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Employment 'Miracles'

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567555 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567555 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Why did some economies experience a boom in the 1990s? Employment 'Miracles' comparatively analyses select miracle economies. The contributors to the volume critically analyze how the small size and institutional structure of seven countries like the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland accounted for their success and status as economic models. Comparisons with the American and German markets reveal how differing policies - liberal versus corporatist/social democratic - determine job growth and levels of income inequality and poverty. The book also stresses the explanatory relevance of lucky circumstances such as the housing price bubble. Employment 'Miracles' is an important resource for political scientists and economists in their study of employment development.

The Reform of Bismarckian Pension Systems

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567401 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567401 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Geography --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Pension reform has emerged as a major political issue in most advanced welfare states. Sluggish economic growth and rising unemployment put public pension systems under increasing financial pressure. In combination with a rapidly ageing population in the decades to come, these pressures render major adjustements in pension policy design inevitable, especially in countries with costly earnings-related benefit arrangements. However, timely and successful adjustement is anything but guaranteed. Both cuts of pension benefits and increases in contribution levels are bound to be highly unpopular and entail massive political risks. Thus, pension politics these days is as much about adjusting pension arrangements to changing demographic and economic conditions as it is about overcoming widespread political resistance to reforms that impose tangible losses on large parts of the population. This study reveals striking differences in the extent to which pension policy makers were able to generate a sufficient political support basis for their reform initiatives. As a consequence, pension reform outcomes reach from successful restructuring of existing pension arrangements all the way down to instances of outright policy failure. By tracing the political process of pension reform in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden since the late 1980s the book also provides us with deeper insights about the factors that facilitate - or impede - social policy reforms in the context of fiscal austerity.

Exploring 'Unseen' Social Capital in Community Participation

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Book Series: ICAS Publications Series ISBN: 9789053560341 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.5117/9789053560341 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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This book argues that using social capital to eradicate poverty is less likely to succeed because the mainstream neoinstitutional approach mistakenly assumes that social capital necessarily benefits poor people. This inadequacy calls for a re-assessment of human motivations, institutional dynamics and structural complexity in social capital building. Using ethnographic and participatory methods, this book calls for an exploration of 'unseen' social capital which is intended to challenge the mainstream understanding of 'seen' social capital. As such this book is useful to policy makers and practitioners.

Vertrouwen in de school

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Book Series: WRR Rapporten ISBN: 9789089641052 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641052 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Political Science
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Popular science

The Republican Alternative

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ISBN: 9789089640055 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.5117/9789089640055 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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The Netherlands and Switzerland are among the world's most economically successful societies. Their inhabitants enjoy high standards of living and express great satisfaction with their lives according to surveys. This despite serious natural handicaps, such as a lack of raw materials and an abundance of water and rock respectively. The foundation for their prosperity was laid in the early modern period, between roughly 1500 and 1800, when, as federal republics, the two countries were already something of an anomaly in Europe. Their inhabitants experienced serious anxieties and tried to justify their exceptionality, to which they were, at the same time, greatly attached. The Republican Alternative attempts to clarify, through a sustained comparison, the special character of the two countries, which were similar perhaps at first sight, but nonetheless developed their own solutions to the challenges they faced. The book includes in-depth discussions of citizenship arrangements, Swiss and Dutch dealings with religious pluriformity, political discourses justifying the republican form of government, the advantages and disadvantages of an agrarian over a commercial society.

Alexander Kluge

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Book Series: Film Culture in Transition ISBN: 9789089642721 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_408878 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:24:42
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Alexander Kluge is best known as a founding member of the New German Cinema. His work, however, spans a diverse range of fields and, over the last fifty years, he has been active as a filmmaker, writer and television producer. This book - the first of its kind in English - comprises a wide selection of texts, including articles and stories by Kluge, television transcripts, critical essays by renowned international scholars, and interviews with Kluge himself. It will be a valuable resource for students and scholars in the fields of film, television, and literary studies, as well as those interested in exploring the intersections between art, politics, and social change.

The Immigrant Organising Process

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Book Series: IMISCoe Dissertations ISBN: 9789053568750 Year: Pages: 192 DOI: 10.5117/9789053568750 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Migration
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This study focuses on the emergence and persistence of immigrant organisations in host societies. The relevance of immigrant organisations for both the host society and the immigrants themselves has been effectively demonstrated in many different studies. However, the question why immigrant organisations emerge and why they often persist over a long period is not adequately answered. In this study a comparative approach is used to reveal the structural determinants of the immigrant organising process. Different theoretical perspectives are combined (immigration model, social movement theory and the organisational ecology model). It is this combination of models, which has not yet been done by other scholars, which determines the value of this study and the contribution to a better understanding of the immigrant organising process. A comparative method is used, analysing Turkish organisations in Amsterdam and Berlin and Surinamese organisations in Amsterdam (1960-2000), to explain the way in which the three explanatory models can be combined in one coherent explanation.

The Place of Play

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Book Series: MediaMatters ISBN: 9789089640802 Year: Pages: 160 DOI: 10.5117/9789089640802 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History --- Media and communication
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Increasingly, technology is at stake in toys, games and playing. With the immense popularity of computer games, questions concerning the role and function of technology in play have become more pressing. A key aspect of the increasing technologization and digitalization of both toys and play is the vagueness of borders between producers, consumers and players. In these so-called participatory cultures, players do not simply play with toys designed behind closed doors but become co-designers. This book takes a critical look at the advantages and disadvantages of participatory cultures and places the changing world of toys, games and playing in a historical context. Contrary to many New Media and computer game studies, this book takes the historical background of these phenomena into account by situating the changing world of play in the context of the social and cultural processes of commodification, domestication and urbanization from the 1850s to the present.

Navigating Borders

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Book Series: IMISCoe Dissertations ISBN: 9789053569306 Year: Pages: 214 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569306 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Sociology
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Navigating Borders into the Netherlands provides a unique in-depth look at human smuggling processes. Based on biographical interviews with smuggled migrants in the Netherlands, the study reveals considerable differences that exist in smuggling's underlying causes, how journeys evolve, and outcomes of the process. This research from an insider's perspective clearly demonstrates that smuggled migrants are not passive actors, there is a broad variety in types of smugglers, and interactions between migrants and smugglers largely determine how the smuggling process evolves.

The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology

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Book Series: ISIM Dissertations ISBN: 9789053569108 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569108 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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The Lebanese Shi'ite resistance movement, Hizbullah, is going through a remarkable political and ideological transformation. Hizbullah was founded in 1978 by various sectors of Lebanese Shi'ite clergy and cadres, and with Iranian backing as an Islamic movement protesting against social and political conditions. Over the years 1984/85 to 1991, Hizbullah became a full-fledged social movement in the sense of having a broad overall organization, structure, and ideology aiming at social change and social justice, as it claimed. Starting in 1992, it became a mainstream political party working within the narrow confines of its pragmatic political program. The line of argument in this dissertation is that Hizbullah has been adjusting its identity in the three previously mentioned stages by shifting emphasis among its three components: (1) from propagating an exclusivist religious ideology (2) to a more encompassing political ideology, and (3) to a down-to-earth political program.

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