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Kants Einleitung in die Rechtslehre von 1784 - Immanuel Kants Rechtsbegriff in der Moralvorlesung „Mrongovius II“ und der Naturrechtsvorlesung „Feyerabend“ von 1784 sowie in der „Metaphysik der Sitten“ von 1797

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ISBN: 9783863950699 Year: Pages: 137 Language: German
Publisher: Universitätsverlag Göttingen
Subject: Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-17 04:22:18
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1797 erscheint mit den Metaphysischen Anfangsgründen der Rechtslehre Immanuel Kants rechtsphilosophisches Hauptwerk. Nicht selten begegnet man daher der Auffassung, Kants Rechtsphilosophie entstamme im Wesentlichen seiner Spätphase und sei überdies nur schwer mit der kritischen Moralphilosophie der 1780er Jahre in Einklang zu bringen. Vor diesem Hintergrund widmet sich die vorliegende Untersuchung dem Vergleich des kantischen Rechtsbegriffs, wie er 1797 in der Einleitung in die Rechtslehre vorgestellt wird, mit Kants Ausführungen in den Vorlesungsnachschriften Moral-Mrongovius II und Naturrecht-Feyerabend aus dem Jahre 1784. Dabei kann nachgewiesen werden, dass der Rechtsbegriff von 1797 bereits 1784 ausgearbeitet war. Mehr noch: Es zeigt sich, dass Kants Rechtsbegriff nicht nur bereits in der Phase seiner kritischen Moralphilosophie vorlag, sondern vielmehr in einem Guss mit ihr konzipiert wurde und wie diese auf dem kritischen Freiheitsbegriff basiert.

Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte

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ISBN: 9783706549448 Year: Pages: 324 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437167 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 4242
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:05
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European integration represents a historically unprecedented and new form of a continent's peaceful unification. Therefore, historiography needs innovative theoretical concepts to illustrate this process appropriately; at the present moment, however, integration history is only characterized by an extensive 'theoretical deficit'. The book project 'Acht Geschichten über die Integrationsgeschichte. Zur Grundlegung der Geschichte der europäischen Integration als ein episodisches historiographisches Erzählen' critically adopts this opinion and illuminates the theoretical principles of integration historiography. A proposal regarding the theoretical principles of unification historiography is compiled from an interdisciplinary perspective. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative (Peter Pichler) understands the unification of Europe as a comprehensive cooperation and transformation process in which various historic strands (e.g. political, economic, cultural, social, legal, religious, etc.) interlink with each other. Therefore it would be most sensible to show their totality as an episodic historiographic network within the historiographic context. This theoretical proposal shall be provided for research as a new meta-perspective and methodical tool.In a first step, the hitherto existing research on integration history is critically reviewed. Furthermore, its discourse will be analysed. Particular attention is paid to include Eastern and Southern European as well as Turkish perspectives. Their synopsis shows the interplay between the Eastern and Southern European 'transition'-narrative and the Turkish perspective on the integration process as the driving force of the debate. Furthermore, 'post-modern' perspectives on integration history represent an important feature of the discourse's acceleration and renewal. The first step ends with the contributors being able to give a first innovative impulse to the discursive renewal of research concerning integration history; the neoterised term 'transnarrative competence' allows for correlation between 'transition'-narrative and Turkish perspectives on integration. In a second step, those theoretical features from recent developments in integration and historical theory are isolated that can contribute to a perspective renewal of research. The concept of the episodic historiographic narrative proposes an interdisciplinary theory based on those elements of political, social, legal and cultural sciences. The analytical narrative mindset of each element is determined and thus reconstructed as one episodic plot line, one episode of European integration history. The net of episodes eventually constitutes the proposed theory of an episodic historiographic narrative. Thus, the concept of the episodic historiographic narrative does not only enable histrorians to overcome the deficit in the theory of integration historiography but also enters new academic ground by uniting interdisciplinary elements to an episodic network.

Chaostheorie und Literaturwissenschaft

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ISBN: 9783706545075 Year: Pages: 232 Seiten DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_437194 Language: German
Publisher: Studien Verlag Grant: Austrian Science Fund - D 3989
Added to DOAB on : 2013-03-27 11:49:30
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This book presents the development and present status of adaptions of chaos theory for literary studies. Furthermore the integration of these methodological approaches into a discipline that is oriented towards cultural studies is demonstrated. The publication consists of four parts. The first part of the work deals with the issues created through questions posed by historical philosophy and historiography. It discusses how reflections on linear time, as well as on the description and explanation of sequences, circularity and synchronicities lead to an increased complexity in the semanticts of time in the notion of the objects analized. It also discusses the integration of discourses from other disciplines into literary history. It is demonstrated that both aspects - increased complexity and supplementary discourses - are highly influential in hermeneutical literary studies.The second part deals with changes in the notion of time in the modern and so-called post-modern era. It focuses especially on non-linearity, the increasing importance of historical time in the natural sciences and on the effect of this tendency on the analysis of highly complex structures outside of the natural sciences. In the third part of the publication concrete examples of the adaption of chaos theory for literary studies are examined - especially their epistemological interest, their position within the framework of the discipline and their interdisciplinary potential. This part elucidates the potential of focusing on the literary text and its particularities under the premises of chaos theory and how such an interdisciplinary approach helps to bridge the cap between the natural sciences and the humanities.In the final part of the publication the social and cultural relevance of historical knowledge as a frame of reference in times of increasing (temporal and social) complexity is examined. With reference to the explanatory power of hermeneutical procedures "chaostheoretical literary studies" are proposed as a working hypothesis. The approach is intended as a model which can be integrated into cultural analysis and not provides descriptions and explanations for highly complex literary texts, hypertexts and virtual realities, but also regards scientific and technical production and distribution of knowledge as an important part of culture and thus integrates it into its analysis.

Die neue Diskussion um Gemeinschaft

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837611236 9783839411230 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839411230 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103293
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Gemeinschaft ist wieder Thema. Das gilt gerade auch in den Sozialwissenschaften. Die nach wie vor ungeklärte Frage lautet jedoch: Warum? Dieses Buch bietet eine bisher ausstehende systematische Erklärung zur neuen Gemeinschaftsdiskussion. Grundthese dabei ist, dass die von Wissenschaftlerinnen und Wissenschaftlern geführte Debatte weniger als wissenschaftliches denn als ideologisches Phänomen zu sehen ist, welches insbesondere aus Perspektive des Wohlfahrtssystems eine wichtige Funktion erfüllt und beobachtbar wird, wenn man die neue Argumentation um Gemeinschaft in Relation zur bisher dominierenden fordistisch-keynesianischen Wohlfahrtsstaatsdoktrin setzt.

Handeln unter Risiko

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837612288 9783839412282 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839412282 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103307
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:58
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Das bisherige institutionell arrangierte Verhältnis von Sicherheit und Risiko ist angesichts der massiven Veränderungen der inneren, der sozialen und der äußeren Sicherheit in der Krise. Moderne Gesellschaften stehen vor der Frage, wie und in welchen Formen dieses Verhältnis neu bestimmt und auf soziale, rechtliche und politische Weise neu arrangiert werden kann. Der Fokus dieses Bandes zielt auf die Evaluierung politischer, sozialer und technischer Umgangsweisen mit Risiko sowie auf die Analyse der gesellschaftlichen Imaginationen, die mit diesen unweigerlich verknüpft sind.

Sicherheit und Risiko

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Book Series: Sozialtheorie ISBN: 9783837612295 9783839412299 Year: DOI: 10.14361/9783839412299 Language: German
Publisher: transcript Verlag Grant: Knowledge Unlatched - 103304
Subject: Sociology
Added to DOAB on : 2018-03-30 11:01:59
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Die umfassende gesellschaftspolitische Problematik von Sicherheit und Risiko in den globalisierten westlichen Gesellschaften ist nicht erst seit "9/11" oder der aktuellen Finanz- und Wirtschaftskrise virulent. Dieser Band versammelt die wichtigsten Stimmen der sozial-, kultur- und humanwissenschaftlichen Disziplinen, um nicht nur grundlegend in die Thematik einzuführen, sondern auch, um Antworten zu geben auf die Frage nach dem rasanten Wandel unseres Verständnisses von Gefahr, Bedrohung, Unsicherheit und riskantem Verhalten.

Praxis der Digitalen Signalverarbeitung

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ISBN: 9783731506515 Year: Pages: XI, 306 p. DOI: 10.5445/KSP/1000067012 Language: GERMAN
Publisher: KIT Scientific Publishing
Subject: Technology (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2019-07-30 20:01:59
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The basics of digital signal processing are introduced with eight practical experiments. The experiments cover a wide range of different topics such as sensor fusion, vibration analysis, acoustics and image processing. The presented techniques aim at making the reader familiar with the practical application of modern methods of signal processing. The mastering of these helpful tools is often a requirement in daily professional life.

Was bedeutet Ordnung? Was ordnet Bedeutung? Zu bedeutungskonstituierenden Ordnungsleistungen in Geschriebenem

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Book Series: Materiale Textkulturen ISSN: 2198-6940 ISBN: 9783110419665 9783110425307 Year: Volume: 10 Pages: x, 301 DOI: 10.1515/9783110419665 Language: German
Publisher: De Gruyter
Subject: Linguistics
Added to DOAB on : 2015-06-24 12:49:14
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What does order mean - what orders meaning? These are at once elementary and complex questions for the theoretical and praxeological self-definition of the textual and visual sciences. The collected essays in this volume seek answers from a wide variety of disciplinary and methodological perspectives in relation to both ancient and modern objects. They engage in a dialogue between the notions of “classical” philology and “modern” literary theory.

Tony Conrad. Video - und darüber hinaus

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ISBN: 9783034320375 Year: Pages: 446 DOI: 10.3726/978-3-0351-0887-3 Language: German
Publisher: Peter Lang International Academic Publishing Group Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 163545
Subject: Arts in general
Added to DOAB on : 2015-11-06 11:01:29
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Tony Conrad (b. 1940) has been a well-known American artist for more than 50 years. Celebrated as a musician, filmmaker, video and performance artist, he achieved his breakthrough in 1966 with the experimental film The Flicker. In addition to his film work (including the so called Yellow Movies), his violin performances have also achieved broad recognition. This monograph focuses on about 70 video works produced by the artist since 1977, which previously have not been systematically studied. Beginning from Conrad’s earlier rather materialistic approach, in A videographic view of the artist’s vita the text follows the artists shift from experimental film to a more image-driven videographic approach. The chapter Last call for video comments on Tony Conrad influential interaction with the Buffalo-based group of appropriation artists. Then Video as critique of television interrogates the interplay between (video) art and society as a reflection of the telematic culture of the 1980s. The last chapter, Video in tension with music, returns to the beginning of the artist’s career and comments on Tony Conrad’s identity as a musician.

Macht und Gewalt im Widerstreit

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Book Series: reflexe ISBN: 9783796535567 Year: Pages: 201 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_622131 Language: German
Publisher: Schwabe Verlag Grant: Swiss National Science Foundation (SNSF) - OAPEN-CH - 170373
Subject: Philosophy --- Social Sciences
Added to DOAB on : 2017-01-13 11:01:26
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The philosopher Hannah Arendt (1906-1975) strongly challenged the political theory of the 20th century by positing a momentous conceptual distinction. In her books The Human Condition, On Revolution, and On Violence, she developed the thesis that power and violence are two political phenomena with opposite causes and effects and therefore have to be distinguished radically. Arendt re- reads the political history of the present time in light of the contrast between power and violence, and establishes a new understanding of revolution and de- mocracy, economic rationality, and total domination. Her conviction that the freedom--related dimension of politics is measured by its ability to avoid and transform violence in its diverse facets serves as a starting point for her political philosophy. The present work analyzes Arendt’s political philosophy by placing its focus on her descriptive and normative distinction between power and violence. The contrast between both concepts offers a key to understanding important as- pects of Arendt’s political thinking that are not fully developed neither by Ar- endt herself nor in the literature on Arendt. One the one hand, this calls for a more detailed definition of both the concept of power, understood as the power to enable as well as the power to enforce, and the distinction between the con- cept of power and the concept of violence. On the other hand, Arendt’s em- phatic notion of power, understood as a practice of beginning, sharing, and participating, is to be critically examined with respect to its limitations and ex- clusions in order to demonstrate where in Arendt’s own theory of power violence is implicitly inscribed and how power and violence might interact on a political level. The book offers a detailed reconstruction of Arendt’s understand- ing of power and violence and discusses its actual relevance for a political the- ory of democratic practices.

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