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Sustainable Construction and Building Materials

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ISBN: 9781789857498 9781789857504 Year: Pages: 280 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78713 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: General and Civil Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:52

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This book sheds light on recent advances in sustainable construction and building materials with special emphasis on the characterization of natural and composite hydraulic mortars, advanced concrete technology, green building materials, and application of nanotechnology to the improvement of the design of building materials. The book covers in detail the characterization of natural hydraulic lime mortars, a decade of research on self-healing concrete, biocomposite cement binding process and performance, development of sustainable building materials from agro-industrial wastes, applications of sugarcane biomass ash for developing sustainable construction materials, oil-contaminated sand: sources, properties, remediation, and engineering applications, oil shale ash addition effect in concrete to freezing/thawing, connection node design and performance optimization of girders, functionally graded concrete structures, cumulative tensile damage and consolidation effects on fracture properties of sandstone, key performance criteria influencing the selection of construction methods used for the fabrication of building components in the Middle East, fly ash as a resource material for the construction industry, degradation monitoring systems for a building information modeling maintenance approach, durability of composite-modified asphalt mixtures based on inherent and improved performance, and bitumen and its modifiers.

Antarctica - A Key To Global Change

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ISBN: 9781789858150 9781789858167 Year: Pages: 136 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75265 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Engineering
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The most exciting initiative in the polar region was the International Polar Year (IPY) in 2007-2008, conducted as the 50th anniversary of the International Geophysical Year (1957-1958). The initiative greatly enhanced the exchange of ideas across nations and scientific disciplines to unveil the status and changes of planet Earth. This sort of interdisciplinary exchange helps us to understand and address grand challenges, such as rapid environmental change and its impact on society. In this regard, this book aims to compile the achievements of projects related to the IPY and post-IPY era, focusing especially on surface environmental variations associated with climate change, such as global warming.

Green Technologies to Improve the Environment on Earth

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ISBN: 9781789856194 9781789856200 Year: Pages: 118 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78245 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
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The aim of this book is to compile some of the green technologies applied to improve the environment on Earth. The success of these technologies is built from humility; from this ethical principle, the concept of honest broker is defined in this work. Some of the biggest environmental problems, such as soil pollution by heavy metals and pollution from the mining industry and massive coal plants, are also addressed. Additional subjects depicted here include geothermal energy, plasma technology, and the correct use of electric vehicles, and demonstrate a promising scenario to diminish greenhouse gases. Likewise, caring for wildlife is essential; the correct use of certain technologies depicted here can contribute to their conservation.

Textile Industry and Environment

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ISBN: 9781838800277 9781838800284 Year: Pages: 104 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.75336 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
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In this book, the relationship between the textile industry and the environment is examined from four different viewpoints. Recycling of spinning mill wastes, ozone usage that provides less chemical and water utilization, reuse of treated water in the dyeing processes, and approaches in the treatment of wastewaters of dyeing plants and finishing factories are solutions offered to reduce environmental pollution arising from textile production processes. Apart from this, energy management is also a subject that can be associated with the environment, and as a consequence, the possibility of utilizing textile materials to which phase change materials are applied, not only for comfort purposes but also as energy storage materials, means that technical textiles could be a solution for energy storage.

Systems Biology

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ISBN: 9781838808037 9781838808044 9781838808051 Year: Pages: 106 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.79601 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Medical technology
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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Systems biology is the inevitable outcome of long years of knowledge acquisition and data accumulation. The aim of systems biology is to integrate in a seamless way all existing knowledge in interconnected disciplines, stretching from modern biomedical research to physics, chemistry, and mathematics. The main integration tool of such complex biomedical systems is via computational and mathematical modeling. In this direction, a series of state-of-the-art computer science techniques are used, namely, data mining and fusion, machine learning, and deep learning all under the prism of big data. All in all, systems biology is at the arrowhead of modern and state-of-the-art biomedical research by attempting to address key biological questions describing holistically complex biological systems.

Water and Wastewater Treatment

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ISBN: 9781789239294 9781789239300 9781789846881 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.80313 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Environmental Technology
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The use of water, one of the most valuable and vital resources in the world, should respond to growing needs, and used water should not have negative effects on the environment. Research on the reduction of used water and wastewater quantities, post-use treatment, or reuse/recovery methods is increasing day by day. These studies focus on finding the most appropriate method from both technical and economic perspectives. In this book, emerging technologies and materials used in the treatment, reuse, or recovery of various kinds of water and wastewaters are examined. The book consists of valuable scientific research specifically including desalination and use of renewable energy, nanomaterials, biosorbents, photocatalytic treatment, as well as riverbank filtration and wetlands. The editor would like to record his sincere thanks to the authors for their contributions.

Current Topics in Biochemical Engineering

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ISBN: 9781838812096 9781838812102 9781838812119 Year: Pages: 138 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.77355 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Biotechnology
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Genetic and cellular technologies in life science have recently achieved remarkable progress, and thus the roles of biochemical engineers have also been changed to incorporate the use of new technology. Therefore, this book deals with current topics in biochemical engineering. The chapters of this book discuss research that has introduced artificial enzymes, kinetic models in bioprocessing, a small-scale production process, and production of energy with microbial fuel. These chapters offer novel ideas for the production of effective compounds and energy. Moreover, other research has introduced the production technology of stem cells and biomedical processes using nanoshells and extracellular vesicles. These chapters will provide novel ideas to produce effective compounds and develop therapies for various diseases.

Interferometry - Recent Developments and Contemporary Applications

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ISBN: 9781789859263 9781838802974 9781838802981 Year: Pages: 128 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.74004 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Optics and Lights
Added to DOAB on : 2019-10-03 07:51:53

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The authors provide an overview of recent developments in the field of interferometry. To achieve this aim, a broad range of topics is presented by experts who have summarized recent results drawn from theory and experiments. The simplicity and versatility of interferometry technique can be easily seen in the broad range of problems discussed in the text. This important book project presents recent, unique updates on interferometry.

Multiplexing

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ISBN: 9781789845686 9781789845693 9781838818685 Year: Pages: 120 DOI: 10.5772/intechopen.78513 Language: English
Publisher: IntechOpen
Subject: Media and communication
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Mobile communication has been a critical part of everyday life for the last 30 years. As the demand for wireless communications and higher data rates on these links continues its rapid growth, engineers, scientists, and researchers are required to advance the hardware and software needed to deliver systems for 5G, Massive multiple-input, multiple-output (MIMO), and optical backhaul networks. Now, more than ever before, the fundamental concept of multiplexing is at play. This book is a unique reference for understanding the concept of multiplexing. It provides comprehensive coverage of the practical applications of multiplexing to help the reader better understand its use in these systems. It is a great resource, especially for engineers working on digital signal processing, radio frequency (RF), antenna design, beamforming, and network designs. The book contains chapters on the following topics: • History of multiplexing and how it applies to current technologies; • Different types and applications of multiplexing; • Multiplexing techniques in wireless networks; • Multiple-Input, Multiple-Output Orthogonal Frequency-Division Multiplexing (MIMO-OFD); • Direct-Sequence Optical-Code Division Multiple-Access (DS-OCDMA); • Optically multiplexed systems

Computational Thinking Education

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ISBN: 9789811365287 Year: Pages: 382 DOI: 10.1007/978-981-13-6528-7 Language: English
Publisher: Springer Nature
Subject: Education
Added to DOAB on : 2020-02-04 11:21:24
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This This book is open access under a CC BY 4.0 license. This book offers a comprehensive guide, covering every important aspect of computational thinking education. It provides an in-depth discussion of computational thinking, including the notion of perceiving computational thinking practices as ways of mapping models from the abstraction of data and process structures to natural phenomena. Further, it explores how computational thinking education is implemented in different regions, and how computational thinking is being integrated into subject learning in K-12 education. In closing, it discusses computational thinking from the perspective of STEM education, the use of video games to teach computational thinking, and how computational thinking is helping to transform the quality of the workforce in the textile and apparel industry.

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