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Risks in the Making

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Book Series: Care & Welfare ISBN: 9789053569276 Year: Pages: 197 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569276 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Philosophy
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Since the 1990s, the impact of genetic testing for insurance has been the subject of international debates. However, these have been rather speculative and abstract. In an effort to find new openings, the author explores this concern from an empirical sociological angle - by studying the insurance world from the inside, through an ethnographic study of the life insurance industry, exploring insurance practices and how insurers make risks, and underscoring the diversity of insurance markets, underwriting practices and strategies.

Employment 'Miracles'

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567555 Year: Pages: 288 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567555 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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Why did some economies experience a boom in the 1990s? Employment 'Miracles' comparatively analyses select miracle economies. The contributors to the volume critically analyze how the small size and institutional structure of seven countries like the Netherlands, Denmark and Ireland accounted for their success and status as economic models. Comparisons with the American and German markets reveal how differing policies - liberal versus corporatist/social democratic - determine job growth and levels of income inequality and poverty. The book also stresses the explanatory relevance of lucky circumstances such as the housing price bubble. Employment 'Miracles' is an important resource for political scientists and economists in their study of employment development.

The Reform of Bismarckian Pension Systems

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Book Series: Changing Welfare States ISBN: 9789053567401 Year: Pages: 312 DOI: 10.5117/9789053567401 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Geography --- Science (General)
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Pension reform has emerged as a major political issue in most advanced welfare states. Sluggish economic growth and rising unemployment put public pension systems under increasing financial pressure. In combination with a rapidly ageing population in the decades to come, these pressures render major adjustements in pension policy design inevitable, especially in countries with costly earnings-related benefit arrangements. However, timely and successful adjustement is anything but guaranteed. Both cuts of pension benefits and increases in contribution levels are bound to be highly unpopular and entail massive political risks. Thus, pension politics these days is as much about adjusting pension arrangements to changing demographic and economic conditions as it is about overcoming widespread political resistance to reforms that impose tangible losses on large parts of the population. This study reveals striking differences in the extent to which pension policy makers were able to generate a sufficient political support basis for their reform initiatives. As a consequence, pension reform outcomes reach from successful restructuring of existing pension arrangements all the way down to instances of outright policy failure. By tracing the political process of pension reform in Austria, France, Germany, Italy and Sweden since the late 1980s the book also provides us with deeper insights about the factors that facilitate - or impede - social policy reforms in the context of fiscal austerity.

Exploring 'Unseen' Social Capital in Community Participation

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Book Series: ICAS Publications Series ISBN: 9789053560341 Year: Pages: 220 DOI: 10.5117/9789053560341 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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This book argues that using social capital to eradicate poverty is less likely to succeed because the mainstream neoinstitutional approach mistakenly assumes that social capital necessarily benefits poor people. This inadequacy calls for a re-assessment of human motivations, institutional dynamics and structural complexity in social capital building. Using ethnographic and participatory methods, this book calls for an exploration of 'unseen' social capital which is intended to challenge the mainstream understanding of 'seen' social capital. As such this book is useful to policy makers and practitioners.

Vertrouwen in de school

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Book Series: WRR Rapporten ISBN: 9789089641052 Year: Pages: 304 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641052 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Political Science
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Popular science

The Republican Alternative

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ISBN: 9789089640055 Year: Pages: 360 DOI: 10.5117/9789089640055 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
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The Netherlands and Switzerland are among the world's most economically successful societies. Their inhabitants enjoy high standards of living and express great satisfaction with their lives according to surveys. This despite serious natural handicaps, such as a lack of raw materials and an abundance of water and rock respectively. The foundation for their prosperity was laid in the early modern period, between roughly 1500 and 1800, when, as federal republics, the two countries were already something of an anomaly in Europe. Their inhabitants experienced serious anxieties and tried to justify their exceptionality, to which they were, at the same time, greatly attached. The Republican Alternative attempts to clarify, through a sustained comparison, the special character of the two countries, which were similar perhaps at first sight, but nonetheless developed their own solutions to the challenges they faced. The book includes in-depth discussions of citizenship arrangements, Swiss and Dutch dealings with religious pluriformity, political discourses justifying the republican form of government, the advantages and disadvantages of an agrarian over a commercial society.

How Modern Science Came into the World

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ISBN: 9789089642394 Year: Pages: 832 DOI: 10.5117/9789089642394 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:24:42
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Once upon a time ‘The Scientific Revolution of the 17th century’ was an innovative concept that inspired a stimulating narrative of how modern science came into the world. Half a century later, what we now know as ‘the master narrative’ serves rather as a strait-jacket — so often events and contexts just fail to fit in. No attempt has been made so far to replace the master narrative. H. Floris Cohen now comes up with precisely such a replacement. Key to his path-breaking analysis-cum-narrative is a vision of the Scientific Revolution as made up of six distinct yet narrowly interconnected, revolutionary transformations, each of some twenty-five to thirty years’ duration. This vision enables him to explain how modern science could come about in Europe rather than in Greece, China, or the Islamic world. It also enables him to explain how half-way into the 17th century a vast crisis of legitimacy could arise and, in the end, be overcome. Building on his earlier The Scientific Revolution: A Historiographical Inquiry (1994), Cohen’s new book connects the latest research results in highly innovative ways, breaking up all-too-deeply frozen patterns of thinking about the history of science.

Keywords

geschiedenis --- history --- science --- wetenschap

Alexander Kluge

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Book Series: Film Culture in Transition ISBN: 9789089642721 Year: Pages: 440 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_408878 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Performing Arts
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:24:42
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Alexander Kluge is best known as a founding member of the New German Cinema. His work, however, spans a diverse range of fields and, over the last fifty years, he has been active as a filmmaker, writer and television producer. This book - the first of its kind in English - comprises a wide selection of texts, including articles and stories by Kluge, television transcripts, critical essays by renowned international scholars, and interviews with Kluge himself. It will be a valuable resource for students and scholars in the fields of film, television, and literary studies, as well as those interested in exploring the intersections between art, politics, and social change.

Sharing

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ISBN: 9789089643858 Year: Pages: 244 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_409602 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Sociology --- Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2012-04-11 23:24:42
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In the past fifteen years, file sharing of digital cultural works between individuals has been at the center of a number of debates on the future of culture itself. To some, sharing constitutes piracy, to be fought against and eradicated. Others see it as unavoidable, and table proposals to compensate for its harmful effects. Meanwhile, little progress has been made towards addressing the real challenges facing culture in a digital world. Sharing starts from a radically different viewpoint, namely that the non-market sharing of digital works is both legitimate and useful. It supports this premise with empirical research, demonstrating that non-market sharing leads to more diversity in the attention given to various works. Taking stock of what we have learned about the cultural economy in recent years, Sharing sets out the conditions necessary for valuable cultural functions to remain sustainable in this context. Our software and datasets can be downloaded from the book site at http://www.sharing-thebook.net. On the same site, the reader can also run our models with adjusted parameters and upload datasets in order to run our algorithms for the study of diversity of attention.

In His Milieu

Authors: --- ---
ISBN: 9789053569337 Year: Pages: 496 DOI: 10.26530/OAPEN_444102 Language: English
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- History of arts
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Collected in memory of the Vermeer scholar and Yale economist J. Michael Montias, these essays take into account the latest trends in the field and provide new data on a wide range of topics in Netherlandish art. Themes include the reception of paintings and architecture; art collecting as interpreted through inventories and other documents that reveal modes of display; relationships between patrons and painters; recently found or attributed works of art; artists as teachers; and the art market. Taken together, these focused studies offer fresh perspectives on the historical appreciation and evaluation of art. Drawing upon J.M. Montias' contribution to art history, these 32 essays present new analyses, attributions, and documents on Netherlandish art and material culture - including the work of Vermeer, Rubens, Rembrandt, van Eyck and others - by internationally known scholars of art history and the economics of art

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