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Spatial analysis and social spaces. Interdisciplinary approaches to the interpretation of prehistoric and historic built environments

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Book Series: Topoi – Berlin Studies of the Ancient World/Topoi – Berliner Studien der Alten Welt ISSN: 2191-5806 ISBN: 9783110266436 9783110370324 Year: Volume: 18 Pages: viii, 320 DOI: 10.1515/9783110266436 Language: English
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Arts in general --- Archaeology --- History --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2016-01-12 11:48:27
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In the past decade a range of formal spatial analysis methods has been developed for the study of human engagement, experience and socialisation within the built environment. Many, although not all, of these emanate from the fields of architectural and urban studies, and draw upon social theories of space that lay emphasis on the role of visibility, movement, and accessibility in the built environment. These approaches are now gaining in popularity among researchers of prehistoric and historic built spaces and are given increasingly more weight in the interpretation of past urban environments.Spatial Analysis and Social Spaces brings together contributions from specialists in archaeology, social theory, and urban planning who explore the theoretical and methodological frameworks associated with the application of new and established spatial analysis methods in past built environments. The focus is mainly on more recent computer-based approaches and on techniques such as access analysis, visibility graph analysis, isovist analysis, agent-based models of pedestrian movement, and 3D visibility approaches. The contributors to this volume examine the relationship between space and social life from many different perspectives, and provide illuminating examples from the archaeology of Greece, Italy and Cyprus, in which intra-site analysis offers valuable insights into the built spaces and societies under study.

Spatial Audio

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ISBN: 9783038425854 9783038425861 Year: Pages: VIII, 206 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2017-12-06 12:39:21
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This special issue compiles some of the latest state-of-the-art research works in the area of spatial audio and it serves as a good reference for both undergraduate and postgraduate students, and to researchers working in this exciting area of spatial audio.

Anthropometric Individualization of Head-Related Transfer Functions Analysis and Modeling

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Book Series: Aachener Beiträge zur Akustik ISBN: 9783832545437 Year: Volume: 28 Pages: 153 DOI: 10.30819/4543
Publisher: Logos Verlag Berlin GmbH
Subject: Electrical and Nuclear Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-28 15:00:25
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Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health

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ISBN: 9783038971726 9783038971733 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03897-173-3 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Environmental Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2018-09-21 11:22:29
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This book demonstrates the utilization of remote sensing and geospatial technologies for a wide range of public health studies.Although remote sensing and geospatial technologies have been successfully applied for more than 50 years, continuous advancements are essential to better understand the complex environment around us that impacts our health and well-being.Thankfully, the availability of spatial analytical tools and necessary data have enabled us to reveal multifaceted, obscured spatial relationships that would have been unexplored otherwise. Now, we are able to make more precise and effective public health-related decisions. However, without a proper understanding of the methodologies, applying these tools may result in inaccurate findings for decision-making.With 15 selected papers, this book covers diverse topics and discusses different methodologies that are fundamentals for spatial analysis in public health. Readers will have an opportunity to experience the advancements in spatial tools, data, and methodologies that are applicable to public health investigations.This book, Remote Sensing and Geospatial Technologies in Public Health, is expected to encourage academicians and professionals to further advance their knowledge in this sub-discipline.

Liquid Crystal on Silicon Devices: Modeling and Advanced Spatial Light Modulation Applications

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ISBN: 9783039218288 9783039218295 Year: Pages: 172 DOI: 10.3390/books978-3-03921-829-5 Language: English
Publisher: MDPI - Multidisciplinary Digital Publishing Institute
Subject: Technology (General) --- General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-12-09 11:49:16
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Liquid Crystal on Silicon (LCoS) has become one of the most widespread technologies for spatial light modulation in optics and photonics applications. These reflective microdisplays are composed of a high-performance silicon complementary metal oxide semiconductor (CMOS) backplane, which controls the light-modulating properties of the liquid crystal layer. State-of-the-art LCoS microdisplays may exhibit a very small pixel pitch (below 4 ?m), a very large number of pixels (resolutions larger than 4K), and high fill factors (larger than 90%). They modulate illumination sources covering the UV, visible, and far IR. LCoS are used not only as displays but also as polarization, amplitude, and phase-only spatial light modulators, where they achieve full phase modulation. Due to their excellent modulating properties and high degree of flexibility, they are found in all sorts of spatial light modulation applications, such as in LCOS-based display systems for augmented and virtual reality, true holographic displays, digital holography, diffractive optical elements, superresolution optical systems, beam-steering devices, holographic optical traps, and quantum optical computing. In order to fulfil the requirements in this extensive range of applications, specific models and characterization techniques are proposed. These devices may exhibit a number of degradation effects such as interpixel cross-talk and fringing field, and time flicker, which may also depend on the analog or digital backplane of the corresponding LCoS device. The use of appropriate characterization and compensation techniques is then necessary.

Placing Empire

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ISBN: 9780520293915 9780520967236 9780520967236 9780520967236 Year: Pages: 272 DOI: 10.1525/luminos.34 Language: English
Publisher: University of California Press
Subject: History
Added to DOAB on : 2017-09-08 11:01:12
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Placing Empire examines the spatial politics of Japanese imperialism through a study of Japanese travel and tourism to Korea, Manchuria, and Taiwan between the late nineteenth century and the early 1950s. In a departure from standard histories of Japan, this book shows how debates over the place of colonized lands reshaped the social and spatial imaginary of the modern Japanese nation. In turn, this sociospatial imaginary affected the ways in which colonial difference was conceptualized and enacted. The book thus illuminates how ideas of place became central to the production of new forms of colonial hierarchy as empires around the globe transitioned from an era of territorial acquisition to one of territorial maintenance.

Global Forest Monitoring from Earth Observation

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ISBN: 9781466552029 Year: Pages: 354 DOI: 10.1201/b13040 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Environmental Sciences --- Environmental Technology --- Geography
Added to DOAB on : 2020-09-23 00:03:22
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Covering recent developments in satellite observation data undertaken for monitoring forest areas from global to national levels, this book highlights operational tools and systems for monitoring forest ecosystems. It also tackles the technical issues surrounding the ability to produce accurate and consistent estimates of forest area changes, which are needed to report greenhouse gas emissions and removals from land use changes. Written by leading global experts in the field, this book offers a launch point for future advances in satellite-based monitoring of global forest resources. It gives readers a deeper understanding of monitoring methods and shows how state-of-art technologies may soon provide key data for creating more balanced policies.

People, Places and Policy

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Book Series: Regions and Cities ISBN: 9781315683904 9781138925205 9781317407577 9781317407560 9781317407553 Year: DOI: 10.4324/9781315683904 Language: English
Publisher: Taylor & Francis
Subject: Business and Management --- Economics
Added to DOAB on : 2019-11-08 11:21:15
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The Open Access version of this book, available at www.tandfebooks.com, has been made available under a Creative Commons Attribution-Non Commercial-No Derivatives 3.0 license. Set within the context of UK devolution and constitutional change, People, Places and Policy offers important and interesting insights into ‘place-making’ and ‘locality-making’ in contemporary Wales. Combining policy research with policy-maker and stakeholder interviews at various spatial scales (local, regional, national), it examines the historical processes and working practices that have produced the complex political geography of Wales. This book looks at the economic, social and political geographies of Wales, which in the context of devolution and public service governance are hotly debated. It offers a novel ‘new localities’ theoretical framework for capturing the dynamics of locality-making, to go beyond the obsession with boundaries and coterminous geographies expressed by policy-makers and politicians. Three localities – Heads of the Valleys (north of Cardiff), central and west coast regions (Ceredigion, Pembrokeshire and the former district of Montgomeryshire in Powys) and the A55 corridor (from Wrexham to Holyhead) – are discussed in detail to illustrate this and also reveal the geographical tensions of devolution in contemporary Wales. This book is an original statement on the making of contemporary Wales from the Wales Institute of Social and Economic Research, Data and Methods (WISERD) researchers. It deploys a novel ‘new localities’ theoretical framework and innovative mapping techniques to represent spatial patterns in data. This allows the timely uncovering of both unbounded and fuzzy relational policy geographies, and the more bounded administrative concerns, which come together to produce and reproduce over time Wales’ regional geography.

Zwischenstadtland Schweiz

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783837635942 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839435946 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched||Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH||Schweizerischer Nationalfonds zur Förderung der Wissenschaftlichen Forschung - 103368
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2020-11-18 23:59:03
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Die Schweiz unterliegt seit zwei Jahrzehnten starken Urbanisierungstendenzen, die sich vor allem zwischen den großen Kernstädten abspielen. Um Herausforderungen des gesteigerten Flächenverbrauchs wie der Zersiedelung zu begegnen, ist eine Analyse der heutigen kommunalen Entscheidungsprozesse und -logiken überfällig. Lineo Umberto Devecchi thematisiert Fragen hinsichtlich der kommunalen Steuerung raumwirksamer Prozesse und deren Auswirkungen auf die Gestaltung des suburbanen Raums. Die theoretisch abgestützten Erklärungen sowie die nachvollziehbaren Fallstudien sind nicht nur für ein interdisziplinäres akademisches Publikum, sondern auch für Praktiker_innen aus Planung und Architektur von Interesse.

Zwischenstadtland Schweiz

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Book Series: Edition Politik ISBN: 9783839435946 Year: Pages: 408 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_621693 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170384
Subject: Political Science
Added to DOAB on : 2016-12-30 11:01:21
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This volume analyses the communal decision-making processes behind the current spatial development in an urbanising Switzerland.

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