pichi. It also includes a collection of texts and wordlists. Pichi features a nominative-accusative alignment, SVO word order, adjective-noun order, prenominal determiners, and prepositions. The language has a seven-vowel system and twenty-two consonant phonemes. Pichi has a two-tone system with tonal minimal pairs, morphological tone, and tonal processes. The morphological structure is largely isolating.

Advances in formal Slavic linguistics 2016

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ISBN: 9783961101283 9783961101276 Year: DOI: 10.5281/zenodo.2546440 Language: English
Publisher: Language Science Press Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 104793
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-04-18 11:21:03
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Advances in Formal Slavic Linguistics 2016 initiates a new series of collective volumes on formal Slavic linguistics. It presents a selection of high quality papers authored by young and senior linguists from around the world and contains both empirically oriented work, underpinned by up-to-date experimental methods, as well as more theoretically grounded contributions. The volume covers all major linguistic areas, including morphosyntax, semantics, pragmatics, phonology, and their mutual interfaces. The particular topics discussed include argument structure, word order, case, agreement, tense, aspect, clausal left periphery, or segmental phonology. The topical breadth and analytical depth of the contributions reflect the vitality of the field of formal Slavic linguistics and prove its relevance to the global linguistic endeavour. Early versions of the papers included in this volume were presented at the conference on Formal Description of Slavic Languages 12 or at the satellite Worksh

Language Planning as Nation Building: Ideology, policy and implementation in the Netherlands, 1750–1850

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Book Series: Advances in Historical Sociolinguistics ISSN: 2214-1057 ISBN: 9789027202406 9789027262769 Year: Pages: 322 DOI: 10.1075/ahs.9 Language: English
Publisher: John Benjamins Publishing Company Grant: Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO)
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-20 13:51:08
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The decades around 1800 constitute the seminal period of European nationalism. The linguistic corollary of this was the rise of standard language ideology, from Finland to Spain, and from Iceland to the Habsburg Empire. Amidst these international events, the case of Dutch in the Netherlands offers a unique example. After the rise of the ideology from the 1750s onwards, the new discourse of one language–one nation was swiftly transformed into concrete top-down policies aimed at the dissemination of the newly devised standard language across the entire population of the newly established Dutch nation-state. Thus, the Dutch case offers an exciting perspective on the concomitant rise of cultural nationalism, national language planning and standard language ideology. This study offers a comprehensive yet detailed analysis of these phenomena by focussing on the ideology underpinning the new language policy, the institutionalisation of this ideology in metalinguistic discourse, the implementation of the policy in education, and the effects of the policy on actual language use.

Wissenschaftliches Schreiben interkulturell: Kontrastive Perspektiven

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ISBN: 9783631770702 9783631776322 9783631776339 Year: DOI: 10.3726/b15009 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103687
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-02-26 11:21:02
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Wissenschaftliche Texte sind durch unterschiedliche Bildungstraditionen und Schreibkulturen geprägt, die sich unter anderem in verschiedenen Schreibkonventionen und Formulierungsroutinen ausdrücken. Die Beiträge in diesem Band zeigen anhand detaillierter empirischer Analysen von Texten, die Wissenschaftler und Studierende verfasst haben, Merkmale und Unterschiede verschiedener Wissenschaftssprachen auf. Sie machen auf die Hürden und Schwierigkeiten aufmerksam, denen Studierende beim Verfassen von Arbeiten in der Fremdsprache Deutsch begegnen, woraus sich didaktische Implikationen ergeben. Berücksichtigt werden bislang teilweise weniger beachtete Herkunftssprachen wie das Polnische, Russische, Italienische und Chinesische.

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