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The Shifts in Hizbullah's Ideology

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Book Series: ISIM Dissertations ISBN: 9789053569108 Year: Pages: 380 DOI: 10.5117/9789053569108 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General)
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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Abstract

The Lebanese Shi'ite resistance movement, Hizbullah, is going through a remarkable political and ideological transformation. Hizbullah was founded in 1978 by various sectors of Lebanese Shi'ite clergy and cadres, and with Iranian backing as an Islamic movement protesting against social and political conditions. Over the years 1984/85 to 1991, Hizbullah became a full-fledged social movement in the sense of having a broad overall organization, structure, and ideology aiming at social change and social justice, as it claimed. Starting in 1992, it became a mainstream political party working within the narrow confines of its pragmatic political program. The line of argument in this dissertation is that Hizbullah has been adjusting its identity in the three previously mentioned stages by shifting emphasis among its three components: (1) from propagating an exclusivist religious ideology (2) to a more encompassing political ideology, and (3) to a down-to-earth political program.

Sound Souvenirs

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Book Series: Transformations in Art and Culture ISBN: 9789089641328 Year: Pages: 218 DOI: 10.5117/9789089641328 Language: Undetermined
Publisher: Amsterdam University Press
Subject: Science (General) --- Music --- History of arts
Added to DOAB on : 2011-11-04 00:00:00
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In recent decades, the importance of sound for remembering the past and for creating a sense of belonging has been increasingly acknowledged. We keep "sound souvenirs" such as cassette tapes and long play albums in our attics because we want to be able to recreate the music and everyday sounds we once cherished. Artists and ordinary listeners deploy the newest digital audio technologies to recycle past sounds into present tunes. Sound and memory are inextricably intertwined, not just through the commercially exploited nostalgia on oldies radio stations, but through the exchange of valued songs by means of pristine recordings and cultural practices such as collecting, archiving and listing. This book explores several types of cultural practices involving the remembrance and restoration of past sounds. At the same time, it theorizes the cultural meaning of collecting, recycling, reciting, and remembering sound and music.

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